References of "Caneva, Stefano"
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See detailThe persea tree from Alexander to Late Antiquity: A contribution to the cultural and social history of Greco-Roman Egypt
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Ancient Society (2016), 45

Although a great number of studies has already been devoted to the topic of sacred trees in Greco-Roman Egypt, this paper aims at offering a new contribution to this debate by shifting the focus of ... [more ▼]

Although a great number of studies has already been devoted to the topic of sacred trees in Greco-Roman Egypt, this paper aims at offering a new contribution to this debate by shifting the focus of research from the hitherto dominant interest in ancient and modern botanical classifications to the study of the socio-cultural contexts (and their diachronic changes) in which sacred trees were used in Hellenistic and Roman Egypt. The analysis focuses on the case study of the tree called περσ(ε)ία / persea in Greek and Latin sources. After drawing attention to the non-complete overlap between the denomination adopted by Greek and Latin authors for this Egyptian sacred plant and its “emic” Hieroglyphic / Demotic correspondents, ἰšd and šw3b, the focus will be on patterns of continuity, innovation and re-contextualization of Egyptian religious traditions in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt and on the social actors and contexts that were involved in the use and protection of sacred plants. When approached from this perspective, the evidence on persea provides a fruitful dossier to investigate some aspects of the dialectic between continuity and transformation in cultural traditions, with particular regard to cases where traditions were adapted beyond cultural and ethnic limits. Moreover, the persea dossier enables us to discuss ancient contexts in which, for religious reasons, nature was seen as worth of being protected and preserved against the risk of extinction. This will allow us to raise some preliminary questions concerning the limits of applicability of modern environmental thinking to ancient cultures, in contexts in which the preservation of vegetal species was seen as an important value for the identity of a community, thus requiring individual and institutional commitment. [less ▲]

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See detailGiven to a Deity? Religious and Social Reappraisal of Human Consecrations in the Hellenistic and Roman East
Caneva, Stefano ULiege; Delli Pizzi, Aurian ULiege

in Classical Quarterly (2015), 65(1), 167-191

Various cases of human beings ‘dedicated’ to deities are attested in Greek epigraphic evidence. Are these kinds of offerings comparable to the dedication of inanimate objects? Besides, does the fact that ... [more ▼]

Various cases of human beings ‘dedicated’ to deities are attested in Greek epigraphic evidence. Are these kinds of offerings comparable to the dedication of inanimate objects? Besides, does the fact that someone is said to be ‘sacred’ to a specific deity necessarily involve that he went through a process of dedication? This article aims at providing a global picture of different situations in which processes of dedications took place. Among the several issues that are tackled, the cornerstone of this article consists of two questions: for what purposes did some people decide to consecrate a human being to a deity and what were the consequences for the consecrated individuals on religious and social levels? Different categories of persons will be contrasted, in terms of processes through which they acquire their new status but also in terms of the freedom/lack of freedom which is conveyed by this new status. It will also be shown that, as far as method is concerned, it is necessary to complete a lexical analysis with a contextual perspective for a deeper understanding of the problem. [less ▲]

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See detailCostruire una dea. Arsinoe II attraverso le sue denominazioni divine
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Athenaeum : Studii Periodici di Letteratura e Storia (2015), 103(1), 95-122

After a theoretical and methodological introduction to the study of Hellenistic ruler cults, this paper focuses on the divine names of Arsinoe II in literary and documentary sources, with the exception of ... [more ▼]

After a theoretical and methodological introduction to the study of Hellenistic ruler cults, this paper focuses on the divine names of Arsinoe II in literary and documentary sources, with the exception of the exclusive epiclesis Philadelphos. The aim of the research is to study how a new deity could be introduced within pre-existing pantheons, through the analysis of some revealing case studies concerning the creation of divine names. Particular attention is paid to the structure of Arsinoe’s double names, to her maritime denominations in association with Cape Zephyrion and to toponyms related to her cult in Alexandria. [less ▲]

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See detailParadoxon ! Perception de la puissance divine et du pouvoir royal dans l’Alexandrie des Ptolémées.
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Mythos. Rivista di Storia delle Religioni (2015), 8(2014), 55-75

The paper first distinguishes ritual action for sovereigns, which integrates the honoured rulers at a practical level within the religious life of a community, from other, more discrete configurations of ... [more ▼]

