References of "De Pauw, Edwin"
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See detailThe usefulness of Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry for Small Molecules Analysis
Far, Johann ULg; Goscinny, Séverine ULg; Joly, Laure et al

Conference (2012, March)

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See detailRisk assessment of Belgian adults for furan contamination through the food chain
Scholl, Georges ULg; Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg et al

in Food Additives & Contaminants (2012), 29(3), 345-353

Risk assessment is an interdisciplinary process used to quantify the risk linked to a hazard. In the present paper it is applied to quantify the risk linked to furan ingestion through the food chain for ... [more ▼]

Risk assessment is an interdisciplinary process used to quantify the risk linked to a hazard. In the present paper it is applied to quantify the risk linked to furan ingestion through the food chain for the Belgian adult population. Two approaches, deterministic and probabilistic, were carried out in parallel. The deterministic method relied on a case study, whereas the probabilistic approach involved statistical distributions of contamination and consumption data to calculate a statistical distribution of the daily intake. First, the deterministic method revealed a low estimated daily intake (EDI) for the average population (380 ng*(kgbw*day)–1) and a huge contribution of coffee consumption to the EDI (55%). Increasing or decreasing the daily coffee consumption by one cup can affect the EDI by about 22%. Afterwards, the probabilistic approach showed that the average population has a low EDI (494 ng*(kgbw*day) 1), and that high contamination levels were only registered in a small proportion of the population. Finally, a comparison of the RfDchronic oral showed that less than 10% of the Belgian population had an EDI above the reference dose proposed by the USEPA; the majority of the population had an EDI 20% below the reference dose. The margin of exposure (MoE) approach indicated that the level of risk related to furan intake through ingestion is low, with a MoE>10,000 for more than 10% of the population and no result < 100. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential proteomic analysis of a human breast tumor and its matched bone metastasis identifies cell membrane and extracellular proteins associated with bone metastasis
Dumont, Bruno ULg; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Peulen, Olivier ULg et al

in Journal of Proteome Research (2012)

The classical fate of metastasizing breast cancer cells is to seed and form secondary colonies in bones. The molecules closely associated with these processes are predominantly present at the cell surface ... [more ▼]

The classical fate of metastasizing breast cancer cells is to seed and form secondary colonies in bones. The molecules closely associated with these processes are predominantly present at the cell surface and in the extracellular space, establishing the first contacts with the target tissue. In this study, we had the rare opportunity to analyze a bone metastatic lesion and its corresponding breast primary tumor obtained simultaneously from the same patient. Using mass spectrometry, we undertook a proteomic study on cell surface and extracellular protein-enriched material. We provide a repertoire of significantly modulated proteins, some with yet unknown roles in the bone metastatic process as well as proteins notably involved in cancer cell invasiveness and in bone metabolism. The comparison of these clinical data with those previously obtained using a human osteotropic breast cancer cell line highlighted an overlapping group of proteins. Certain differentially expressed proteins are validated in the present study using immunohistochemistry on a retrospective collection of breast tumors and matched bone metastases. Our exclusive set of selected proteins supports the set-up of further investigations on both clinical samples and experimental bone metastasis models that will help to reveal the finely coordinated expression of proteins that favor the development of metastases in the bone microenvironment. [less ▲]

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See detailOverexpression of CD9 in human breast cancer cells promotes the development of bone metastases.
Kischel, Philippe; Bellahcene, Akeila ULg; Deux, Blandine et al

in Anticancer Research (2012), 32(12), 5211-20

BACKGROUND: Bone is a preferred target for circulating metastatic breast cancer cells. We found that the CD9 protein was up-regulated in the B02 osteotropic cell line, derived from the aggressive parental ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Bone is a preferred target for circulating metastatic breast cancer cells. We found that the CD9 protein was up-regulated in the B02 osteotropic cell line, derived from the aggressive parental MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line. Here, we investigated the putative relationship between CD9 expression and the osteotropic phenotype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overexpression of CD9 was analyzed by immunoblotting in different cell lines. Immunohistochemistry was used to assess CD9 expression in primary tumors and metastatic lesions. In vivo experiments were conducted in mice using a monoclonal antibody against CD9. RESULTS: CD9 overexpression was confirmed in osteotropic cells. CD9 was significantly overexpressed in bone metastases versus primary tumors and visceral metastatic lesions. Finally, in vivo experiments showed that an antibody against CD9 delays homing of B02 cells in bone marrow, slowing down bone destruction. CONCLUSION: Our study reveals a potential implication of CD9 in the formation of bony metastases from breast cancer cells. [less ▲]

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See detailMALDI In-Source Decay for High Throughput sequencing of peptide animal toxins
Quinton, Loïc ULg; Degueldre, Michel ULg; Gilles, Nicolas et al

