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See detailEmotional competencies of the sport coach: A qualitative approach within a physical activity programme for multiple sclerosis patients.
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Defossa, Clément; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Sanchez Molina, J. A.; Carballo, O.; Gonzalez Valeiro, M. A. (Eds.) Actas del Congreso Internacional de la AIESEP 2010 « Place and role of physical educators in promoting an active lifestyle » (2011)

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterised by functional impairments (fatigue, motor weakness, spasticity, poor balance) and limitations in social functioning. Accordingly, persons with MS are more affected ... [more ▼]

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterised by functional impairments (fatigue, motor weakness, spasticity, poor balance) and limitations in social functioning. Accordingly, persons with MS are more affected by sedentarity and not enough aware of their physical capacities. Finally, those behaviours lead to physical deconditioning and general poor health in this population. To encourage physical activity with MS people, a specific coaching programme whereby MS patient are individually supported by a sport coach has been launched at the University Hospital Center of Liège. In this context this study aimed to (1) describe the intervention of the coach ;(2) link emotional competencies and behaviors of the coach ; (3) propose recommendations to improve MS patient’s physical activity management. Behaviors, attitudes, values, representations and emotional competencies of seven coaches were analyzed using both visible (audio and video recording) and invisible (questionnaires and interviews) data. Results show that coaching efficacy with MS patient implies a high support and cooperation level of the coach and a highly specific approach characterized by a systematic appraisal of patient’s behaviors revealing his current psychological and physical state. Recommendations for the coach education with an emphasis on social and emotional skills are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPerception de la prise en compte de la personnalité des joueurs de volley-ball par leur entraîneur
Cloes, Marc ULg; Lacrosse, Zoé

in Spallanzani, Carlo; Goyette, Robert; Roy, Martin (Eds.) et al Mieux former pour agir dans une société en mouvement (2011)

Dans le milieu sportif, l'impression que les entraîneurs ne sont pas (souvent?) attentifs aux caractéristiques de leurs athlètes est assez répandue, notamment en ce qui concerne le versant psychologique ... [more ▼]

Dans le milieu sportif, l'impression que les entraîneurs ne sont pas (souvent?) attentifs aux caractéristiques de leurs athlètes est assez répandue, notamment en ce qui concerne le versant psychologique de leur personnalité. En se basant sur des exemples parfois caricaturaux, il semblerait que cette situation soit particulièrement présente chez les coachs d'équipes féminines. ... [less ▲]

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See detailAvis des entraîneurs belges francophones sur leur formation. Approche quantitative
Theunissen, Catherine ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Spallanzani, Carlo; Goyette, Robert; Roy, Martin (Eds.) et al Mieux former pour agir dans une société en mouvement (2011)

L'origine de cette recherche est liée à une étude précédente (Theunissen, 2007) consacrée à la formation des entraîneurs en Communauté française de Belgique. Dans la première, une étude qualitative ... [more ▼]

L'origine de cette recherche est liée à une étude précédente (Theunissen, 2007) consacrée à la formation des entraîneurs en Communauté française de Belgique. Dans la première, une étude qualitative analysait l'avis d'entraîneurs débutants à propos de la formation dispensée au sein de leur fédération sportive. La présente étude consiste à travailler à une plus grande échelle fin d'obtenir une vision beucoup plus globale de la situation en interrogeant des entraîneurs de toutes disciplines et de tous niveaux confondus. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution au développement et à la mise en place d’une approche innovante dans une formation en handball pour les éducateurs sportifs. Exploitation en milieu universitaire d’un projet développé pour des entraîneurs
Theunissen, Catherine; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Eid, C. (Ed.) Les programmes de formation universitaire. Actes du Colloque Didactique et TICE IV (2011)

In the context of education of the beginning Belgian handball coaches, we are currently developing a project based on a mixed program (presential and e-learning) and on the use of a competencies based ... [more ▼]

In the context of education of the beginning Belgian handball coaches, we are currently developing a project based on a mixed program (presential and e-learning) and on the use of a competencies based framework. We wish to test tools that could be, in a long term perspective, extended to the entire course of this level of preparation but also to other contexts. For this, we are analyzing processes aiming to transfer the technology developed to the physical education teacher education. Gradually, changes are made in order to offer training ever closer to the professsional reality, more consistent, with more meaning for the participants and involving them more in a process of knowledge building. [less ▲]

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See detailThe active school concept: A project for PE teachers
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2010, November 06)

Health is a particularly important concern in the today’s society as expenses linked to health problems are continuously increasing. Actions aiming to limit the phenomenon are needed and one of the ... [more ▼]

