Donation after Cardiac Death increases the number of liver grafts for liver transplantation
; HANS, Marie-France ; MONARD, Josée et al
in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2011, March), 74(1), 10Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 ULg)
Outcome of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma listed for liver transplantation before and after the MELD-based allocation system within Eurotransplant. A BElgian multicentre retrospective study.
; ; et al
in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2011, March), 74(1), 13Detailed reference viewed: 34 (3 ULg)
Consequences of Pneumoperitoneum on Liver Ischemia During Laparoscopic Portal Triad Clamping in a Swine Model.
; Gilson, Nathalie ; et al
in Journal of Surgical Research (2011), 166(1), 35-43
BACKGROUND: Portal triad clamping (PTC) may be required during laparoscopic liver resection to limit blood loss. The aim of this study was to test in a swine model the hypothesis that during laparoscopic ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Portal triad clamping (PTC) may be required during laparoscopic liver resection to limit blood loss. The aim of this study was to test in a swine model the hypothesis that during laparoscopic PTC, increased intraperitoneal pressure may alter hepatic vein reverse circulation, inducing a more severe hepatic ischemia compared with PTC performed in laparotomy. METHODS: Fifteen pigs were randomized into three groups: laparoscopy (1 h of pneumoperitoneum at 15 mmHg and 3 h of surveillance), open PTC (1 h PTC through laparotomy and 3 h of reperfusion), and laparoscopic PTC (1 h PTC with 15 mmHg pneumoperitoneum and 3 h of reperfusion). PTC was performed under mesenteric decompression using a veno-venous splenofemoral bypass. Hepatic partial oxygen tension and microcirculatory flow were continuously measured using a Clarke-type electrode and a laser Doppler flow probe, respectively. Liver consequences of PTC was assessed by right atrium serum determination of transaminases, creatinine, bilirubin, INR, and several ischemia/reperfusion parameters, drawn before PTC (T0), before unclamping (T60), and 1 (T120) and 3 h after reperfusion (T240). Histology was performed on T240 liver biopsies. RESULTS: Compared with open PTC, laparoscopic PTC produced a more rapid and more severe decrease in hepatic oxygen tension, indicating a more severe tissular hypoxia, and a more severe decrease in hepatic microcirculatory flow, indicating a decrease in hepatic backflow. At T240, the laparoscopic PTC livers suffered from a higher degree of hepatocellular damage, shown by higher transaminases and increased necrotic index at pathology. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that in this pig model, laparoscopic PTC induces a more severe liver ischemia, related to decreased hepatic oxygen content and decreased hepatic backflow. If confirmed by clinical studies, these results may indicate that caution is necessary when performing prolonged PTC during laparoscopic hepatic resection, particularly in cirrhotic or steatotic livers. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 65 (12 ULg)
FATAL SMALL FOR SIZE SYNDROME AFTER RIGHT LOBE DONATION
DETRY, Olivier ; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ; LAUWICK, Séverine et al
in Transplant International (2011, February), 24(1), 8-8Detailed reference viewed: 55 (23 ULg)
EFFECTS OF LARGE PORE HEMOFILTRATION IN A SWINE MODEL OF FULMINANT HEPATIC FAILURE
DETRY, Olivier ; JANSSEN, Nathalie ; CHERAMY-BIEN, Jean-Paul et al
in Transplant International (2011, February), 24(1), 10-10Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 ULg)
LIVER TRANSPLANTATION FOR ACUTE HEPATIC FAILURE DUE TO CHEMOTHERAPY-INDUCED HEPATITIS B VIRUS REACTIVATION IN LYMPHOMA PATIENTS
; ; et al
in Transplant International (2011, February), 24(1), 10-10Detailed reference viewed: 38 (13 ULg)
Liver transplantation for hepatic trauma: Discussion about a case and its management.
HONORE, Charles ; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ; Gilson, Nathalie et al
in Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock (2011), 4(1), 137-9
Liver transplant for trauma is a rare condition with 19 cases described in the literature. We report the case of a 16-year-old patient who suffered a gradeV liver injury with a vena cava tear after a car ... [more ▼]
Liver transplant for trauma is a rare condition with 19 cases described in the literature. We report the case of a 16-year-old patient who suffered a gradeV liver injury with a vena cava tear after a car crash. After a computerized tomography (CT) scan, the patient was directly sent to the operating room where the surgeon performed a right hepatectomy extended to segment IV with a venous repair under discontinued hilar clamping. On day five, the patient developed acute liver failure and was put on an emergency transplant waiting list. He had a successful liver transplant 2 days later. Fifteen months after his transplant, the patient is alive and asymptomatic. This case report focuses on the patient's initial management, the importance of damage control surgery and the circumstances which finally led to the transplant. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 73 (3 ULg)
Hepatitis C of genotype 2: the role of medical invasive exams.
