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See detailThe beta-lactamase of Enterobacter cloacae P99. Chemical properties, N-terminal sequence and interaction with 6 beta-halogenopenicillanates.
Joris, Bernard ULg; De Meester, F; Galleni, Moreno ULg et al

in Biochemical Journal (1985), 228(1), 241-8

The beta-lactamase of Enterobacter cloacae P99 consists of one polypeptide chain of Mr 39000 devoid of disulphide bridges and free thiol groups. It contains an unusually high proportion of tyrosine and ... [more ▼]

The beta-lactamase of Enterobacter cloacae P99 consists of one polypeptide chain of Mr 39000 devoid of disulphide bridges and free thiol groups. It contains an unusually high proportion of tyrosine and tryptophan. The N-terminal sequence exhibits overlaps with the tryptic peptide obtained after labelling the active site with 6 beta-iodopenicillanate. The active-site serine residue is at position 64. The homology with the chromosomal beta-lactamase of Escherichia coli K 12 (ampC gene) is lower within the 25 residues of the N-terminal portion than around the active-site serine residue. The P99 beta-lactamase is inactivated by 6 beta-bromo- and 6 beta-iodo-penicillanate, with a second-order rate constant of 110-140M-1 X s-1 at 30 degrees C and pH 7.0, a value that is much lower than that observed with class-A beta-lactamases. [less ▲]

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See detailBacterial cell wall, DD-peptidase and β-lactam antibiotics
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases (1984), 42

Wall peptidoglycan expansion in bacteria rests upon a cytoplasmic D-Ala: D-Ala ligase (ADP) which catalyses synthesis of a D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide (with accompanying hydrolysis of one molecule of ATP) and a ... [more ▼]

Wall peptidoglycan expansion in bacteria rests upon a cytoplasmic D-Ala: D-Ala ligase (ADP) which catalyses synthesis of a D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide (with accompanying hydrolysis of one molecule of ATP) and a set of DD-peptidases which utilize this D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide--once it has been translocated at the outer face of the plasma membrane as the C-terminal portion of a disaccharide peptide unit--as carbonyl donor for transpeptidation and carboxypeptidation reactions (without additional energy expenditure). Four DD-peptidases have been selected which differ from each other with respect to the effects that amino compounds exert on the fate and rate of consumption of a D-Ala-D-Ala terminated amide carbonyl donor analogue. They serve as models to understand the different mechanisms by which the DD-peptidases perform catalysis and show widely varying responses to the action of beta-lactams, from extreme sensitivity to very high resistance [less ▲]

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See detailBacterial wall peptidoglycan, DD-peptidases and beta-lactam antibiotics
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases (1984), 42

Wall peptidoglycan expansion in bacteria rests upon a cytoplasmic D-Ala: D-Ala ligase (ADP) which catalyses synthesis of a D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide (with accompanying hydrolysis of one molecule of ATP) and a ... [more ▼]

Wall peptidoglycan expansion in bacteria rests upon a cytoplasmic D-Ala: D-Ala ligase (ADP) which catalyses synthesis of a D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide (with accompanying hydrolysis of one molecule of ATP) and a set of DD-peptidases which utilize this D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide--once it has been translocated at the outer face of the plasma membrane as the C-terminal portion of a disaccharide peptide unit--as carbonyl donor for transpeptidation and carboxypeptidation reactions (without additional energy expenditure). Four DD-peptidases have been selected which differ from each other with respect to the effects that amino compounds exert on the fate and rate of consumption of a D-Ala-D-Ala terminated amide carbonyl donor analogue. They serve as models to understand the different mechanisms by which the DD-peptidases perform catalysis and show widely varying responses to the action of beta-lactams, from extreme sensitivity to very high resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Active Centers of Serine and Zn II DD-carboxyppetidases
Charlier, Paulette ULg; Coyette, Jacques ULg; Dideberg, Otto et al

in Gregory, G.I. (Ed.) Recent advances in the Chemistry of beta-lactam antibiotics (1980)

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See detailInteraction between penicillin and its enzyme target
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina et al

in Microbial Drug Resistance : Mechanism, Epidemiology, & Disease (1979), 2

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See detailFractionation of the DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase activities solubilized from membranes of Escherichia coli K12, strain 44
Pollock, Jerry J.; Nguyen-Disteche, Martine; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1974), 41(3), 439-446

A transpeptidase activity in Escherichia coli was measured independently of other enzymes involved in peptidoglycan synthesis by quantitating the formation of UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-l-alanyl-y-d-glutamyl-(l ... [more ▼]

A transpeptidase activity in Escherichia coli was measured independently of other enzymes involved in peptidoglycan synthesis by quantitating the formation of UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-l-alanyl-y-d-glutamyl-(l)-meso-diaminopimelyl-(l)-d-alanyl-[14C]glycine when UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-l-alanyl-y-d-glutamyl-(l)-meso-diaminopimelyl-(l-d-alanyl-d-alanine was used as donor substrate and [14C]glycine as acceptor in a transfer reaction. After extraction of membrane envelopes with Brij-36T and subsequent ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-cellulose chromatography revealed two major fractions; one not adsorbed to the ion-exchange resin and the other adsorbed. The fraction which was bound to DEAE-cellulose was bound to and could be eluted from an ampicillin affinity chromatography system while the fraction not bound to DEAE-cellulose was also not bound to the ampicillin column. Both unbound and bound ampicillin fractions exhibited dd-carboxypeptidase and transpeptidase activities although for equivalent dd-carboxypeptidase activity, the bound ampicillin fraction required about five times more glycine acceptor to achieve the same amount of transpeptidation as the unbound ampicillin fraction. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure of the cell wall of Staphylococcus aureus, strain Copenhagen. IX. Teichoic acid and phage adsorption
Coyette, Jacques ULg; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg

in Biochemistry (1968), 7(6), 2385-2389

Selective degradation of the teichoic acid and the peptidoglycan polymers of the walls of Staphylococcus aureus (Copenhagen) by several defined techniques shows that 4-O-β-(N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl ... [more ▼]

Selective degradation of the teichoic acid and the peptidoglycan polymers of the walls of Staphylococcus aureus (Copenhagen) by several defined techniques shows that 4-O-β-(N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl) substitution of the D-ribitol units of the teichoic acid moiety is essential to phage fixation and that, in order to be operative, these groups must possess a definite configuration which, in the native walls, is imparted by the binding of the teichoic acid to the supporting peptidoglycan. [less ▲]

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