References of "Castronovo, Vincenzo"
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See detailFunctional domains of the 67-kDa laminin receptor precursor.
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Taraboletti, G.; Sobel, M. E.

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1991), 266(30), 20440-6

We report the characterization of two functional domains of the metastasis-associated 67-kDa laminin receptor (67-LR). Using synthetic peptides deduced from the cDNA sequence of the 37-kDa precursor of ... [more ▼]

We report the characterization of two functional domains of the metastasis-associated 67-kDa laminin receptor (67-LR). Using synthetic peptides deduced from the cDNA sequence of the 37-kDa precursor of the laminin receptor (37-LRP) as well as their corresponding affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies, we identified a unique laminin binding site as well as a membrane-associated domain of the receptor. In laminin dot blot and solid phase radioligand assays, a 20 amino acid synthetic peptide (IPCNNKGAHSVGLMWWMLAR, amino acid residues 161-180, designated peptide G) specifically bound to laminin with high affinity (Kd = 5 x 10(-8) M). Peptide G also specifically eluted the 67-LR from a laminin affinity column. Peptide G and laminin reacted with a 1:1 stoichiometry, suggesting that there is one recognition site on laminin for the peptide G domain. Immunofluorescence studies, performed on permeabilized and nonpermeabilized human A2058 melanoma cells using 10 different affinity-purified antibodies to distinct regions of the 37-LRP, identified an unusually short membrane-associated domain that was consistent with a computer predicted transmembrane domain (residues 86-101). Our data demonstrate for the first time that the 37-LRP has two functional domains consistent with the characteristics of the mature 67-LR. Furthermore, we propose peptide G as a potential inhibitor of tumor cell interactions with laminin. [less ▲]

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See detailAugmentation of type IV collagenase, laminin receptor, and Ki67 proliferation antigen associated with human colon, gastric, and breast carcinoma progression.
D'Errico, A.; Garbisa, S.; Liotta, L. A. et al

in Modern Pathology : An Official Journal of the United States & Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc (1991), 4(2), 239-46

The proportion of neoplastic cells immunocytochemically positive for type IV collagenase (IVase), laminin receptor (LR), and Ki67 proliferation-associated antigen increased during the progression of human ... [more ▼]

The proportion of neoplastic cells immunocytochemically positive for type IV collagenase (IVase), laminin receptor (LR), and Ki67 proliferation-associated antigen increased during the progression of human colon, gastric, and breast carcinomas. Thirty cases of colonic adenoma were compared with 30 cases of Dukes' A or B stage carcinoma and ten cases of Dukes' C stage carcinoma. The percentage of positive cells increased significantly (P less than 0.001) for all three antigens comparing carcinomas with adenomas and Dukes' C stage compared with Dukes' A/B stage. The same pattern of antigen correlation with progression was found with 40 human gastric carcinomas. Gastric carcinomas classified as well-differentiated advanced stage contained a significantly higher proportion of tumor cells positive for IVase (P less than 0.001), LR (P less than 0.001), and Ki67 (P less than 0.001) compared with well-differentiated superficial tumors. Gastric carcinomas classified as poorly differentiated superficial had a significantly higher proportion of cells positive for Ki67 (P less than 0.016), but not IVase (P less than 0.069) or LR (P less than 0.075), compared with poorly differentiated advanced tumors. Metastasis of colon and gastric carcinoma retained the immunostaining pattern of the primary tumors. Thirty cases of breast neoplasia were compared with 30 adjacent samples of normal duct epithelium. A positive correlation (P less than 0.001) was found for the immunoreactivity of all three antigens in the invasive carcinomas compared with the normal epithelium. Invasive ductal carcinoma and invasive lobular carcinoma had a significantly higher percentage of immunoreactivity for the three antigens compared with corresponding in situ lesions. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular inhibition of cancer cell invasion and metastasis.
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Stetler-Stevenson, W. G.; Sobel, M. E. et al

in Princess Takamatsu Symposia (1991), 22

A group of coordinated cellular processes, not just one gene product, is responsible for invasion and metastasis, the most life-threatening aspect of cancer. It is now recognized that negative factors may ... [more ▼]