Health is a particularly important concern in the today’s society as expenses linked to health problems are continuously increasing. Actions aiming to limit the phenomenon are needed and one of the priorities consists to fight against the increasing prevalence of obesity. In this field, the emphasis has been set on nutrition and sedentariness. It clearly appears that school and physical education are key sectors that should be directly involved in the approach that should be implemented (Young & William, 1989; WHO, 2001). At school, any project that is focused on any aspect of the health would require the involvement of all actors: (1) the school principal who is in charge of the development of the school’s project and to orient the strategic decisions, and; (2) all other actors of the school life such the pedagogical staff but also the students and their parents as well as the medical structures if they exist. When it is question of promotion of a long life physically active lifestyle, the Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association Council (Pate et al., 2006) underlines five main dimensions that should be considered in order to determine the emphasis that one particular school provides: (1) physical education; (2) active transportation; (3) life environment (recesses, spaces); (4) sport at school, and; (5) physical activity in the classroom. We are considering that the presence of physical activity in the written educational school policy represents a sixth determining dimension that should be accessed in that perspective. In the analysis of 54 out of the 514 French speaking schools of Belgium, we showed that the mean score reached 9/20 with PA policy being the worst aspect (4.80/20) and facilities being the best (12.3/20). It seemed that the role that schools could play today in PA promotion is quite limited. These findings have been confirmed in another study based on 1997 Cale’s model of active school (Van Hoye, Motter & Cloes, 2009). On the other hand, a third study underlined that it was possible to improve the involvement of one primary school in PA promotion through one action research (Cloes & Dequenne, 2009). In the latter study, OPHEA (2009) model of active school was considered. Finally, other examples of initiatives aiming to increase school in the development of an active lifestyle will be described (L’école bouge, 2006). As stated by Tappe & Burgeson (2004), physical education should be considered as the corner stone of PA promotion at school. In fact, the physical education teacher is definitely the only teacher whose specific preparation allows developing theoretical and practical concepts related to physical activity and its effects on health. Beyond the fight against sedentariness, PE teachers are able to contribute effectively to the mastery of many other competences involved in the development of physically educated persons (NASPE, 1992). Nevertheless, in order to meet the requirements, it is needed that PE respects two current concepts: literacy and accountability. It means that PE has to develop attitudes, knowledge and competences that would be used lifelong by the students, on one hand; to bring concrete modifications in youths, on the other hand. Several principles should be applied to encourage students to adopt an active lifestyle: (1) being a model; (2) updating ones’ knowledge; (3) knowing ones’ students; (4) planning; (5) acting; (6) controlling. Theoretical foundations and examples will be provided in the presentation. Based on Cloes, Del Zotto and Motter (2009), several categories of specific actions are proposed by PE teachers in order to promote an active life style in their students. These actions aim to motivate students to be active, increase time on task or attendance or to encourage students to open their mind to a more positive attitude towards PA. As they mentioned, appreciating PE might be a first step in the direction of a lifelong active lifestyle In conclusion, we consider that PE teachers need to become aware about the change in the definition of their role. In 40 years, they passed from teaching gymnastics to teaching sports while the society asks them today to become agents of the development of lifelong PA competences. It means that, during initial or continuous preparation, PE teachers’ educators need to develop original activities that can help practitioners to develop their own actions on the field. According to the current development of the research on teacher education, this underlines the importance of collaborative research as well as the development of communities of practice. Strategies are existing and should be shared. Use of modern tools of communication represents a promising way to reach success. It should also be determining that professionals and researchers would learn to work together more closely. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical education teachers as physical activity promoters: Examples of initial/continuous preparation processes
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2010, November)

Literature emphasizes the increasing prevalence of obesity. This phenomenon is related to growing health problems and to their cost for the society in terms of health expenses as well as lack of human ... [more ▼]

Literature emphasizes the increasing prevalence of obesity. This phenomenon is related to growing health problems and to their cost for the society in terms of health expenses as well as lack of human well-being. Sedentary lifestyle is systematically pointed out as one of the determining factors at the origin of this situation. WHO (2001) underlined the need of a multifactorial action while Pate et al. (2006) highlighted the school’s central role. Within the school, it seems that the physical education (PE) teacher represents the corner stone of any process aiming to promote physical activity (PA) (USDHHS, 1996; Tappe & Burgeson, 2004). Nevertheless, when determining if PE teachers are ready to be the expected PA promoters, it appears that, in Wallonia (as it could be the case in other countries), several data show that the answer is not really positive. It seems that PE teachers need some support in order to make youths physically active, and adopting a healthy lifestyle. In fact, proposing traditional lessons focusing on sport would not be sufficient to reach these objectives. In this way, PE teacher educators should have two priorities: (1) to clarify the PE teachers’ representations of PA and (2) to identify and share strategies aiming to define their potential actions on the field. The presentation illustrated four approaches that were experimented at the University of Liege in pre- and in-service PE teacher education. The major goal of the speech was to involve the participants by stimulating reflexibility and content development. Four questions have been in the centre of the activity: (1) What is physical Activity? (2) What must be done, finally? (3) How to deal with arguments against practice? (4) What could do PE teachers to promote an active lifestyle? Each question was discussed through distinct approaches that could be used by the participants in their own practice. [less ▲]

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See detailA percepção da expressão físico-motora por professors do ensino basico
do Couto, Joao; Cloes, Marc ULg; Sequeira, Pedro

Poster (2010, November)

This poster proposes the findings of a study aiming to identify the representations of elementary school classroom teachers about physical education.

