Serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid endothelin-1 concentrations as diagnostic biomarkers of canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Krafft, Emilie ; ; et al
in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2011)
Background: Diagnosis of canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is challenging. Endothelin-1 (ET1) is a biomarker of IPF in humans, but whether ET1 can detect and differentiate IPF from other canine ... [more ▼]
Background: Diagnosis of canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is challenging. Endothelin-1 (ET1) is a biomarker of IPF in humans, but whether ET1 can detect and differentiate IPF from other canine respiratory diseases is unknown. Objective: To evaluate whether measurement of the concentration of ET1 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) can be used to distinguish canine IPF from chronic bronchitis (CB) and eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy (EBP). Animals: Twelve dogs with IPF, 10 dogs with CB, 6 dogs with EBP, 13 privately owned healthy West Highland White Terriers (WHWT), and 9 healthy Beagle dogs. Methods: Prospective, case control study. ET1 concentration was determined by ELISA in serum and in BALF. Results: No significant difference in serum ET1 concentration was detected between healthy Beagle dogs and WHWT. Serum ET1 concentration was higher in dogs with IPF (median interquartile range; 2.32 pg/mL, 2.05-3.38) than healthy Beagle dogs (1.28, 1.07-1.53; P < .001), healthy WHWT (1.56, 1.25-1.85; P < .001), dogs with EBP (0.94 0.68-1.01; P = .001), and dogs with CB (1.54 0.74-1.82; P = .005). BALF ET1 concentration was below the detection limit in healthy WHWT and in dogs with CB, whereas it was measurable in all dogs with IPF. A cut-off serum concentration of 1.8 pg/mL had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 81.2% for detection of IPF, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.818. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Serum ET1 can differentiate dogs with IPF from dogs with EBP or CB. ET1 can be detected in BALF of dogs with IPF. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 ULg)
Influence of age on bronchoscopic findings in healthy beagle dogs.
Mercier, Elise ; ; et al
in Veterinary Journal (2011)
The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of age on bronchoscopic features and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cellularity in dogs. Thirty healthy beagle dogs from three age groups were ... [more ▼]
The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of age on bronchoscopic features and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cellularity in dogs. Thirty healthy beagle dogs from three age groups were included: young dogs (10 months to 4.5 years of age; n = 8), middle-aged dogs (5–8 years old; n = 13) and older dogs (>8 years; n = 9). Haematology, thoracic radiography, bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage were performed; bronchoscopic findings were scored and BALF total and differential cell counts were determined. The total bronchoscopic score was higher in older dogs; these dogs had more irregular bronchial mucosa, more prominent mucosal vessels and bronchiectasis. Younger dogs had a higher percentage of neutrophils in BALF compared with middle-aged and old dogs and a higher percentage of lymphocytes in BALF compared with middle-aged dogs. The results show that age has an effect on bronchoscopic features of airways and the composition of BALF in the dog. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 39 (4 ULg)
Lack of efficacy of low-dose spironolactone as adjunct treatment to conventional congestive heart failure treatment in dogs
; ; et al
in Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2011)
Aldosterone plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure. Aldosterone receptor blockade has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in human patients with advanced congestive left ... [more ▼]
Aldosterone plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure. Aldosterone receptor blockade has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in human patients with advanced congestive left ventricular heart failure. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and tolerance of long-term low-dose spironolactone when added to conventional heart failure treatment in dogs with advanced heart failure. Eighteen client-owned dogs with advanced congestive heart failure due to either degenerative valve disease (n=11) or dilated cardiomyopathy (n=7) were included in this prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, randomized clinical study. After initial stabilization including furosemide, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, pimobendan and digoxin, spironolactone at a median dose of 0.52 mg/kg (range 0.49-0.8 mg/kg) once daily (n=9) or placebo (n=9) was added to the treatment, and the dogs were reassessed 3 and 6 months later. Clinical scoring, echocardiography, electrocardiogram, systolic blood pressure measurement, thoracic radiography, sodium, potassium, urea, creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, aldosterone and aminoterminal atrial natriuretic propeptide were assessed at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Survival times were not significantly different between the two treatment groups. Spironolactone was well tolerated when combined with conventional heart failure treatment. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULg)
Clinical, bronchoscopic, histopathologic, diagnostic imaging, and arterial oxygenation findings in West Highland White Terriers with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
; ; et al
in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2011)