A group of coordinated cellular processes, not just one gene product, is responsible for invasion and metastasis, the most life-threatening aspect of cancer. It is now recognized that negative factors may be just as important as positive elements. Genetic changes causing an imbalance of growth regulation lead to uncontrolled proliferation necessary for both primary tumor and metastasis expansion. However, unrestrained growth does not, by itself, cause invasion and metastasis. This phenotype may require additional genetic changes. Thus, tumorigenicity and metastatic potential have both overlapping and separate features. Invasion and metastasis can be facilitated by proteins which stimulate tumor cell attachment to host cellular or extracellular matrix determinants, tumor cell proteolysis of host barriers, such as the basement membrane, tumor cell locomotion, and tumor cell colony formation in the target organ for metastasis. Facilitory proteins may act at many levels both intracellularly and extracellularly, but are counterbalanced by factors which can block their production, regulation or action. A common theme has emerged: in addition to loss of growth control, an imbalanced regulation of adhesion, proteolysis, and motility appears to be required for invasion and metastasis. Re-equilibrating the expression of the genes involved in these tumor invasion related events could potentially constitute the basis for new anti-cancer therapeutic strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased expression of the laminin receptor in human colon cancer.
Cioce, V.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Shmookler, B. M. et al

in Journal of the National Cancer Institute (1991), 83(1), 29-36

It has been proposed that among the various cell-surface proteins capable of interacting with laminin, the 67-kd high-affinity laminin receptor plays a crucial role during tumor invasion and metastasis ... [more ▼]

It has been proposed that among the various cell-surface proteins capable of interacting with laminin, the 67-kd high-affinity laminin receptor plays a crucial role during tumor invasion and metastasis. In this study, the expression of laminin-receptor-precursor messenger RNA (mRNA) and 67-kd protein was analyzed in human colon adenocarcinoma. In 22 of 23 patients with colon cancer, we found a 2- to 23-fold increase in levels of laminin-receptor-precursor mRNA in the cancer tissues compared with those in matched normal adjacent colonic mucosa. In 10 of 11 cases studied, the level of 67-kd laminin receptor, detected by affinity-purified anti-laminin-receptor synthetic peptide antibodies on immunoblots of matched tumor and normal tissue extracts, was higher in the colon carcinoma tissue. Immunodetection of laminin receptor in tissue sections using anti-laminin-receptor-peptide antibodies confirmed that the increased expression of laminin receptor was specifically associated with the cancer cells. In a series of 72 paraffin sections of colon lesions, we observed a correlation between the expression of the laminin receptor and the Dukes' classification. Our observations indicate that increased expression of laminin-receptor-precursor mRNA is associated with enhanced levels of the 67-kd laminin receptor as well as with the invasive phenotype of colon carcinoma. Detection of this metastasis-associated gene product may be a valuable adjunct in the evaluation of human colon cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailThe high affinity murine laminin receptor is a member of a multicopy gene family.
Fernandez, M. T.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Rao, C. N. et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1991), 175(1), 84-90

The high affinity laminin receptor is differentially expressed in metastasis. We now report that there are multiple copies (6 +/- 1) of the laminin receptor gene in the murine genome of normal diploid ... [more ▼]

The high affinity laminin receptor is differentially expressed in metastasis. We now report that there are multiple copies (6 +/- 1) of the laminin receptor gene in the murine genome of normal diploid cells as well as in cell lines derived from cancer cells. We have analyzed three distinct cDNA clones isolated from an Okayama-Berg cDNA library of transformed mouse fibroblasts that may represent transcripts of three different laminin receptor genes. Polymorphic changes include insertion of bases at the 5' terminus, a base substitution within the coding region resulting in an amino acid change from phenylalanine to leucine, a base substitution obliterating a polyadenylation signal, as well as changes in the length of the 3' untranslated domains. The discovery of multiple transcripts of laminin receptor genes suggests that there is a strong selective pressure to maintain laminin receptor expression in murine cells. [less ▲]

