References of "Compère, Philippe"
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See detailMineralogical gradients associated with alvinellids at deep-sea hydrothermal vents
Zbinden, M.; Le Bris, N.; Compère, Philippe ULg et al

in Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers (2003), 50(2), 269-280

Alvinella pompejana and Alvinella caudata live in organic tubes on active sulphide chimney walls at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. These polychaete annelids are exposed to extreme thermal and chemical ... [more ▼]

Alvinella pompejana and Alvinella caudata live in organic tubes on active sulphide chimney walls at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. These polychaete annelids are exposed to extreme thermal and chemical gradients and to intense mineral precipitation. This work points out that mineral particles associated with Pompeii worm (A. pompejana and A. caudata) tubes constitute useful markers for evaluating the chemical characteristics of their micro-environment. The minerals associated with these worm tubes were analysed on samples recovered from an experimental alvinellid colony, at different locations in the vent fluid-seawater interface. Inhabited tubes from the most upper and lower parts of the colony were analysed by light and electron microscopies, X-ray microanalysis and X-ray diffraction. A change was observed from a Fe-Zn-S mineral assemblage to a Zn-S assemblage at the millimeter scale from the outer to the inner face of a tube. A similar gradient in proportions of minerals was observed at a decimeter scale from the lower to the upper part of the colony. The marcasitc/pyrite ratio of iron disulphides also displays a steep decrease along the few millimeters adjacent to the external tube surface. The occurrence of these gradients indicates that the microenvironment within the tube differs from that outside the tube, and suggests that the tube wall acts as an efficient barrier to the external environment. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of serracin P, a phage-tail-like bacteriocin, and its activity against Erwinia amylovora, the fire blight pathogen
Jabrane, A.; Sabri, Ahmed ULg; Compère, Philippe ULg et al

in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (2002), 68(11), 5704-5710

Serratia plymithicum J7 culture supernatant displayed activity against many pathogenic strains of Erwinia amylovora,the causal agent of the most serious bacterial disease of apple and pear trees, fire ... [more ▼]

Serratia plymithicum J7 culture supernatant displayed activity against many pathogenic strains of Erwinia amylovora,the causal agent of the most serious bacterial disease of apple and pear trees, fire blight, and against Klebsiella pneumoniae, Serratia liquefaciens, Serratia marcescens, and Pseudomonas fluorescens. This activity increased significantly upon induction with mitomycin C. A phage-tail-like bacteriocin, named serracin P, was purified from an induced culture supernatant of S. plymithicum J7. It was found to be the only compound involved in the antibacterial activity against sensitive strains. The N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis of the two major subunits (23 and 43 kDa) of serracin P revealed high homology with the Fels-2 prophage of Salmonella enterica, the coliphages P2 and 168, the CTX prophage of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and a prophage of Yersinia pestis. This strongly suggests a common ancestry for serracin P and these bacteriophages. [less ▲]

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See detailKarst in granitic rocks, South Cameroon: cave genesis and silica and taranakite speleothems
Willems, Luc ULg; Compère, Philippe ULg; Hatert, Frédéric ULg et al

in Terra Nova (2002), 14(5), 355-362

A cave in granitic rocks was studied in Mezesse, South Cameroon. Coralloid speleothems, draperies and dissolution traces on the cave walls attest to its truly karstic nature. The speleothems consist of ... [more ▼]

A cave in granitic rocks was studied in Mezesse, South Cameroon. Coralloid speleothems, draperies and dissolution traces on the cave walls attest to its truly karstic nature. The speleothems consist of microlayers of opal and taranakite (K,NH4)Al-3(PO4)(3)(OH).9H(2)O. They indicate a significant mobilization of silica, Al and K from granite during the formation of the cave. Identification of silicified bacteria in the speleothems layers suggests a possible role of these micro-organisms in silica deposition. The presence of taranakite and of silicified organic remains within the speleothems lead to a better understanding of the genesis of the cave. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes sulfide detoxication occur in the gills of the hydrothermal vent shrimp, Rimicaris exoculata?
Compère, Philippe ULg; Martinez, Anne-Sophie; Charmantier-Daures, Mireille et al

in Comptes Rendus Biologies (2002), 325

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See detailImmunocytochemistry of lipids : chemical fixatives have dramatic effects on the preservation of tissue lipids
Maneta-Peyret, Lilly; Compère, Philippe ULg; Moreau, Patrick et al

in Histochemical Journal (The) (1999), 31

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See detailSpéléothèmes des karsts siliceux du Niger et du Cameroun
Willems, Luc ULg; Compère, Philippe ULg; Sponholz, Barbara et al

in Géosciences au Cameroun & collection Géocam (1998), 1

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See detailStudy of siliceous karst genesis in Eastern Niger. Microscopy and analysis of speleothems
Willems, Luc ULg; Compère, Philippe ULg; Sponholz, Barbara

in Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie (1998), 42(2), 129-142

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See detailUltrastructure and cytochemistry of the early calcification site and of its mineralizing organic matrix in Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea)
Amaye, Laurent; Compère, Philippe ULg; Dubois, Philippe

in Histochemistry & Cell Biology (1998), 110

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See detailStudy of siliceous karst genesis in eastern Niger : microscopy and X ray microanalysis of speleothems
Willems, Luc; Compère, Philippe ULg; Sponholz, Barbara

in Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie (1998), 42

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See detail"Exolysosomes", Enzyme-Containing Vesicles in the Ecdysial Space of Molting Crabs
Compère, Philippe ULg; Bouchtia, Hicham; Thiry, Marc ULg et al

in Journal of Structural Biology (1997), 119(3), 247-59

Free vesicle-like bodies (VLBs) present in the ecdysial space of cuticle regions undergoing degradation during preecdysis of the Atlantic shore crab Carcinus maenas have been interpreted either as ... [more ▼]

