References of "Chiap, Patrice"
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See detailEnantioresolution of basic pharmaceuticals using cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) as chiral stationary phase and polar organic mobile phases.
Dossou, Katina Sourou Sylvestre ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Chankvetadze, Bezhan et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2009), 1216(44), 7450-5

A polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phase (Sepapak-4), with cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) as chiral selector, has been investigated in liquid chromatography (LC). Its ... [more ▼]

A polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phase (Sepapak-4), with cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) as chiral selector, has been investigated in liquid chromatography (LC). Its enantioresolution power was evaluated towards 13 basic amino-drugs with widely different structures and polarities, using polar organic mobile phases. After preliminary experiments, acetonitrile was selected as the main mobile phase component, to which a low concentration of diethylamine (0.1%) was systematically added in order to obtain efficient and symmetrical peaks. Different organic solvents were first added in small proportions (5-10%) to acetonitrile to modulate analyte retention. Polar organic modifiers were found to decrease retention and enantioresolution while hexane had the opposite effect, indicating normal-phase behaviour under these conditions. The addition of an organic acid (formic, acetic or trifluoroacetic acid) was found to strongly influence the retention of the basic amino drugs in these nonaqueous systems. The nature and proportion of the acidic additive in the mobile phase had also deep impact on enantioresolution. Therefore, the studied compounds could be subdivided in three groups in respect to the acidic additive used. All analytes could be enantioseparated in relatively short analysis times (10-20min) using these LC conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailPre-study and in-study validation of an ultra-high pressure LC method coupled to tandem mass spectrometry for off-line determination of oxytetracycline in nasal secretions of healthy pigs.
Bimazubute, Marcel Aimé ULg; Rozet, Eric ULg; Dizier, Isabelle ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. B : Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical & Life Sciences (2009), 877(23), 2349-57

In order to quantify oxytetracycline (OTC) in nasal secretions of healthy pigs after intramuscular injection of OTC at doses of 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg bodyweight, an original method based on ultra-high ... [more ▼]

In order to quantify oxytetracycline (OTC) in nasal secretions of healthy pigs after intramuscular injection of OTC at doses of 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg bodyweight, an original method based on ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was developed and fully validated. Sample preparation consisted in protein precipitation preceded by the addition of a releasing protein reagent. Metacycline (MTC) was used as internal standard. Separation was carried out at 65 degrees C in the gradient elution mode on a short analytical column filled with Acquity BEH C(18) stationary phase. The mobile phase consisted in a mixture of water and acetonitrile containing 1 mM of oxalic acid and 0.1% (v/v) of formic acid. The triple quadrupole mass spectrometer operated in the positive electrospray ionization mode; OTC and MTC were detected using multiple reaction monitoring. The pre-study and in-study validation of this bioanalytical method was performed by applying a novel strategy based on total measurement error and accuracy profiles. The maximum risk of observing future measurements falling outside the acceptance limits during routine as well as the measurements uncertainty were also estimated. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the nature of the single-isomer anionic CD and the BGE composition on the enantiomeric separation of beta-blockers in NACE.
Rousseau, Anne ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Oprean, Radu et al

in Electrophoresis (2009), 30(16), 2862-8

The separation of ten beta-blockers has been investigated in NACE systems using heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-CD (HDMS-beta-CD) and heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-CD (HDAS-beta-CD ... [more ▼]

The separation of ten beta-blockers has been investigated in NACE systems using heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-CD (HDMS-beta-CD) and heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-CD (HDAS-beta-CD). The influence on enantioresolution, mobility difference and selectivity of the nature of both anionic CD and BGE anion as well as their concentrations were studied by means of a multivariate approach. A D-optimal design with 25 experimental points was applied. For all studied analytes, the enantiomeric resolution was shown to be significantly influenced by both CD nature and concentration. Except for two compounds, HDAS-beta-CD was found to give higher enantioresolution values than HDMS-beta-CD. The best enantioseparation for all compounds was achieved in the presence of a high chiral selector concentration and for most of them at a low BGE anion concentration. For each investigated compound, operating conditions leading to the best enantiomeric resolution were deduced. A generic NACE system was then recommended, namely 10 mM ammonium acetate and 40 mM HDAS-beta-CD in methanol acidified with 0.75 M formic acid. This generic system was able to completely resolve the enantiomers of all beta-blockers, with a R(s) value of at least 4. Finally, the optimal conditions obtained modelling resolution, mobility difference and selectivity were compared. [less ▲]

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See detailLiquid chromatographic determination of enrofloxacin in nasal secretions and plasma of healthy pigs using restricted access material for on-line sample clean-up
Bimazubute, M. A.; Rozet, Eric ULg; Dizier, Isabelle ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2008), 1189(1-2), 456-466

A new fully automated method was developed for the quantitative analysis of an antibacterial drug, enrofloxacin (ENRO), in both nasal secretions and plasma samples of healthy pigs. The method is based on ... [more ▼]

