References of "Claeskens, Jean-François"
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See detailClose pairs of quasars with different redshifts: New observations and results
Sluse, Dominique ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 397

Burbidge et al. (\cite {burbidge}) argue that the observed number of quasar pairs with small angular separations and different redshifts (typically Delta theta <= 5 arcsec and Delta z > 0.1 ) is not ... [more ▼]

Burbidge et al. (\cite {burbidge}) argue that the observed number of quasar pairs with small angular separations and different redshifts (typically Delta theta <= 5 arcsec and Delta z > 0.1 ) is not compatible with a random distribution of quasars over the sky. After a brief review of all known quasar pairs with different redshifts, we show by means of very simple calculations that the probability of finding the three accepted pairs accidentally is of the order of 10%. We conclude that, under realistic hypotheses, the observed number of quasar pairs with different redshifts is not unlikely. We also present arguments showing that gravitational lensing biases are probably not strong enough to significantly increase the expected number of quasar pairs. The failure to detect with HST a secondary lensed image of the background quasar near the foreground one in these three pairs supports this view. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of a quadruply imaged quasar surrounded by a ring
Sluse, Dominique ULg; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg et al

Conference (2003, January)

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See detailGravitational lensing in quasar samples
Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics Review (2002), 10(4), 263-311

The first cosmic mirage was discovered approximately 20 years ago as the double optical counterpart of a radio source. This phenomenon had been predicted some 70 years earlier as a consequence of General ... [more ▼]

The first cosmic mirage was discovered approximately 20 years ago as the double optical counterpart of a radio source. This phenomenon had been predicted some 70 years earlier as a consequence of General Relativity. We present here a summary of what we have learnt since. The applications are so numerous that we had to concentrate on a few selected aspects of this new field of research. This review is focused on strong gravitational lensing, i.e. the formation of multiple images, in QSO samples. It is intended to give the reader an up-to-date status of the observations and to present an overview of its most interesting potential applications in cosmology and astrophysics, as well as numerous important results achieved so far. The first section follows an intuitive approach to the basics of gravitational lensing and is developed in view of our interest in multiply imaged quasars. The astrophysical and cosmological applications of gravitational lensing are outlined in Sect. 2 and the most important results are presented in Sect. 5. Sections 3 and 4 are devoted to the observations. Finally, conclusions are summarized in the last section. We have tried to avoid duplication with existing (and excellent) introductions to the field of oravitational lensing. For this reason, we did not concentrate on the individual properties of specific lens models, as these are already well presented in Narayan and Bartelmann (1996) and on a more intuitive ground in Refsdal and Surdej (1994). Wambsganss (1998) proposes a broad view on gravitational lensing, in astronomy; the reviews by Fort and Mellier (1994) and Hattori et al. (1999) deal with lensing by galaxy clusters, microlensing in the Galaxy and the local group is reviewed by Paczynski (1996) and a general panorama on weak lensing is given by Bartelmann and Schneider (1999) and Mellier (1999). The monograph on the theory of gravitational lensing by Schneider, Ehlers and Falco (1992) also remains a reference in the field. [less ▲]

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See detailGravitational lensing studies with the 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) (poster contribution)
Jean, C.; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg

in Brainerd, T. G.; Kochanek, C. S. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Conference "Gravitational lensing: recent progress and future goals" (2001, October 01)

A 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) is being built in the north of Chile by an international consortium and will become operational in two years from now. We present here a short ... [more ▼]

A 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) is being built in the north of Chile by an international consortium and will become operational in two years from now. We present here a short description of the telescope as well as estimates of the microlensing, macrolensing and weak lensing effects expected from a deep, multicolor imaging survey made with such a telescope. [less ▲]

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See detailWeighing nearby stars with GAIA ?
Dib, S.; Surdej, Jean ULg; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg

in Conference proceedings of "European meeting, Census of the Galaxy: Challenges for photometry and spectrometry with GAIA. (2001, August 01)

Microlensing consists in two major effects: (1) variation in the apparent position of the background sources (astrometric component) and (2) flux variations of the background sources (photometric ... [more ▼]

Microlensing consists in two major effects: (1) variation in the apparent position of the background sources (astrometric component) and (2) flux variations of the background sources (photometric component). While the latter has been extensively used in the search for dark objects in the Galactic disk and halo (projects like MACHO (Alcock et al, 1997), EROS (Derue et al, 1999), OGLE (Paczynski et al, 1994)), the first effect has not yet been part of a systematic observational program, simply because the observations of very slight displacements in the positions of background sources requires an astrometric accuracy which current telecopes do not yet provide. We investigate here whether the astrometric accuracy of GAIA could enable such measurements and, as a consequence, enable new, direct and original measurements of the mass of nearby stars. [less ▲]

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See detailSurveys with the 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope Project (ILMT) (poster)
Poels, Joël ULg; Moreau, O.; Manfroid, Jean ULg et al

in Banday, A. J.; Zaroubi, S.; Bartelmann, M. (Eds.) Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems X (2001)

