References of "Crommen, Jacques"
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See detailThe transfer of a LC-UV method for the determination of fenofibrate and fenofibric acid in Lidoses: Use of total error as decision criterion
Rozet, Eric ULg; Mertens, Bénédicte; Dewé, Walthère ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2006), 42(1), 64-70

Two new statistical approaches to assess the validity of the transfer of a LC-UV method for the determination of fenofibrate and fenofibric acid were investigated and compared to the conventional ... [more ▼]

Two new statistical approaches to assess the validity of the transfer of a LC-UV method for the determination of fenofibrate and fenofibric acid were investigated and compared to the conventional approaches generally used in this domain. These new approaches, namely the Tolerance Interval and the Risk approaches, are based on the simultaneous evaluation of the systematic (or trueness) and random (or precision) errors of the transfer into a single criterion called total error (or accuracy). The results of the transfer showed that only the total error based approaches fulfilled the objective of an analytical method transfer, i.e. to give guarantees that each future measurement made by the receiving laboratory will be close enough to the true value of the analyte in the sample. Furthermore the Risk approach was the most powerful one and allowed the estimation of the risk to have future measurements out of specification in the receiving laboratory, therefore being a risk management tool. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEnantiomeric separation of acidic compounds using single-isomer amino cyclodextrin derivatives in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis
Fradi, Inès; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Pedrini, Matteo et al

in Electrophoresis (2006), 27(17), 3434-3442

The enantiomeric separation of a series of acidic pharmaceuticals (mostly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) has been investigated in NACE systems using single-isomer amino beta-CD derivatives. The ... [more ▼]

The enantiomeric separation of a series of acidic pharmaceuticals (mostly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) has been investigated in NACE systems using single-isomer amino beta-CD derivatives. The first part of this study consisted of the selection of the basic experimental conditions to separate efficiently the enantiomers of acidic drugs. Several parameters, such as the nature of the ionic BGE components, were studied and a methanolic solution of ammonium acetate containing the cationic CD was selected as BGE. A D-optimal design with 20 experimental points was then applied and the nature and concentration of the CD were found to have a significant effect on the enantiomeric resolution for all studied compounds. Resolution (R(s)) values were always higher with 6-monodeoxy-6-mono(3-hydroxy)propylamino-beta-CD (PA-beta-CD) compared to those obtained with 6-monodeoxy-6-mono(2-hydroxy)propylamino-beta-CD (IPA-beta-CD). However, the latter led to shorter migration times. Generic NACE conditions were then selected by means of the multivariate approach in order to obtain the highest R(s) values in a minimum amount of time. Finally, dependence of separation selectivity, resolution, as well as mobility difference on chiral selector concentration was discussed and binding constants with PA-beta-CD were estimated for the two enantiomers of one of the model compounds, suprofen in these NACE systems. [less ▲]

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See detailCapillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry, an attractive tool for drug bioanalysis and biomarker discovery
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Crommen, Jacques ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg

in Electrophoresis (2006), 27(13), 2616-2629

The coupling of CE with MS detection, a relatively recent hyphenated technique, has gained increasing respect in the field of bioanalytical applications over the past few years. The first part of this ... [more ▼]

The coupling of CE with MS detection, a relatively recent hyphenated technique, has gained increasing respect in the field of bioanalytical applications over the past few years. The first part of this review presents CE-MS applications dealing with drug bioanalysis, including forensic analysis and metabolism studies. Practical considerations to achieve a robust and sensitive CE-MS coupling are also presented. It is indeed essential to strictly control some critical electrospray parameters, such as the sheath liquid composition and flow rate, the nebulizing gas pressure as well as the capillary outlet position. The second part of the review critically describes the applications of CE coupled on-line to MS for the identification of biomarkers in body fluids for diagnostic purposes. Since the sample preparation procedures strongly differ according to the intended use (drug bioanalysis or biomarker discovery), they are discussed separately, taking into account the particular properties of plasma and urine matrices. [less ▲]

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See detailOn-line coupling of cyclodextrin mediated nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis to mass spectrometry for the determination of salbutamol enantiomers in urine
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg; Mol, Roelof et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2006), 40(3), 752-757

The usefulness of the on-line coupling of nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) with electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) using heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin ... [more ▼]

