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See detailEmerging Models of Social Enterprise in Eastern Asia: a Cross-Country Analysis
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Kim, Shin-Yang

in Social Enterprise Journal (2011), vol. 7(1), 86-111

We first examine the socio-economic contexts in which new public policies and new NPOs’ initiatives were launched to offer innovative solutions to current challenges, especially unemployment. Interactions ... [more ▼]

We first examine the socio-economic contexts in which new public policies and new NPOs’ initiatives were launched to offer innovative solutions to current challenges, especially unemployment. Interactions between Eastern Asia and Western regions (EU, US) are also analysed as to experiments and conceptions of social enterprise. In order to identify major convergences and divergences across countries in Eastern Asia, we rely on country studies presented in this issue as well as on a broad literature, related more specifically to the development and roles of NPOs and co-operatives in this region. Five major models of social enterprise with specific dynamics can be identified in Eastern Asia. State influence and driving forces linked to public policies make these models rather different from the typical US social enterprise; as for the role of civil society, it seems weaker than in Western contexts but is growing significantly. Co-operative movements also play a significant role in shaping some social enterprise models. Finally, two conditions identified as critical for the development of social economy organisations – a "condition of necessity" and a "condition of shared destiny" - seem to be valid in Eastern Asia as well, provided they are properly reinterpreted. The present analysis, just like the other four papers in this issue, is a result of a joint research project of the EMES European Research Network and East-Asian researchers. Country studies were conducted along common broad guidelines, and they were discussed and revised at various stages, which insured a fairly good level of comparability. Moreover, this seems to be the first systematic comparative analysis on social enterprise involving all industrialised countries in Eastern Asia. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Enterprise Development and the Social Economy
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Conference (2011, May 20)

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See detailLe volontariat: une réelle plus-value?
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2011, May 11)

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See detailEast Asian Social Enterprises in a Worldwide Perspective
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Conference (2011, April 07)

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See detailL'entrepreneuriat social et l'économie sociale
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Conference (2011, April 06)

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See detailWork Integration Social Enterprises in Europe, between Market, Public Policy and Civil Society
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2011, March 09)

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See detailThe comparative performance of for-profit, public and third sector providers. The case of the "service-vouchers" field in Belgium".
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Henry, Arnaud

E-print/Working paper (2011)

Within the Belgian service-voucher system, various types of organizations can provide services (house cleaning, ironing and various types of help to vulnerable persons). Based on a detailed survey ... [more ▼]

Within the Belgian service-voucher system, various types of organizations can provide services (house cleaning, ironing and various types of help to vulnerable persons). Based on a detailed survey covering 50 providers of different types, this paper examines their comparative performance based on three different specifications of the latter and by using Data Envelopment Analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailApproches européennes et américaines de l'entreprise sociale: une perspective comparative
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Revue Internationale de l'Economie Sociale : Recma, Revue des Etudes Coopératives, Mutualistes et Associatives (2011), 319

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See detailExplorando a diversidade do comércio justo na economia social
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Ciências Sociais Unisinos (2011), 47(1), 44-55

Organizações de comércio justo (CJ) têm sido tomadas como exemplo de empresas sociais (ES) há bastante tempo e têm contribuído para a formação do conceito de ES. O objetivo deste artigo é examinar mais ... [more ▼]