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See detailLe tamoxifene comme premier traitement du cancer du sein chez la femme âgée: un recul de 10 ans
Colin, Claude ULg; Lifrange, Eric ULg; Genicot, F. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1990), 45(11), 533-8

Cinquante-six patientes, âgées de plus de 70 ans, ont été traitées par tamoxifène pour cancer mammaire T1 à T4. Un délai de 3 à 6 mois est nécessaire pour obtenir une régression de l'opacité tumorale dans ... [more ▼]

Cinquante-six patientes, âgées de plus de 70 ans, ont été traitées par tamoxifène pour cancer mammaire T1 à T4. Un délai de 3 à 6 mois est nécessaire pour obtenir une régression de l'opacité tumorale dans 46,4% des cas, une stabilisation dans 30,4% et une augmentation dans 23,2%. Le type de réponse semble indépendant du stade initial de la tumeur. La survie globale à 10 ans n'est pas différente de cette des patientes de même âge qui avaient préféré recourir au traitement loco-régional classique. Par contre, en cas de régression tumorale, la durée de la survie est nettement plus longue et est comparable à celle d'une population témoin de même âge. Les récidives locales sont fréquentes. Elle sont de moins bon pronostic si elles surviennent au cours des trois premières années du traitement. La véritable cause du décès est souvent difficile à préciser chez ces patientes. Une relation directe avec le cancer mammaire n'est observée que dans la moitié des cas. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatiotemporal segregation of endothelial cell integrin and nonintegrin extracellular matrix-binding proteins during adhesion events.
Basson, C. T.; Knowles, W. J.; Bell, L. et al

in Journal of Cell Biology (1990), 110(3), 789-801

Bovine aortic endothelial cell (BAEC) attachments to laminin, fibronectin, and fibrinogen are inhibited by soluble arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD)-containing peptides, and YGRGDSP activity is responsive ... [more ▼]

Bovine aortic endothelial cell (BAEC) attachments to laminin, fibronectin, and fibrinogen are inhibited by soluble arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD)-containing peptides, and YGRGDSP activity is responsive to titration of either soluble peptide or matrix protein. To assess the presence of RGD-dependent receptors, immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting studies were conducted and demonstrated integrin beta 1, beta 3, and associated alpha subunits as well as a beta 1 precursor. Immunofluorescence of BAECs plated on laminin, fibronectin, and fibrinogen reveals different matrix-binding specificities of each of these integrin subclasses. By 1 h after plating, organization of beta 1 integrin into fibrillar streaks is influenced by laminin and fibronectin, whereas beta 3 integrin punctate organization is influenced by fibrinogen and the integrin spatial distribution changes with time in culture. In contrast, the nonintegrin laminin-binding protein LB69 only organizes after cell-substrate contact is well established several hours after plating. Migration of BAECs is also mediated by both integrin and nonintegrin matrix-binding proteins. Specifically, BAEC migration on laminin is remarkably sensitive to RGD peptide inhibition, and, in its presence, beta 1 integrin organization dissipates and reorganizes into perinuclear vesicles. However, RGD peptides do not alter LB69 linear organization during migration. Similarly, agents that block LB69--e.g., antibodies to LB69 as well as YIGSR-NH2 peptide--do not inhibit attachment of nonmotile BAECs to laminin. However, both anti-LB69 and YIGSR-NH2 inhibit late adhesive events such as spreading. Accordingly, we propose that integrin and nonintegrin extracellular matrix-binding protein organizations in BAECs are both temporally and spatially segregated during attachment processes. High affinity nonintegrin interaction with matrix may create necessary stable contacts for longterm attachment, while lower affinity integrins may be important for initial cell adhesion as well as for transient contacts of motile BAECs. [less ▲]

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See detailLaminin and fibronectin increase the steady state level of the 67 kD high affinity metastasis-associated laminin receptor mRNA in human cancer cells.
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Sobel, M. E.