Poster (2012)

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See detailMass spectrometry as a tool to search specific ligands for G protein coupled receptors.
Cologna, Camila Takeno; Echterbille, Julien ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

Conference (2012)

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See detailAdvances in proteomics for the FP7 Venomics project
Degueldre, Michel ULg; Quinton, Loïc ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg

Scientific conference (2012)

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See detailRaman spectroscopy and laser desorption mass spectrometry for minimal destructive forensic analysis of black and color inkjet printed documents
Heudt, Laetitia ULg; Debois, Delphine ULg; Zimmerman, Tyler ULg et al

in Forensic Science International (2012), 219

Inkjet ink analysis is the best way to discriminate between printed documents, or even though more difficult, to connect an inkjet printed document with a brand or model of printers. Raman spectroscopy ... [more ▼]

Inkjet ink analysis is the best way to discriminate between printed documents, or even though more difficult, to connect an inkjet printed document with a brand or model of printers. Raman spectroscopy and laser desorption mass spectrometry (LDMS) have been demonstrated as powerful tools for dyes and pigments analysis, which are ink components. The aim of this work is to evaluate the aforementioned techniques for inkjet inks analysis in terms of discriminating power, information quality, and nondestructive capability. So, we investigated 10 different inkjet ink cartridges (primary colors and black), 7 from the HP manufacturer and one each from Epson, Canon and Lexmark. This paper demonstrates the capabilities of three methods: Raman spectroscopy, LDMS and MALDI-MS. Raman spectroscopy, as it is preferable to try the nondestructive approach first, is successfully adapted to the analysis of color printed documents in most cases. For analysis of color inkjet inks by LDMS, we show that a MALDI matrix (9- aminoacridine, 9AA) is needed to desorb and to ionize dyes from most inkjet inks (except Epson inks). Therefore, a method was developed to apply the 9AA MALDI matrix directly onto the piece of paper while avoiding analyte spreading. The obtained mass spectra are very discriminating and lead to information about ink additives and paper compositions. Discrimination of black inkjet printed documents is more difficult because of the common use of carbon black as the principal pigment. We show for the first time the possibility to discriminate between two black-printed documents coming from different, as well as from the same, manufacturers. Mass spectra recorded from black inks in positive ion mode LDMS detect polyethylene glycol polymers which have characteristic mass distributions and end groups. Moreover, software has been developed for rapid and objective comparison of the low mass range of these positive mode LDMS spectra which have characteristic unknown peaks. [less ▲]

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See detailSparc-like protein 1 is a new marker of human glioma progression.
Turtoi, Andrei ULg; Musmeci, Davide; Naccarato, Antonio Giuseppe et al

in Journal of Proteome Research (2012), 11(10), 5011-21

High-grade gliomas (glioblastomas) are the most common and deadly brain tumors in adults, currently with no satisfactory treatment available. Apart from de novo glioblastoma, it is currently accepted that ... [more ▼]

High-grade gliomas (glioblastomas) are the most common and deadly brain tumors in adults, currently with no satisfactory treatment available. Apart from de novo glioblastoma, it is currently accepted that these malignancies mainly progress from lower grade glial tumors. However, the molecular entities governing the progression of gliomas are poorly understood. Extracellular and membrane proteins are key biomolecules found at the cell-to-cell communication interface and hence are a promising proteome subpopulation that could help understand the development of glioma. Accordingly, the current study aims at identifying new protein markers of human glioma progression. For this purpose, we used glial tumors generated orthotopically with T98G and U373 human glioma cells in nude mice. This setup allowed also to discriminate the protein origin, namely, human (tumor) or mouse (host). Extracellular and membrane proteins were selectively purified using biotinylation followed by streptavidin affinity chromatography. Isolated proteins were digested and then identified and quantified employing 2D-nano-HPLC-MS/MS analysis. A total of 23 and 27 up-regulated extracellular and membrane proteins were identified in the T98G and U373 models, respectively. Approximately two-thirds of these were predominantly produced by the tumor, whereas the remaining proteins appeared to be mainly overexpressed by the host tissue. Following extensive validation, we have focused our attention on sparc-like protein 1. This protein was further investigated using immunohistochemistry in a large collection of human glioma samples of different grades. The results showed that sparc-like protein 1 expression correlates with glioma grade, suggesting the possible role for this protein in the progression of this malignancy. [less ▲]

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See detailThe angiogenesis suppressor gene AKAP12 is under the epigenetic control of HDAC7 in endothelial cells.
Turtoi, Andrei ULg; Mottet, Denis ULg; Matheus, Nicolas ULg et al

in Angiogenesis (2012)

Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a family of 18 enzymes that deacetylate lysine residues of both histone and nonhistone proteins and to a large extent govern the process of angiogenesis. Previous studies ... [more ▼]

Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a family of 18 enzymes that deacetylate lysine residues of both histone and nonhistone proteins and to a large extent govern the process of angiogenesis. Previous studies have shown that specific inhibition of HDAC7 blocks angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not fully understood and hence preclude any meaningful development of suitable therapeutic modalities. The goal of the present study was to further the understanding of HDAC7 epigenetic control of angiogenesis in human endothelial cells using the proteomic approach. The underlying problem was approached through siRNA-mediated gene-expression silencing of HDAC7 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). To this end, HUVEC proteins were extracted and proteomically analyzed. The emphasis was placed on up-regulated proteins, as these may represent potential direct epigenetic targets of HDAC7. Among several proteins, A-kinase anchor protein 12 (AKAP12) was the most reproducibly up-regulated protein following HDAC7 depletion. This overexpression of AKAP12 was responsible for the inhibition of migration and tube formation in HDAC7-depleted HUVEC. Mechanistically, H3 histones associated with AKAP12 promoter were acetylated following the removal of HDAC7, leading to an increase in its mRNA and protein levels. AKAP12 is responsible for protein kinase C mediated phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Phosphorylated STAT3 increasingly binds to the chromatin and AKAP12 promoter and is necessary for maintaining the elevated levels of AKAP12 following HDAC7 knockdown. We demonstrated for the first time that AKAP12 tumor/angiogenesis suppressor gene is an epigenetic target of HDAC7, whose elevated levels lead to a negative regulation of HUVEC migration and inhibit formation of tube-like structures. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation of furan contamination across the Belgian food chain.
Scholl, Georges ULg; Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

in Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A. Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment (2012), 29(2), 172-9

This paper provides an estimate of the furan content of Belgian foods. The objective of the study was to achieve the best food chain coverage with a restricted number of samples (n = 496). The geographic ... [more ▼]

This paper provides an estimate of the furan content of Belgian foods. The objective of the study was to achieve the best food chain coverage with a restricted number of samples (n = 496). The geographic distribution, different market chains and labels, and consumption frequencies were taken into account in the construction of the sampling plan. Weighting factors such as contamination levels, consumption frequency and the diversity of food items were applied to set up the model. The very low detection capabilities (CC(beta)) of the analytical methods used (sub-ppb) allowed reporting of 78.2% of the overall dataset above CC(beta) and, in particular, 96.7% for the baby food category. The highest furan levels were found in powdered roasted bean coffee (1912 microg kg(-1)) with a mean of 756 microg kg(-1) for this category. Prepared meat, pasta and rice, breakfast cereals, soups, and baby food also showed high mean furan contents ranging from 16 to 43 microg kg(-1). Comparisons with contamination surveys carried out in other countries pointed out differences for the same food group and therefore contamination levels are related to the geographical origin of food items. [less ▲]

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See detailFibulin 3 peptides Fib3-1 and Fib3-2 are potential biomarkers of osteoarthritis.
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Gharbi, Myriam; Mazzucchelli, Gabriel ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2012), 64(7), 2260-7

OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to identify new biomarkers of osteoarthritis (OA) by proteomics analysis and to develop specific immunoassays to detect and quantify them. METHODS: Proteomics analysis ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to identify new biomarkers of osteoarthritis (OA) by proteomics analysis and to develop specific immunoassays to detect and quantify them. METHODS: Proteomics analysis was performed in urine samples from 10 women (mean+/-SD age 76.0+/-5.0 years) undergoing knee replacement surgery due to severe OA and 5 healthy women (mean+/-SD age 25.6+/-2.6 years). Protein content was analyzed by 2-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis. Protein spots that exhibited an OA:control abundance ratio of >/=1.5 were identified by mass spectrometry. Specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were developed and validated in serum obtained from 236 healthy subjects ages 20-64 years and from 76 patients with severe radiologic knee OA (mean+/-SD age 68.8+/-11.9 years). Immunohistochemical analysis was performed on articular cartilage from tibial plateaus. RESULTS: Thirteen proteins within spots that were significantly modified between groups were identified. Two peptides of fibulin 3, named Fib3-1 and Fib3-2, were of particular interest. Two antisera directed against these peptides were used to develop immunoassays. Compared with age-matched healthy subjects, median levels of serum Fib3-1 and Fib3-2 were elevated in OA patients (54.6 pM versus 85.1 pM [P<0.0001] and 144.4 pM versus 191.4 pM [P<0.0001], respectively). Using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, we demonstrated that Fib3-1 and Fib3-2 levels discriminate between OA and normal populations. Immunostaining revealed the presence of Fib3-1 and Fib3-2 in chondrocytes and in the extracellular matrix of the superficial layer of the fibrillated cartilage. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that Fib3-1 and Fib3-2 are potential biochemical markers for the diagnosis of OA. [less ▲]