Free vesicle-like bodies (VLBs) present in the ecdysial space of cuticle regions undergoing degradation during preecdysis of the Atlantic shore crab Carcinus maenas have been interpreted either as infectious organisms or as secretion structures associated with degradation of the old cuticle. Ultrastructural, cytochemical, and immunocytological investigations were performed to test these hypotheses and to see whether VLBs are peculiar to this crab species. Similar VLBs were systematically found in two other preecdysial crabs, Cancer pagurus and Macropipus puber. In Car, maenas, they originate during early premolt inside Golgi buddings and are often gathered into large vacuoles in epidermal cells. The histochemical azo-dye technique and a cerium-based cytochemical method revealed acid phosphatase activity in both the ecdysial space and the VLBs, while Feulgen's method and immunocytological labeling always failed to reveal any DNA or RNA in either the ecdysial space or the VLBs. We conclude that VLBs are not infectious organisms but "extracellular" cuticle-degrading organelles of lysosomal origin and propose to coin them "exolysosomes." [less ▲]

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See detailOn endostyle ultrastructure in two new species of doliolid-like tunicates
Compère, Philippe ULg; Godeaux, Jean

in Marine Biology (1997), 128

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See detailMicroscopic observation of the retinal photoreceptor layer of the common barbel (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)
Compère, Philippe ULg; Poncin, Pascal ULg

in Belgian Journal Of Zoology (1996), 126(1), 49-56

Light and electron microscopic observations show that cones-belonging to four types are present in the retina of the common barbel Barbus barbus (L.): short single cones, long single cones, twin cones ... [more ▼]

Light and electron microscopic observations show that cones-belonging to four types are present in the retina of the common barbel Barbus barbus (L.): short single cones, long single cones, twin cones, and unequal double cones. They do not exhibit any particular arrangement. Estimates of cone density suggest that the common barbel has multichromatic vision but of low acuity and that no difference exists between the lower and the upper parts of the retina. Both cone density (approximately 3000 units/mm(2)) and the proportion of double cones to single cones (approximately 1:3) are low. The view that the barbel has an inferior colour vision is in good agreement with the fact that this species is active mainly at twilight, but with diurnal activity during spawning. [less ▲]

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See detailCytochemistry of the tergite epicuticle of Glomeris marginata (Villers) (MYRIAPODA, DIPLOPODA): preliminary experimental results
Compère, Philippe ULg; Defise, Stéphane; Goffinet, Gerhard ULg

in Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle (Paris) - Acta Myriapodologica (1996), 169

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See detailTolerance to Osmotic Shocks in Rats Kidney Cortex and Medulla
Gilles, Raymond ULg; Compère, Philippe ULg; el Goumzili, M. et al

in Tissue & Cell (1995), 27(6), 667-77

Kidney medulla cells of mammals have to cope with large changes in environmental osmolarity, a challenge most other mammalian cells never have to experience. In these last cells, application of osmotic ... [more ▼]

Kidney medulla cells of mammals have to cope with large changes in environmental osmolarity, a challenge most other mammalian cells never have to experience. In these last cells, application of osmotic shocks induces dramatic modifications in chromatin organization. The present paper reports on the changes of medulla cell chromatin in situ, in rat kidney slices submitted to osmotic challenges and in vitro, on preparations of extracted chromatin submitted to changes in environmental ion concentrations. Our results show that the chromatin of kidney medulla cells: (1) does not behave differently from the other mammalian chromatins when submitted in situ or in vitro to osmotic challenges; (2) presents in vitro physico-chemical characteristics similar to those of the other mammalian chromatins; and (3) is protected in vitro, as the other mammalian chromatins, from the disrupting effects of increases in inorganic ion concentrations by different compensatory organic solutes. The ability of kidney medulla cells to adapt to large increases in osmolarity could thus be related to a rapid control of the level of such compounds rather than to some rather specific, intrinsic molecular adaptations of macromolecules. [less ▲]

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See detailImmunogold Labelling of Fatty Acyl Chains
Compère, Philippe ULg; Maneta-Peyret, Lilly; Goffinet, Gerhard ULg et al

in Journal of Immunological Methods (1995), 181(2), 201-9

For the first time, antibodies against a hydrophobic hapten have been used for immunogold labelling of a lipid antigen (BSA-C18:1 conjugate) coated on polystyrene. The labelling was visualised either ... [more ▼]

For the first time, antibodies against a hydrophobic hapten have been used for immunogold labelling of a lipid antigen (BSA-C18:1 conjugate) coated on polystyrene. The labelling was visualised either directly in transmission electron microscopy or in light microscopy after silver enhancement. Good recognition of the fatty acyl chain was obtained even after treatment of the antigen coat with various cross-linking fixatives used for electron microscopy, i.e. formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde and osmium tetroxide. [less ▲]

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