Organizações de comércio justo (CJ) têm sido tomadas como exemplo de empresas sociais (ES) há bastante tempo e têm contribuído para a formação do conceito de ES. O objetivo deste artigo é examinar mais profundamente, tanto no nível conceitual quanto empírico, até que ponto as organizações de CJ podem ser consideradas empresas sociais. Primeiramente, introduzimos diferentes perspectivas teóricas de ES e examinamos o CJ no contexto de cada uma destas perspectivas. Em um segundo momento, apresentamos um estudo empírico sobre empresas sociais de comércio justo (ESCJ) de quatro países europeus para ilustrar e aprofundar as ligações entre CJ e ES, tendo como foco os objetivos e as estruturas de governança destas ESCJs. Parece que todas estas ESCJs combinam, de alguma maneira, objetivos econômicos, sociais e, algumas vezes, também políticos. As ESCJs alinham-se, portanto, com a natureza de “objetivo híbrido” das ESs. A governança das ESCJs é também bem específica e frequentemente inovadora em termos de arquitetura organizacional e envolvimento dos parceiros (stakeholders). Algumas ESCJs estão mais próximas da abordagem europeia – participatória – da empresa social, enquanto outras estão mais próximas das abordagens americanas – individual. Por fim, as estruturas de governança das ESCJs parecem refletir muito bem o seu mix de objetivos. [less ▲]

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See detailLes déterminants de l'adhésion aux mutuelles de santé en Afrique subsaharienne : un inventaire des travaux empiriques
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Failon, Julie ULg

in Mondes en Développement (2011), 153

En Afrique Subsaharienne, les taux d’adhésion aux mutuelles de santé restent généralement à des niveaux très faibles. Cet article vise à synthétiser les résultats des enquêtes déjà réalisées pour ... [more ▼]

En Afrique Subsaharienne, les taux d’adhésion aux mutuelles de santé restent généralement à des niveaux très faibles. Cet article vise à synthétiser les résultats des enquêtes déjà réalisées pour identifier les facteurs qui influencent la décision d’adhérer ou non à ces mutuelles. Au-delà des différences méthodologiques entre ces travaux, notre synthèse fait ressortir deux facteurs majeurs qui étaient plutôt attendus (la capacité financière des populations et la qualité des soins) et les resitue dans une perspective plus large. Elle permet également d’identifier quelques autres paramètres qui semblent aussi jouer un rôle significatif même si les convergences entre les enquêtes sont moins nettes. [less ▲]

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See detailLa percée de l'entrepreneuriat social: clarifications conceptuelles
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Juris Associations (2011), 436(avril), 18-23

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See detailSocial Enterprise in Eastern Asia
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Kuan, Yu Yuan

in Social Enterprise Journal (2011), 7(1), 111

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See detailAre there specific models of social enterprise in Eastern Asia?
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Kuan, Yu Yuan

in Social Enterprise Journal (2011), 7(1), 5-8

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See detailLes modèles de l'entrepreneuriat social en Asie de l'Est
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Social Enterprise Journal (2011), 7(1), 86-111

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See detailGlobal Social Economy: Historical Context and Current Progress
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Develtere, Patrick; Zhao, Li

in Journal of Comparative Economic and Social Systems = Jingji Shehui Tizhi Bijiao (2011), 153(1), 146-157

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See detailL'émergence et le développement du concept d'entreprise sociale
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Amadio, Nicolas (Ed.) Les dynamiques de l'entrepreneuriat social (2011)

Cet article résume le travail fondateur du Réseau européen EMES, publié essentiellement en anglais au début des années 2000 (en particulier Borzaga et Defourny, The Emergence of Social Enterprise ... [more ▼]

Cet article résume le travail fondateur du Réseau européen EMES, publié essentiellement en anglais au début des années 2000 (en particulier Borzaga et Defourny, The Emergence of Social Enterprise, Routledge, 2001 et 2004) [less ▲]

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See detailConceptions of Social Enterprise and Social Entrepreneurship: Where is the Australian Debate Located??
Nyssens, Marthe; Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Centre for Social Impact (Ed.) Intersecting Transformation of the Business and Third Sector (2011)

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See detailApproches comparées de l'entrepreneuriat social en Europe et aux Etats-Unis
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Revue Internationale de l'Economie Sociale : Recma, Revue des Etudes Coopératives, Mutualistes et Associatives (2010, November 09)

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See detailSpecificities of social enterprise development in Eastern Asia
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Conference (2010, November 04)

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