References of "Cloes, Marc"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCharacteristics Of Participants To 'Start To Run' Programme. Comparison Between Maintenance And Drop Out Groups
Cloes, Marc ULg; Pétré, Benoît ULg

Conference (2012)

BACKGROUND. ‘Start to run’ is a 10 weeks programme designed to people who want to resume physical activity. AIM. This study aimed to identify initial characteristics differing among people who continue to ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND. ‘Start to run’ is a 10 weeks programme designed to people who want to resume physical activity. AIM. This study aimed to identify initial characteristics differing among people who continue to run and those who stop. METHODS. 229 subjects attending to the first lesson (W0) of the autumn session organized in 20 communities of Wallonia (French speaking part of Belgium) fulfilled a questionnaire aiming to identify their characteristics. At W10, 180 of them answered to another questionnaire (68.5% of them achieved the programme). 12 weeks after the end of the latter (W22), 54 subjects who participated to the previous step and achieved the programme answered to a third questionnaire (71.1% were still running). FINDINGS. Few differences (p ≤ .05) were identified. At W10, MG subjects started with a lower BMI, had a better perception of their economical situation, a higher confidence to run during 10 weeks, a better perception of their health status, a lower consumption of alcohol. On the other hand, it was surprising to notice that they had lower perception of the neighbourhood’s safety, representation of physical activity’s effects on health and about its advantages. At W22, MG comprised more women. Subjects of this group had a higher consumption of vegetables and tried to decrease their fat consumption in the last 2 years. They considered themselves as physically active and motivated by expectations of others, perceived a higher family and children support and saw running as reassuring and rewarding. Nevertheless, they felt to meet more stray dogs in their environment. Most of the differences correspond to the literature. Moreover, among the subjects in the DG, almost 40% were injured meaning that they would have been active without this situation. DISCUSSION. Effective physical activity resumption seems to be linked to a general health climate without overestimation of one’s competences and expectations. Recommendations are proposed for sport instructors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (19 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhysical Activity Promotion In Overweight/Obese Children. A Project Implemented In A Hospital Context
Cloes, Marc ULg; Dewandre, Anne-Cécile; LEBRETHON, Marie-Christine ULg

Conference (2012)

BACKGROUND. Overweight and obesity in youth must be combated through a multiple approach combining management principles in nutrition and physical activity (PA). In the hospital context, medical staff ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND. Overweight and obesity in youth must be combated through a multiple approach combining management principles in nutrition and physical activity (PA). In the hospital context, medical staff seems to be more focused on nutrition. AIM. In this study, we proposed to implement a specific intervention focusing on PA in parallel with traditional paediatric and dietetic visits designed to 6-12 year-old children. METHODS. Data were collected in three steps: (1) after a visit at the hospital, subjects and their parents answered to a questionnaire (lifestyle, representation about PA) and attended to a meeting during which they received written (illustrated booklet) and oral cues about PA as well as an invitation to use a PA diary and a pedometer; (2) before the next visit (almost 8 weeks interval), they were free to apply the recommendations; (3) after the next visit to the hospital, subjects analyzed the diary with one of the researchers and answered to questions about their current lifestyle and representations about PA. 34 children respected the whole protocol. FINDINGS. Among the children and their parents, representations of PA changed between the visits (PA was no longer regarded merely as sport). Major changes were also identified in children’s lifestyle (increase of number of weekly PA, family PA, weekly PA time; decrease of inactivity time like TV or video games). Only 27 children out of 34 used the PA diary at least once (information were recorded for a mean of 18 days/child between the 2 visits – a third of the duration of the interval). The pedometer has been used by 15 children and was considered as a motivating tool. 58.5% of comments collected at the end of the second meeting were positive and emphasized the interest of the intervention; 24.6% were negative and mainly focused the PA diary). DISCUSSION. This study underlines the need to improve the family's representations about PA in paediatric and dietetic visits. It supports PA experts' integration in the staff. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTeaching in martial arts: The analysis and identification of teaching approaches in youth martial arts practice
Vertonghen, Jikkemien; Theeboom, Marc; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Archives of Budo (2012), 8(4), 191-202

