References of "Crine, Michel"
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See detailKinetics modelling of convective heat drying of wastewater treatment sludge
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Janssens et al

in Flamand, G. (Ed.) Récents progrés en génie des procédés vol.13 n.68 : separations. ECCE 2 conference Montpellier 5/7.10.99 (1999, October)

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See detailA compartimentalized model for trickle flow through packed beds based on x-ray tomograms
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Flamand, G. (Ed.) Récents Progrès en Génie des procédés - N°69 - Tools fro process understanding and control - Proceedings of the 2nd European Congress on Chemical Engineering – ECCE2, 05 – 07 octobre 1999, Montpellier, France (1999)

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See detailInvestigation on liquid maldistribution in packed beds by X-ray tomography
Marchot, Pierre ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Research & Design : Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers Part A (1999), 77

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See detailModelling of the liquid distribution in a trickle flow packed column based upon X-ray tomography images
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Communications (1999), 175

X-ray tomography is used to characterise the liquid distribution in a 0.6 meter diameter and 2 meter height column filled with gas-liquid absorption polypropylene packing elements (Cascade Mini-Ring 1A ... [more ▼]

X-ray tomography is used to characterise the liquid distribution in a 0.6 meter diameter and 2 meter height column filled with gas-liquid absorption polypropylene packing elements (Cascade Mini-Ring 1A, Glitsch Benelux). The liquid holdup distribution is determined for liquid flowrates ranging from 1000 l/h to 6000 l/h, that correspond to superficial velocities ranging from 10(-3) to 6 10(-3) m/s, in several cross sections situated at different heights in the packed column. A characteristic length, corresponding to the smallest scale beyond which the packing properties may be supposed statistically homogenous and isotropic, as determined by Means of the autocorrelation function method applied to the images of the solid distribution. Both local and global liquid holdup measurements are satisfactorily modelled by means of a partial wetting model based on a probabilistic approach. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal measurements of void fraction and liquid holdup in packed columns using X-ray computed tomography
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering & Processing (1998), 37(6), 511-520

A 'tailor made' computed X-ray tomographic scanner has been developed as a tool for the analysis of the distribution of gas, liquid and solid phases in packed columns. The very good spatial resolution of ... [more ▼]

A 'tailor made' computed X-ray tomographic scanner has been developed as a tool for the analysis of the distribution of gas, liquid and solid phases in packed columns. The very good spatial resolution of the scanner has first been assessed by the imaging of objects of known shape and size, called 'physical' phantoms. Images have then been realized on a 0.6 m diameter and 2 m height column packed with Cascade Mini-Ring 1A packing elements, which is a random polypropylene packing designed to be used in absorption columns. The solid phase distribution, leading to the void fraction distribution, has been analyzed on cross-section images of the dry packed column (without any liquid flowrate). The measured value of the bed void fraction is equal to the value provided by the manufacturer. The analysis of the axial profile of void fraction shows that the 'end effect' may be neglected, whereas the analysis of the radial profile evidences the existence of a non negligible 'wall effect'. Images have then been carried out on the packed column irrigated by a liquid flowrate ranging between 0 and 6000 1 h(-1) (0-6.10(-3) m s(-1)). Hold-up values have been measured in different cross-sections of the column and averaged in order to obtain the total hold-up value in the bed. The computed values are in very good agreement with those reported in the literature for similar packing. The dependence of the liquid hold-up on the liquid superficial velocity can be expressed in terms of a power law. The fitted value of the exponent, equal to 0.65, is in the range of exponent values found in correlations of the literature. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigating trickle flow in packed columns by X-ray tomography
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

Conference (1997, October)

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See detailX-ray tomography in random packings
Toye, Dominique ULg; Crine, Michel ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (1997, September 30)

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See detailOxydation photochimique de lixiviats de décharge
Deswaef, Sophie; Baidak, Alexandre; Crine, Michel ULg

in Tribune de l'Eau (La) (1997), 590-591

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See detailProduction of sulfur from gypsum as an industrial byproduct
Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Deswaef, Sophie; Taillieu, Xavier et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (1996), 57-8

Biological sulfate reduction was investigated at the bench and pilot scales in order to determine optimum culture conditions. Efficient strains of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) were selected by ... [more ▼]

Biological sulfate reduction was investigated at the bench and pilot scales in order to determine optimum culture conditions. Efficient strains of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) were selected by classical microbiological methods and by mutagenesis. Improvement factors, including stripping, scale-up, sulfate,and organic substrate concentrations, have been studied in batch bioreactors. Two types of pilot-scale bioreactors have been adopted, the first being completely mixed with free cells and the second having two stages with immobilized cells on a fixed bed. An overall bioconversion capacity of 11 kg/m(3) . d of gypsum and 1.2 kg/m(3) . d of dissolved organic carbon has been achieved in the two-stage bioreactor. [less ▲]

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See detailComputer-assisted tomography for liquid imaging in trickle-flow columns
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Non-invasive Monitoring of Multiphase Flows (1996)

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See detailTreatment of gypsum waste in a two stage anaerobic reactor
Deswaef, Sophie; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg et al

in Water Science & Technology (1996), 34(5-6), 367-374

The reduction of high concentrations of gypsum (up to 110 kg/m(3)) is investigated in a two stage immobilised cell bioreactor. The first stage is mainly colonised by a consortium of acidogenic bacteria ... [more ▼]

The reduction of high concentrations of gypsum (up to 110 kg/m(3)) is investigated in a two stage immobilised cell bioreactor. The first stage is mainly colonised by a consortium of acidogenic bacteria and sulphate reducing bacteria oxidising volatile fatty acids with more than 2 carbons (mainly, butyrate and propionate). The gypsum consumption rate is rather high (ii kg/m(3).day). Most of acetate remains unconverted in this first stage. It is partially converted in the second stage (residence time : 12 days) which is predominantly colonised by acetate oxidising bacteria The gypsum consumption rate is much lower than in the first stage : 3 kg/m(3).day. With both stages, it is possible to reach an almost complete conversion of gypsum with an overall capacity of 6.1 kg gypsum/m(3).day. We propose also a very simple model to describe the different transformation rates. It allows us to clearly identify the activity levels of the different types of sulphate reducing bacteria in both stages. Copyright (C) 1996 IAWQ. [less ▲]

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