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reviewed along with their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several reasons (access to regions near the south ... [more ▼]

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reviewed along with their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several reasons (access to regions near the south galactic pole, galactic center, good image quality, etc.), an excellent site for such an LMT is the Atacama desert. A deep (B~24 mag) LMT survey at latitudes near -22deg -- -29deg will cover ~90 square degrees at high galactic latitude and be especially useful for gravitational lensing studies, for the identification of various classes of interesting extragalactic objects (cf. clusters, supernovae, etc. at high redshift) and for subsequent follow-up observations with 8 m-class telescopes. A short description of the handling of data products is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailHST and ground-based observations of the gravitational lens system Q1009-0252 A & B
Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Khmil, S. V.; Lee, Dong Wook et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2001), 367

In this paper, we propose a critical study of direct images and spectra obtained for the doubly imaged QSO Q1009-0252 A & B (=LBQS1009-0252 A & B). First, we report new observations with the WFPC2 onboard ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a critical study of direct images and spectra obtained for the doubly imaged QSO Q1009-0252 A & B (=LBQS1009-0252 A & B). First, we report new observations with the WFPC2 onboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), in which the lensing galaxy is very clearly detected. We combine these with existing NICMOS observations in order to characterize the nature and redshift of the lens. Our HST observations are also fitted with simple analytical lens models; estimates expected for the time delay and M/L of the lensing galaxy are derived. Secondly, new and existing ground-based observations are used in order to establish the first multicolour lightcurves of the lensed components. Although the time resolution is low, flux variability is detected for both components. Finally, ground-based spectroscopic observations published by Surdej et al. (1993) are re-processed with a new method designed to extract spectra with small angular separations. The final spectra are analysed on the basis of a simple model including macrolensing and microlensing amplifications and dust extinction. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile) and with the Hubble Space Telescope. [less ▲]

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See detailThe relevance of HST observations for studies of quasars, gravitational lenses and intervening gas clouds "
Surdej, Jean ULg; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Jean, C. et al

in Space Sciences, Vol. II, Part 1: Space Scientific Research in Belgium (2001)

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See detailThe 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope Project (ILMT) (poster)
Poels, Joël ULg; Borra, E.; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg et al

in Harnden, F. R.; Primini, F. A.; Payne, H. E. (Eds.) Astronomical Data Analysis Software & Systems X Conference (2001)

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reviewed along with their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several reasons (access to regions near the south ... [more ▼]

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reviewed along with their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several reasons (access to regions near the south galactic pole, galactic center, good image quality, etc.), an excellent site for such an LMT is the Atacama desert. A deep (B~24 mag) LMT survey at latitudes near -22deg -- -29deg will cover ~90 square degrees at high galactic latitude and be especially useful for gravitational lensing studies, for the identification of various classes of interesting extragalactic objects (cf. clusters, supernovae, etc. at high redshift) and for subsequent follow-up observations with 8 m-class telescopes. A short description of the handling of data products is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailSurveys with the 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope
Poels, Joël ULg; Moreau, O.; Manfroid, Jean ULg et al

in Mining the Sky (2001)

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reminded as well as their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several obvious reasons (access to regions near the ... [more ▼]

The working principle of liquid mirror telescopes (LMTs) is first reminded as well as their advantages and disadvantages over classical telescopes. For several obvious reasons (access to regions near the south galactic pole, galactic center, good image quality, ...), a best site location for such a LMT is somewhere in the Atacama desert. At latitudes near -22 - -29 degree, a deep (B = 24 mag.) LMT survey will approximately cover 90 square degrees at high galactic latitude, specially useful for gravitational lensing studies, for the identification of various classes of interesting extragalactic objects (cf. clusters, supernovae, etc. at high redshift) and subsequent follow-up observations with 8m-class telescopes. A short description of the handling of data products is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailQSO colors in the proposed GAIA photometric systems
Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Royer, P.; Surdej, Jean ULg

in Proceedings of the GAIA Workshop (2001)

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See detailMicrolensing observations with the 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope
Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Jean, Christophe ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg

in Menzies, J. W.; Sackett, P. D. (Eds.) The proceedings of the Conference “Microlensing 2000: A New Era of Microlensing Astrophysics” (2001)

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See detailDetermination of the mass of nearby stars from astrometric microlensing observations
Dib, S.; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg

in Surdej, Jean; Swings, J.-P.; Caro, D. (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the LIAC “From optical to millimetric interferometry, scientific and technological challenges” (2001)

The possibility of determining, with a precision of 10%, the mass of bright, nearby stars by means of astrometric microlensing observations is investigated in the context of the future ground-based and ... [more ▼]

The possibility of determining, with a precision of 10%, the mass of bright, nearby stars by means of astrometric microlensing observations is investigated in the context of the future ground-based and spaceborne high precision astrometric instruments, such as the VLT interferometer, GAIA and SIM. [less ▲]

