References of "Cambier, Carole"
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See detailTolerance study in broiler chickens after the oral administration of doxycycline with the drinking water
Cambier, Carole ULg; Marlier, Didier ULg; De Busser, J

in Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics (2006)

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See detailEfficacy of ceftiofur and flunixin in the early treatment of bronchopneumonia in weaners
Halloy, D. J.; Cambier, Carole ULg; Gustin, Pascal ULg

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2006), 158(9), 291-296

Three groups of five pigs were inoculated intratracheally with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharides, and 24 hours later with 10 x 10(9) colony-forming units of a non-toxigenic strain of Pasteurella ... [more ▼]

Three groups of five pigs were inoculated intratracheally with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharides, and 24 hours later with 10 x 10(9) colony-forming units of a non-toxigenic strain of Pasteurella multocida type A; a fourth group was left uninoculated as controls. The three inoculated groups received either no treatment (positive controls), or were treated with 3 mg/kg ceftiofur intramuscularly once a day for five consecutive days, either alone or combined with 2 mg/kg flunixin intramuscularly once a day for three consecutive days. The sustained coughing and hyperthermia recorded in the positive controls disappeared after two days and three days of treatments, respectively, in the treated animals, and the reductions in daily weight gain and changes in breathing pattern observed in the controls were not observed in the treated animals. There were no significant differences between the pigs treated with ceftiofur alone or ceftiofur combined with flunixin. In the positive controls, the number of inflammatory cells in samples of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid continued to increase up to 15 days after inoculation, whereas in the treated animals there were similar increases at six days but the numbers had decreased to baseline levels after 15 days. Similarly, in the treated animals the volume of the lung lesions was significantly less than in the control animals, but the inclusion of flunixin in the treatment regimen had no significant additional effect [less ▲]

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See detailBlood-oxygen binding in healthy Standardbred horses
Cambier, Carole ULg; Di Passio, N.; Clerbaux, T. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2005), 169(2), 251-256

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of regulating factors on the oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) under standard conditions and then to calculate the oxygen extraction between arterial and ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of regulating factors on the oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) under standard conditions and then to calculate the oxygen extraction between arterial and jugular venous blood in healthy Standardbred horses. The results were compared to those previously obtained in humans and cattle, using the same experimental method. The partial oxygen pressure at 50% saturation of haemoglobin, measured under standard conditions (standard P50), was 24.8 +/- 2.0 (SD of mean) mm Hg. This value was similar to the cattle standard P50 (25.0 +/- 1.4 mm Hg, SD of mean) but lower than the human standard P50 (26.6 +/- 1.2 mmHg, SD of mean) previously reported using the same experimental method. The effects of regulating factors on the standard OEC were also determined, and a major effect of pH and temperature was noted. In contrast, partial carbon dioxide pressure played only a minor role in horses, compared to cattle and humans. No significant correlation was found between phosphate and chloride concentrations and standard P50. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of intravenous infusions of sodium bicarbonate on blood oxygen binding in calves with diarrhoea
Cambier, Carole ULg; Clerbaux, Thierry; Detry, Bruno et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2005), 156(22), 706-710

Twelve diarrhoeic calves were treated intravenously with an isotonic solution containing sodium bicarbonate, and their oxygen equilibrium curves (OECs) were calculated under standard conditions and ... [more ▼]

Twelve diarrhoeic calves were treated intravenously with an isotonic solution containing sodium bicarbonate, and their oxygen equilibrium curves (OECs) were calculated under standard conditions and compared with those of a group of healthy calves. The relationships between the OECs for arterial and venous blood and the oxygen extraction ratio were investigated. in the diarrhoeic calves, the affinity of haemoglobin for oxygen, measured under standard conditions, was increased compared with the healthy animals. During the infusion, the standard partial oxygen pressure at 50 per cent saturation of haemoglobin (P50) values stayed below the values recorded in the healthy animals. At the end of the infusion the mean standard P50 of the diarrhoeic calves was lower than before the infusion. The combined effects of all the regulating factors on blood oxygen binding resulted in the OECS of the arterial and jugular venous blood of the diarrhoeic calves remaining unchanged compared with the healthy calves. However, the administration of the infusion decreased the P50 of both the arterial and venous blood to below the value recorded in the healthy calves. oxygen extraction by the tissues was impaired in the diarrhoeic calves throughout the infusion, and they remained dehydrated and depressed until 120 minutes after the infusion began [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of bronchodilators in feline airways: In vitro and in vivo investigations
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Delvaux, F. et al

in In proceedings: 15th Congress European College of Veterinary Internal Medicine – companion animals (2005)

