References of "Delvenne, Philippe"
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See detailNovel association between vasoactive intestinal peptide and CRTH2 receptor in recruiting eosinophils: a possible biochemical mechanism for allergic eosinophilic inflammation of the airways.
EL SHAZLY, Amr ULg; Begon, Dominique ULg; KUSTERMANS, Gaëlle ULg et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2013), 288(2), 1374-84

We explored the relation between vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), CRTH2, and eosinophil recruitment. It is shown that CRTH2 expression by eosinophils from allergic rhinitis (AR) patients and ... [more ▼]

We explored the relation between vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), CRTH2, and eosinophil recruitment. It is shown that CRTH2 expression by eosinophils from allergic rhinitis (AR) patients and eosinophils cell line (Eol-1 cells) was up-regulated by VIP treatment. This was functional and resulted into exaggerated migratory response of cells against PGD2. Nasal challenge of AR patients resulted into significant increase of VIP contents in nasal secretion (ELISA), and the immunohistochemical studies of allergic nasal tissues, showed significant expression of VIP in association with intense eosinophil recruitment. Biochemical assays showed that VIP-induced eosinophils chemotaxis from AR patients and Eol-1 cells, was mediated through CRTH2 receptor. Cells migration against VIP was sensitive to protein kinase C (PKC) and protein kinase A (PKA) inhibition, but not to tyrosine kinase or P38 MAP-kinase inhibition, or calcium chelation. Western blot demonstrated a novel CRTH2 mediated cytosol to membrane translocation of PKC-epsilon, PKC-delta and PKA-alpha, gamma and IIalpha reg in Eol-1 cells upon stimulation with VIP. Confocal images and FACS demonstrated a strong association and co-localization between VIP peptide and CRTH2 molecules. Further, VIP induced PGD2 secretion from eosinophils. Our results demonstrate the first evidence of association between VIP and CRTH2 in recruiting eosinophils. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganized Proteomic Heterogeneity in Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases and Implications for Therapies
Turtoi, Andrei ULg; Blomme, Arnaud; Debois, Delphine et al

in Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.) (2013)

Tumor heterogeneity is a major obstacle for developing effective anticancer treatments. Recent studies have pointed to large stochastic genetic heterogeneity within cancer lesions, where no pattern seems ... [more ▼]

Tumor heterogeneity is a major obstacle for developing effective anticancer treatments. Recent studies have pointed to large stochastic genetic heterogeneity within cancer lesions, where no pattern seems to exist that would enable a more structured targeted therapy approach. Because to date no similar information is available at the protein (phenotype) level, we employed matrix assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) image-guided proteomics and explored the heterogeneity of extracellular and membrane subproteome in a unique collection of eight fresh human colorectal carcinoma (CRC) liver metastases. Monitoring the spatial distribution of over 1,000 proteins, we found unexpectedly that all liver metastasis lesions displayed a reproducible, zonally delineated pattern of functional and therapeutic biomarker heterogeneity. The peritumoral region featured elevated lipid metabolism and protein synthesis, the rim of the metastasis dis- played increased cellular growth, movement, and drug metabolism, whereas the center of the lesion was characterized by elevated carbohydrate metabolism and DNA-repair activity. From the aspect of therapeutic targeting, zonal expression of known and novel biomarkers was evident, reinforcing the need to select several targets in order to achieve optimal coverage of the lesion. Finally, we highlight two novel antigens, LTBP2 and TGFBI, whose expression is a consistent feature of CRC liver metastasis. We demon- strate their in vivo antibody-based targeting and highlight their potential usefulness for clinical applications. Conclusion: The proteome heterogeneity of human CRC liver metastases has a distinct, organized pattern. This particular hallmark can now be used as part of the strategy for developing rational therapies based on multiple sets of target- able antigens. [less ▲]

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See detailImmunohistochemical sweat gland profiles.
Noel, Fanchon; Pierard, Gérald ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology (2013), 12