; GERARD, Christiane ; et al
in Acta gastro-enterologica Belgica (2011), 74(2), 277-80
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis C virus genotype 2 is the third in order of frequency in Belgium. The aim of this study was to better define the genotype 2 carriers' epidemiology characteristics. METHODS ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis C virus genotype 2 is the third in order of frequency in Belgium. The aim of this study was to better define the genotype 2 carriers' epidemiology characteristics. METHODS: In a database comprising 1726 viremic hepatitis C virus patient from the south part of Belgium, the files of 98 genotype 2 carriers were reviewed. RESULTS: There was a strong association between genotype 2 and the mode of transmission. The rate of contamination by invasive medical exams was very high (23%), and statistically different from the one of the others genotypes. Eligibility for antiviral therapies and the rate of sustained viral response were high. CONCLUSION: HCV genotype 2 was highly associated with transmission by invasive medical exams. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 116 (14 ULg)
Endoscopy and Surgery: A Matter of Diagnostic Enlightenment & Therapeutic Liberty
; ; et al
in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2011), 111(4), 200-204Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
End of life care in the operating room for non-heart-beating donors: organization at the University Hospital of Liege.
JORIS, Jean ; KABA, Abdourahmane ; LAUWICK, Séverine et al
in Transplantation Proceedings (2011), 43(9), 3441-4
Non-heart-beating (NHB) organ donation has become an alternative source to increase organ supply for transplantation. A NHB donation program was implemented in our institution in 2002. As in many ... [more ▼]
Non-heart-beating (NHB) organ donation has become an alternative source to increase organ supply for transplantation. A NHB donation program was implemented in our institution in 2002. As in many institutions the end of life care of the NHB donor (NHBD) is terminated in the operating room (OR) to reduce warm ischemia time. Herein we have described the organization of end of life care for these patients in our institution, including the problems addressed, the solution proposed, and the remaining issues. Emphasis is given to our protocol elaborated with the different contributors of the chain of the NHB donation program. This protocol specifies the information mandatory in the medical records, the end of life care procedure, the determination of death, and the issue of organ preservation measures before NHBD death. The persisting malaise associated with NHB donation reported by OR nurses is finally documented using an anonymous questionnaire. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 140 (24 ULg)
Pathophysiology and prevention of postoperative peritoneal adhesions.
; Meurisse, Michel ; DETRY, Olivier
in World Journal of Gastroenterology (2011), 17(41), 4545-53
Peritoneal adhesions represent an important clinical challenge in gastrointestinal surgery. Peritoneal adhesions are a consequence of peritoneal irritation by infection or surgical trauma, and may be ... [more ▼]
Peritoneal adhesions represent an important clinical challenge in gastrointestinal surgery. Peritoneal adhesions are a consequence of peritoneal irritation by infection or surgical trauma, and may be considered as the pathological part of healing following any peritoneal injury, particularly due to abdominal surgery. The balance between fibrin deposition and degradation is critical in determining normal peritoneal healing or adhesion formation. Postoperative peritoneal adhesions are a major cause of morbidity resulting in multiple complications, many of which may manifest several years after the initial surgical procedure. In addition to acute small bowel obstruction, peritoneal adhesions may cause pelvic or abdominal pain, and infertility. In this paper, the authors reviewed the epidemiology, pathogenesis and various prevention strategies of adhesion formation, using Medline and PubMed search. Several preventive agents against postoperative peritoneal adhesions have been investigated. Their role aims in activating fibrinolysis, hampering coagulation, diminishing the inflammatory response, inhibiting collagen synthesis or creating a barrier between adjacent wound surfaces. Their results are encouraging but most of them are contradictory and achieved mostly in animal model. Until additional findings from future clinical researches, only a meticulous surgery can be recommended to reduce unnecessary morbidity and mortality rates from these untoward effects of surgery. In the current state of knowledge, pre-clinical or clinical studies are still necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of the several proposed prevention strategies of postoperative peritoneal adhesions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 199 (4 ULg)
Attempt to rescue discarded human liver grafts by end ischemic hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion.