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1990), 168(3), 1110-7

Among the various known laminin binding proteins, the 67 kD high affinity laminin receptor (LR) is intimately involved during tumor invasion and metastasis. In this study, we report that laminin and ... [more ▼]

Among the various known laminin binding proteins, the 67 kD high affinity laminin receptor (LR) is intimately involved during tumor invasion and metastasis. In this study, we report that laminin and fibronectin, two attachment glycoproteins, significantly increased the total cellular level of 67 kD LR mRNA in two human cancer cell lines, T47D breast carcinoma cells and A2058 melanoma cells. Neither GRGDS nor YIGSR synthetic peptides induced such a stimulatory effect. Since the steady state level of LR mRNA has been shown to control the number of receptors expressed at the cell surface, these results suggest that contact of the cancer cells with laminin and fibronectin in the host matrix may be an important regulatory mechanism by which cancer cells maintain a high number of LR at their cell surface as they progress through the several steps of tumoral invasion and metastasis. [less ▲]

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See detailImmunodetection of the metastasis-associated laminin receptor in human breast cancer cells obtained by fine-needle aspiration biopsy.
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Colin, Claude; Claysmith, A. P. et al

in American Journal of Pathology (1990), 137(6), 1373-81

Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the breast is a very useful technique for the evaluation of a suspect lesion before surgical removal. Increased expression of the 67-kd laminin receptor has been ... [more ▼]

Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the breast is a very useful technique for the evaluation of a suspect lesion before surgical removal. Increased expression of the 67-kd laminin receptor has been associated with the metastatic phenotype of cancer cells, particularly in colon and breast cancers. In this study, the expression of laminin receptor was evaluated using the immunoperoxidase technique in 81 breast aspirates (26 benign and 55 neoplastic lesions). Cells obtained from benign samples exhibited a low level of laminin receptor antigen detected by affinity-purified antibody raised against a cDNA-derived laminin receptor peptide. In contrast, 71% of smears obtained from malignant breast lesions contained cells that were strongly stained by the antibody. Heterogeneous expression of the laminin receptor was noted in both breast aspirates and fixed tissue specimens. These data suggest that the immunodetection of laminin receptor in cells obtained by fine-needle aspiration of breast lesions could be a valuable adjunct in the prognostic evaluation of breast lesions. [less ▲]

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See detailPossible Role of Human Natural Anti-Gal Antibodies in the Natural Antitumor Defense System
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Colin, Claude ULg; Parent, B. et al

in Journal of the National Cancer Institute (1989), 81(3), 212-6

Expression of Gal alpha 1-3Gal cell surface residues has been correlated with the metastatic potential of murine tumor cells. We report that Gal alpha 1-3Gal residues are expressed at the cell surface of ... [more ▼]

Expression of Gal alpha 1-3Gal cell surface residues has been correlated with the metastatic potential of murine tumor cells. We report that Gal alpha 1-3Gal residues are expressed at the cell surface of malignant human cancer cells, including four cell lines and 50% of the malignant breast specimens obtained by aspiration biopsy. In contrast, all benign breast biopsies and normal cells were Gal alpha 1-3Gal negative. Affinity-purified anti-alpha-galactosyl IgG (anti-Gal) antibody, which specifically recognizes Gal alpha 1-3Gal residues, significantly inhibited cell attachment in two in vitro assays thought to indicate tumor cell extravasation of the circulatory system during the metastatic process: attachment to perfused human umbilical vein endothelium, and attachment to isolated laminin. Since anti-Gal antibody is a natural component of all human sera, we propose that it may be part of the natural antitumor defense system in humans. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-laminin receptor antibody targeting of liposomes with encapsulated doxorubicin to human breast cancer cells in vitro.
Rahman, A.; Panneerselvam, M.; Guirguis, R. et al

in Journal of the National Cancer Institute (1989), 81(23), 1794-800

The tumor cell laminin receptor is a cell-surface protein that binds laminin with high affinity (Kd = 1.0 nM). The putative ligand-binding domain of the laminin receptor has been molecularly cloned and ... [more ▼]

