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See detailA compartimentalized model for trickle flow through packed beds based on x-ray tomograms
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Flamand, G. (Ed.) Récents Progrès en Génie des procédés - N°69 - Tools fro process understanding and control - Proceedings of the 2nd European Congress on Chemical Engineering – ECCE2, 05 – 07 octobre 1999, Montpellier, France (1999)

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See detailInvestigation on liquid maldistribution in packed beds by X-ray tomography
Marchot, Pierre ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Research & Design : Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers Part A (1999), 77

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See detailModelling of the liquid distribution in a trickle flow packed column based upon X-ray tomography images
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Communications (1999), 175

X-ray tomography is used to characterise the liquid distribution in a 0.6 meter diameter and 2 meter height column filled with gas-liquid absorption polypropylene packing elements (Cascade Mini-Ring 1A ... [more ▼]

X-ray tomography is used to characterise the liquid distribution in a 0.6 meter diameter and 2 meter height column filled with gas-liquid absorption polypropylene packing elements (Cascade Mini-Ring 1A, Glitsch Benelux). The liquid holdup distribution is determined for liquid flowrates ranging from 1000 l/h to 6000 l/h, that correspond to superficial velocities ranging from 10(-3) to 6 10(-3) m/s, in several cross sections situated at different heights in the packed column. A characteristic length, corresponding to the smallest scale beyond which the packing properties may be supposed statistically homogenous and isotropic, as determined by Means of the autocorrelation function method applied to the images of the solid distribution. Both local and global liquid holdup measurements are satisfactorily modelled by means of a partial wetting model based on a probabilistic approach. [less ▲]

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See detailBiodégradation d'hydrocarbures en centrale hydroélectrique
Crine, Michel ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Germeau, Jean-Pierre et al

in Hydrotop : la maîtrise de l'eau (1998, April 21)

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See detailBilan des émissions dans les eaux de surface de la Région Wallonne
Everbecq, Etienne ULg; Bourouag, Mohamed; Dzisiak, Jean-Pol et al

Report (1998)

Le modèle Pegase (Planification Et Gestion de l’ASsainissement des Eaux) est un modèle intégré bassins hydrographiques/rivières qui permet de calculer de façon déterministe et prévisionnelle la qualité ... [more ▼]

Le modèle Pegase (Planification Et Gestion de l’ASsainissement des Eaux) est un modèle intégré bassins hydrographiques/rivières qui permet de calculer de façon déterministe et prévisionnelle la qualité des eaux des rivières en fonction des rejets et apports de pollution (relation pression-impact). Développé depuis la fin des années 1980 à l’université de Liège, il permet d'orienter les choix des opérateurs publics et privés en matière de gestion des eaux de surface à l'échelle des petits et grands bassins versants. Le modèle est utilisé depuis 1991 par la Région Wallonne comme support technique en ce qui concerne la gestion de la qualité des eaux de surface (voir http://hdl.handle.net/2268/106010, http://hdl.handle.net/2268/106039). Le modèle mathématique PEGASE est alimenté entre autres par des fichiers reprenant différents paramètres relatifs aux rejets urbains et industriels provenant des Services de l’Administration régionale. En 1997, il s’est avéré que ces fichiers de données relatives aux rejets n’étaient pas suffisamment complets en fonction des désidératas de la région. En outre, il était devenu impératif de pouvoir développer des méthodes de calcul afin d’évaluer les flux de pollution dans les cours d’eau. Dès lors, compte tenu de ces éléments, la Région a confié au CEME (ULG) les missions suivantes : 1. développer une méthodologie pour établir l'inventaire des émissions dans les eaux de surface de la Région wallonne, pour les paramètres et pour les sources d'émissions (domestiques, industrielles, agricoles et/ou atmosphériques) non encore couverts par les inventaires réalisés à l'Administration; 2. établir une méthodologie pour estimer et calculer les flux transportés par les eaux de surface. La réalisation du travail a été divisée en deux grandes parties : 1. l'amélioration de la connaissance et de l’inventaire des rejets bruts en rivière, plus spécialement en ce qui concerne les rejets industriels; 2. l'élaboration de la méthodologie du calcul des flux proprement dit, sur base d'un programme de calcul développé en aval du code PEGASE. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal measurements of void fraction and liquid holdup in packed columns using X-ray computed tomography
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering & Processing (1998), 37(6), 511-520

A 'tailor made' computed X-ray tomographic scanner has been developed as a tool for the analysis of the distribution of gas, liquid and solid phases in packed columns. The very good spatial resolution of ... [more ▼]

A 'tailor made' computed X-ray tomographic scanner has been developed as a tool for the analysis of the distribution of gas, liquid and solid phases in packed columns. The very good spatial resolution of the scanner has first been assessed by the imaging of objects of known shape and size, called 'physical' phantoms. Images have then been realized on a 0.6 m diameter and 2 m height column packed with Cascade Mini-Ring 1A packing elements, which is a random polypropylene packing designed to be used in absorption columns. The solid phase distribution, leading to the void fraction distribution, has been analyzed on cross-section images of the dry packed column (without any liquid flowrate). The measured value of the bed void fraction is equal to the value provided by the manufacturer. The analysis of the axial profile of void fraction shows that the 'end effect' may be neglected, whereas the analysis of the radial profile evidences the existence of a non negligible 'wall effect'. Images have then been carried out on the packed column irrigated by a liquid flowrate ranging between 0 and 6000 1 h(-1) (0-6.10(-3) m s(-1)). Hold-up values have been measured in different cross-sections of the column and averaged in order to obtain the total hold-up value in the bed. The computed values are in very good agreement with those reported in the literature for similar packing. The dependence of the liquid hold-up on the liquid superficial velocity can be expressed in terms of a power law. The fitted value of the exponent, equal to 0.65, is in the range of exponent values found in correlations of the literature. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigating trickle flow in packed columns by X-ray tomography
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

Conference (1997, October)

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See detailX-ray tomography in random packings
Toye, Dominique ULg; Crine, Michel ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (1997, September 30)

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See detailFuzzy control of a matter transfomation process
Leclercq, N; Tomiello, Myriam; Crine, Michel ULg et al

Conference (1997, April 24)

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See detailOxydation photochimique de lixiviats de décharge
Deswaef, Sophie; Baidak, Alexandre; Crine, Michel ULg

in Tribune de l'Eau (La) (1997), 590-591

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See detailProduction of sulfur from gypsum as an industrial byproduct
Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Deswaef, Sophie; Taillieu, Xavier et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (1996), 57-8

Biological sulfate reduction was investigated at the bench and pilot scales in order to determine optimum culture conditions. Efficient strains of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) were selected by ... [more ▼]

Biological sulfate reduction was investigated at the bench and pilot scales in order to determine optimum culture conditions. Efficient strains of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) were selected by classical microbiological methods and by mutagenesis. Improvement factors, including stripping, scale-up, sulfate,and organic substrate concentrations, have been studied in batch bioreactors. Two types of pilot-scale bioreactors have been adopted, the first being completely mixed with free cells and the second having two stages with immobilized cells on a fixed bed. An overall bioconversion capacity of 11 kg/m(3) . d of gypsum and 1.2 kg/m(3) . d of dissolved organic carbon has been achieved in the two-stage bioreactor. [less ▲]

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