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See detailEvaluation of the bronchoprotective effects of inhaled salmeterol, fenoterol and oxitropium in healthy cats
Kirschvink, Nathalie; Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Delvaux, F. et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2005), 19

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See detailIn vitro and in vivo effects of salbutamol acetonide on cat airways
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Delvaux, F. et al

in Proceedings: Société Belge de Physiologie et de Pharmacologie Fondamentales et Cliniques (2005)

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See detailIn vitro pharmacological activity of salbutamol acetonide on the isolated guinea-pig trachea and porcine bronchus
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Delvaux, F. et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2005), 19

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See detailEvaluation expérimentale de la fonction pulmonaire chez le porc
Halloy, D.; Cambier, Carole ULg; Kirschvink, N. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2004), (148), 91-96

This synthesis aims to review the pulmonary function tests available in swine. Two techniques are used in order to measure the variations of the mechanical properties of the respiratory system. The ... [more ▼]

This synthesis aims to review the pulmonary function tests available in swine. Two techniques are used in order to measure the variations of the mechanical properties of the respiratory system. The oesophageal balloon remains the most used technique in order to determine these properties in pigs. However, it requires a systematic anaesthesia of the animal. The impulse oscillometry specifically measures the mechanical properties of the respiratory system, by a non invasive way, but the animals have to be trained to be immobilized or sedated to perform the measurement. The whole body arometric plethysmography allows measuring the respiratory pattern in unsedated freely moving piglets. That method allows investigating pigs for long term studies while minimizing the stress related to handling. From this point of view, it represents the less stressing technique for pigs. Finally, blood gases analysis is the easiest method to use in the field. It permits to assess respiratory function by measuring pH and blood partial pressures in oxygen and carbon dioxide [less ▲]

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See detailOxygen consumption and blood oxygen transport in endotoxemic calves
Cambier, Carole ULg; Clerbaux, T.; Detry, B. et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2004), 447

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See detailInfluence of chloride and phosphate on the binding of oxygen to canine and feline red blood cells
Cambier, Carole ULg; Wiernickx; Clerbaux, Th et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2004), 447

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See detailHaemoglobin oxygen affinity and regulating factors of the blood oxygen transport in canine and feline blood
Cambier, Carole ULg; Wierinckx, Maude ULg; Clerbaux, T. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (2004), 77(1), 83-88

Complete dynamic oxygen equilibrium curves (OEC) on dogs and cats whole blood were measured at 33, 37 and 41 degrees C. OEC were also run at three partial carbon dioxide pressures (20, 40 and 80 mmHg) as ... [more ▼]

Complete dynamic oxygen equilibrium curves (OEC) on dogs and cats whole blood were measured at 33, 37 and 41 degrees C. OEC were also run at three partial carbon dioxide pressures (20, 40 and 80 mmHg) as well as at five pH levels (7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 and 7.6). 2,3- diphosphoglycerate (DPG) concentrations were determined. Results were compared to those previously published in humans, using the same experimental method [Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 106 (1993) 687]. In standard conditions (pH 7.4, pCO2 40 mmHg and temperature 37 degrees C), the partial oxygen pressure at half-saturation of haemoglobin (p50) was 30.0+/-1.3 mmHg for dogs and 34.1+/-1.8 mmHg for cats. Cat's OEC was thus rightshifted compared to dog's OEC, itself rightshifted compared to human OEC. 2,3-DPG concentrations were higher in dogs than in men until they were very low in cats. Contrary to that observed in human medicine, no significant correlation was identified between standard p50 and canine 2,3-DPG values. Influence of pH, pCO2 and temperature on the OEC was saturation dependent. In dogs, Delta log p50/Delta pH was equal to -0.370, Delta log p50/Delta log pCO2 was 0.093 and Delta log p50/Delta T was 0.020. In cats, Delta log p50/Delta pH was equal to -0.405, Delta log p50/Delta log pCO2 was 0.080 and Delta log p50/Delta T was 0.016. Practically, temperature and pH variations exert a lesser influence in domestic carnivores than in humans, effect of pCO2 being similar in both. [less ▲]

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See detailCalculation of bovine haemoglobin oxygen saturation by algorithms integrating age, haemoglobin content, blood pH, partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood, and temperature.
Detry, Benoit; Cambier, Carole ULg; Frans, A. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2003), 165(3), 258-265

In human and veterinary medicine, arterial and venous haemoglobin oxygen saturations are often used to estimate the severity of a disease and to guide therapeutic decisions. In veterinary medicine ... [more ▼]

