References of "De Pauw, Edwin"
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See detailDeveloping predictive dynamic models of complex intracellular networks for neurological disease
Vafiadaki, Elizabeth; Depaulis, Antoine; Jackers, Pascale ULg et al

in FEBS Journal (2008, June 28), 275(Issue s1), 206

Introduction: VALAPODYN, a European Commission funded research network, is an original systems biology approach for the development of an innovative model on the dynamics of molecular interaction networks ... [more ▼]

Introduction: VALAPODYN, a European Commission funded research network, is an original systems biology approach for the development of an innovative model on the dynamics of molecular interaction networks (MIN) in relation to cell death and survival for the detection of new therapeutic targets for human neurological diseases. To this end, a comprehensive multidisciplinary strategy has been established combining functional genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics. Methods and Results: Using a mouse model of induced hippocampal sclerosis associated with focal epilepsy, dynamic expression analyses are conducted at different time points. Proteomic databases are being used along with advanced microarray and proteomics platform systems to investigate protein-protein interactions and regulation networks, identify and validate biological targets in complex intracellular pathways. The first phase involves whole genome and proteome analysis, integrating biological and statistical data in order to functionally annotate genes and proteins. Using Affymetrix microarrays, 2D-DIGE and MALDI/TOF-TOF, we are evaluating whole genome and proteome expression profiles bringing to light critical new pathways and molecular targets implicated in neurodegeneration. Discussion: VALAPODYN develops a dynamic and quantitative analysis method for new therapeutic targets through MIN dynamic models and specifically addresses the systems biology of complex cellular pathways and transcriptional networks. Novel predictive dynamic models will be validated by testing the selected drug targets on innovative in vivo and in vitro models of CNS pathologies. VALAPODYN will provide a cutting-edge highly accurate in silico tool for identifying novel and effective therapeutic targets in a faster, more efficient and more economical way than it is possible today. [less ▲]

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See detailIR and UV spectroscopic signatures of DNA higher-order structures in the gas phase
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Rosu, Frédéric ULg; Gregoire, Gilles et al

Conference (2008, June 03)

Introduction Electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) can be used to transfer large biomolecular complexes from the solution to the gas phase. However, a longstanding question is whether the gas-phase ... [more ▼]

Introduction Electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) can be used to transfer large biomolecular complexes from the solution to the gas phase. However, a longstanding question is whether the gas-phase multiply-charged ions produced by ESI-MS keep a folded conformation in the absence of solvent. Nucleic acid secondary structures are determined by hydrogen bonding interactions between nucleic bases and by stacking interactions between neighboring base pairs. Here we will show that infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) action spectroscopies provide useful and complementary information on the structure of nucleic acid ions in the gas phase. Methods IR spectroscopy experiments on DNA negative ions were carried out at the CLIO free electron laser (FEL) center (Orsay, France) using an Esquire 3000 (Bruker) mass spectrometer modified to inject the IR beam through the ring electrode. IRMPD spectra are recorded by monitoring the fragmentation of mass-selected parent ions as a function of the excitation wavenumber, in the range 1000-2000 cm-1. UV spectroscopy experiments were carried out using a tunable OPO laser (Continuum Lasers) with frequency doubling. The laser is interfaced with either a Finnigan LCQ ESI-QIT mass spectrometer or a Bruker Apex-Qe 9.4 T ESI-FTICR mass spectrometer. The UV action spectra were recorded by monitoring electron detachment as a function of the wavelength between 220 and 300 nm. Preliminary results First, DNA oligonucleotide ions forming G-quadruplex structures were studied in the gas phase using IR multiple-photon dissociation spectroscopy. Data interpretation on these large biomolecule ions is made using carefully chosen control experiments. The IR spectrum of the (dTG4T)4 quadruplex has been recorded, and compared to that of the single strand. Given the strand stoichiometry and the selective incorporation of three ammonium cations, there is little doubt about the quadruplex structure of [(dTG4T)4•(NH4+)3]5-. The major finding is a fingerprint of hydrogen bonding in the gas phase in the guanine C6=O6 stretching mode, that allows probing the conservation of G-quartets in the gas phase. Further experiments also demonstrate the conservation of G-quadruplex hydrogen bonds in the human telomeric sequence d(TTAGGG)4 [Gabelica et al., JACS, accepted]. Second, we also studied DNA duplexes and G-quadruplex ions in the gas phase by UV spectroscopy. We recorded the UV spectra of the (dTG4T)4 quadruplex, with and without ammonium ions. Molecular modeling [Rueda et al., JACS, 2006, p3608] and ion mobility spectrometry data [Gabelica et al., JACS, 2007, 895] showed that G-quadruplexes keep their hydrogen-bonded structure but become more floppy if inner cations are removed. We found that the UV spectra differ dramatically with and without inner cations, suggesting that UV spectroscopy is very sensitive to stacking interactions between neighboring G-quartets. We also used UV spectroscopy to probe the structure of 12-mer DNA duplexes, by comparing the duplex spectra to those obtained on single strands. Preliminary results show that stacking interactions may be preserved in duplexes containing GC base pairs, but not in duplexes containing AT base pairs. Altogether, these results show the complementarities between IR and UV spectroscopy to characterize DNA structures in the gas phase: IR data mainly give access to information on hydrogen bonding of bases, and UV spectroscopy provides information on stacking interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamic proteomics of mice hippocampus to study apoptosis
Jackers, Pascale ULg; Bertrand, Virginie ULg; Vafiadaki, Elizabeth et al