A new fully automated method was developed for the quantitative analysis of an antibacterial drug, enrofloxacin (ENRO), in both nasal secretions and plasma samples of healthy pigs. The method is based on the use of a pre-column packed with restricted access material (RAM), namely RP-18 ADS (alkyl diol silica), for on-line sample clean-up coupled to a liquid chromatographic (LC) column containing octadecyl silica. The only off-line sample preparation was the 50-fold dilution of nasal secretions and plasma samples in the washing liquid composed of 25 mM phosphate buffer of pH 7.4. A 10 μl diluted sample volume was injected directly onto the pre-column and washed for 7 min. By rotation of a switching valve, the analyte of interest was eluted in the back-flush mode with the LC mobile phase which consisted in a mixture of 25 mM phosphate buffer of pH 3.0 and acetonitrile according to a segmented gradient elution. By a new rotation of the switching valve, the pre-column and the analytical column were equilibrated for 3 min with the initial mobile phases. The flow-rate was 0.8 ml min−1 for the washing liquid and 1.5 ml min−1 for the LC mobile phase. ENRO was detected by fluorescence at excitation and emission wavelengths of 278 and 445 nm, respectively. Finally, the developed method was validated using an original strategy based on total measurement error and accuracy profiles as a decision tool. The limits of quantitation of ENRO in plasma and in nasal secretions were 30.5 and 91.6 ng/ml, respectively. The validated method was then applied successfully to the determination of ENRO in healthy pigs treated by intramuscular injection at different doses (2.5, 10 and 30 mg/kg bodyweight) for a pilot study. This method could be also used for the simultaneous analysis of ENRO and its main metabolite, ciprofloxacin (CIPRO). [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of flurbiprofen enantiomers in plasma using a single-isomer amino cyclodextrin derivative in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis.
Rousseau, Anne ULg; Pedrini, Matteo; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Electrophoresis (2008), 29(17), 3641-8

A nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) assay was developed for the separation and determination of flurbiprofen enantiomers in plasma samples using 6-monodeoxy-6-mono(3-hydroxy)propylamino-beta ... [more ▼]

A nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) assay was developed for the separation and determination of flurbiprofen enantiomers in plasma samples using 6-monodeoxy-6-mono(3-hydroxy)propylamino-beta-cyclodextrin as chiral selector. The nonaqueous background electrolyte was made up of 40 mM ammonium acetate in methanol (MeOH), and flufenamic acid was employed as internal standard. Solid-phase extraction was used for sample cleanup prior to the NACE separation.The NACE method reproducibility was optimized by evaluating different capillary washing sequences between runs. After having tested various conditions, trifluoroacetic acid (1 M) in MeOH was finally selected. Concerning the solid-phase extraction procedure, good and reproducible analyte recoveries were obtained using MeOH for protein denaturation and a polymeric phase combining hydrophobic interactions with anion exchange properties (Oasis) MAX) was selected as extraction sorbent. The method selectivity was not only demonstrated toward a blank plasma sample but also toward other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The method was then successfully validated with respect to response function, trueness, precision, accuracy, linearity and limit of quantification. [less ▲]

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See detailRisk-Based Approach for the Transfer of Quantitative Methods: Bioanalytical Applications
Rozet, Eric ULg; Dewé, Walthère ULg; Morello, R. et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2008), 1189

The transfer of analytical methods from a sending laboratory to a receiving one requires to guarantee that this last laboratory will obtain accurate results. Undeniably method transfer is the ultimate ... [more ▼]

The transfer of analytical methods from a sending laboratory to a receiving one requires to guarantee that this last laboratory will obtain accurate results. Undeniably method transfer is the ultimate step before routine implementation of the method at the receiving site. The conventional statistical approaches generally used in this domain which analyze separately the trueness and precision characteristics of the receiver do not achieve this. Therefore, this paper aims first at demonstrating the applicability of two recent statistical approaches using total error-based criterion and taking into account the uncertainty of the true value estimate of the sending laboratory, to the transfer of bioanalytical methods. To achieve this, they were successfully applied to the transfer of two fully automated liquid chromatographic method coupled on-line to solid-phase extraction. The first one was dedicated to the determination of three catecholamines in human urine using electrochemical detection, and the second one to the quantitation of N-methyl-laudanosine in plasma using fluorescence detection. Secondly, a risk-based evaluation is made in order to understand why classical statistical approaches are not sufficient to provide the guarantees that the analytical method will give most of the time accurate results during its routine use. Finally, some recommendations for the transfer studies are proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of a nonaqueous capillary electrophoretic method for the enantiomeric purity determination of R-flurbiprofen using a single-isomer amino cyclodextrin derivative
Rousseau, Anne ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Ivanyi, Robert et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2008), 1204(2), 219-225

Nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) was successfully applied to the enantiomeric purity determination of R-flurbiprofen using 6-monodeoxy-6-mono(2-hydroxy)propylamino-beta-cyclodextrin (IPA-beta ... [more ▼]

Nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) was successfully applied to the enantiomeric purity determination of R-flurbiprofen using 6-monodeoxy-6-mono(2-hydroxy)propylamino-beta-cyclodextrin (IPA-beta-CD) as chiral selector. The nonaqueous BGE was made up of 20 mM IPA-beta-CD, 20 mM ammonium camphorsulfortate and 40 mM ammonium acetate in methanol. Flufenamic acid was selected as internal standard. The CE method was carefully optimized in order to prevent the adsorption of the cationic CD onto the capillary wall, and therefore, to avoid loss of peak efficiency and enantioresolution. To achieve this goal, the addition of ammonium camphorsulfonate was found to be necessary. In the selected conditions, the determination of 0.1% of S-flurbiprofen in R-flurbiprofen could be performed using the method of standard additions. The NACE method was then fully validated by applying a novel strategy using accuracy profiles. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailHarmonization of strategies for the validation of quantitative analytical procedures - A SFSTP proposal - Part II
Hubert, Philippe ULg; Nguyen-Huu, J.-J.; Boulanger, Bruno ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2007), 45(1), 70-81

As reported in a previous paper[1], the main objective of the new commission of the Societe Francaise des Sciences et Techniques Pharmaceutiques (SFSTP) was the harmonisation of approaches for the ... [more ▼]

As reported in a previous paper[1], the main objective of the new commission of the Societe Francaise des Sciences et Techniques Pharmaceutiques (SFSTP) was the harmonisation of approaches for the validation of quantitative analytical procedures. In a series of meetings, members of this Commission have first tried to review the objectives of analytical methods and the objectives of validation methods and to recommend the use of two-sided beta-expectation tolerance intervals for total error of validation samples (accuracy profile) in the acceptance/rejection of analytical method in validation phase. In the context of the harmonization, the other objectives were: (i) to propose a consensus on the norms usually recognized, while widely incorporating the ISO terminology; (ii) to recommend to validate the analytical procedure accordingly to the way it will be used in routine; (iii) to elaborate a rational, practical and statistically reliable strategy to assure the quality of the analytical results generated. This strategy has been formalised in a guide and the three latter objectives made by the Commission are summarised in the present paper which is the second part of summary report of the SFSTP commission. The SFSTP guide has been produced to help analysts to validate their analytical methods. It is the result of a consensus between professionals having expertise in analytical and/or statistical fields. The suggestions presented in this paper should therefore help the analyst to design and perform the minimum number validation experiments needed to obtain all the required information to establish and demonstrate the reliability of its analytical procedure. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and pre-validation of a high sensitive method for the determination of levonorgestrel in human plasma by SPE/LC/MS-MS
Hubert, Cédric ULg; streel, Bruno; Sibenaler, Renilde et al

Poster (2007, July)

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See detailUsing total error as decision criterion in analytical method transfer
Dewé, Walthère ULg; Govaerts, Bernadette; Boulanger, Bruno ULg et al

in Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems (2007), 85(2), 262-268

An analytical transfer is a complete process that consists in transferring a validated analytical method from a sending laboratory (called sender) to a receiving laboratory (called receiver) after having ... [more ▼]

An analytical transfer is a complete process that consists in transferring a validated analytical method from a sending laboratory (called sender) to a receiving laboratory (called receiver) after having experimentally demonstrated that it also masters the method. The decision to transfer an analytical method is usually taken based on the combination of two criteria: one about systematic error and one about random errors. These usual criteria, their combination and their limitations are described in this paper. As it is for method validation, total error-based approaches should be also considered in method transfer. Two approaches are proposed in order to have a total error-based criterion and to take into account the precision of the true value estimate. In the first approach, a beta-expectation tolerance interval similar to the one used in method validation is calculated and then compared to acceptance limits around the estimate of the true value. The second approach, found as slightly more powerful than the first one, consists in estimating the probability to have a result outside these acceptance limits. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNonaqueous capillary electrophoretic behavior of 2-aryl propionic acids in the presence of an achiral ionic liquid - A chemometric approach
Francois, Yannis; Varenne, Anne; Juillerat, Emilie et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2007), 1138(1-2), 268-275

Ionic liquids (ILs) appear really attractive as electrolyte additives in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE). These salts may offer new possibilities of interactions to modulate analyte effective ... [more ▼]

Ionic liquids (ILs) appear really attractive as electrolyte additives in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE). These salts may offer new possibilities of interactions to modulate analyte effective mobilities. The presence of 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (BMIM NTf2) in acetonitrile/alcohol background electrolytes (BGEs) was investigated in this work. The aim of this study was to elucidate the influence of the IL concentration on the electrophoretic behavior of four arylpropionic acids and to identify the interactions between the analytes and the 1L cation. The influence on mobility of the IL concentration, the nature and the proportion of the organic solvents, and the concentration of the ionic components of the BGE was first studied by a univariate approach. A four-factor D-optimal experimental design was then applied to provide a deeper insight into analyte interaction with IL cation present both free in BGE and adsorbed onto the capillary wall. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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