In human and veterinary medicine, arterial and venous haemoglobin oxygen saturations are often used to estimate the severity of a disease and to guide therapeutic decisions. In veterinary medicine, haemoglobin oxygen saturation (SO(2)) is usually calculated using a blood gas analyser and algorithms developed for humans. It is possible, therefore, that the values obtained in animals may be distorted, particularly in animals with a high haemoglobin oxygen affinity, like young calves. In order to verify this hypothesis, we compared the arterial (SaO(2)) and venous (SvO(2)) haemoglobin oxygen saturations calculated using three different algorithms, and the oxygen exchange fraction (OEF) at the tissue level, which is the degree of haemoglobin desaturation between arterial and venous blood (SaO(2)-SvO(2)), with the values obtained from the whole bovine oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) determined by a reference method. The blood gas analysers underestimated SvO(2) values; consequently, the OEF was overestimated (by about 10%). Two methods of reducing these errors were assessed. As the haemoglobin oxygen affinity decreases during the first month of life in calves a relationship between PO(2) at 50% haemoglobin saturation (P50) and age was established in order to correct the calculated values of venous and arterial SO(2), taking into account the estimated position of the OEC. This method markedly reduced the error for SvO(2) and OEF. Secondly, the SO(2) was calculated using a mathematical model taking into account the age of the animal and the specific effects of pH, PCO(2), and temperature on the bovine OEC. Using this method, the mean difference between the OEF values calculated using the mathematical model and those calculated by the reference method was close to zero. The errors produced by blood gas analysers can thus be minimised in two ways: firstly, by simply introducing a P50 estimated from the age of the calf into the analyser before the measurement; and secondly, by calculating the SO(2) using a mathematical model applied to the bovine OEC. [less ▲]

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See detailMedicinal composition and in particular its use in fluid therapy
Gustin, Pascal ULg; Cambier, Carole ULg; Clerbaux, Thierry et al

Patent (2002)

The invention concerns a medicinal composition comprising, in therapeutically efficient amounts, hypertonic sodium chloride, at least a molecule directly or indirectly providing a relaxing effect on the ... [more ▼]

The invention concerns a medicinal composition comprising, in therapeutically efficient amounts, hypertonic sodium chloride, at least a molecule directly or indirectly providing a relaxing effect on the vascular smooth muscles, and at least a molecule capable of supplying an exogenous phosphate input. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanisms controlling the oxygen consumption in experimentally induced hypochloremic alkalosis in calves
Cambier, Carole ULg; Clerbaux, Thierry; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (2002), 33

The study was carried out on healthy Friesian calves (n = 10) aged between 10 and 30 days. Hypochloremia and alkalosis were induced by intravenous administration of furosemide and isotonic sodium ... [more ▼]

The study was carried out on healthy Friesian calves (n = 10) aged between 10 and 30 days. Hypochloremia and alkalosis were induced by intravenous administration of furosemide and isotonic sodium bicarbonate. The venous and arterial blood samples were collected repeatedly. 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG), hemoglobin and plasmatic chloride concentrations were determined. The red blood cell chloride concentration was also calculated. pH, PCO2 and PO2 were measured in arterial and mixed venous blood. The oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) was measured in standard conditions. The correspondence of the OEC to the arterial and mixed venous compartments was calculated, taking blood temperature, pH and PCO2 values into account. The oxygen exchange fraction (OEF%), corresponding to the degree of blood desaturation between the arterial and mixed venous compartments and the amount of oxygen released at the tissue level by 100 mL of blood (OEF Vol%) were calculated from the arterial and mixed venous OEC, combined with PO2 and hemoglobin concentration. Oxygen delivery (DO2) was calculated using the arterial oxygen content, the cardiac output measured by thermodilution, and the body weight of the animal. The oxygen consumption (VO2) was derived from the cardiac output, OEF Vol% and body weight values. Despite the plasma hypochloremia, the erythrocyte chloride concentration was not influenced by furosemide and sodium bicarbonate infusion. Due to the alkalosis-induced increase in the 2,3-DPG, the standard OEC was shifted to the right, allowing oxygen to dissociate from hemoglobin more rapidly. These changes opposed the increased affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen induced by alkalosis. Moreover, respiratory acidosis, hemoconcentration, and the slight decrease in the partial oxygen pressure in mixed venous blood (Pvo(2)) tended to improve the OEF Vol% and maintain the oxygen consumption in a physiological range while the cardiac output, and the oxygen delivery were significantly decreased. It may be concluded that, despite reduced oxygen delivery, oxygen consumption is maintained during experimentally induced hypochloremic alkalosis in healthy 10-30 day old calves [less ▲]