It is believed that martial arts can produce educational apportunities for youth. Therefore, some critical success factors have to be taken into account. One of these factors is considered as the type of ... [more ▼]

It is believed that martial arts can produce educational apportunities for youth. Therefore, some critical success factors have to be taken into account. One of these factors is considered as the type of guidance. Hoever in martial arts, there is a lack of research examining the role of the martial arts teacher. Therefore, a study was se up to analyse different teaching approaches used in martial arts and to develop a framework aiming to identify these teaching methods. A multiple instruments research design was set up, in which 20 teachers in aikido, karate or kick-/Thai boxing were involved. All of them were observed during a training session. Moreover, they were interviewed before and afterwards. The pre-interactive interview guide included questions regarding (a) the goal of teaching, (b) the didactical approaches, (c) the traditional aspects of martial arts, and (d) the probles encountered during training. During the post-interactive interview all subjects were asked to point out specific aspects of their teaching approach and to respond to an instrument specifically developed for this study, which consists of seven dimensions to identify different teaching approach (i.e. TAMA, Teaching Approach in Martial arts framework). Based on the total scores of TAMA, martial arts teachers were classified into three groups. Those with the lowest scores were classified as representatives of a traditional teaching approach, with medium scores as teachers using an educational sporting approach and with the highest scores as those using an efficiency approach. In short, teachers using a traditional teaching methods emphasised traditional aspects and pedagogically oriented aims. Martial arts teachers situated in the educational sporting group were still focused on the traditional aspects, but considered martial arts rather more as a sport. And finally, the focus of teachers using an efficiency approach was on competition and the development of performing skills. Differences are clearly identified in the teaching approach used by teachers of different martial arts (i.e. aikido teachers use a traditional approach while kick-/Thai boxing teachers show an efficiency approach), as well as within one martial art (i.e karate teachers use all three approaches). The development of TAMA was the first onset to identify different teaching approaches in martial arts. In order to generalise the results of the present study further research is recommended. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 127 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStudents and staff’s opinions about the reflective practice process implemented in a pre-service physical education teacher programme
Cloes, Marc ULg; Mouton, Alexandre ULg

in Asian Journal of Exercise and Sports Science (2012), 9(1), 67-84

Teachers' reflection is considered as a determining factor in physical education teacher education (PETE). Despite the emphasis that is provided to this approach, it is noteworthy that it is not proposed ... [more ▼]

Teachers' reflection is considered as a determining factor in physical education teacher education (PETE). Despite the emphasis that is provided to this approach, it is noteworthy that it is not proposed systematically in higher education. A specific unit focusing on reflective practice was developed at the University of Liege (Wallonia, Belgium). This paper reports the opinions of the preservice PE teachers' n = 18) as well as involved staff members (n = 3) about the process. Students completed a questionnaire after completion of their preservice programme. Staff members' reports (n =22) of their reflective practice sessions (RPS) as well as one final report focusing on the whole process were analysed. Findings showed that the opinions are mainly positive, with the staff members rating the process at a higher level than the students. If the latter emphasized the interest of the RPS, they underlined the organisational constraints and regretted the requirements dealing with the formalizing of the reflections. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (13 ULg)
Full Text
See detailApproche du surpoids et de l’obésité en milieu scolaire (1ère partie)
Gianquinto, Joseph; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2012), 52(2), 51-58

La surcharge pondérale constitue un des plus grands fléaux de ce XXIème siècle. La prévalence de l'obésité a triplé au cours de ces vingt dernières années et est considérée de plus en plus comme une ... [more ▼]