The paper first distinguishes ritual action for sovereigns, which integrates the honoured rulers at a practical level within the religious life of a community, from other, more discrete configurations of the relation between royal and divine power. Among these trends, focus is on the rhetorical and spectacular dimension of wonder. The strategies of wonder-making are first studied in theory through paradoxography, then the categories of grandeur, exoticism and technical excellence are identified in action in Alexandrian religious life and festivals. Master of an empire with universal claims and collector of everything that is beautiful, rare and precious in the world, the king distances himself from his subjects in order to make his superior status explicit. Distance is, however, only the premise for the king to manifest himself to the great public through epiphanies that can be compared with those of divine power. The paper also discusses the way the conformism of court elites not only satisfied their own need to claim for distinguished social status, but also helped royal message spread and caused loyalty to it. [less ▲]

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See detailClassical and Hellenistic statuettes of the so–called “Temple Boys”: A religious and social reappraisal.
Caneva, Stefano ULiege; Delli Pizzi, Aurian

in Terranova, Chiara (Ed.) La presenza dei bambini nelle religioni del Mediterraneo antico. La vita e la morte, i rituali e i culti tra archeologia, antropologia e storia delle religioni (2014)

Our paper reconsiders the religious and social significance of a corpus of statuettes representing crouching children with jewels and amulets, principally dedicated in shrines on Cyprus from about the ... [more ▼]

Our paper reconsiders the religious and social significance of a corpus of statuettes representing crouching children with jewels and amulets, principally dedicated in shrines on Cyprus from about the mid–fifth century BC down to the Hellenistic period. The most plausible interpretation of these statues, that of votive dedications aiming to evoke divine protection on small children, will be substantiated by discussion of discovery contexts and of the significance of amulets and other objects decorating these statues, as well as by broader considerations on the place of small children in temples. The variety of configurations of these statues will also be taken into account in order to discuss the possibility of various interpretations instead of one single interpretative paradigm. [less ▲]

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See detailRuler cults in practice: Sacrifices and libations for Arsinoe Philadelphos, from Alexandria and beyond
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Muccioli, Federicomaria; Gnoli, Tommaso (Eds.) Divinizzazione, culto del sovrano e apoteosi. Tra Antichità e Medioevo (2014)

In this paper I discuss the dossier of cults for Arsinoe II Philadelphos to investigate how the worship of a sovereign could concretely become a constitutive part of the religious life of the communities ... [more ▼]

In this paper I discuss the dossier of cults for Arsinoe II Philadelphos to investigate how the worship of a sovereign could concretely become a constitutive part of the religious life of the communities composing a kingdom. I argue that in order to let the worship of a sovereign survive the political context in which it was first conceived, a certain degree of freedom and of individual initiative must have been encouraged among potential worshippers, so that the cults could become part of a durable shared religious and political identity connecting the individual with the collective sphere. [less ▲]

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See detailL’apport des cultes royaux hellénistiques au débat sur la polis religion dans le monde hellénistique
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

Conference (2014, January 25)

La contribution suivante attire l’attention sur quelques enjeux du projet de recherche mené par l’Auteur, intitulé « Ritual Practicalities of Hellenistic Ruler Cults: A ‘Practice-Turn’ in the religious ... [more ▼]

La contribution suivante attire l’attention sur quelques enjeux du projet de recherche mené par l’Auteur, intitulé « Ritual Practicalities of Hellenistic Ruler Cults: A ‘Practice-Turn’ in the religious and social history of the Hellenistic period ». Le but de ce projet est de combler une lacune dans la recherche sur les cultes royaux hellénistiques en déplaçant l’attention de leurs justifications idéologiques, qui a occupé jusqu’ici une position prioritaire dans les études, à la pratique religieuse et à ses fondements sociaux. L’attention se concentrera donc sur les actes cultuels, en se posant la question de savoir comment, par qui et dans quels contextes les rituels pour les souverains furent intégrés dans la vie religieuse des communautés hellénistiques. Il s’agira de combiner l’histoire religieuse (usage, adaptation et innovation des traditions religieuses antérieures et d’éléments particuliers du culte en relation avec les cultes royaux) et l’histoire sociale et politique (les cultes royaux dans les dynamiques locales et globales ; développements diachroniques). L’aspect sur lequel se concentre la communication présente concerne la place méthodologique de l’étude des cultes royaux dans le débat sur la « polis religion » et l’ « individualisation du religieux » dans le monde gréco-romain. [less ▲]

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See detailCourtly Love, Stars, and Power: The Queens in Third Century Royal Couples, through Poetry and Epigraphic Texts
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Harder, Annette; Regtuit, Remco; Wakker, G. C. (Eds.) Hellenistic Poetry in Context. (2014)

