References of "Defourny, Jacques"
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See detailSocial enterprise
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Conference (2010)

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See detailConcepts and Realities of Social Enterprise : A European Perspective
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Fayolle, A.; Matlay, H. (Eds.) Handbook of Research on Social Entrepreneurship (2010)

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See detailSocial Enterprise
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Hart, Keith; Laville, Jean-Louis; Cattani, David (Eds.) The Human Economy. A Citizen’s Guide (2010)

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See detailSocial Enterprise in Europe: At the Crossroads of Market, Public Policies and Third Sector
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Policy and Society (2010), 29(3), 231-232

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See detailDoes the mission of providers matter on a quasi-market? The case of the Belgian "service voucher" scheme
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Henry, Arnaud; Nassaut, Stéphane et al

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2010), 81(4), 583-610

In 2001, the Belgian government introduced a ‘service voucher’ scheme in the field of domestic (housework) services, following a quasi-market mechanism which fosters competition between providers of ... [more ▼]

In 2001, the Belgian government introduced a ‘service voucher’ scheme in the field of domestic (housework) services, following a quasi-market mechanism which fosters competition between providers of different types as regards sector (for-profit, public, third sector) and mission (seeking profits, home care provision to vulnerable groups and work integration of the unemployed). Empirical evidence suggests that third sector organizations focusing on a social mission recognized by a tutelary regulation are the best performing with regards to the quality of jobs and service organization, leading to a better ‘triangulation’ of the service relationship. On the other hand, for-profit providers, especially temporary work agencies, seem to favour their capacity of adaptation to the desiderata of their clients and costs’ minimization to the detriment of the quality of jobs which are made as flexible as possible. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the Diversity of Fair Trade Social Enterprises
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Defourny, Jacques ULg

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Fair trade (FT) organisations have been quite early taken as examples of social enterprises (SE) and have contributed to the shaping of the SE concept. The goal of this article is to examine more deeply ... [more ▼]

Fair trade (FT) organisations have been quite early taken as examples of social enterprises (SE) and have contributed to the shaping of the SE concept. The goal of this article is to examine more deeply, both at a conceptual and at an empirical level, to what extent FT organisations can be considered as social enterprises. First, we introduce different theoretical frameworks of SE and examine FT in the context of each of these frameworks. In a second step, we use an empirical study on fair trade social enterprises (FTSEs) across four European countries to illustrate and deepen the links between FT and SE, focusing on the goals and the governance structures of FTSEs. It appears that all FTSEs combine in some way economic, social and sometimes also political goals. FTSEs are thus in line with the "hybrid-goal" nature of SEs. FTSEs' governance is also quite specific and often innovative in terms of organisational architecture and stakeholders' involvement. Some FTSEs are closer to the European – participatory – approach of social enterprise, while others are closer to US – individual – approaches. Finally, the governance structures of FTSEs seem to reflect quite well their goal mix. This article provides a more solid basis for the often implicit link between FT and SE. Future researches could use our work to explore specific topics of the SE literature (e.g. stakeholders' involvement) in the context of FT. The FT example could also be used to examine further the shifting boundaries of the SE reality. The originality of this article is to apply the SE concept to a specific field and to show how, within this field, there is at the same time (1) a diversity of organisations, reflecting the diversity of SE approaches and (2) a range of specific features (especially in terms of goal mix and governance) distinguishing SEs from other types of organisations operating in the same field. [less ▲]

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See detailLes titres-services: quelle qualité d'emploi et d'organisation du service?
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Henry, Arnaud; Nassaut, Stéphane et al

in Regards économiques (2009), 69

This a summary of a large 3-years study of the comparative performance of private for-profit, public and non-profit providers of services to households financed through a voucher system funded by the ... [more ▼]

This a summary of a large 3-years study of the comparative performance of private for-profit, public and non-profit providers of services to households financed through a voucher system funded by the Belgian federal government [less ▲]

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See detailFrom Third Sector to Social Enterprise: Concepts and Methods
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Comparative Economic and Social Systems = Jingji Shehui Tizhi Bijiao (2009), 7(4), 112-121

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See detailConcepts and Realities of Social Enterprise: A European Perspective
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Collegium (2009), (Spring), 73-98

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See detailFondamenti di un approccio Europeo all'impresa sociale
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

in Laville, Jean-Louis; La Rosa, Michele (Eds.) Impresa sociale e capitalismo contemporaneo (2009)

