References of "Dardenne, Benoît"
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See detailQualité de vie et comportements de santé en Wallonie. Perspective développementale
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Dardenne, Benoît ULg; Bourgeois, Emmanuelle ULg

in Germain, Marc; Robaye, René (Eds.) L'état de la Wallonie 2011 : portrait d'un pays et de ses habitants (2011)

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See detailMood and positive testing in social interaction
Dardenne, Benoît ULg; Dumont, Muriel ULg; Sarlet, Marie ULg et al

in European Journal of Social Psychology (2011), 41

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See detailStéréotypes prescriptifs et avantages des groupes dominants
Delacollette, Nathalie ULg; Dardenne, Benoît ULg; Dumont, Muriel ULg

in Année Psychologique (L') (2010), 110

The prescriptive component of stereotypes is defined as a set of beliefs about the characteristics group members should possess. It has mainly been studied regarding gender stereotypes. We believe that ... [more ▼]

The prescriptive component of stereotypes is defined as a set of beliefs about the characteristics group members should possess. It has mainly been studied regarding gender stereotypes. We believe that the main function of this prescriptive component is to allow dominant group members to maintain subordinate group members in an advantageous position for themselves. To illustrate our proposal, we present several theoretical and empirical papers, showing that the relative status of social groups is a determinant of which characteristics are prescribed to the members of these groups; that subordinates who fail to conform to the prescription are sanctioned; and that dominants prescribe to subordinates characteristics they see as beneficial to their own group. [less ▲]

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See detailBe Too Kind to a Woman, She’ll Feel Incompetent: Benevolent Sexism Shifts Self-construal and Autobiographical Memories Toward Incompetence
Dumont, Muriel ULg; Sarlet, Marie ULg; Dardenne, Benoît ULg

in Sex Roles (2010), 62

The present study investigated how benevolent (BS) and hostile sexism (HS) shift women’s self-construal and autobiographical memory. Belgian undergraduates (only women, N=45, mean age=21.8) were ... [more ▼]

The present study investigated how benevolent (BS) and hostile sexism (HS) shift women’s self-construal and autobiographical memory. Belgian undergraduates (only women, N=45, mean age=21.8) were confronted either by BS, HS or neutral comments in the context of a job interview. After performing a cognitive task, participants reported the intrusive thoughts that came to their mind during the task. Later, autobiographical memory for self-incompetence was assessed. Performance response latencies were slower after BS than HS. Also, BS generated more disturbing mental intrusions related to the idea of being incompetent than HS. Autobiographical memory similarly indicated greater access for incompetence after BS. Although HS was more aggressive in tone, it did not shift women’s self-construal and autobiographical memories toward incompetence. [less ▲]

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See detailDemandes et ressources de travail, stress, engagement et intention de quitter : comparaison entre les travailleurs âgés et les jeunes travailleurs
Bertrand, Françoise ULg; Dardenne, Benoît ULg; Hansez, Isabelle ULg

in Pettersen, N.; Boudrias, J. S.; Savoie, A. (Eds.) Entre tradition et innovation, comment transformons-nous l'univers de travail? Actes du 15ème congrès de Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations de Langue Française (2008)

En Belgique, le taux d’emploi des travailleurs âgés est un des plus faibles de toute l’Europe. Cela constitue un problème tant au niveau économique que social (Griffiths, 1997 ; Kilbom, 1999). Cette ... [more ▼]