; ; et al
in Transplantation Proceedings (2011), 43(9), 3455-9
In a porcine liver transplant model, a brief period of oxygenated hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) at the end of simple cold storage (SCS) has been shown to improve the viability of damaged liver ... [more ▼]
In a porcine liver transplant model, a brief period of oxygenated hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) at the end of simple cold storage (SCS) has been shown to improve the viability of damaged liver grafts. To test the clinical validity of this strategy, we randomized SCS-discarded human liver grafts to either 4 hours of HMP (n = 13) or an additional 4 hours of SCS (n = 14). All livers were then warm reperfused to mimic ischemia-reperfusion injury ex vivo. The settings for HMP were: portal vein: 3 mm Hg, 300 mL/min and hepatic artery: 20 mm Hg, po(2): 300 mm Hg. Perfusion used Kidney Machine Perfusion Solution at 4 degrees C to 8 degrees C. During warm reperfusion, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) values were higher (P < .015) among the SCS versus HMP methods at all times. The AST slope was lower in HMP versus SCS (P = .01). The LDH slope tended to be lower for HMP versus SCS (P = .07). Morphological scores were not different between HMP and SCS. At the start of warm reperfusion, MAPK was lower in HMP versus SCS (P = .02). Endothelin-1 (EDN1) and ICAM-1 tended to be lower in HMP versus SCS (P = .1 and .07, respectively). No difference was noted in MAPK, EDN1, and ICAM-1 after 60 or 120 minutes of warm reperfusion. In conclusion, HMP down-regulated MAPK and tended to reduce EDN1 and ICAM-1 mRNA in human liver grafts. During warm reperfusion, HMP versus SCS livers showed reduced AST and LDH release but no morphological difference. Further optimization of liver HMP may require different timing/duration of perfusion and/or an higher perfusion temperature. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Renal transplantation from living related donors: a single center experience in viet nam.
; Detry, Olivier ; et al
in Transplantation Proceedings (2010), 42(10), 4389-91
INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease is a major public health problem in Viet Nam. A cooperative project between the University of Liege, Belgium, and the University of Medicine Pham Ngoc Thach, Ho Chi ... [more ▼]
INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease is a major public health problem in Viet Nam. A cooperative project between the University of Liege, Belgium, and the University of Medicine Pham Ngoc Thach, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, has permitted the establishment of an autonomous program of renal transplantation from living-related donors at the Peoples' Hospital No 115. The aim of this paper was to report the primary results of the project and to draw conclusions for the future. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2004 to July 2008, we performed 33 living-related renal transplantations. Mean ages of donors and recipients were 31.8 +/- 9.5 and 41.6 +/- 13.5 years, respectively. Laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed in 6 donors. The immunosuppressive regimen consisted of three drugs associated with induction therapy using anti-interleukin-2 receptor monoclonal antibody. RESULTS: The 33 donors are in good health at follow-up. Four developed major intra- or postoperative hemorrhage necessitating transfusion, with a surgical re-exploration in 1 donor. Wound infection occurred in 2 donors. Posttransplant recipient and graft survivals at 1 versus 3 years were 82% and 73% versus 82% and 65%, respectively. Eight recipients presented 13 biopsy-proven acute rejection episodes that were reversible in 7, but 1 patient lost his graft due to an irreversible rejection. Two recipients developed cancer. CONCLUSIONS: These initial results have encouraged us to continue the program of renal transplantation from living-related donors. However, they also pointed out the need to develop other donor sources. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 39 (9 ULg)
Contribution of donors after cardiac death to the deceased donor pool: 2002 to 2009 university of liege experience.
; Meurisse, Nicolas ; Delbouille, Michèle et al
in Transplantation Proceedings (2010), 42(10), 4369-72
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we have evaluated the organ procurement and transplantation activity from donors after cardiac death (DCD) at our institution over an 8-year period. Our aim was to determine ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we have evaluated the organ procurement and transplantation activity from donors after cardiac death (DCD) at our institution over an 8-year period. Our aim was to determine whether this program influenced transplantation programs, or donation after brain death (DBD) activity. METHODS: We prospectively collected our procurement and transplantation statistics in a database for retrospective review. RESULTS: We observed an increasing trend in potential and actual DCD number. The mean conversion rate turning potential into effective donors was 58.1%. DCD accounted for 16.6% of the deceased donor (DD) pool over 8 years. The mean age for effective DCD donors was 53.9 years (range, 3-79). Among the effective donors, 63.3% (n = 31) came from the transplant center and 36.7% (n = 18) were referred from collaborative hospitals. All donors were Maastricht III category. The number of kidney and liver transplants using DCD sources tended to increase. DCD kidney transplants represented 10.8% of the DD kidney pool and DCD liver transplants made up 13.9% of the DD liver pool over 8 years. The DBD program activity increased in the same time period. In 2009, 17 DCD and 33 DBD procurements were performed in a region with a little >1 million inhabitants. CONCLUSION: The establishment of a DCD program in our institution enlarged the donor pool and did not compromise the development of the DBD program. In our experience, DCD are a valuable source for abdominal organ transplantation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 42 (16 ULg)
Organ donation in Belgium 2009: 20% of donation after cardiocirculatory death.
