References of "Canivet, Jean-Luc"
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See detailMetachronous type III and type II acute aortic dissections in puerperium.
Radermecker, Marc ULg; Durieux, Rodolphe ULg; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2007), 32(3), 541-3

The case of a 30-year-old non-Marfan woman who developed a type III acute aortic dissection 5 days after delivery, followed within 16 h by an independent type II dissection, is reported. Preoperative CT ... [more ▼]

The case of a 30-year-old non-Marfan woman who developed a type III acute aortic dissection 5 days after delivery, followed within 16 h by an independent type II dissection, is reported. Preoperative CT scan imaging and TEE suggested metachronous type II and type III dissection. This was confirmed at surgery, where limited dissection of the aortic root without communication with the isthmic area via the aortic arch was evidenced. The patient underwent repair of the aortic root and adjacent ascending aorta and was medically treated for her type III dissection. This is the first report of metachronous acute aortic dissections in puerperium. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. SAM apres reparation de la valvule mitrale.
Radermecker, Marc ULg; Warzee, F.; Kerzmann, Arnaud ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(2), 65

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See detailPericardite aspergillaire avec tamponnade cardiaque et syndrome hemophagocytaire: un cas non classique d'immunodeficience
Delcroix, Geoffrey ULg; Vanstraelen, G.; Hustinx, Roland ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(10), 713-8

We report the case of a 31-year-old woman who died in a context of haemophagocytic syndrome with multiple opportunist infections:viral, mycobacterial and fungal. To our knowledge, this is the tenth case ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a 31-year-old woman who died in a context of haemophagocytic syndrome with multiple opportunist infections:viral, mycobacterial and fungal. To our knowledge, this is the tenth case of invasive aspergillosis manifested by an aspergillus pericarditis with cardiac tamponade. Search for HIV infection, neoplasia, haematological malignancies was negative. In addition, the patient carried on a nonviral, non-ethylic cirrhosis, the etiology of which remained unknow. We will particularly develop the aspergillus pericarditis with cardiac tamponade and the haemophagocytic syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of pre-operative intrathecal morphine for analgesia following coronary artery bypass surgery
Roediger, Laurence ULg; Joris, Jean ULg; Senard, Marc ULg et al

in Anaesthesia (2006), 61(9), 838-844

With the emergence of rapid extubation protocols following cardiac surgery, providing adequate analgesia in the early postoperative period is important. This prospective randomised double-blind study ... [more ▼]

With the emergence of rapid extubation protocols following cardiac surgery, providing adequate analgesia in the early postoperative period is important. This prospective randomised double-blind study investigated the benefits of pre-operative intrathecal administration of low dose morphine in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Postoperative analgesia, pulmonary function, stress response and postoperative recovery profile were assessed. Thirty patients were allocated into two groups, receiving either 500 mug of morphine intrathecally prior to anaesthesia and intravenous patient-controlled analgesia with morphine postoperatively following tracheal extubation, or only postoperative intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. In the intrathecal group, the total consumption of intravenous morphine following surgery was significantly reduced by 40% and patients reported lower pain scores at rest, during the first 24 h following extubation. Peak expiratory flow rate was greater and postoperative catecholamine release was significantly lower. Patients in the control group had a higher incidence of reduced respiratory rate following extubation. [less ▲]

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See detailSelection of resistance during sequential use of preferential antibiotic classes
Damas, Pierre ULg; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Ledoux, Didier ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2006), 32

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of antibiotic class pressure on the susceptibility of bacteria during sequential periods of antibiotic homogeneity. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study in a mixed ICU ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of antibiotic class pressure on the susceptibility of bacteria during sequential periods of antibiotic homogeneity. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study in a mixed ICU with three separated subunits of eight, eight, and ten beds. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: The study examined the 1,721 patients with a length of stay longer than 2 days. INTERVENTIONS: Three different antibiotic regimens were used sequentially over 2 years as first-choice empirical treatment: cephalosporins, fluoroquinolone, or a penicillin-beta-lactamase inhibitor combination. Each regimen was applied for 8 months in each subunits of the ICU, using "latin square" design. RESULTS: We treated 731 infections in 546 patients (32% of patients staying more than 48 h). There were 25.5 ICU-acquired infections per 1,000 patient-days. Infecting pathogens and colonizing bacteria were found in 2,739 samples from 1,666 patients (96.8%). No significant change in global antibiotic susceptibility was observed over time. However, a decrease in the susceptibility of several species was observed for antibiotics used as the first-line therapy in the unit. Selection pressure of antibiotics and occurrence of resistance during treatment was documented within an 8-month rotation period. CONCLUSIONS: Antibiotic use for periods of several months induces bacterial resistance in common pathogens [less ▲]

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See detailCombination therapy versus monotherapy: a randomised pilot study on the evolution of inflammatory parameters after ventilator associated pneumonia
Damas, Pierre ULg; Garweg, Christophe ULg; Monchi, Mehran et al

in Critical Care (2006), 10(2), 52

Introduction Combination antibiotic therapy for ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is often used to broaden the spectrum of activity of empirical treatment. The relevance of such synergy is commonly ... [more ▼]