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, interstitial lung disease primarily affecting West Highland White Terriers (WHWTs). OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinicopathological and ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, interstitial lung disease primarily affecting West Highland White Terriers (WHWTs). OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinicopathological and diagnostic imaging features in WHWTs with IPF. ANIMALS: Twelve WHWTs with IPF and 14 healthy control WHWTs. METHOD: Prospective study. Clinical signs and findings of physical examination, blood and arterial blood gas analyses, radiography, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of IPF dogs were obtained and compared with controls. Histopathologic changes in IPF dogs were evaluated. RESULTS: Mean partial pressure of oxygen was significantly lower in IPF (mean ± SD, 65.5 ± 15.4 mmHg) than in controls (99.1 ± 7.8 mmHg, P<.001). The alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient was significantly higher in IPF (50.1 ± 17.3 mmHg) than in controls (17.5 ± 4.9 mmHg, P<.001). In HRCT, ground glass opacity (GGO) was detected in all IPF dogs, traction bronchiectasis in 4, and honeycombing in 1. Bronchoscopic airway changes were noted in all IPF dogs. On BAL fluid (BALF) cytology, the total cell count (TCC) was higher in IPF dogs, and the numbers but not the percentages of macrophages, neutrophils, and mast cells were increased. On histopathology, multifocal or diffuse interstitial fibrosis, type II pneumocyte hyperplasia, prominent intraalveolar macrophages, distortion of alveolar architecture, and emphysematous change were detected. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: IPF causes substantial hypoxemia. In HRCT, GGO is a consistent finding. IPF dogs have concurrent airway changes and an increase in BALF TCC. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 37 (5 ULg)
A model of subclinical chronic bronchitis induced by repeted nebulisations of bacterial lipopolysaccharide
Krafft, Emilie ; ; Tual, Charlotte et al
in 20th ECVIM Meeting - Toulouse - France - 9-12 septembre 2010 (2010, September 09)Detailed reference viewed: 32 (3 ULg)
Procollagen type III amino terminal propeptide concentration in dogs with iodiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, chronic bronchitis and eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy
; Krafft, Emilie ; et al
in 20th ECVIM Meeting - Toulouse - France - 9-12 septembre 2010 (2010, September 09)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Prevalence of the mutation responsible for primary ciliary dyskinesia a large population of European and American old English sheepdogs
Merveille, Anne-Christine ; ; et al
in 20th ECVIM Meeting - Toulouse - France - 9-12 septembre 2010 (2010, September)Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Respiratory functional assessment using barometric whole-body plethysmography in healthy growing and aging beagle dogs
Manens, Jefferson ; ; et al
in ACVIM Meeting - Anaheim, Californie - 9-12 juin 2010 (2010, June 09)Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Elevation of procollagen type III amino terminal propeptide concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of dogs with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
; Krafft, Emilie ; et al
Poster (2010, June 09)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
Feline bronchitis: What do we know ? What do we need?
in Proceedings of the 35th Annual World Small Animal Veterinary Association Congress (2010, June)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Serum endothelin-1 concentration in terrier dogs with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Krafft, Emilie ; ; et al
in Proceedings of the 28th ACVIM Forum (2010, June)Detailed reference viewed: 25 (8 ULg)
Description of original endoscopic findings and respiratory functional assessment using barometric whole-body plethysmography in dogs suffering from brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome.
Bernaerts, Frederique ; ; Leemans, Jérôme et al
in Veterinary Journal (2010), 183(1), 95-102
The clinical features of brachycephalic airway obstructive disease in 11 brachycephalic dogs are described in this study. The respiratory strategy was assessed before (n=11) and after (n=6) surgery using ... [more ▼]
The clinical features of brachycephalic airway obstructive disease in 11 brachycephalic dogs are described in this study. The respiratory strategy was assessed before (n=11) and after (n=6) surgery using barometric whole-body plethysmography (BWBP), with the relationship between BWBP variables and the severity of the clinical signs assessed by the use of a respiratory score based on clinical, radiographic and endoscopic findings. Partial collapse of the left main bronchus was a common finding not previously described as part of the brachycephalic airway obstructive disease syndrome. Epiglottic cysts, laryngeal granulomas and nasopharyngeal turbinates in English Bulldogs were other previously unreported findings. No significant correlation between the respiratory score and any of the BWBP variables was detected. Compared to healthy dogs, brachycephalic dogs had a significantly lower Te/Ti ratio (expiratory time over inspiratory time), peak inspiratory flow (PIF) per kg bodyweight (BW), significantly higher peak expiratory flow (PEF) per kgBW, PEF/PIF, and enhanced pause. These variations are compatible with upper airway obstructions primarily in the extrathoracic airways. Following surgery, a significant decrease in PEF/PIF was detected. The study showed that BWBP could be used to characterise the respiratory strategy in brachycephalic dogs before and after surgery. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 224 (42 ULg)
Efficacy of intrasinusal administration of bifonazole cream alone or in combination with enilconazole irrigation in canine sino-nasal aspergillosis: 17 cases.
Billen, Frédéric ; ; et al
in Canadian Veterinary Journal = Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne (2010), 51Detailed reference viewed: 38 (10 ULg)