Abstract BACKGROUND: Human sweat glands are heterogeneous in their structures and functions. Accordingly, eccrine, apocrine, and apoeccrine glands are distinguished. AIMS: Some immunohistochemical markers ... [more ▼]

Abstract BACKGROUND: Human sweat glands are heterogeneous in their structures and functions. Accordingly, eccrine, apocrine, and apoeccrine glands are distinguished. AIMS: Some immunohistochemical markers are expected to distinguish the sweat gland types in their secretory and excretory parts. METHODS: This study used two sets of antibodies. The first panel was composed of antibodies directed to well-defined sweat gland structures. The molecular targets included the low-molecular-weight cytokeratins CAM 5.2, the S100-B protein, the epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and the lectin Ulex europaeus agglutinin-1 (UEA-1). A second exploratory panel of antibodies targeted syndecan-1 (CD138), NKI-C3 (CD63), and CD68. They were used to disclose some undescribed antigen expressions in human sweat glands. RESULTS: The first set of antibodies confirmed previous findings. The immunoreactivities of the three sweat gland types were similar in the excretory ducts. By contrast, they were distinguished in the deeper coiled secretory portions of the glands. CONCLUSION: Clues supporting their distinction and probably their functional activity were obtained by immunohistochemistry using the S100-B protein, CEA and CD63 antibodies. The immunoreactivity to the S100-B protein, CEA and CD63 possibly help identifying apoeccrine sweat glands or a peculiar functional activity of eccrine sweat glands. [less ▲]

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See detailNovel cooperation between CX3CL1 and CCL26 inducing NK cell chemotaxis via CX3CR1: a possible mechanism for NK cell infiltration of the allergic nasal tissue
EL SHAZLY, Amr ULg; Castillo-Doloriert, Hugo; Bisig, Bettina et al

Poster (2013)

Background: Recent data indicated that natural killer (NK) cells and chemokines could play a pivotal role in nasal inflammation. CX3CR1, the only receptor for fractalkine/ CX3CL1, is abundantly expressed ... [more ▼]

Background: Recent data indicated that natural killer (NK) cells and chemokines could play a pivotal role in nasal inflammation. CX3CR1, the only receptor for fractalkine/ CX3CL1, is abundantly expressed by NK cells, and was recently shown to also be a receptor for eotaxin-3/CCL26. However, no reports explored the NK cells-CX3CL1-CCL26 axis via CX3CR1 in allergy.
Objective: Our goals were first to determine specifically NK cell recruitment pattern in nasal tissue of allergic chronic rhinosinusitis (ACRS) and non-allergic chronic rhinosinusitis (NACRS) patients in comparison with healthy controls, and secondly, to investigate the function of CX3CR1 in NK cell migration. Methods: Immunohistochemistry, microchemotaxis chambers, flow cytometry and confocal microscopy were used in this study. Results: Herein, we showed that NK cells infiltrated the epithelial layers of nasal tissue only in ACRS patients and not in NACRS patients or controls. NK cells were also more numerous in the stroma of the nasal tissue from ACRS patients compared with NACRS patients or controls. This migration could be mediated by both CX3CL1 and CCL26, as these two chemokines induced NK cell migration. Moreover, both molecules also stimulated cytoskeleton changes and F-actin reorganisation in NK cells. Chemotaxis and cytoskeleton changes were sensitive to genistein, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. By flow cytometry, we demonstrated that a single antigen nasal provocation challenge increased the expression of CX3CR1 on NK cells in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients. The function of this receptor was associated with a significant augmentation of NK cell chemotaxis against the optimal doses of CX3CL1 and CCL26. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: Our results highlight a novel role for CX3CR1 in NK cell migration that may contribute to the NK cell trafficking to the allergic upper airway. This could be mediated largely by CX3CL1 and CCL26 stimulation of the tyrosine kinase pathway. [less ▲]