La surcharge pondérale constitue un des plus grands fléaux de ce XXIème siècle. La prévalence de l'obésité a triplé au cours de ces vingt dernières années et est considérée de plus en plus comme une véritable épidémie. Pour les plus de quinze ans, l'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) estime le nombre de personnes en surpoids à 1,6 milliard et à 400 millions pour les obèses. En 2005, l'OMS a estimé à 20 millions le nombre d'enfants de moins de cinq ans en surpoids. Elle prévoit qu'en 2015, 2,3 milliards d'adultes seront en surpoids et 700 millions d'adultes seront obèses. Il faut donc agir au plus vite ! [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 154 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa Wallonie en mouvement : vers une culture sportive et de l’activité physique ?
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Germain, Marc; Robaye, René (Eds.) L'état de la Wallonie. Portrait d'un pays et de ses habitants – 2011 (2012)

La Wallonie a fait l'objet de nombreuses analyses dans des domaines divers. Mais ces études, malgré leur qualité, ne peuvent pas être lues par tous, faute du temps ou des compétences nécessaires. D'où l ... [more ▼]

La Wallonie a fait l'objet de nombreuses analyses dans des domaines divers. Mais ces études, malgré leur qualité, ne peuvent pas être lues par tous, faute du temps ou des compétences nécessaires. D'où l'idée d'un recueil de textes qui a pour ambition d'offrir à un large public une vue globale, synthétique et critique de notre société. L'Etat de la Wallonie permet au lecteur de se faire une idée générale de son fonctionnement des grands défis auxquels elle doit faire face. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImproving physical education teachers’ action with overweight students
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Revista Motricidade (2012), 8(S1), 3-4

Nowadays, overweight is one of the most important plagues and many authors believe that the fast increase of this phenomenon during the last decades can be considered as a global epidemic. School has been ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, overweight is one of the most important plagues and many authors believe that the fast increase of this phenomenon during the last decades can be considered as a global epidemic. School has been identified as one of the pillars of the necessary multisectorial approach that must be implemented to fight against this ineworable trend. ... [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (13 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa place de l’activité physique dans la société moderne
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2011, November 21)

Les représentations de la population à l'égard de l'activité sont souvent erronées (lien exclusif au sport, temps, intensité exigée, coût, concentration le week-end). Dans la perspective d'amener les ... [more ▼]

Les représentations de la population à l'égard de l'activité sont souvent erronées (lien exclusif au sport, temps, intensité exigée, coût, concentration le week-end). Dans la perspective d'amener les citoyens à adopter un style de vie plus actif, il importe de diffuser des informations adéquates. Grâce à une série d'activités interactives, cette conférence permet aux participants de prendre conscience des recommandations actuelles proposées par les organismes de la santé en matière d'activité physique. Des pistes d'actions sont proposées afin d'impliquer le public dans un processus d'intervention personnelle et collective [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailInvolvement of the community in physical activity promotion. Analysis of the Wallonian context
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2011, November)

Communities are in the center of the action aiming to promote physical activity. Their links with the schools are a determining factor for the global policy. This presentation is focused on the current ... [more ▼]

Communities are in the center of the action aiming to promote physical activity. Their links with the schools are a determining factor for the global policy. This presentation is focused on the current situation of this necessary collaboration in a European region: Wallonia (French speaking part of Belgium). Several studies conducted since the beginning of the 21st century are analyzed in order to point out the real relationships between the schools and the communities. Between the theory based on the official policies and the concrete actions implemented on the field, it seems that the vision is less enthusiastic than expected. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe role of the physioterapist in physical activity promotion
Cloes, Marc ULg; MUGNIER, Benoît ULg; Mouton, Alexandre ULg

Poster (2011, June 25)

This study aimed to understand physiotherapists’ awareness about their physical activity (PA) promoting role and to analyse their actions to promote PA. 185 physiotherapists fulfilled a questionnaire ... [more ▼]

This study aimed to understand physiotherapists’ awareness about their physical activity (PA) promoting role and to analyse their actions to promote PA. 185 physiotherapists fulfilled a questionnaire related to their perceptions of (1) the PA individual motivational determinants, (2) the importance of promoting PA and (3) their actions related to people’s PA promotion. Results show that physiotherapists are aware of their crucial role in PA promotion. Nevertheless, their actions should be more devoted to the prevention and detection of sedentary behaviours. Moreover, connections with other actors of PA promotion should be emphasized in order to respect the principles of an ecological approach. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhysiotherapists' representations about physical activity
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; MUGNIER, Benoît ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2011, June 24)