En Belgique, le taux d’emploi des travailleurs âgés est un des plus faibles de toute l’Europe. Cela constitue un problème tant au niveau économique que social (Griffiths, 1997 ; Kilbom, 1999). Cette nouvelle problématique est le point de départ de recherches visant à identifier ce qui pousse les travailleurs à quitter précocement le lieu de travail. Se basant sur le modèle ‘Job Demands Resources (JDR) Model’ (e.g. Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner & Schaufeli, 2001; Schaufeli & Bakker, 2004), une étude a été conduite afin d’identifier les raisons de départ (Griffeth, Hom & Gaertner, 2000). Il s’agit également d’étudier le rôle du stress et de l’engagement dans l’explication de ces retraits précoces. Le but est de comparer un modèle d’explication du turnover pour trois classes d’âges ; les jeunes travailleurs, les travailleurs d’âge moyen et les travailleurs âgés. Un questionnaire a été développé afin d’identifier les raisons de départ des travailleurs. Quatre facteurs de départ sont considérés dans cette dimension trans-générationnelle. Deux d’entre eux concernent les ressources de travail, soit le manque de ressources, le manque de développement personnel, et les deux autres concernent les demandes du travail, soit la pression et les changements organisationnels. Une mesure du stress, de l’engagement et de l’intention de quitter a aussi été inclue. Au total, 11 entreprises belges ont participé à cette enquête, ce qui correspond à 1772 questionnaires. Les résultats montrent que le manque de développement personnel et les changements expliquent directement l’intention de quitter pour les jeunes et les travailleurs d’âge moyen. Par contre, le manque de ressources explique directement l’intention de quitter pour les travailleurs âgés. Le stress et l’engagement jouent un rôle important dans l’explication de l’intention de quitter pour les trois groupes d’âges. La pression et le manque de ressources expliquent le stress. Le manque de ressources, le manque de développement personnel et la pression ont un impact sur l’engagement. Les changements organisationnels n’expliquent pas le stress. Pour les travailleurs âgés, le manque de ressources n’affecte pas l’engagement. En conclusion, le manque de développement personnel et les changements organisationnels ont plus d’impact au début de la carrière et le manque de ressources est un problème qui concerne davantage les travailleurs âgés. L’état psychologique et l’évaluation des conditions de travail sont très importants pour toutes les classes d’âge dans la décision du retrait. [less ▲]

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See detailCognition sociale
Dardenne, Benoît ULg

in van Zanten, Agnès (Ed.) Dictionnaire de l'éducation (2008)

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See detailInsidious dangers of benevolent sexism: Consequences for women's performance
Dardenne, Benoît ULg; Dumont, Muriel; Bollier, Thierry

in Journal of Personality & Social Psychology (2007), 93(5), 764-779

Four experiments found benevolent sexism to be worse than hostile sexism for women's cognitive performance. Experiments 1-2 showed effects of paternalist benevolent sexism and ruled out explanations of ... [more ▼]

Four experiments found benevolent sexism to be worse than hostile sexism for women's cognitive performance. Experiments 1-2 showed effects of paternalist benevolent sexism and ruled out explanations of perceived sexism, context pleasantness, and performance motivation. Experiment 3 showed effects of both paternalist and complementary gender differentiation components of benevolent sexism. Benevolent sexism per se (rather than the provision of unsolicited help involved in paternalism) worsened performance. Experiment 4 showed that impaired performance due to benevolent sexism was fully mediated by the mental intrusions women experienced about their sense of competence. Additionally, Experiment 4 showed that gender identification protected against hostile but not benevolent sexism. Despite the apparently positive and inoffensive tone of benevolent sexism, our research emphasizes its insidious dangers. [less ▲]

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See detailLatent structure of the French Validation of the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Echelle de Sexisme Ambivalent
Dardenne, Benoît ULg; Delacollette, Nathalie ULg; Grégoire, Christine et al

in Année Psychologique (L') (2006), 106(2), 235-263

Glick and Fiske's (1996) Ambivalent Sexism Inventory is a measure of hostile sexism (sexist antipathy) and benevolent sexism (a subjectively positive attitude toward women). This paper proposes a French ... [more ▼]