I discuss the role of women and erōs in court poetry, by focusing on the ruling pair, i.e. the couple par excellence, and arguing that a gentle, reciprocal love within the bonds of marriage is presented ... [more ▼]

I discuss the role of women and erōs in court poetry, by focusing on the ruling pair, i.e. the couple par excellence, and arguing that a gentle, reciprocal love within the bonds of marriage is presented as a crucial value, ensuring wealth and social order as well as the continuity of the dynasty itself. Because court life is a fashionable source of models for the elite, the poetic motif of requited love also influences the ideal depiction of love outside the ruling pair. After focusing on how internal patterns of relationship between characters shape the role of the queen in Alexandrian court poetry, I turn to non-literary, epigraphic evidence, in order to show how poetic representations of royal love integrate into a wider ideological program. Although my study mainly concerns Ptolemaic ruling pairs, I discuss some epigraphic parallels from the Seleucid dynasty as well, so that some general observations can be made on early Hellenistic queenship. [less ▲]

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See detailEdipo alla tavola rotonda della decolonizzazione. The Gods Are not to Blame di Ola Rotimi
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Pinotti, Patrizia; Stella, Massimo (Eds.) Edipo. Margini confini periferie (2013)

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See detailGiulio Massimilla (ed.), Callimaco, Aitia. Libro terzo e quarto, «Biblioteca di studi antichi» 92, Pisa/Roma, Fabrizio Serra editore, 2010.
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Athenaeum : Studii Periodici di Letteratura e Storia (2013), 101.I-II

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See detailJ.E. Skinner, The Invention of Greek Ethnography: From Homer to Herodotus. Oxford, University Press, 2012.
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Bryn Mawr Classical Review [=BMCR] (2013), 2013.05.05

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See detailLa face cachée des intrigues de cour. Prolégomènes à une étude du rôle des femmes royales dans les royaumes hellénistiques
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Mètis : Revue d’Anthropologie du Monde Grec Ancien : Philologie, Histoire, Archéologie (2013)

Dans mon intervention je me propose de partir des représentations du rôle des femmes dans les récits stéréotypés sur la dégénération des cours hellénistiques pour réfléchir sur les « dessous » politiques ... [more ▼]

Dans mon intervention je me propose de partir des représentations du rôle des femmes dans les récits stéréotypés sur la dégénération des cours hellénistiques pour réfléchir sur les « dessous » politiques (institutionnels et idéologiques) que ces récits ne sont pas à même, ou ne veulent pas, révéler. J’articulerai mon discours suivant quatre mots-clés : complot ; basilissa ; Aphrodite ; euergétisme. Le complot, la première activité qui caractérise les reines hellénistiques dans l’historiographie, dépend en fait souvent de l’incapacité des auteurs grecs de comprendre en sens politique le rôle des femmes dans une tradition, celle de la Macédoine, qui est différente de celle qu’ont développée les poleis de la Grèce péninsulaire. Par conséquent, les intrigues amoureuses dont les reines sont protagonistes peuvent être lues, dans la plupart des cas, comme une ressource narrative topique, employée pour palier à un déficit d’interprétation politique. Pourtant, l’insuffisance du récit historiographique n’est pas toujours un symptôme de naïveté : l’analyse de certains cas spécifiques montre que la topique de la femme qui utilise la séduction pour tramer des complots à l’intérieur de la cour fonctionne parfois comme un instrument de propagande, visant à effacer les vraies motivations politiques des guerres et des conspirations. Mais propagande diffamatoire mise à part, où faut-il chercher les vrais enjeux du rôle politique des reines hellénistiques ? Un premier problème se pose parce que, dans le vocabulaire politique de l’hellénisme, le féminin basilissa n’a pas une fonction équivalente au masculin basileus. Alors que celui-ci renvoie à l’unicité institutionnelle du roi, basilissa peut être la reine, en tant que femme du roi (terme qui se révèle déjà ambigu dans le système de polygamie traditionnelle argéade), aussi bien que d’autres femmes royales, à partir des princesses jusqu’aux hetairai royales. A l’unicité institutionnelle du basileus, s’oppose donc la pluralité, ouverte à plusieurs types de relations familiales, des basilissai. Ce décalage linguistique et politique a notamment des conséquences sur notre compréhension des sources, d’autant plus quand il s’agit de la traduction regina dans l’historiographie romaine sur l’hellénisme. Les reines hellénistiques sont presque toujours associées à Aphrodite. Pourquoi ? Une comparaison entre Theocr. XVII et le dossier épigraphique sur Laodike III montrera les liens entre cette identification avec la déesse de la séduction, évoquant aussi bien la fécondité des nouvelles épouses, et la ratification idéologique d’un modèle de légitimité de la reine à l’intérieur de la cour et de la société. Ce modèle s’appuie sur une relation entre l’ euérgetisme de la reine, c’est à dire son intervention résolutive à la fois dans la vie de la cour et dans les relations politiques avec les poleis et les temples, et la diffusion des cultes en son honneur. Mais, comme pour les rois, l’euergétisme n’a pas seulement un côté idéologique. Les reines hellénistiques peuvent agir comme des bienfaiteurs parce qu’elles peuvent disposer de rentes et d’un certain niveau d’indépendance économique et politique, selon un statut dont les modèles seront à distinguer suivant plusieurs traditions, de celle de la Macédoine à celles de la Perse et de l’Égypte, en passant par des cultures de contact, comme celles qu’a développées l’histoire séculaire des dynasties de l’Asie Mineure. [less ▲]