This study aimed to analyze the knowledge and representations of physiotherapists about the physical activity (PA) key concepts. 185 physiotherapists fulfilled a questionnaire related to their knowledge ... [more ▼]

This study aimed to analyze the knowledge and representations of physiotherapists about the physical activity (PA) key concepts. 185 physiotherapists fulfilled a questionnaire related to their knowledge about PA (1) definition, (2) benefits for health, (3) criterion for an effective practice and (4) recommendations. The results shows that the physiotherapists’ knowledge about the key concepts of PA and its implications for PA promotion are surprisingly low. Even if they are aware about the population actual lack of PA practice, their recommendations provided to the public would be inaccurate. Future directions for a more effective action of the physiotherapists as PA promoters are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAvis des bénévoles impliqués dans le sport belge francophone au sujet de leur rôle. Etude pilote.
Robyns de Schneidauer, Jérôme ULg; Colina-Valdor, Xavier; Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2011, June 16)

Le sport représente la plus grande activité sociale en Europe. L'activité des 700.000 clubs sportifs des pays membres de l'Union européenne est en grande partie basée sur le travail bénévole de ses ... [more ▼]

Le sport représente la plus grande activité sociale en Europe. L'activité des 700.000 clubs sportifs des pays membres de l'Union européenne est en grande partie basée sur le travail bénévole de ses membres. Le bénévolat est reconnu comme l’une des caractéristiques spécifiques et essentielles des structures sportives européennes. Il faut souligner ici que le monde sportif est le plus grand utilisateur de travailleurs volontaires avec 35 % du bénévolat total. L’engagement et la qualité de travail des bénévoles sont souvent les clés de la réussite de tout club sportif. Ce qui motive une personne à être bénévole est complexe (Esmond,1997). Cependant, comprendre ces motivations profondes est suggéré par de nombreux auteurs comme étant un facteur primordial dans le recrutement, la sélection, le placement et la rétention des bénévoles au sein d’une organisation (Clary, Snyder & Ridge,1992 ; Cnaan & Goldberg-Glen,1991 ; Esmond,2001 ; McCurley & Lynch,1994 ; Vineyard,2001). Identifier les motivations de chaque bénévole permettrait au dirigeant de mieux cibler les tâches propres à chacun, assurant ainsi une plus grande satisfaction et un investissement plus long dans la durée (Slaughter,2002). Notre étude pilote vise, d’une part, à faire une mise au point sur les raisons principales qui poussent les bénévoles à s’engager dans ce type d’activité en Communauté Wallonie-Bruxelles et, d’autre part, de mieux cerner la propre opinion que les bénévoles ont de leur monde. Notre objectif final consiste à jeter les bases nécessaires pour effectuer une enquête à grande échelle. Un total de 224 questionnaires orientés sur le vécu de chaque bénévole a ainsi été collecté. Les réponses furent encodées sous formes de variables binaires, continues ou catégorielles. L’étude met en évidence 3 principales motivations au bénévolat sportif : (1) aider les autres (accord très élevé, 94% de réponses positives), (2) partager sa passion pour le sport (accord très élevé, 85% de réponses positives) et (3) se socialiser grâce au contact avec d’autres personnes (accord élevé, 71% de réponses positives). A partir de nos résultats, chaque sujet consacrerait en moyenne 8,8h par semaine au bénévolat. Au vu des études menées dans le monde du bénévolat et des résultats de notre étude pilote, il semblerait opportun de s’intéresser encore davantage aux bénévoles et à leurs difficultés, de comprendre la diversité des contextes dans lesquels ils évoluent. Nous proposons, enfin, de les impliquer dans le développement de stratégies susceptibles de garantir la pérennité de leur action et de l’idéal qui les anime. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (26 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe leisure context, a forgotten topic of sport pedagogy?
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2011, May)