Introduction Combination antibiotic therapy for ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is often used to broaden the spectrum of activity of empirical treatment. The relevance of such synergy is commonly supposed but poorly supported. The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical outcome and the course of biological variables in patients treated for a VAP, using a monotherapy with a beta-lactam versus a combination therapy. Methods Patients with VAP were prospectively randomised to receive either cefepime alone or cefepime in association with amikacin or levofloxacin. Clinical and inflammatory parameters were measured on the day of inclusion and thereafter. Results Seventy-four mechanically ventilated patients meeting clinical criteria for VAP were enrolled in the study. VAP was microbiologically confirmed in 59 patients (84%). Patients were randomised to receive cefepime (C group, 20 patients), cefepime with amikacin (C-A group, 19 patients) or cefepime with levofloxacin (C-L group, 20 patients). No significant difference was observed regarding the time course of temperature, leukocytosis or C-reactive protein level. There were no differences between length of stay in the intensive care unit after infection, nor in ventilator free days within 28 days after infection. No difference in mortality was observed. Conclusion Antibiotic combination using a fourth generation cephalosporin with either an aminoside or a fluoroquinolone is not associated with a clinical or biological benefit when compared to cephalosporin monotherapy against common susceptible pathogens causing VAP. [less ▲]

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See detail60 h of anhepatic state without neurologic deficit
Detry, Olivier ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Delwaide, Jean ULg et al

in Transplant International (2006), 19(9), 769-769

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See detailThe usual causes of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction below the aortic valve in normal ventriculoarterial connection: Review of the physiopathology and surgical implications
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; CANIVET, Jean-Luc ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2005), 105(5), 475-481

Subaortic narrowing leading to left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is a significant pathology that may be encountered pre- or postoperatively in both acquired or congenital cardiac disease ... [more ▼]

Subaortic narrowing leading to left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is a significant pathology that may be encountered pre- or postoperatively in both acquired or congenital cardiac disease. Through a review of the morphological features and mechanisms in the different clinical situations, the anatomic, dynamic and mixed forms of subaortic obstruction are emphasized. Knowledge of the substrate of LVOTO, its physiopathology and natural history allows to plan accordingly the surgical repair and the postoperative management. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of hydroxyethylstarch on renal function in cardiac surgery: A large scale retrospective study
Wiesen, Patricia ULg; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Ledoux, Didier ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2005), 56(3), 257-263

BACKGROUND: Recent reports indicated negative effects of hydroxyethylstarch (HES) on renal function. The goal of this large scale retrospective study was to detect whether there was an association between ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Recent reports indicated negative effects of hydroxyethylstarch (HES) on renal function. The goal of this large scale retrospective study was to detect whether there was an association between postoperative deterioration of renal function and the use of HES 200 kD, 0.5 DS in the cardiac surgery setting. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of daily collected data in 3124 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and/or valvular surgery. Three groups were compared according to differences in fluid therapy: --GEL: gelatin was used as priming fluid of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and for postoperative filling (n = 1276). --MIX: HES was used as priming fluid of ECC an gelatin was used for postoperative filling (n = 1008). --HES: HES was used as priming fluid of ECC and for postoperative filling (n = 840). MAIN RESULTS: There were no significant differences in postoperative serum creatinine concentrations between the 3 groups: GEL: 12,2 +/- 0,5 mg/l; MIX: 12,3 +/- 0.5 mg/l; HES: 12,3 +/- 0.6 mg/l. The need for postoperative extrarenal epuration was not significantly different between the 3 periods: GEL: 2,9%; MIX: 3,1%; HES: 3,8%. CONCLUSION: The use of HES 200 kD, 0.5 DS in cardiac surgery does not seem to be associated with a clinically significant deterioration of postoperative renal function. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. Un courant d'air.
ROUSSEAU, Anne-Françoise ULg; CANIVET, Jean-Luc ULg; CAMPOLINI, Christophe

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2004), 59(10), 550-551

Portal venous gas is a rare radiological symptom related to several possible causes. Its severity is only correlated with the severity of the primary disease. We report the case of a portal pneumatose ... [more ▼]

Portal venous gas is a rare radiological symptom related to several possible causes. Its severity is only correlated with the severity of the primary disease. We report the case of a portal pneumatose. The diagnosis was made by ultrasound and CT scan. [less ▲]

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See detailCardiac tamponade and pulmonary compression due to volvulus of oesophageal coloplasty
Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Piret, Sonia ULg; Hick, Gaëtane ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2004), 55(2), 125-127

We describe an unusual case of cardiac tamponade and pulmonary compression due to acute volvulus of colon interposition occuring late after oesophagectomy. Clinical signs were suggestive of cardiac ... [more ▼]