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See detailGravitational lensing
Surdej, Jean ULg; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg

in Bleeker, J. A.; Geiss, J.; Huber, M. (Eds.) The Century of Space Science, Volume I (2001)

Not Available

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See detailQSO mass constraints from gravitational lensing studies of quasar pairs. The cases of Q1548+114 A & B and Q1148+0055 A & B
Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Lee, D.-W.; Remy, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2000), 356

New constraints on the mass of quasars are derived from gravitational lensing studies of the QSO pairs Q1548+114 A & B and Q1148+0055 A & B, for which new ground-based and Hubble Space Telescope (HST ... [more ▼]

New constraints on the mass of quasars are derived from gravitational lensing studies of the QSO pairs Q1548+114 A & B and Q1148+0055 A & B, for which new ground-based and Hubble Space Telescope (HST) direct imagery have been obtained. In the case of Q1548+114 A & B, QSO A has been resolved into its host galaxy and a close companion. The non-detection with HST of a secondary lensed image of the background QSO in the close vicinity of the foreground one and the modeling of the host of QSO A, of the companion and of field galaxies with Singular Isothermal Spheres (SIS) yield a robust upper limit on the central compact mass of 4.5 10[SUP]11[/SUP] M[SUB]sun[/SUB]. On the other hand, the combined mass of Q1148+0055 B plus host must be smaller than 6.5 10[SUP]11[/SUP] M[SUB]sun[/SUB] since no secondary lensed image has been detected with HST. Photometry and relative astrometry of all the detected objects are reported. Based on data collected with the Hubble Space Telescope and at the European Southern Observatory, La Silla, Chile [less ▲]

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See detailLensing properties of 7 damped Lyalpha absorbing galaxy-QSO pairs
Le Brun, V.; Smette, A.; Surdej, Jean ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2000), 363

Le Brun et al. (1997) presented the first identifications of the galaxies giving rise to 7 intermediate redshift damped Lyalpha (DLA) absorption systems. Here, we study the gravitational lensing ... [more ▼]

Le Brun et al. (1997) presented the first identifications of the galaxies giving rise to 7 intermediate redshift damped Lyalpha (DLA) absorption systems. Here, we study the gravitational lensing properties of these foreground galaxies based on their observed optical appearance and on the absence of any secondary lensed quasar image. We consider the possibility that any secondary image be hidden due to extinction by dust, but find it unlikely. We derive upper limits on the amplification factor affecting the luminosity of the background quasars; in each case, this factor is found to be less than 0.3 mag. We also obtain upper limits on the total mass of the damped Ly-alpha galaxies, within radii equal to the quasar impact parameters. Mass-to-light ratios are found to be consistent with existing estimates based on X-ray emission or on motion of dwarf satellites. Although we show that lensing is not important in this sample, we note that existing DLA surveys used to determine the cosmological density of gas at z < 1 are based on samples of quasars brighter than the ones considered here and for which the amplification bias is likely to be stronger. [less ▲]

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See detailGravitational lensing studies with the 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT)
Jean, C.; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg

Poster (1999, October 01)

A 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) is being built in the north of Chile by an international consortium and will become operational in two years from now. We present here a short ... [more ▼]

A 4-m International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) is being built in the north of Chile by an international consortium and will become operational in two years from now. We present here a short description of the telescope as well as estimates of the microlensing, macrolensing and weak lensing effects expected from a deep, multicolor imaging survey made with such a telescope. [less ▲]

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See detailGravitational Lensing by Damped LY alpha Absorbers
Smette, A.; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg

in Carilli, C. L.; Radford, S. J. E.; Menten, K. M. (Eds.) et al Highly Redshifted Radio Lines, ASP Conf. Series Vol. 156 (1999)

Spiral galaxies are thought to be the main responsible for the damped Ly-alpha (DLA) systems seen in QSO spectra. They can also act as gravitational lenses, affecting quantities derived in DLA surveys ... [more ▼]

Spiral galaxies are thought to be the main responsible for the damped Ly-alpha (DLA) systems seen in QSO spectra. They can also act as gravitational lenses, affecting quantities derived in DLA surveys. Assuming that z > 0 spiral galaxies are similar to local ones, we find that, at z 0.5, the number density of DLA systems may be over-estimated by up to 90% and the HI cosmological density (Omega[SUB]HI[/SUB]) by up to 170% in a survey using bright b[SUB]q[/SUB] = 16, z[SUB]q[/SUB] ga 2 QSOs and in the absence of important extinction by dust. Applying our model to existing surveys, we find that Omega[SUB]HI[/SUB] is significantly over-estimated only in the z < 1.7 ones (by 34%). Furthermore, statistical tests indicate that these surveys are indeed affected by gravitational lensing at a 2.3% confidence level. If luminosity functions for flat-spectrum radio-sources and optically selected QSOs are similar in shape and slopes, similar Gling effects should affect surveys for 21cm absorbers using bright, high-z flat-spectrum radio-sources. [less ▲]

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