Detry, Olivier ;
in Transplantation Proceedings (2010), 42(10), 4365-6Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Thiamine Status in Humans and Content of Phosphorylated Thiamine Derivatives in Biopsies and Cultured Cells
Gangolf, Marjorie ; ; Radermecker, Marc et al
in PLoS ONE (2010), 5(10), 13616
Background Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential molecule for all life forms because thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) is an indispensable cofactor for oxidative energy metabolism. The less abundant thiamine ... [more ▼]
Background Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential molecule for all life forms because thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) is an indispensable cofactor for oxidative energy metabolism. The less abundant thiamine monophosphate (ThMP), thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) and adenosine thiamine triphosphate (AThTP), present in many organisms, may have still unidentified physiological functions. Diseases linked to thiamine deficiency (polyneuritis, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome) remain frequent among alcohol abusers and other risk populations. This is the first comprehensive study on the distribution of thiamine derivatives in human biopsies, body fluids and cell lines. Methodology and Principal Findings Thiamine derivatives were determined by HPLC. In human tissues, the total thiamine content is lower than in other animal species. ThDP is the major thiamine compound and tissue levels decrease at high age. In semen, ThDP content correlates with the concentration of spermatozoa but not with their motility. The proportion of ThTP is higher in humans than in rodents, probably because of a lower 25-kDa ThTPase activity. The expression and activity of this enzyme seems to correlate with the degree of cell differentiation. ThTP was present in nearly all brain and muscle samples and in ~60% of other tissue samples, in particular fetal tissue and cultured cells. A low ([ThTP]+[ThMP])/([Thiamine]+[ThMP]) ratio was found in cardiovascular tissues of patients with cardiac insufficiency. AThTP was detected only sporadically in adult tissues but was found more consistently in fetal tissues and cell lines. Conclusions and Significance The high sensitivity of humans to thiamine deficiency is probably linked to low circulating thiamine concentrations and low ThDP tissue contents. ThTP levels are relatively high in many human tissues, as a result of low expression of the 25-kDa ThTPase. Another novel finding is the presence of ThTP and AThTP in poorly differentiated fast-growing cells, suggesting a hitherto unsuspected link between these compounds and cell division or differentiation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 66 (26 ULg)
Results of kidney transplantation from donors after cardiac death.
; Bonvoisin, Catherine ; Weekers, Laurent et al
in Transplantation Proceedings (2010), 42(7), 2407-14
Confronting the organ donor shortage, many transplant centers around the world increasingly use donors after cardiac death (DCD). Over the past 20 years, follow-up studies in kidney recipients comparing ... [more ▼]
Confronting the organ donor shortage, many transplant centers around the world increasingly use donors after cardiac death (DCD). Over the past 20 years, follow-up studies in kidney recipients comparing DCD and donors after brain death (DBD) have shown comparable long-term graft function and survival. As a consequence, DCD programs should be continued and expanded, for these donors constitute a potential solution to the imbalance between the numbers of end-stage kidney disease patients on waiting lists versus available kidney grafts. DCD kidneys do not necessarily signify suboptimal grafts; they may merit to be allocated the same as DBD grafts. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 38 (6 ULg)
Liver graft procurement in donors with central nervous system cancers.
in Liver Transplantation (2010), 16(7), 914-5Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Donation after Cardiac Death In Liver Transplantation :is donor age an issue?
Detry, Olivier ; De Roover, Arnaud ; Squifflet, Jean-Paul et al
in Transplant International (2010, July), 23(Suppl. 1), 415Detailed reference viewed: 42 (17 ULg)
Liver transplantation from donation after cardiac death donors: initial Belgian experience 2003-2007.
Detry, Olivier ; ; et al
in Transplant International (2010), 23(6), 611-618
The Belgian experience with donation after cardiac death (DCD) liver transplantation (LT) was retrospectively reviewed, particularly evaluating patient and graft survivals, and biliary complications. From ... [more ▼]
The Belgian experience with donation after cardiac death (DCD) liver transplantation (LT) was retrospectively reviewed, particularly evaluating patient and graft survivals, and biliary complications. From 2003 to 2007, 58 DCD-LT were performed in Belgium. Mean procurement total warm ischemia time was 25 +/- 2 min (mean +/- SEM). Mean cold ischemia time was 451 +/- 18 min. Mean follow-up was 23 +/- 2.2 months. Post-transplant peak aspartate aminotransminases was 2241 +/- 338 UI/l. Patient survivals at 1 month, 1 and 3 years, were 91.3%, 83.3% and 66.9% respectively. Graft survivals at 1 month, 1 and 3 years, were 84.4%, 72.4% and 48.8% respectively. Two patients (3.4%) developed primary nonfunction. Regarding the biliary complications, seven grafts (12%) were lost because of intrahepatic cholangiopathy, and 12 other patients (20.6%) developed bile duct stenoses requiring endoscopic and/or surgical management. The rate of symptomatic ischemic biliary lesions for grafts surviving more than 3 months was 38% (19/50). Although DCD organ donors may be a source of viable liver grafts, results were inferior to those obtained with donation after brain death LT in this series. Prognostic criteria have to be developed to improve results of DCD-LT. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 58 (18 ULg)