Poster (2008, May 30)

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See detailElectron Photodetachment of DNA Polyanions: Photoelectron Spectroscopy and UV Action Spectroscopy
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Rosu, Frédéric ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 15)

DNA polyanions trapped in a mass spectrometer undergo electron detachment following irradiation with UV light [1-3]. Electron photodetachment is a 1-photon process, and its efficiency depends on: - The ... [more ▼]

DNA polyanions trapped in a mass spectrometer undergo electron detachment following irradiation with UV light [1-3]. Electron photodetachment is a 1-photon process, and its efficiency depends on: - The nature of the DNA bases: guanine-containing strands are the most prone to electron photodetachment, followed by adenine, cytosine, and finally thymine. - The excitation wavelength: electron detachment is maximum around 260 nm, corresponding to base excitation. - The charge of the polyanion: higher charge state ions undergo more efficient electron detachment because of the Coulombic repulsion. Here we will discuss the electron photodetachment mechanism in the light of the most recent experimental results. Because the base-dependence of electron photodetachment efficiency is correlated with the base ionization potential and is maximum at wavelengths corresponding to the base absorption, we initially proposed that electron photodetachment might occur directly from the base, and that the photodetachment yield was correlated with the electron binding energy to the base [2]. Photoelectron spectroscopy experiments were performed on DNA multiply charged anions with varying base composition to probe how the electron binding energies changes with the base composition. Finally, the electron detachment channel was used to perform UV spectroscopy experiments on large DNA polyanions trapped in the gas phase. Gas-phase UV spectra of DNA duplexes and G-quadruplexes containing up to 24 bases (> 7000 Da) will be presented. [1] V. Gabelica, T. Tabarin, R. Antoine, F. Rosu, I. Compagnon, M. Broyer, E. De Pauw, and P. Dugourd, Anal. Chem. 78, 6564 (2006). [2] V. Gabelica, F. Rosu, T. Tabarin, C. Kinet, R. Antoine, M. Broyer, E. De Pauw, and P. Dugourd, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 4706 (2007). [3] V. Gabelica, F. Rosu, E. De Pauw, R. Antoine, T. Tabarin, M. Broyer, and P. Dugourd, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1990 (2007). [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of Oligonucleotide Gas-Phase Conformers: H/D Exchange and Ion Mobility as Complementary Techniques
Balbeur, Dorothée ULg; Widart, Joëlle ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (2008), 19(7), 938-946

Gas-phase hydrogen/deuterium exchange of small oligonucleotides (dTG, dC6 and C6) with CD3OD was performed in the second hexapole of a Fourier transform ion-cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometer ... [more ▼]