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See detailExpansion of CD16+ CD56+ NK cells in vericyte® NK cell growth medium
Brohée, Laura ULg; Bastin, Renaud ULg; Wingert, S et al

Poster (2013)

Natural Killer (NK) cells play a key role in host resistance to virus and tumour. These cells are potent killers of virus infected and tumour cells via a direct recognition of the target by activation ... [more ▼]

Natural Killer (NK) cells play a key role in host resistance to virus and tumour. These cells are potent killers of virus infected and tumour cells via a direct recognition of the target by activation receptor such as NKG2D or by inducing Fcγ receptor (FcγRIII, CD16) mediated antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). Current NK cell-based cancer immunotherapy aims to produce large amounts of functional NK cells, unfortunately most culture media used for NK cell expansion induced the downregulation of CD16 on NK cells. Here, we tested the impact of a new NK cell growth medium (Vericyte® from Medicyte) on CD16 expression. Sorted NK cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were cultivated in vericyte® NK cell growth medium and cells issued from these cultures were characterized in term of expansion and phenotype at several time points. After 5 days of culture, an expansion of both NK cells and PBMC was observed and maintained at least until day 20 of culture. In PBMC cultures, we observe only a small preferential NK cell growth since NK cells were around 5-10% at beginning of the culture and this percentage increased to 15% at the end of the culture. However, these cells showed a high proliferative potential when we started the culture with sorted NK cells (the proportion of contaminant cells remain low, under 5%). NK cells expressed CD56 and NKp46 and interestingly after a decreased expression of CD16 on the cell surface at day 3, this receptor was up regulated and most of the cells are CD56bright CD16bright from day 7 to day 12. According FACS FCS/SSC dot plot, NK cells acquired morphology of large activated lymphocytes and some of them expressed activation markers such CD25. Finally, these cells were able to kill efficiently tumour cell line K562. Thus our data show that vericyte® NK cell growth medium allows the expansion of functional CD16+CD56+ NK cells. Cytokine production and ADCC function are under investigation. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalytic dermoscopy of superficial basal cell carcinoma.
FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; Hermanns, Jean-Francois; Caucanas, Marie et al

in Journal of Case Reports in Medicine (2013), 3

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See detailIn vivo evaluation of the skin tensile strength by the suction method: pilot study coping with hysteresis and creep extension.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in ISRN dermatology (2013), 2013

From an engineering standpoint, both the skin and subcutaneous tissue act as interconnected load-transmitting structures. They are subject to a variety of intrinsic and environmental influences. Changes ... [more ▼]

From an engineering standpoint, both the skin and subcutaneous tissue act as interconnected load-transmitting structures. They are subject to a variety of intrinsic and environmental influences. Changes in the cutaneous viscoelasticity represent an important aspect in a series of skin conditions. The aim of this work was to explore the methodology of biomechanical measurements in order to better appreciate the evolution and severity of some connective tissue diseases. The Cutometer MPA 580 (C+K electronic) was used in the steep and progressive suction procedures. Adapting measurement modalities was explored in order to mitigate any variability in data collection. The repeat steep suction procedure conveniently reveals the creep phenomenon. By contrast, the progressive suction procedure highlights the hysteresis phenomenon. These viscoelastic characteristics are presently described using the 2 and 4 mm probes on normal skin and in scleroderma, acromegaly, corticosteroid-induced dermatoporosis, and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. The apposition of an additional outer contention on the skin altered differently the manifestations of the creep extension and hysteresis among the tested skin conditions. Any change in the mechanical test procedure affects the data. In clinical and experimental settings, it is mandatory to adhere to a strict and controlled protocol. [less ▲]

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See detailMyoferlin is a key regulator of EGFR activity in breast cancer.
Turtoi, Andrei ULg; Blomme, Arnaud ULg; Bellahcene, Akeila ULg et al

in Cancer Research (2013)

Myoferlin is a member of the ferlin family of proteins that participate in plasma membrane fusion, repair and endocytosis. While some reports have implicated myoferlin in cancer, the extent of its ... [more ▼]