The usefulness of the on-line coupling of nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) with electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) using heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin (HDAS-beta-CD) was demonstrated for the enantioselective determination of low concentrations of salbutamol in human urine. After optimization of several parameters, such as sheath-liquid composition and flow rate, nebulizing gas pressure, CE counter-pressure and position of the CE capillary outlet, a limit of quantification of 18 and 20 ng/ml was obtained for salbutamol enantiomers. Moreover, the relative standard deviation values for repeatability at a concentration of 30 ng/ml were below 7% for both enantiomers. Typical regression lines obtained after application of a simple linear regression model revealed a pod relationship between peak area and analyte concentration (with 0.9988 and 0.9966 as coefficients of determination). This paper proposes an easy to use and sensitive NACE-MS method to determine enantiomers of a basic chiral drug in biological fluids preceded by solid-phase extraction as sample cleanup. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLC method for the determination of R-timolol in S-timolol maleate: Validation of its ability to quantify and uncertainty assessment.
Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Boulanger, Bruno ULg et al

in Talanta (2006), 68(4), 1166-1175

This article presents the validation results of a chiral liquid chromatographic (LC) method previously developed for the quantitative determination of R-timolol in S-timolol maleate samples. A novel ... [more ▼]

This article presents the validation results of a chiral liquid chromatographic (LC) method previously developed for the quantitative determination of R-timolol in S-timolol maleate samples. A novel validation strategy based on the accuracy profiles was used to select the most appropriate regression model, to assess the method accuracy within well defined acceptance limits and to determine the limits of quantitation as well as the concentration range. The validation phase was completed by the investigation of the risk profiles of various acceptable regression models in order to ensure the risk of obtaining the future measurements outside the acceptance limits fixed a priori. On the other hand, the present paper also shows how data used in this validation approach can be used to estimate the measurement uncertainty. The uncertainty derived from beta-expectation tolerance interval (sigma(Tol)(2)), which is equal to the uncertainty of measurements as well as the expanded uncertainty (U(x)) using a coverage factor k=2 was estimated. The uncertainty estimates obtained from validation data were finally compared with those obtained from interlaboratory and robustness studies. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecision study on capillary electrophoresis methods for metacycline
Do Thi, Thao; Pomponi, Romeo; Gotti, Roberto et al

in Electrophoresis (2006), 27(12), 2317-2329

A CE method for metacycline (MTC) determination was investigated in an inter-laboratory experiment. Many problems were encountered in this study, most of which were related to the transfer of the method ... [more ▼]

A CE method for metacycline (MTC) determination was investigated in an inter-laboratory experiment. Many problems were encountered in this study, most of which were related to the transfer of the method to different CE equipment. The reported problems could be classified into different categories: problems related to the precision, to the parameters in the protocol, and to the MTC peak shape. As the peak shape problem was partially responsible for the poor precision, a new CE method was developed in order to obtain a good MTC peak shape on all equipment. The precision of this new method for MTC determination was examined in an intermediate precision study, where the influence of the factors "time" and "equipment" was investigated. Although the new method could be transferred to different instruments, the precision remained poor mainly due to the contributions of the between-replicate and the between-injection variances. [less ▲]

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See detailComparaison de trois approches pour l'estimation de l'incertitude.
Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Boulanger, Bruno ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica. Supplementum (2006), (1), 60-2

Three different approaches for the estimation of uncertainty measurements using the same analytical method were compared, namely validation, robustness and inter-laboratory studies. The uncertainty ... [more ▼]

Three different approaches for the estimation of uncertainty measurements using the same analytical method were compared, namely validation, robustness and inter-laboratory studies. The uncertainty obtained with the robustness study! predicted well the uncertainty of the inter-laboratory study. On the other hand, the uncertainty estimation obtained with the validation study is lower than those obtained with the two other approaches but is still acceptable as long as the analytical method will be used in a single laboratory. [less ▲]

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See detailInterlaboratory study of a NACE method for the determination of R-timolol content in S-timolol maleate: assessment of uncertainty.
Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Groom, Carl; Doucet, Francois R et al

in Electrophoresis (2006), 27(12), 2386-99

Analyses of statistical variance were applied to evaluate the precision and practicality of a CD-based NACE assay for R-timolol after enantiomeric separation of R- and S-timolol. Data were collected in an ... [more ▼]

Analyses of statistical variance were applied to evaluate the precision and practicality of a CD-based NACE assay for R-timolol after enantiomeric separation of R- and S-timolol. Data were collected in an interlaboratory study by 11 participating laboratories located in Europe and North America. General qualitative method performance was examined using suitability descriptors (i.e. resolution, selectivity, migration times and S/N), while precision was determined by quantification of variances in the determination of R-timolol at four different impurity levels in S-timolol maleate samples. The interlaboratory trials were designed in accordance with the ISO guideline 5725-2. This allowed estimating for each sample, the different variances, i.e. between-laboratory (s2(Laboratories)), between-day (s2(Days)) and between-replicate (s2(Replicates)). The variances of repeatability (s2r) and reproducibility (s2R) were then calculated. The estimated uncertainty, derived from the precision estimates, seems to be concentration-dependent above a given threshold. This example of R-timolol illustrates how a laboratory can evaluate uncertainty in general. [less ▲]

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