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See detailForeword
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Kerlin, Janelle A. (Ed.) Social Enterprise. A Global Comparison (2009)

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See detailThe Social Economy: the Worldwide Making of a Third Sector
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Develtere, Patrick

in Defourny, Jacques; Develtere, Patrick; Fonteneau, Bénédicte (Eds.) et al The Worldwide Making of the Social Economy. Innovations and Changes (2009)

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See detailEconomie plurielle et régulation publique. Le quasi-marché des titres-services en Belgique
Henry, Arnaud; Nassaut, Stéphane; Defourny, Jacques ULg et al

Book published by Academia Press (2009)

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See detailSocial Enterprise: the Shaping of a New Concept in a Comparative Regional Perspective
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Defourny, Jacques; Develtere, Patrick; Fonteneau, Bénédicte (Eds.) et al The Worldwide Making of the Social Economy. Innovations and Changes (2009)

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See detailThe Worldwide Making of the Social Economy. Innovations and Changes
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Develtere, Patrick; Fonteneau, Bénédicte et al

Book published by Acco (2009)

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See detailCommunity-Based Health Insurance Schemes in Africa: Which Factors Really Induce Membership ?
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Failon, Julie ULg

Conference (2008, July)

Health micro-insurance systems have experienced a fast development for some fifteen years in sub-Saharan Africa as a means of improving the access of the poor to healthcare services. The present article ... [more ▼]

Health micro-insurance systems have experienced a fast development for some fifteen years in sub-Saharan Africa as a means of improving the access of the poor to healthcare services. The present article focuses mainly on community-based health insurance (CBHI) systems, as they currently constitute one of the most developed forms of health micro-insurance. However, it must be acknowledged that the enrolment rates remain particularly weak and coverage of the target population only rarely reaches 10%. Several authors have already observed this fact and undertaken research on the factors which influence enrolment. Nevertheless, the methodologies used, size of the samples, characteristics of the surveyed individuals, inclusion or not of non-members in the surveys, geographical areas etc. vary a lot from one author to the other. This is why this article aims at synthesizing the empirical studies carried out to date and to identify major concurring results beyond methodological differences. We finally come out with two factors which seem to play a major role and six others which seem to have a significant influence on enrolment, while surveys do not confirm the role of various other variables. We conclude with some lessons regarding the roles of the promoters and supporting NGOs in the establishment of CBHI schemes. [less ▲]

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See detailLes approches de l'économie sociale et de l'économie solidaire face aux mutuelles de santé en Afrique
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Failon, Julie; Sarambe, Issa

E-print/Working paper (2008)

Ce papier examine dans quelle mesure les approches "économie sociale" et "économie solidaire" peuvent éclairer les réalités des mutuelles de santé en Afrique, mais aussi leurs limites respectives face à ... [more ▼]

Ce papier examine dans quelle mesure les approches "économie sociale" et "économie solidaire" peuvent éclairer les réalités des mutuelles de santé en Afrique, mais aussi leurs limites respectives face à ces pratiques de plus en plus répandues. [less ▲]

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See detailFondements d’une approche européenne de l'entreprise sociale
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Cahier de Recherche / Working papers de HEC Ecole de Gestion de l'Université de Liège (2008)

Alors que pratiquement personne ne s'y référait il y a encore une quinzaine d'années, la notion d'entreprise sociale est en train d'opérer une étonnante percée des deux côtés de l'Atlantique. Avant d ... [more ▼]

Alors que pratiquement personne ne s'y référait il y a encore une quinzaine d'années, la notion d'entreprise sociale est en train d'opérer une étonnante percée des deux côtés de l'Atlantique. Avant d'aborder l'émergence du concept d'entreprise sociale, nous rappelons d'abord brièvement les principales approches qui, depuis un quart de siècle, ont été développées pour saisir les réalités du troisième secteur (1). Nous essayons ensuite de voir dans quelle mesure, au sein de ce dernier, on peut identifier un nouvel entreprenariat social (2) et comment, en Europe, on l'a appréhendé sur le plan conceptuel (3). Ensuite, nous présentons les premiers développements théoriques qu'a favorisé l'émergence de ce nouveau concept (4). Enfin, nous montrons comment on peut enrichir la démarche européenne en la faisant entrer en dialogue avec les récentes évolutions observées sur la scène nord-américaine (5). [less ▲]

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