Gas-phase hydrogen/deuterium exchange of small oligonucleotides (dTG, dC6 and C6) with CD3OD was performed in the second hexapole of a Fourier transform ion-cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass spectrometer. Ion activation experiments were conducted by accelerating the ions at the entrance of the H/D exchange cell under conditions promoting exclusively collisional isomerization. These experiments allowed us to assess the presence of several conformers, and to probe the height of the isomerization barrier separating these conformers. Ion mobility experiments were also performed. Their results were consistent with the H/D exchange data. A model accounting for the competing isomerization and H/D exchange reactions is proposed. Comparing the ion acceleration experiments for H/D exchange and for ion mobility reveals that the most compact conformer displays the fastest H/D exchange. This observation shows that H/D exchange and ion mobility provide us with complementary information because hydrogen accessibility and macromolecule compactness are not univocally associated. [less ▲]

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See detailOptoacoustic specific detection of prostate cancer using functionalized gold nanorods
Schol, Daureen ULg; Fleron, Maximilien ULg; Greisch, Jean-François et al

Poster (2008, March 12)

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See detailCoating of gold nanoparticles by thermosensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) end-capped by biotin
Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Qiu, Hongjin; Greisch, Jean-François ULg et al

in Polymer (2008), 49(5), 1145-1153

Gold nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by reduction of HAuCl4 in aqueous solution and stabilized by poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM). PNIPAM was prepared by two distinct routes: (i) conventional free ... [more ▼]

Gold nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by reduction of HAuCl4 in aqueous solution and stabilized by poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM). PNIPAM was prepared by two distinct routes: (i) conventional free-radical polymerization leading to polymer without any reactive end-group, and (ii) Reversible Addition–Fragmentation chain Transfer (RAFT) polymerization with 2-dodecylsulfanylthiocarbonylsulfanyl-2-methyl propionic acid (DMP) as a RAFT agent. PNIPAM with low polydispersity was then end-capped by an α-carboxylic acid and an ω-trithiocarbonate that was converted into an ω-thiol upon hydrolysis. This hetero-telechelic polymer was analyzed by mass spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and 1H NMR. Even without thiol end-group, known for chemisorption onto gold, PNIPAM was effective in stabilizing gold NPs (1–5 nm). The thermosensitivity of PNIPAM at the surface of gold NPs was, however, dependent on the molecular weight of the chains. Finally, the α-carboxyl end-group of PNIPAM was used to anchor biotin, which is indeed known for complexation with avidin, which is a possible strategy for the coated gold NPs to be involved as building blocks in supramolecular assemblies. TEM and UV–vis spectroscopy were used to characterize the gold nanoparticles. [less ▲]

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See detailEmpirical Relationship between Precision and Ultra-Trace Concentrations of Pcdd/Fs and Dioxin-Like Pcbs in Biological Matrices
Eppe, Gauthier ULg; Van Cleuvenbergen, Rudy; Smastuen Haug, Line et al

in Chemosphere (2008), 71(2), 379-87

Dioxin analysis in food and feed can be characterized as an analytical application where very high accuracy is required at very low levels of contamination. Gas chromatography (GC) in combination with (13 ... [more ▼]

Dioxin analysis in food and feed can be characterized as an analytical application where very high accuracy is required at very low levels of contamination. Gas chromatography (GC) in combination with (13)C-label isotope dilution (ID) high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) is the reference congener-specific technique characterized by pronounced selectivity, precision and trueness at parts-per-trillion (ppt) and sub-parts-per-trillion (sub-ppt) levels. The quality of the analytical data produced routinely by a laboratory should be adequate for its intended purpose, i.e., one will seek a compromise between the cost and time needed and the consequences of incorrect decisions due to erroneous results. The requirements for reproducibility are usually dependent on the analyte concentrations and have been expressed in various empirical functions. While Horwitz or modified functions are widely useful for many purposes, it would be difficult to expect these functions to cover every analytical problem. This study reports on precision characteristics achieved by the GC-ID-HRMS reference method for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in food and feed in two interlaboratory method-performance studies among expert laboratories with long-standing experience in this field. Striking linear functions in log scale between reproducibility standard deviation and congener's level over a concentration range of 10(-8)-10(-14)g per g fresh weight are observed. The data fit very well to a Horwitz-type function of the form s(R)=0.153c(0.904), where s(R) and c are dimensionless mass ratios expressed in pgg(-1) on fresh weight, regardless of the nature of the toxic congeners, food and feed matrices, or sample preparation methods. We demonstrate that the proposed function is suitable for use as a fitness-for-purpose criterion for proficiency assessment in interlaboratory comparisons on dioxins and related compounds in food. [less ▲]