According to the changes of the society that occurred during the last decades of the 20th century, new sport operators grew in an answer to the modified expectations of the people. In parallel to sport ... [more ▼]

According to the changes of the society that occurred during the last decades of the 20th century, new sport operators grew in an answer to the modified expectations of the people. In parallel to sport clubs, many other structures began to invite people to move in agreement with defferent values: independent non market associations, private compagnies, non organized free sport. While analyzing themes of Sport pedagogy research, it seems that physical education is the major focus (55.6%) of the papers presented in the ARIS's conferences while studies focused on coaching represented only 18.7%. On the other hand, researches that are analyzing the teaching-learning process in leisure sport are surprisingly seldom even there are more studies aiming to better understand how physical activity can be increased in communities, for example. After a shor description of the evolution of the sport structures and the development of the current array of operators, a second section focuses on the motives of participants. The next part underlines the specific ompetences of the physical educators involved in the leisure sport sector. The final and main part proposes an overview of some studies that has been achieved in this area at the University of Liege. The conclusion provides some recommendations for researchers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMotives to begin physical education studies. Comparative analysis in Algeria and Wallonia
Kerfes, Nabil; Alem, Jaouad; Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2011)

There are many reasons explaining why students choose one professional project and/or an academic programme. Usually, they consider higher education according to various aspects focusing on the content of ... [more ▼]

There are many reasons explaining why students choose one professional project and/or an academic programme. Usually, they consider higher education according to various aspects focusing on the content of the programme as well as on professions to which the latter leads. This study is in the field on comparative education. It offers a comprehensive reading of two education systems in a spirit of openness and expansion of knowledge. With inspiration from two studies conducted in the education of physical educators in very different cultural contexts (Research Group MJS, 1993, for Algeria – Groupe de recherche interuniversitaire, 2003, for French-speaking Belgium), we have assumed that the students’ motives for registering in studies in physical education should differ considerably. The purpose of this research has therefore been to determine the reasons motivating students to begin a physical education programme at the university or at a non university context. Our research was based, firstly, on the analysis of official texts concerning the organization of higher education in the field of physical education and, secondly, on data collected from the actions involved in four educational institutions, two in the Algiers region and two in the Liege region. In both cultural contexts, one institution belonged to one university and the other one was organized in a non university context. Our results relate to a total sample of 290 subjects (40 members of teaching staffs, 108 students and 142 graduates). The staff members were interviewed while the subjects of two other groups have responded to questionnaires. The Arabic version of each instrument was translated from an original French version. One expert has assured the validity check. In this paper, we are focusing our attention on the analysis of the responses provided by the three types of actors to a question aiming to identify, through four levels Lickert scales, the degree of importance accorded by subject to nine reasons of registration for studies in physical education. Answer were encoded in a computer database and processed using the Statistica software (Stat Soft, 2006). No significant difference was identified when comparing the answers of respondents. However, we noticed that the love of sport and the desire to do sport belonged to the most important reasons for the registration of the new students for training programs in physical education. Cultural context does not seem to affect the opinions of the subjects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes compétences émotionnelles dans le domaine des activités physiques et sportives. Une analyse de la littérature
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2011)

L'étude des facteurs qui influencent l'efficacité de la dyade éducative entre un intervenant et un apprenant a toujours asuscité un véritable engouement dans le domaine de l'intervention en sport. Une des ... [more ▼]

L'étude des facteurs qui influencent l'efficacité de la dyade éducative entre un intervenant et un apprenant a toujours asuscité un véritable engouement dans le domaine de l'intervention en sport. Une des composantes essentielles de la communication interpersonnelle est le lien socio-émotionnel existant entre les acteurs de cette relation. ... [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEmotional competencies of the sport coach: A qualitative approach within a physical activity programme for multiple sclerosis patients.
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Defossa, Clément; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Sanchez Molina, J. A.; Carballo, O.; Gonzalez Valeiro, M. A. (Eds.) Actas del Congreso Internacional de la AIESEP 2010 « Place and role of physical educators in promoting an active lifestyle » (2011)