The tumor cell laminin receptor is a cell-surface protein that binds laminin with high affinity (Kd = 1.0 nM). The putative ligand-binding domain of the laminin receptor has been molecularly cloned and sequenced. In the present study, we used the predicted amino acid sequence of the laminin receptor to generate synthetic peptide antigens and produced immunoglobulin M (IgM) anti-laminin receptor monoclonal antibodies. The disulfide bond group of the IgM molecule was used to couple the antibodies to the surface of liposomes encapsulating doxorubicin. The anti-laminin receptor monoclonal antibodies coupled to the liposomes bound avidly to the surface of MDA-MB-435S (MDA-435) human breast carcinoma cells, which have high numbers of laminin receptors. These antibody-coupled liposomes exhibited a low degree of binding to Hs 578Bst (Hs 578) normal human breast epithelial cells, which express a low number of laminin receptors. Excess liposomes competed for the binding of unbound laminin to the tumor cell surface, and excess laminin competed for binding with the liposomes. Antibody-coupled liposomes encapsulating doxorubicin were specifically more efficient in inhibiting colony formation by MDA-435 cells in vitro than unbound doxorubicin or liposomes without anti-laminin receptor monoclonal antibodies. Unbound doxorubicin inhibited thymidine uptake by 10%-20% in both Hs 578 and MDA-435 cells, whereas the antibody-coupled liposomes encapsulating doxorubicin inhibited thymidine uptake by 90% in MDA-435 cells but only 15% in Hs 578 cells. Thus, use of anti-laminin receptor monoclonal antibodies coupled with liposomes encapsulating doxorubicin represents a new strategy for selective targeting of doxorubicin to carcinoma cells with exposed laminin receptors. [less ▲]

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See detailModulation of laminin receptor expression by estrogen and progestins in human breast cancer cell lines.
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Taraboletti, G.; Liotta, L. A. et al

in Journal of the National Cancer Institute (1989), 81(10), 781-8

The effects of estradiol and two synthetic progestins (ORG2058 and R5020) on the expression of the high-affinity, metastasis-associated laminin receptor in two human breast carcinoma cell lines were ... [more ▼]

The effects of estradiol and two synthetic progestins (ORG2058 and R5020) on the expression of the high-affinity, metastasis-associated laminin receptor in two human breast carcinoma cell lines were examined. The T47D cell line contains estrogen and progesterone receptors, but the MDA-MB 231 cell line lacks both receptors. Treatment of T47D cells with 10(-9) M estradiol alone results in a three-fold increase (P less than or equal to .05) in the steady-state level of laminin receptor mRNA determined by RNA blot analysis as well as in cell-surface, laminin receptor expression that is evaluated by immunofluorescence. No effects of estradiol on the receptor-negative MDA-MB 231 cells were observed. Untreated and steroid-treated MDA-MB 231 cells had higher levels of laminin receptor mRNA than did untreated or estradiol-treated T47D cells. A more dramatic increase (five-fold; P less than or equal to .005) of mRNA and cell-surface expression in T47D cells was observed after treatment with estradiol plus 10(-8) M progestin or with progestin alone. Estradiol treatment also increased chemotaxis and haptotaxis of T47D cells but not of MDA-MB 231 cells to laminin; it had no effect on the attachment of these latter cells to laminin. Interestingly, treatment with estradiol plus progestin or progestin alone significantly increased the attachment of T47D cells to laminin but did not have an effect on either haptotaxis or chemotaxis to laminin. These results suggest that the various cell-laminin interactions are mediated by different mechanisms. The augmentation of laminin receptor mRNA by estrogen and progesterone treatment in hormone receptor-positive cells, but not in cells that lack these receptors, may relate functionally to the difference in the clinical aggressiveness between classes of breast cancers. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for a precursor of the high-affinity metastasis-associated murine laminin receptor.
Rao, C. N.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Schmitt, M. C. et al