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See detailMCF-7/BOS cells membrane proteome profiling for the analysis of plasmic proteins in pancreatic beta cells
Bertrand, Virginie ULg; Massart, Anne-Cécile; Flamez, Daisy et al

Poster (2008, February 15)

Type I and type II diabetes are diseases characterized by the activation of the apoptotic processes in pancreatic islet of beta-cells. To highlight specific proteins of beta cells in medical imaging ... [more ▼]

Type I and type II diabetes are diseases characterized by the activation of the apoptotic processes in pancreatic islet of beta-cells. To highlight specific proteins of beta cells in medical imaging (positron emission tomography or PET), the development of antibodies directed against membrane markers of the beta cells is undertaken. These membrane markers have to be accessible to antibodies and should be potential therapeutic targets. In order to isolate membrane proteins of beta cells, preliminary tests were conducted on MCF-7 / BOS cell line, immortal and easier to cultivate. The goal of this work is to obtain a pure membrane fraction to facilitate the analysis of the sample. To isolate transmembrane proteins, we compared two methods. The first one used a differential centrifugation to isolate membrane proteins. The second method labelled accessible extracellular domains at the surface of MCF-7 cells with biotin prior to differential centrifugation. The labelling technique used can provide 50% of membrane proteins. This second method will be used to isolate membrane proteins of pancreatic beta cells. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamic proteomics of mice hippocampus to study apoptosis
Jackers, Pascale ULg; Bertrand, Virginie ULg; Vafiadaki, Elizabeth et al

Poster (2008, February 15)

Apoptosis or physiological programmed cell death is a molecular process observed during neurodegenerative diseases (Epilepsies, Alzheimer…). The neurodegeneration leads to the reorganization of synapses ... [more ▼]

Apoptosis or physiological programmed cell death is a molecular process observed during neurodegenerative diseases (Epilepsies, Alzheimer…). The neurodegeneration leads to the reorganization of synapses and neurons in the CNS. Consequently, searches for early medication are a major challenge in Neuroscience. To this aim, VALAPODYN, a European Commission funded research network, develops functional genomics and proteomics related to the dynamics of molecular interaction networks (MIN). MIN modeling investigates protein-protein interactions and regulation networks. Using a model of induced hippocampal sclerosis associated with focal epilepsy in the mouse, dynamic expression analyses are conducted at different time points. Hippocampal samples were subjected on 2D-DIGE analysis which allows quantification of cyanine labelled proteins. Biological variation analysis yields about 1500 protein spots. These spots include 34 protein spots to be differentially regulated. The distribution is consistent with the literature showing that CNS proteins are mainly composed of acidic and neutral proteins. Several proteins have multiple protein spots likely resulting from different isoforms. Spots of interest will be digested with proteases and analysed using MALDI/TOF-TOF. Total proteins mixture will also be submitted to ESI-MS after HPLC separation as a means of improving both protein and proteome coverage by using complementary instruments. [less ▲]

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See detailIR and UV spectroscopy of DNA ions stored in a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Rosu, Frédéric ULg; Gregoire, Gilles et al

Conference (2008, February 15)

Electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) can be used to transfer large biomolecular complexes from the solution to the gas phase. However, a longstanding question is whether the gas-phase multiply-charged ... [more ▼]

Electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) can be used to transfer large biomolecular complexes from the solution to the gas phase. However, a longstanding question is whether the gas-phase multiply-charged ions produced by ESI-MS keep a folded conformation in the absence of solvent. Nucleic acid secondary structures are determined by hydrogen bonding interactions between nucleic bases and by stacking interactions between neighboring base pairs. In solution, infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopies provide information on hydrogen bonding and stacking interactions in nucleic acids, respectively. Here we will show how IR and UV spectra of gas-phase ions can be recorded, and what can be learned on the structure of nucleic acids (double helices and quadruple helices) in the gas phase. The IR spectroscopy experiments on DNA negative ions were carried out at the CLIO free electron laser (FEL) center using an electrospray quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer (Esquire 3000, Bruker Daltonics, Germany) modified to inject the IR beam in the trap through the ring electrode. IRMPD spectra are recorded by monitoring the relative fragmentation efficiency of mass-selected parent ions as a function of the excitation wavenumber, in the range 1000-2000 cm-1. Data interpretation on these large biomolecule ions is made using carefully chosen control experiments. The major finding is a fingerprint of hydrogen bonding in the gas phase in the guanine C6=O6 stretching mode, that allows probing the conservation of G-quartets in the gas phase. The experiments demonstrate the conservation of G-quadruplex hydrogen bonds in the human telomeric sequence d(TTAGGG)4. The UV spectroscopy experiments were carried out using a tunable OPO laser (Continuum Lasers, Santa Clara, CA, USA) with frequency doubling. The laser is interfaced with a Finnigan LCQ ESI-QIT mass spectrometer. The UV action spectra were recorded by monitoring electron detachment from DNA multiply charged anions as a function of the wavelength between 220 and 300 nm. Preliminary results suggest that stacking interactions are preserved in duplexes containing GC base pairs, and in G-quadruplexes containing inner cations. [less ▲]