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See detailPurification and characterisation of a 31 kDa chitinase from the Myzus persicae aphid, a target for Hemiptera biocontrol
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Saguez, Julien; Cherqui, Anas et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2012), 166

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See detailUsing sets of behavioral biomarkers to assess short-term effects of pesticide: a study case with endosulfan on frog tadpoles
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; D'hooghe, Bastien; Ficetola, G. Francesco et al

in Ecotoxicology (2012), 21(4), 1240-1250

Pesticides and other chemicals often have detrimental effects at environmental concentrations. Many amphibian species are particularly threatened because of their susceptibility but also because wetlands ... [more ▼]

Pesticides and other chemicals often have detrimental effects at environmental concentrations. Many amphibian species are particularly threatened because of their susceptibility but also because wetlands are often polluted. Behavioral assessments of toxicity have the advantage of showing sublethal effects but quantitative measures at varied scales of integrations are rarely considered together. In this study, we aimed at showing that these behavioral endpoints could be differently affected across time and concentrations, and be biomarkers of toxicity. To this end, we tested the effects of an organochlorine pesticide (endosulfan) on amphibians during a standard 96 h test. We evaluated possible lag effects in continuing the analyses after removal of the pesticide. The study was based on 240 tadpoles (4 pesticide treatments: 0.4, 3, 22, and 282 lg/l, 1 control and 1 solvent-control). Abnormal behaviors such as lying and swirling rapidly were exhibited only in the presence of the pesticide. Essential functions such as breathing and feeding were deeply affected by the pesticide: contaminated tadpoles breathed and fed less than control tadpoles. They also moved less and occupied a more central position in the aquariums in the presence of the pesticide. A higher mortality was only found at the highest concentration. These results suggest that endosulfan is toxic to amphibians at environmental concentrations. Behavioral markers showed potential as early warning systems. They should thus be used in complement to other markers to detect sublethal effects only a few days after application of the pesticide and at concentrations where mortality does not occur. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent advances in analytical chemistry and mass spectrometry for organic selenium and tellurium compounds
Far, Johann ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg; Eppe, Gauthier ULg

in Rappoport, Zvi (Ed.) The Chemistry of Organic Selenium and Tellurium compounds Volume 3 Part 1 and 2 (2012)

The objective of this chapter is to present the recent developments in mass spectrometry for selenium (Se) and tellurium (Te) analysis. The state-of-the-art of mass spectrometry based techniques available ... [more ▼]

The objective of this chapter is to present the recent developments in mass spectrometry for selenium (Se) and tellurium (Te) analysis. The state-of-the-art of mass spectrometry based techniques available is critically evaluated with particular emphasis in ion sources and mass analyzers. The complexity of identification and characterization of Se, Te species including their speciation in the environment or in biological materials requires methodologies not only limited to mass spectrometry. Particular attention is given to sample preparation and hyphenated techniques with mass spectrometry for a comprehensive characterization of these trace elements. All these aspects are illustrated with up-to-date applications from the literature. Finally, future trends in mass spectrometry give the readers new insights in Se and Te species detection. [less ▲]

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See detailSurface and bio-adhesion properties of new hydrophobic and current materials for artificial intraocular lens
Bertrand, Virginie ULg; Svaldo Lanero, Tiziana ULg; Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg et al

Poster (2012)

A high bio-adhesion appears to be one of the key factor for posterior capsular opacification (PCO) prevention. Indeed, the proteins adsorption and the lens epithelial cells (LEC) adhesion both contribute ... [more ▼]

A high bio-adhesion appears to be one of the key factor for posterior capsular opacification (PCO) prevention. Indeed, the proteins adsorption and the lens epithelial cells (LEC) adhesion both contribute to PCO development. We present in this work the comparison of a new glistening free hydrophobic material (GF® from Physiol) with benchmark hydrophobic and hydrophilic materials regarding their chemicophysical properties and their respective ability to interact with lens epithelial cells and proteins. For this purpose, we determined the hydrophobicity by contact angle measurement (assessed by water drop and air bubble methods), the surface adhesiveness by atomic force microscopy (AFM), the proteins adsorption by fluorescent measurement and the LEC adhesion by the determination of cell density. The new hydrophobic material presents comparable hydrophobicity, proteins adsorption and LEC adhesion to current commercial hydrophobic material. Its adhesiveness, measured with the AFM, is intermediate between hydrophilic and hydrophobic materials. In conclusion, the bio-adhesion properties of this new glistening free hydrophobic IOL material are similar to generic hydrophobic acrylic materials and therefore should to the same extent prevent PCO. [less ▲]

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