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterised by functional impairments (fatigue, motor weakness, spasticity, poor balance) and limitations in social functioning. Accordingly, persons with MS are more affected ... [more ▼]

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterised by functional impairments (fatigue, motor weakness, spasticity, poor balance) and limitations in social functioning. Accordingly, persons with MS are more affected by sedentarity and not enough aware of their physical capacities. Finally, those behaviours lead to physical deconditioning and general poor health in this population. To encourage physical activity with MS people, a specific coaching programme whereby MS patient are individually supported by a sport coach has been launched at the University Hospital Center of Liège. In this context this study aimed to (1) describe the intervention of the coach ;(2) link emotional competencies and behaviors of the coach ; (3) propose recommendations to improve MS patient’s physical activity management. Behaviors, attitudes, values, representations and emotional competencies of seven coaches were analyzed using both visible (audio and video recording) and invisible (questionnaires and interviews) data. Results show that coaching efficacy with MS patient implies a high support and cooperation level of the coach and a highly specific approach characterized by a systematic appraisal of patient’s behaviors revealing his current psychological and physical state. Recommendations for the coach education with an emphasis on social and emotional skills are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPerception de la prise en compte de la personnalité des joueurs de volley-ball par leur entraîneur
Cloes, Marc ULg; Lacrosse, Zoé

in Spallanzani, Carlo; Goyette, Robert; Roy, Martin (Eds.) et al Mieux former pour agir dans une société en mouvement (2011)

Dans le milieu sportif, l'impression que les entraîneurs ne sont pas (souvent?) attentifs aux caractéristiques de leurs athlètes est assez répandue, notamment en ce qui concerne le versant psychologique ... [more ▼]

Dans le milieu sportif, l'impression que les entraîneurs ne sont pas (souvent?) attentifs aux caractéristiques de leurs athlètes est assez répandue, notamment en ce qui concerne le versant psychologique de leur personnalité. En se basant sur des exemples parfois caricaturaux, il semblerait que cette situation soit particulièrement présente chez les coachs d'équipes féminines. ... [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAvis des entraîneurs belges francophones sur leur formation. Approche quantitative
Theunissen, Catherine ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Spallanzani, Carlo; Goyette, Robert; Roy, Martin (Eds.) et al Mieux former pour agir dans une société en mouvement (2011)

L'origine de cette recherche est liée à une étude précédente (Theunissen, 2007) consacrée à la formation des entraîneurs en Communauté française de Belgique. Dans la première, une étude qualitative ... [more ▼]

L'origine de cette recherche est liée à une étude précédente (Theunissen, 2007) consacrée à la formation des entraîneurs en Communauté française de Belgique. Dans la première, une étude qualitative analysait l'avis d'entraîneurs débutants à propos de la formation dispensée au sein de leur fédération sportive. La présente étude consiste à travailler à une plus grande échelle fin d'obtenir une vision beucoup plus globale de la situation en interrogeant des entraîneurs de toutes disciplines et de tous niveaux confondus. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (12 ULg)
Full Text
See detailContribution au développement et à la mise en place d’une approche innovante dans une formation en handball pour les éducateurs sportifs. Exploitation en milieu universitaire d’un projet développé pour des entraîneurs
Theunissen, Catherine; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Eid, C. (Ed.) Les programmes de formation universitaire. Actes du Colloque Didactique et TICE IV (2011)

In the context of education of the beginning Belgian handball coaches, we are currently developing a project based on a mixed program (presential and e-learning) and on the use of a competencies based ... [more ▼]

In the context of education of the beginning Belgian handball coaches, we are currently developing a project based on a mixed program (presential and e-learning) and on the use of a competencies based framework. We wish to test tools that could be, in a long term perspective, extended to the entire course of this level of preparation but also to other contexts. For this, we are analyzing processes aiming to transfer the technology developed to the physical education teacher education. Gradually, changes are made in order to offer training ever closer to the professsional reality, more consistent, with more meaning for the participants and involving them more in a process of knowledge building. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (9 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe active school concept: A project for PE teachers
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2010, November 06)