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See detailMass Spectrometric Study of the Ionized C60: (Gamma-Cyclodextrin)2 Inclusion Complex by Collision Induced Dissociation
Greisch, Jean-François ULg; Kyritsoglou, S.; Leyh, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Mass Spectrometry [=JMS] (2008), 43(2), 242-50

The water soluble inclusion complex [C(60):(gamma-cyclodextrin)(2)] has been characterized using electrospray tandem mass spectrometry and collision induced dissociation. [C(60):(gamma-cyclodextrin)(2 ... [more ▼]

The water soluble inclusion complex [C(60):(gamma-cyclodextrin)(2)] has been characterized using electrospray tandem mass spectrometry and collision induced dissociation. [C(60):(gamma-cyclodextrin)(2)] ions were detected in the gas phase as doubly deprotonated, doubly protonated and doubly sodiated ions. The absence of monocharged complex ions following electronebulization is a likely consequence of the dimeric nature and structural symmetry of the inclusion complex. The collision induced dissociation of positive ions led exclusively to the observation of the protonated and sodiated cyclodextrin ions as well as their fragments. In negative ion mode the closed shell anion C(60)H(-) was the dominant fragment detected at low collision energies whereas at higher collision energies the signal corresponding to deprotonated cyclodextrin units becomes significant. Since C(60) (2-) has been reported to have a nonnegligible basicity compared to C(60) and C(60) (-), it is likely that the proton transfer involved in the formation of the C(60)H(-) anion occurs following transfer of the two electrons from the deprotonated gamma-cyclodextrins to the fullerene. Finally, the charge state of the inclusion complex ions is also shown to affect the interaction strengths between its subunits. The relative stabilities of the three ionic species studied in gas phase following electronebulization are as follows: [C(60):(gamma-cyclodextrin)(2) + 2H](2+) < [C(60):(gamma-cyclodextrin)(2)- 2H](2-) < [C(60):(gamma-cyclodextrin)(2) + 2Na](2+). [less ▲]

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See detailMercury immune toxicity in harbour seals: Links to in vitro toxicity
Das, Krishna ULg; Siebert, Ursula; Gillet, Audrey et al

in Environmental Health : A Global Access Science Source (2008), 7

Background Mercury is known to bioaccumulate and to magnify in marine mammals, which is a cause of great concern in terms of their general health. In particular, the immune system is known to be ... [more ▼]

Background Mercury is known to bioaccumulate and to magnify in marine mammals, which is a cause of great concern in terms of their general health. In particular, the immune system is known to be susceptible to long-term mercury exposure. The aims of the present study were (1) to determine the mercury level in the blood of free-ranging harbour seals from the North Sea and (2) to examine the link between methylmercury in vitro exposure and immune functions using seal and human mitogen-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (T-lymphocytes). Methods Total mercury was analysed in the blood of 22 harbour seals. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from seals (n = 11) and from humans (n = 9). Stimulated lymphocytes of both species were exposed to functional tests (proliferation, metabolic activity, radioactive precursor incorporation) under increasing doses of methylmercury (0.1 to 10 µM). The expression of cytokines (IL-2; IL-4 and TGF-beta was investigated in seal lymphocytes by RT-PCR and by real time quantitative PCR (n = 5) at methylmercury concentrations of 0.2 and 1 µM. Finally, proteomics analysis was attempted on human lymphocytes (cytoplasmic fraction) in order to identify biochemical pathways of toxicity at concentration of 1 µM (n = 3). Results The results showed that the number of seal lymphocytes, viability, metabolic activity, DNA and RNA synthesis were reduced in vitro, suggesting deleterious effects of methylmercury concentrations naturally encountered in free-ranging seals. Similar results were found for human lymphocytes. Functional tests showed that a 1 µM concentration was the critical concentration above which lymphocyte activity, proliferation and survival were compromised. The expression of IL-2 and TGF-beta mRNA was weaker in exposed seal lymphocytes compared to control cells (0.2 and 1 µM). Proteomics showed some variation in the protein expression profile (e.g. vimentin). [less ▲]