Myoferlin is a member of the ferlin family of proteins that participate in plasma membrane fusion, repair and endocytosis. While some reports have implicated myoferlin in cancer, the extent of its expression in and contributions to cancer are not well established. In this study, we show that myoferlin is overexpressed in human breast cancers and that it is has a critical role in controlling degradation of the EGFR after its activation and internalization in breast cancer cells. Myoferlin depletion blocked EGF-induced cell migration and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Both effects were induced as a result of impaired degradation of phosphorylated EGFR via dysfunctional plasma membrane caveolae and alteration of caveolin homooligomerization. In parallel, myoferlin depletion reduced tumor development in a chicken chorioallantoic membrane xenograft model of human breast cancer. Considering the therapeutic significance of EGFR targeting, our findings identify myoferlin as an novel candidate function to target for future drug development. [less ▲]

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See detailThe thousand and one facets of actinic keratosis.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; DELVENNE, Philippe ULg

Book published by Nova Science Publishers (2013)

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See detailRisquer sa peau pour quelques "joints".
Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; DELVENNE, Philippe ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2013), 68(5-6), 311-314

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See detailHuman papillomavirus predicts the outcome following concomitant chemoradiotherapy in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas.
Duray, Anaelle; Descamps, Geraldine; Decaestecker, Christine et al

in Oncology Reports (2013), 30(1), 371-6

We investigated the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in a clinical series of 72 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) using a retrospective and prospective study design. The ... [more ▼]

We investigated the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in a clinical series of 72 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) using a retrospective and prospective study design. The majority of patients were smokers and/or drinkers and were treated with concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCR). Furthermore, we assessed the impact of HPV positivity on the response to CCR. Paraffin-embedded samples from HNSCC patients (n=72) were evaluated for the presence of HPV DNA using both GP5+/GP6+ consensus PCR and type-specific E6/E7 PCR to detect HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, 67 and 68. The type-specific E6/E7 PCR demonstrated that 20 out of 69 HNSCC patients (29%) presented with high-risk (HR) HPV types and that 5 of the 69 HNSCC patients (7%) presented with low-risk (LR) HPV types. Using the GP5+/GP6+ PCR, we observed that the rate of response was statistically lower in the HPV+ group (P=0.02). Concerning patient outcomes in terms of recurrence and survival, we observed that the prognosis was poorer for HPV+ patients. We showed for the first time that patients with HPV+ HNSCC present with a worse prognosis after CCR. This observation highlights the need for prospective studies with large numbers of patients and a detailed history of tobacco and alcohol consumption before validating HPV as a marker of prognosis following CCR. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of type 2 orexin receptor in human endometrium and its epigenetic silencing in endometrial cancer.
Dehan, Pierre ULg; Canon, C.; Trooskens, G. et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2013), 98(4), 1549-57

CONTEXT: Orexins A and B are neuropeptides that bind and activate 2 types of receptors. In addition to direct action in the brain, the orexinergic system has broader implications in peripheral organs, and ... [more ▼]

CONTEXT: Orexins A and B are neuropeptides that bind and activate 2 types of receptors. In addition to direct action in the brain, the orexinergic system has broader implications in peripheral organs, and it has been proposed to have a role in the induction of apoptosis. There are very few data on the endometrium. OBJECTIVE: The expression and epigenetic regulation of type 2 orexin receptor (OX2R) was investigated in the human endometrium as well as in endometrial endometrioid carcinoma (EEC). METHODS: OX2R localization was studied by immunohistochemistry in normal endometrium (n = 24) and in EEC (n = 32). The DNA methylation status of a CpG island located in the first exon of OX2R was analyzed by bisulfite sequencing in normal (n = 18), EEC (n = 34), and 3 endometrial cell lines. On the latter, mRNA expression and Western blotting as well as in vitro induction with orexin were performed. RESULTS: Expression of the OX2R protein was detected in normal endometrial epithelia, whereas it was frequently lacking in EEC. This loss was associated with hypermethylation of OX2R in EEC in comparison with normal endometrium (median CpG methylation percentages of 48.85% and 5.85%, respectively). In cell lines, hypermethylation correlated with weak OX2R expression. Additionally, in vitro treatment of the 3 EEC cell lines with orexins A and B did not result in proliferation change CONCLUSIONS: Altogether our data provide evidence for the epigenetic silencing of OX2R in EEC. The implication of the OX2R loss in tumoral progression remains to be elucidated. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of spontaneous collagen fibrillogenesis in a cell-free and tension-free environment.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in Clinical & Experimental Dermatology (2013)