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See detailRenewed in Translation: The Persea Tree from Egypt to the Greeks
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

Conference (2013, February 07)

The paper investigates continuities and ruptures in the meaning and use of the sacred persea tree from Pharaonic to Graeco-Roman tradition, by focusing on a period from III cent. BC to late Antiquity.

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See detailIl coro del re. Capo e comprimari nella storiografia e nell’epos fra IV e III secolo a.C.
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Quaderni di Storia (2013), 77

The paper investigates court thiasoi and banquet scenes as well as the general councils of the Macedonian army in the historiography on Alexander and the Successors and in Apollonius’ Argonautica in order ... [more ▼]

The paper investigates court thiasoi and banquet scenes as well as the general councils of the Macedonian army in the historiography on Alexander and the Successors and in Apollonius’ Argonautica in order to show parallels in the representation of the relations between the king and his entourage. The studied cases (Alexander in Asia; Ptolemy in Memphis; Jason in the Argonauts’ councils) allow a reappraisal of the work of the historian Cleitarchus and the poet Apollonius Rhodius and show a common portrait of the leader as primus inter pares. In epic as in historiography, the leader is chosen by the hetairoi on the ground of his outstanding leading skills and his role as a religious chief makes him play a function similar to that of a priest in a thiasos. [less ▲]

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See detailThe agyieus pillar, Egyptian legal papyri, and the cult of Arsinoe Philadephos in the streets of Alexandria
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2013)

This paper is divided into two sections. The first aims to offer a thorough discussion of the agyieus and of types of altar for Arsinoe Philadelphos as well as of the offerings devoted to her in the ... [more ▼]

This paper is divided into two sections. The first aims to offer a thorough discussion of the agyieus and of types of altar for Arsinoe Philadelphos as well as of the offerings devoted to her in the Ptolemaic kingdom. The second explores the relationship that exists between the agyieus and the creation of cultic double names of Arsinoe in the streets of Alexandria. By combining the evidence on Arsinoe’s altars with a set of legal papyri attesting her divine names in Alexandria, I argue that in the Ptolemaic capital, the agyieis had a twofold function. They served firstly, as cult places for Arsinoe and secondly, as city landmarks. I will also argue that the second function of the agyieis, as city landmarks, survived the Ptolemaic cult of the Philadelphos and was ultimately preserved in long-lasting toponyms. [less ▲]

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See detailBeate Dignas, R.R.R. Smith (eds), Historical & Religious Memory in the Ancient World, Oxford, University Press, 2012.
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Kernos : Revue Internationale et Pluridisciplinaire de Religion Grecque (2013), 26

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See detailArsinoe divinizzata al fianco del re vivente Tolemeo II. Uno studio di propaganda greco-egiziana (270-246 a.C.)
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Historia. Zeitschrif für Alte Geschichte (2013), 62.3

A review of the Greek and Egyptian sources showing the deceased and divinized queen Arsinoe II on the side of the living king Ptolemy II. In addition to the cults of Arsinoe under the kingdom of her ... [more ▼]

A review of the Greek and Egyptian sources showing the deceased and divinized queen Arsinoe II on the side of the living king Ptolemy II. In addition to the cults of Arsinoe under the kingdom of her brother and husband Ptolemy II, I am interested to re-discuss the famous passage of Chremonides' decree where Arsinoe is mentioned among the models of Ptolemy's commitment to Greek freedom. [less ▲]

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See detailArsinoé II, déesse gréco-égyptienne à travers quelques petites stèles prolémaiques
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

Scientific conference (2012, December 07)

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