in Biochemistry (1989), 28(18), 7476-86

The high-affinity cellular receptor for the basement membrane component laminin is differentially expressed during tumor invasion and metastasis. A cDNA clone encoding the murine laminin receptor was ... [more ▼]

The high-affinity cellular receptor for the basement membrane component laminin is differentially expressed during tumor invasion and metastasis. A cDNA clone encoding the murine laminin receptor was isolated and identified on the basis of sequence homology to the human laminin receptor [Wewer et al. (1986) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 83, 7137-7141]. Primer extension experiments demonstrated that the clone contained the complete 5' sequence of the murine laminin receptor mRNA. RNA blot data demonstrated a single-sized laminin receptor mRNA, approximately 1400 bases long, in human, mouse, and rat. The nascent laminin receptor predicted from the cDNA sequence is 295 amino acids long, with a molecular weight of 33,000, and contains one intradisulfide bridge, a short putative transmembrane domain, and an extracellular carboxy-terminal region which has abundant glutamic acid residues and multiple repeat sequences. The precursor of the laminin receptor is apparently smaller than the 67-kilodalton protein isolated from tissue. The apparent molecular weight on SDS-polyacrylamide gels of the rabbit reticulocyte cell-free translation product of selectively hybridized laminin receptor mRNA is 37,000. Antisera to three different domains of the cDNA-predicted receptor were used to study the relationship between the 37- and 67-kilodalton polypeptides. Antisera to cDNA-deduced synthetic peptides of the receptor immunoprecipitated a 37-kilodalton band both from cell-free translation products and from pulse-labeled cell extracts. On immunoblots of cell extracts, one antisynthetic peptide antiserum recognized only the 67-kilodalton receptor, while another antiserum identified both 37- and 67-kilodalton polypeptides, suggesting a precursor-product relationship between the two polypeptides. [less ▲]

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See detailReactivity of human anti-alpha-galactosyl IgG antibody with alpha(1-->3)-linked galactosyl epitopes exposed on basement membranes and on glomerular epithelial cells: an in vitro and in vivo study in the mouse.
Vecchi, M. L.; Davin, J. C.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg et al

in Clinical & Experimental Immunology (1989), 78(2), 271-7

Anti-alpha-galactosyl antibody (a-Gal Ab) is a human natural antibody belonging to the IgG class, found in high titres in all normal sera regardless of blood group, and specifically recognizing alpha (1 ... [more ▼]

Anti-alpha-galactosyl antibody (a-Gal Ab) is a human natural antibody belonging to the IgG class, found in high titres in all normal sera regardless of blood group, and specifically recognizing alpha (1-->3)-linked galactosyl residues. We have observed by radioimmunoassay, ELISA, passive haemagglutination and immunofluorescence blocking studies that affinity-purified a-Gal Ab reacted with mouse laminin, but not with the other mouse basement membrane proteins tested; it was able to fix complement in vitro. When injected intravenously into mice, the a-Gal Ab was found to mainly accumulate in kidneys, liver, spleen and lungs. No acute respiratory distress syndrome was observed shortly after the i.v. injection of 100 or 200 microg of antibodies. These doses of a-Gal Ab were also unable to induce acute glomerular injury. However, in primary cultures, the a-Gal Ab (100 or 200 microg per ml of medium) was shown to impair the attachment of mouse glomerular epithelial cells to mouse laminin and to elicit complement-dependent cell damage. The data indicate that the a-Gal Ab can interact in vitro and/or in vivo with alpha (1-->3)-linked galactosyl residues exposed on murine laminin or on murine cultured glomerular epithelial cells. Although this antibody fails to be pathogenic when administered at low doses in the intact animal, similar doses can alter some metabolic properties of these cells in vitro. [less ▲]