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See detailProteome analysis of the bovine milk fat globule: Enhancement of membrane purification
Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

in International Dairy Journal (2008), 18(9), 885-893

A simple and rapid procedure was cl developed for the extraction of the milk fat globule membrane from milk removes the large majority of the skim milk proteins for proteome analysis. In order to improve ... [more ▼]

A simple and rapid procedure was cl developed for the extraction of the milk fat globule membrane from milk removes the large majority of the skim milk proteins for proteome analysis. In order to improve the extraction and the solubilization of the hydrophobic membrane proteins for subsequent two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, four detergents (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammoniol-1-propanesulfonate, amidosulfobetaine-14, sodium lauroyl sarcosinate and sodium deoxycholate) were tested in the sample preparation, associated with a sonication step. Zwitterionic detergents were shown to be efficient in recovering integral and peripheral proteins from membrane material. Spots were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF/TOF). The advantages of MALDI-TOF/TOF (speed, easiness of analysis, good sensitivity and high mass accuracy) were demonstrated on the milk fat globule membrane proteome investigation. Identified proteins are implicated in a wide range of functions including fat secretion and transport, protein trafficking and regulation. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailSerum dioxin and PCB levels among PCB waste processing plant workers
Eppe, Gauthier ULg; Dupas, D.; Chisacof, I. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2008), 70

A clinical investigation and a biological monitoring were carried out to evaluate the occupational exposure of workers in contact with pyralen in a PCB-transformer and capacitor decontamination plant in ... [more ▼]

A clinical investigation and a biological monitoring were carried out to evaluate the occupational exposure of workers in contact with pyralen in a PCB-transformer and capacitor decontamination plant in France. The aim of this study was to assess the body burden of polychlorinated dibenzo-p- dioxin (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), dioxin-like (DL) PCBs and marker PCBs for those workers. We examined 8 representative workers (34-44 years old). The subjects of this study worked from 5 years to 19 years at the plant. All workers reported daily multiple contacts with various metal and wood parts of dismantled transformers during working hours. On a yearly basis, the exposed subjects were examined by the occupational health physician for a check-up. Basic parameters such as liver function and lipid statement were performed. [less ▲]

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See detailA new method for absolute quantification of allergens in food: the "Heavy Peptides method".
Fourdrilis, Séverine; Bourgeon, Cédric; Kirsch, Stéphanie ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailPersistent organochlorine pollutants, dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls
Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg; Eppe, Gauthier ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg et al

in Contaminant and Residue Analysis, Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry of Elsevier (2008)

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See detailPores formation on cell membranes by hederacolchiside A1 leads to a rapid release of proteins for cytosolic subproteome analysis
Mazzucchelli, Gabriel ULg; Cellier, Nicolas A; Mshviladzade, Vakhtang et al

in Journal of Proteome Research (2008), 7(4), 1683-1692

Hederacolchiside A1 was used to progressively permeabilize the membrane of human melanoma MEL-5 cells. Holes formation was followed by Scanning Electron Microscopy and interaction of the saponin with ... [more ▼]

Hederacolchiside A1 was used to progressively permeabilize the membrane of human melanoma MEL-5 cells. Holes formation was followed by Scanning Electron Microscopy and interaction of the saponin with cholesterol and phospholipids by TOF-SIMS. 2D-LC-MS/MS and 2D-SDS-PAGE show that the release of soluble proteins into serum-free culture media increases with time. This can lead to a new rapid and efficient strategy to analyze the cytosolic subproteome and it opens the door to get information from the cytosolic compartment for clinical proteomic studies. [less ▲]

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