We describe an unusual case of cardiac tamponade and pulmonary compression due to acute volvulus of colon interposition occuring late after oesophagectomy. Clinical signs were suggestive of cardiac tamponade but there was no evidence of pericardial effusion by transthoracic echocardiography. Thoracic-CT provided the diagnostic clue in revealing the extrapericardial nature (a major dilatation of the colonic transplant) of the tamponade. This diagnosis should be considered in case of acute cardiopulmonary distress occuring early or late after oesophagectomy. [less ▲]

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See detailCitrate vs. heparin for anticoagulation in continuous venovenous hemofiltration: a prospective randomized study
Monchi, Mehran; Berghmans, Denis; Ledoux, Didier ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2004), 30(2), 260-265

Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of adjusted-dose unfractionated heparin with that of regional citrate anticoagulation in intensive care patients treated by continuous venovenous ... [more ▼]

Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of adjusted-dose unfractionated heparin with that of regional citrate anticoagulation in intensive care patients treated by continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH). Design and setting: Prospective, randomized, clinical trial in a 32-bed medical and surgical ICU in a university teaching hospital. Patients: ICU patients with acute renal failure requiring continuous renal replacement therapy, without cirrhosis, severe coagulopathy, or known sensitivity to heparin. Interventions: Before the first CVVH run patients were randomized to receive anticoagulation with heparin or trisodium citrate. Patients eligible for another CVVH run received the other study medication in a crossover fashion until the fourth circuit. Measurements and results: Fortynine circuits (hemofilters) were analyzed: 23 with heparin and 26 with citrate. The median lifetime of hemofilters was 70 h (interquartile range 44–140) with citrate anticoagulation and 40 h (17–48) with heparin (p=0.0007). One major bleeding occurred during heparin anticoagulation and one metabolic alkalosis (pH=7.60) was noted with citrate after a protocol violation. Transfusion rates (units of red cells per day of CVVH) were, respectively, 0.2 (0.0–0.4) with citrate and 1.0 (0.0–2.0) with heparin (p=0.0008). Conclusions: Regional citrate anticoagulation seems superior to heparin for the filter lifetime and transfusion requirements in ICU patients treated by continuous renal replacement therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of MRSA endocarditis during linezolid treatment
Ben Mansour, El Hassan; Jacob, Eric; Monchi, Mehran et al

in European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology (2003), 22(6), 372-373

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See detailBarotrauma-induced tension pneumoperitoneum.
Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Yans, Th; Piret, Sonia ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2003), 54(3), 233-6

We report the case of a massive tension-pneumoperitoneum developing immediately after starting mechanical ventilation (barotrauma). Careful analysis of CT-data provided meaningful informations in ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a massive tension-pneumoperitoneum developing immediately after starting mechanical ventilation (barotrauma). Careful analysis of CT-data provided meaningful informations in assessing the non surgical pulmonary source of pneumo peritoneum. [less ▲]

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See detailLe deficit en alpha-1 antitrypsine. Une indication de transplantation hepatique pediatrique
De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Detry, Olivier ULg; Honore, Pierre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 753-8

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is the most common inborn error of metabolism leading to liver transplantation, and the second cause of liver transplantation in children after biliary atresia. The authors ... [more ▼]

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is the most common inborn error of metabolism leading to liver transplantation, and the second cause of liver transplantation in children after biliary atresia. The authors report the case of a 6-year-old girl, who was suffering from end-stage liver disease secondary to alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. She was successfully treated by whole liver transplantation, the hepatic graft coming from a 3-year-old donor. Three months later she went back to school. The authors discuss the pathogenesis and the natural history of this frequent cause of liver transplantation in children. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Syndrome dyskinetique majeur induit par la ranitidine
Fouddah, A.; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(8), 548-551

We report a case of severe dyskinetic syndrome, consisting of intense myoclonia movements, associated with choreiform activity involving the face and upper extremities. The abnormal movements occurred in ... [more ▼]

We report a case of severe dyskinetic syndrome, consisting of intense myoclonia movements, associated with choreiform activity involving the face and upper extremities. The abnormal movements occurred in a patient with confusion and visual hallucinations. This syndrome had an abrupt onset in a patient recovering from coronary artery bypass surgery complicated by an early post-operative cardiac arrest and acute renal failure. Dyskinesia appeared several days after intravenous administration of ranitidine for stress ulcer prophylaxis. Several etiologies were raised in this case among which were post-anoxic myoclonia and metabolic encephalopathy. Cessation of histamine receptor blocker therapy for 48 hours was associated with return of normal cognitive function and disappearance of abnormal movements. This confirmed the iatrogenic nature of the syndrome related to administration of ranitidine. [less ▲]

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See detailLiver transplantation in Jehovah's witnesses
Detry, Olivier ULg; Honoré, Pierre ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2001, January), 64(1), 53

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See detailIntérêt de la procalcitonine dans le diagnostic des broncho-pneumonies liées au respirateur
Dubois, E.; Nys, N.; Ledoux, L. et al

Poster (2001, January)

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See detailImage du mois. Abces cerebral et toxoplasmose.
Omazic, A. F.; Welter, P.; Piette, Jacques ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(8), 541-2

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