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See detailEmotional competencies of the sport coach: A qualitative approach within a physical activity programme for multiple sclerosis patients. A case study
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Defossa, Clément; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2010, October)

The main purposes of this study were to describe the intervention and to link emotional competencies and behaviors of the coach in a physical activity programme for MS patients. We wanted also to close ... [more ▼]

The main purposes of this study were to describe the intervention and to link emotional competencies and behaviors of the coach in a physical activity programme for MS patients. We wanted also to close this study proposing recommendations to improve MS patient physical activity management. [less ▲]

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See detailPedagogical supervision and initial teachers’ education- an international research project
Albuquerque, Alberto; Pinheiro, Claudia; Aranha, Agata et al

Poster (2010, October)

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See detailSport as a support for school reintegration. A case study
Cloes, Marc ULg; Maraite, Anne-Aymone ULg; Dijon, François

Poster (2010, October)

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See detailMotives to begin physical education studies. A case study
Kerfes, Nabil; Alem, Jaouad; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2010, October)

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See detailLes enseignants en éducation physique wallons connaissent-ils le socioconstructivisme et pensent-ils l'utiliser?
Cloes, Marc ULg; Berwart, Gilles; Frédéric, Olivier

in e Journal de la Recherche sur l'Intervention en Education Physique et Sport (2010), 21

In France and in the Anglo-Saxon countries, socioconstructivist approach tends currently to be increasingly used by physical education teachers. However, it seems that their colleagues from the Wallonia ... [more ▼]

In France and in the Anglo-Saxon countries, socioconstructivist approach tends currently to be increasingly used by physical education teachers. However, it seems that their colleagues from the Wallonia-Brussels Community are much more traditional in the sense that they focus largely on "technicist” approaches. The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent they know the principles of this new approach and consider that they apply it in their classes. We collected 123 questionnaires completed online by secondary school level physical education teachers, contacted by using the "snowball" sampling technique. Despite the increase of the socioconstructivism literature, the development of specific courses focusing on it in physical education teacher education programs or the organization of specific inservice activities, 4 out of 10 teachers had no idea about what this concept means. The answers given by the subjects when they had to define the concept or to describe teaching situations in which they applied it confirmed this finding. Our study illustrates the difficulties faced by practitioners when it comes to update their knowledge on the one hand, to incorporate new concepts into their practice, on the other hand. The findings emphasize the gap between the development of educational theories and their appropriation on the field. [less ▲]

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See detailLes bénévoles dans le sport, des idéalistes en voie de disparition ?
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2010, June 03)

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See detailLes fourmis du foot
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Culture, le Magazine Culturel de l'Université de Liège (2010)

En Communauté française de Belgique, une vingtaine de bénévoles sont nécessaires pour un club de football. Alors que depuis trente ou quarante ans, la société évolue vers toujours plus d'individualisme et ... [more ▼]

En Communauté française de Belgique, une vingtaine de bénévoles sont nécessaires pour un club de football. Alors que depuis trente ou quarante ans, la société évolue vers toujours plus d'individualisme et que l'argent tient une place déterminante, même dans le sport, ces bénévoles représentent un contre-pouvoir, défendant un autre système de valeur, où l'altruisme occupe une place importante. Motivés par la passion du sport, ils trouvent plaisir, épanouissement et reconnaissance sociale en donnant de leur temps, pour remplir diverses fonctions, plus ou moins importantes selon le statut amateur ou professionnel du club. Coup de chapeau à ces hommes et femmes de l'ombre à qui toutes les stars du football doivent une part de leur réussite et de leur gloire. [less ▲]

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See detailPerception, par les parents, des effets d’un programme expérimental consistant à doubler le nombre d’heures d’éducation physique dans l’enseignement primaire.
Derome, Stéphane; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Amans-Passaga, Christine; Gal-Petitfaux, Nathalie; Terral, Philippe (Eds.) et al L’intervention en sport et ses contextes institutionnels : cultures et singularité de l’action (2010, May)

Un projet expérimental consistant à doubler le nombre de séances d'éducation physique a été mis en oeuvre dans 10 écoles primaires de la Communauté française de Belgique. Les avis des parents quant aux ... [more ▼]