The collagen fibril packing that forms threads and bundles is poorly defined, despite the fact that it is important for distinct aspects of the adventitial and reticular dermis. The present study explored ... [more ▼]

The collagen fibril packing that forms threads and bundles is poorly defined, despite the fact that it is important for distinct aspects of the adventitial and reticular dermis. The present study explored an in vitro fibrillogenesis model using the property of heat polymerization. The process was performed on glass slides with mixtures of collagen I and III, and the material was viewed by scanning electron microscopy. In all instances, collagen I and III formed fibrils with regular sizes. The formation of threads was influenced by the relative proportions of collagen I and III; increasing the relative proportion of collagen I resulted in the formation of threads showing increasing variations in thickness. These findings are in line with the differential presentation and compositions of the different parts of the dermis. The possible interventions of stromal cells and of other macromoleules of the extracellular matrix were not considered in this study. [less ▲]

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See detailNovel cooperation between CX3CL1 and CCL26 inducing NK cell chemotaxis via CX3CR1: a possible mechanism for NK cell infiltration of the allergic nasal tissue.
EL SHAZLY, Amr ULg; Castillo- Doloriert, Hugo; Bisig, Bettina et al

in Clinical & Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology (2013), 43(3), 322-31

BACKGROUND: Recent data indicated that natural killer (NK) cells and chemokines could play a pivotal role in nasal inflammation. CX3CR1, the only receptor for fractalkine/CX3CL1, is abundantly expressed ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Recent data indicated that natural killer (NK) cells and chemokines could play a pivotal role in nasal inflammation. CX3CR1, the only receptor for fractalkine/CX3CL1, is abundantly expressed by NK cells, and was recently shown to also be a receptor for eotaxin-3/CCL26. However, no reports explored the NK cells-CX3CL1-CCL26 axis via CX3CR1 in allergy. OBJECTIVE: Our goals were first to determine specifically NK cell recruitment pattern in nasal tissue of allergic chronic rhinosinusitis (ACRS) and non-allergic chronic rhinosinusitis (NACRS) patients in comparison with healthy controls, and secondly, to investigate the function of CX3CR1 in NK cell migration. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry, microchemotaxis chambers, flow cytometry and confocal microscopy were used in this study. RESULTS: Herein, we showed that NK cells infiltrated the epithelial layers of nasal tissue only in ACRS patients and not in NACRS patients or controls. NK cells were also more numerous in the stroma of the nasal tissue from ACRS patients compared with NACRS patients or controls. This migration could be mediated by both CX3CL1 and CCL26, as these two chemokines induced NK cell migration. Moreover, both molecules also stimulated cytoskeleton changes and F-actin reorganisation in NK cells. Chemotaxis and cytoskeleton changes were sensitive to genistein, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. By flow cytometry, we demonstrated that a single antigen nasal provocation challenge increased the expression of CX3CR1 on NK cells in allergic rhinitis (AR) patients. The function of this receptor was associated with a significant augmentation of NK cell chemotaxis against the optimal doses of CX3CL1 and CCL26. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Our results highlight a novel role for CX3CR1 in NK cell migration that may contribute to the NK cell trafficking to the allergic upper airway. This could be mediated largely by CX3CL1 and CCL26 stimulation of the tyrosine kinase pathway. [less ▲]

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