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See detailInteractions of invasive cells with native and modified extracellular matrix in vitro.
Bracke, M.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; De Bruyne, G. et al

in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (1988), 233

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See detailFlavonoids inhibit malignant tumor invasion in vitro.
Bracke, M. E.; De Pestel, G.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg et al

in Progress in Clinical & Biological Research (1988), 280

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See detailPerfusion of Human Umbilical Veins. A New Approach to Study the Interactions of Circulating Malignant Cells with Vascular Wall and Their Modulations
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Parent, B.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Invasion & Metastasis (1988), 8(6), 332-50

Interactions of malignant or non-malignant human and rodent cells with the vascular wall were studied using perfused human umbilical cord veins. The integrity of perfused endothelium was confirmed by ... [more ▼]

Interactions of malignant or non-malignant human and rodent cells with the vascular wall were studied using perfused human umbilical cord veins. The integrity of perfused endothelium was confirmed by morphological and functional criteria. Highly malignant cells in vivo adhered to the endothelial cells, as shown by scanning electron microscopy. The specific attachment of radiolabelled malignant cells to the whole vein was already maximal within 30-60 min and remained stable for perfusion flow rates ranging between 10 and 60 ml/min. It increased proportionally to the number of cells infused and could be modulated by human platelets, human fibronectin and rabbit anti-laminin antibodies. In contrast, the binding of human or rodent non-malignant cells in vivo, of human red blood cells and of human platelets to the endothelial cells was negligible under similar experimental conditions. This perfusion system therefore represents a new model for elucidating some mechanisms involved in tumour cell arrest in vivo. [less ▲]

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See detailInteractions of invasive cells with native and modified extracellular matrix in vitro.
Bracke, M.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; De Bruyne, G. et al

in In Prodi, G.; Liotta, L. A.; Lollini, P. L. (Eds.) et al Cancer Metastasis : Biological and Biochemical Mechanisms and Clinical Aspects. (1988)

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See detailThe anti-invasive flavonoid (+)-catechin binds to laminin and abrogates the effect of laminin on cell morphology and adhesion
Bracke, M. E.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Van Cauwenberge, R. M. et al

in Experimental Cell Research (1987), 173(1), 193-205

To study the effect of the flavonoid (+)-catechin on cell-matrix interactions two cell types with a different morphology on and adhesion to laminin were used. MO4 virally transformed fetal mouse cells ... [more ▼]

To study the effect of the flavonoid (+)-catechin on cell-matrix interactions two cell types with a different morphology on and adhesion to laminin were used. MO4 virally transformed fetal mouse cells adhere and spread when cultured on top of laminin-coated coverslips or on human amnion basement membrane. M5076 mouse reticulum cell sarcoma cells poorly adhere to these substrates and remain round. Both cell types are invasive in confronting cultures with embryonic chick heart fragments. (+)-Catechin binds to laminin in a pH-dependent way. Pretreatment of laminin-coated coverslips or amnion basement membrane with 0.5 mM (+)-catechin abrogates the effect of laminin on cell morphology and adhesion. MO4 cells do not adhere to the pretreated substrates and remain round, while M5076 cells now adhere and spread. (+)-Catechin inhibits the invasion of MO4 cells but not of M5076 cells into embryonic chick heart in vitro. We speculate that the anti-invasive activity of the flavonoid to MO4 cells is the result of its interference with MO4 cell adhesion to laminin. Invasion of M5076 cells does not imply adhesion to and spreading on laminin. [less ▲]

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