Un projet expérimental consistant à doubler le nombre de séances d'éducation physique a été mis en oeuvre dans 10 écoles primaires de la Communauté française de Belgique. Les avis des parents quant aux attitudes et comportements de leurs enfants ont été analysés, de même que leurs opinions au sujet du déroulement des activités. Il apparait qu'une très large majorité des personnes interrogées sont très favorables au programme et considèrent que les enfants bénéficient d'effets positifs, notamment au niveau de l'attitude à l'égard de l'école et du travail scolaire. [less ▲]

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See detailComparaison des objectifs attribués à l’éducation physique en Algérie et en Belgique francophone.
Saker, Tarek; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Amans-Passaga, Christine; Gal-Petitfaux, Nathalie; Terral, Philippe (Eds.) et al L’intervention en sport et ses contextes institutionnels : cultures et singularité de l’action (2010, May)

Cette étude se base essentiellement sur le concept de la représentation de l'éducation physique et de ses objectifs. Dans les pays occidentaux, cette discipline scolaire est généralement bien appréciée ... [more ▼]

Cette étude se base essentiellement sur le concept de la représentation de l'éducation physique et de ses objectifs. Dans les pays occidentaux, cette discipline scolaire est généralement bien appréciée par les élèves. Il s'avère intéressant de vérifier si cette situation est influencée par des aspects culturels et, ainsi déterminer si les acteurs de la relation didactique développent d'autres représentations dans le monde arabe. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification des objectifs et finalités de la formation des diplômés en éducation physique. Comparaison des situations algérienne et belge francophone
Kerfes, Nabil; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Amans-assaga, Christine; Gal-Petitfaux, Nathalie; Terral, Philippe (Eds.) et al L'intervention en sport et ses contextes institutionnels: cultures et singularité de l'action (2010, May)

Toute formation supérieure a ses principes et ses particularités visant à développer des compétences en relation avec les finalités professionnelles disponibles. La formation des éducateurs est l'une des ... [more ▼]

Toute formation supérieure a ses principes et ses particularités visant à développer des compétences en relation avec les finalités professionnelles disponibles. La formation des éducateurs est l'une des préoccupations majeures de toutes les sociétés cherchant le progrès et le développement. Ce travail se situe dans le champ de l'éducation comparée, il propose une lecture compréhensive de deux systèmes de formation dans un esprit d'ouverture et d'élargissement des connaissances. ... [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de la formation des entraîneurs. Impact d’un cycle de cours destinés à des entraîneurs débutants (niveau 1)
Theunissen, Catherine ULg; Langer, Patrick; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Amans-Passaga, Christine; Gal-Petitfaux, Nathalie; Terral, Philippe (Eds.) et al L’intervention en sport et ses contextes institutionnels : cultures et singularité de l’action (2010, May)

This study aims to identify the expectations of the people participating to education units proposed to volunteer beginning coaches in volleyball, to follow the development of one unit and to determine ... [more ▼]

This study aims to identify the expectations of the people participating to education units proposed to volunteer beginning coaches in volleyball, to follow the development of one unit and to determine its impact within the coaching activity of one subject. Some differences have been underlined between the opinions of the participants and those of the staff members. There was a large coherence between the latters about the conceptions of the coaches preparation. The subject who was observed after the completion of the unit clearly used contents propsed during the programme. [less ▲]

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See detailPerception par les élèves de la place réservée par leur école secondaire à la promotion d’un style de vie actif.
Maraite, Anne-Aymone ULg; Schmit, John; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Amans-Passaga, Christine; Gal-Petitfaux, Nathalie; Terral, Philippe (Eds.) et al L'intervention en sport et ses contextes institutionnels: cultures et singularité de l'action (2010, May)

Actuellement, les bénéfices d'une activité physique quotidienne sont largement reconnus et des études de plus en plus nombreuses mettent en évidence les divers bénéfices qu'apporte la pratique régulière d ... [more ▼]

Actuellement, les bénéfices d'une activité physique quotidienne sont largement reconnus et des études de plus en plus nombreuses mettent en évidence les divers bénéfices qu'apporte la pratique régulière d'exercices hysiques. ... [less ▲]

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See detailL’EPS : de l’exception à la normalité
Pühse, Uwe; Gerber, Markus; Mouton, Alexandre ULg et al

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2010), 50(2), 55-61

Les auteurs expliquent pourquoi l'éducation physique et sportive peut jouer un rôle prépondérant dans notre société et comment elle pourrait accéder à une réelle reconnaissance au sein de la communauté ... [more ▼]

Les auteurs expliquent pourquoi l'éducation physique et sportive peut jouer un rôle prépondérant dans notre société et comment elle pourrait accéder à une réelle reconnaissance au sein de la communauté éducative. [less ▲]

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