Glick and Fiske's (1996) Ambivalent Sexism Inventory is a measure of hostile sexism (sexist antipathy) and benevolent sexism (a subjectively positive attitude toward women). This paper proposes a French version of this scale, the Echelle de Sexisme Ambivalent (ESA). Three studies on more than 1000 participants established the validity of this new scale. The first one is the application of Rasch's extended model that confirmed the psychometrical qualities of the ESA, for both male and female participants. The second study established the structural and predictive validity in a covariance analysis. This study again showed that both male and female participants displayed the same structural pattern. Next, both discriminant and convergent validity were assessed, by comparison to the Neosexism Scale (Tougas, Brown, Beaton and Joly, 1995) and the Social Dominance Scale (Sidanius and Pratto, 1999). Finally, practical and theoretical implications are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-American Sentiment and America’s Perceived Intent to Dominate: An 11-Nation Study
Glick, Peter; Fiske, Susan T; Abrams, Dominique et al

in Basic & Applied Social Psychology (2006), 28(4), 363-173

Perceptions of America as a powerful but malevolent nation decrease its security. On the basis of measures derived from the stereotype content model (SCM) and image theory (IT), 5,000 college students in ... [more ▼]

Perceptions of America as a powerful but malevolent nation decrease its security. On the basis of measures derived from the stereotype content model (SCM) and image theory (IT), 5,000 college students in 11 nations indicated their perceptions of the personality traits of, intentions of, and emotional reactions to the United States as well as their reactions to relevant world events (e.g., 9/11). The United States was generally perceived as competent but cold and arrogant. Although participants distinguished between the United States’ government and its citizens, differences were small. Consistent with the SCM and IT, viewing the United States as intent on domination predicted perceptions of lack of warmth and of arrogance but not of competence and status. The discussion addresses implications for terrorist recruitment and ally support. [less ▲]

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See detailBenevolent sexism and cognitive performance of women
Bollier, T.; Dardenne, Benoît ULg

Conference (2006)

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See detailAffect et strategies d'approche/evitement
Grégoire, Christine; Dardenne, Benoît ULg

in Revue Internationale de Psychologie Sociale = International Review of Social Psychology (2004), 17(1), 111-144

Après avoir présenté certaines conceptions de l'approche et de l'évitement en tant que régulateurs du comportement humain, nous défendons l'idée que les individus ressentant des affects positifs ... [more ▼]

Après avoir présenté certaines conceptions de l'approche et de l'évitement en tant que régulateurs du comportement humain, nous défendons l'idée que les individus ressentant des affects positifs développent une stratégie d'approche en situation sociale. Sur base de la théorie du «feeling-as-information» (Schwarz & Clore, 1988), l'affect peut être vu comme une information contextuelle sur l'environnement. L'information selon laquelle l'environnement ne pose pas de problème conduit les individus ressentant des affects positifs à adopter un comportement adapté vis-à-vis d'autrui et des situations sociales, alors que l'information selon laquelle l'environnement est menaçant conduit les individus ressentant des affects négatifs à davantage éviter autrui et les situations sociales. Nous illustrons notre propos par des recherches traitant de la quantité et de la qualité des activités sociales, ainsi que des comportements prosociaux. [less ▲]

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See detailAsymmetrical international attitudes
Van Oudenhoven, J.; Askevis-Leherpeux, F.; Hannover, B. et al

in European Journal of Social Psychology (2002), 32(2), 275-289

In general, attitudes towards nations have a fair amount of reciprocity: nations either like each other are relatively indifferent to each other or dislike each other Sometimes, however international ... [more ▼]

In general, attitudes towards nations have a fair amount of reciprocity: nations either like each other are relatively indifferent to each other or dislike each other Sometimes, however international attitudes are asymmetrical. In this study, we use social identity theory in order to explain asymmetrical attitudes. Parting from social identity theory, asymmetrical attitudes can be predicted to occur most likely between countries that are linguistically either similar or closely related, but differ in size. Europe, more than any other continent, offers a rich variety of nations which represent natural conditions for our study, such as size and degree of linguistic similarity. In order to test hypotheses derived from social identity theory, we asked respondents (N = 405) from (Dutch- and French-speaking) Belgium, France, Germany, and The Netherlands to fill out a questionnaire on three large nations (Germany, Great Britain, France) and three smaller ones (The Netherlands, Belgium, and Denmark). Results strongly supported hypotheses and confirm that a social identity approach may help to better understand international attitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailStigmatisation et apparence physique: Le cas de l'anorexie
Dardenne, Benoît ULg

in Crahay, Marcel; Goffinet, Christine (Eds.) Regards croisés sur l'anorexie (2001)

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