Health is a particularly important concern in the today’s society as expenses linked to health problems are continuously increasing. Actions aiming to limit the phenomenon are needed and one of the ... [more ▼]

Health is a particularly important concern in the today’s society as expenses linked to health problems are continuously increasing. Actions aiming to limit the phenomenon are needed and one of the priorities consists to fight against the increasing prevalence of obesity. In this field, the emphasis has been set on nutrition and sedentariness. It clearly appears that school and physical education are key sectors that should be directly involved in the approach that should be implemented (Young & William, 1989; WHO, 2001). At school, any project that is focused on any aspect of the health would require the involvement of all actors: (1) the school principal who is in charge of the development of the school’s project and to orient the strategic decisions, and; (2) all other actors of the school life such the pedagogical staff but also the students and their parents as well as the medical structures if they exist. When it is question of promotion of a long life physically active lifestyle, the Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association Council (Pate et al., 2006) underlines five main dimensions that should be considered in order to determine the emphasis that one particular school provides: (1) physical education; (2) active transportation; (3) life environment (recesses, spaces); (4) sport at school, and; (5) physical activity in the classroom. We are considering that the presence of physical activity in the written educational school policy represents a sixth determining dimension that should be accessed in that perspective. In the analysis of 54 out of the 514 French speaking schools of Belgium, we showed that the mean score reached 9/20 with PA policy being the worst aspect (4.80/20) and facilities being the best (12.3/20). It seemed that the role that schools could play today in PA promotion is quite limited. These findings have been confirmed in another study based on 1997 Cale’s model of active school (Van Hoye, Motter & Cloes, 2009). On the other hand, a third study underlined that it was possible to improve the involvement of one primary school in PA promotion through one action research (Cloes & Dequenne, 2009). In the latter study, OPHEA (2009) model of active school was considered. Finally, other examples of initiatives aiming to increase school in the development of an active lifestyle will be described (L’école bouge, 2006). As stated by Tappe & Burgeson (2004), physical education should be considered as the corner stone of PA promotion at school. In fact, the physical education teacher is definitely the only teacher whose specific preparation allows developing theoretical and practical concepts related to physical activity and its effects on health. Beyond the fight against sedentariness, PE teachers are able to contribute effectively to the mastery of many other competences involved in the development of physically educated persons (NASPE, 1992). Nevertheless, in order to meet the requirements, it is needed that PE respects two current concepts: literacy and accountability. It means that PE has to develop attitudes, knowledge and competences that would be used lifelong by the students, on one hand; to bring concrete modifications in youths, on the other hand. Several principles should be applied to encourage students to adopt an active lifestyle: (1) being a model; (2) updating ones’ knowledge; (3) knowing ones’ students; (4) planning; (5) acting; (6) controlling. Theoretical foundations and examples will be provided in the presentation. Based on Cloes, Del Zotto and Motter (2009), several categories of specific actions are proposed by PE teachers in order to promote an active life style in their students. These actions aim to motivate students to be active, increase time on task or attendance or to encourage students to open their mind to a more positive attitude towards PA. As they mentioned, appreciating PE might be a first step in the direction of a lifelong active lifestyle In conclusion, we consider that PE teachers need to become aware about the change in the definition of their role. In 40 years, they passed from teaching gymnastics to teaching sports while the society asks them today to become agents of the development of lifelong PA competences. It means that, during initial or continuous preparation, PE teachers’ educators need to develop original activities that can help practitioners to develop their own actions on the field. According to the current development of the research on teacher education, this underlines the importance of collaborative research as well as the development of communities of practice. Strategies are existing and should be shared. Use of modern tools of communication represents a promising way to reach success. It should also be determining that professionals and researchers would learn to work together more closely. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (5 ULg)