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See detailBlood oxygen binding in hypoxaemic calves
Cambier, Carole ULg; Clerbaux; Detry, Bruno et al

in Veterinary Research (2002), 33(3), 283-290

Blood oxygen transport and tissue oxygenation were studied in 28 calves from the Belgian White and Blue breed (20 healthy and 8 hypoxaemic ones). Hypoxaemic calves were selected according to their high ... [more ▼]

Blood oxygen transport and tissue oxygenation were studied in 28 calves from the Belgian White and Blue breed (20 healthy and 8 hypoxaemic ones). Hypoxaemic calves were selected according to their high respiratory frequency and to their low partial oxygen pressure (PaO2) in the arterial blood. Venous and arterial blood samples were collected, and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate, adenosine triphosphate, chloride, inorganic phosphate and hemoglobin concentrations, and pH, PCO, and PO2 were determined. An oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) was measured in standard conditions, for each animal. The arterial and venous OEC were calculated, taking body temperature, pH and PCO2 values in arterial and venous blood into account. The oxygen exchange fraction (OEF%), corresponding to the degree of blood desaturation between the arterial and the venous compartments, and the amount of oxygen released at the tissue level by 100 mL of blood (OEF Vol%) were calculated from the arterial and venous OEC combined with the PO2 and hemoglobin concentration. In hypoxaemic calves investigated in this study, the hemoglobin oxygen affinity, measured under standard conditions, was not modified. On the contrary, in vivo acidosis and hypercapnia induced a decrease in the hemoglobin oxygen affinity in arterial blood, which combined to the decrease in PaO2 led to a reduced hemoglobin saturation degree in the arterial compartment. However, this did not impair the oxygen exchange fraction (OEF%), since the hemoglobin saturation degree in venous blood was also diminished. [less ▲]

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See detailBlood Oxygen Binding in Calves with Naturally Occurring Diarrhea
Cambier, Carole ULg; Clerbaux, T.; Moreaux, B. et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (2001), 62(5), 799-804

OBJECTIVE: To assess blood oxygen binding in calves with diarrhea. ANIMALS: 22 dairy and 26 double-muscled calves with diarrhea, 31 healthy dairy calves and 37 healthy double-muscled calves. PROCEDURE ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To assess blood oxygen binding in calves with diarrhea. ANIMALS: 22 dairy and 26 double-muscled calves with diarrhea, 31 healthy dairy calves and 37 healthy double-muscled calves. PROCEDURE: Severity of disease, including the ability of affected calves to stand, was evaluated. Hydration and signs of depression were scored. Venous and arterial blood samples were collected, and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate, ATP, chloride, inorganic phosphate, lactate, pyruvate, total protein, albumin, and hemoglobin concentrations, and Hct, pH, Pco2, and PO2 were determined. Oxygen equilibrium curves (OEC) were constructed under standard conditions, and oxygen extraction ratios were calculated. RESULTS: Recumbent calves of both breed-types were more dehydrated and had more severe signs of depression than ambulatory affected calves. In both breed-types, hemoglobin oxygen affinity was increased in calves with diarrhea, compared with healthy calves, as indicated by a decrease in standard partial oxygen pressure (P50). Diarrhea induced hypocapnia and hypothermia in the most severely affected calves, which counteracted the acidosis-induced right shift in arterial and venous OEC. Arterial and venous P50 were significantly less in double-muscled calves with diarrhea than healthy calves, whereas P50 for affected dairy calves were similar to those of healthy calves. Except in the most severely affected dairy calves, oxygen extraction ratio was significantly less in calves with diarrhea, compared with healthy calves. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Release of oxygen from blood may be impaired in calves with diarrhea, depending on the effect of the disease on certain blood biochemical variables. [less ▲]

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See detailDoppler echocardiographic measurement of cardiac output in the calf: a preliminary study
Amory, Hélène ULg; Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Brihoum, M et al

in Proceedings of the World Assoc. Buiatrics Congress (2000)

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See detailBlood Oxygen Binding in Double-Muscled Calves and Dairy Calves with Conventional Muscle Conformation
Cambier, Carole ULg; Clerbaux, T.; Detry, B. et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (2000), 61(3), 299-304

OBJECTIVE: To assess in vivo blood oxygen binding in double-muscled calves and dairy calves with conventional muscle conformation. ANIMALS: 58 dairy and 48 double-muscled calves. PROCEDURE: Calves were ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To assess in vivo blood oxygen binding in double-muscled calves and dairy calves with conventional muscle conformation. ANIMALS: 58 dairy and 48 double-muscled calves. PROCEDURE: Calves were classified as neonatal (24 hours old) or older calves (2 to 26 days old). Venous and arterial blood samples were collected, and hemoglobin concentration, pH, PCO2, and PO2 were determined. Blood oxygen equilibrium curves (OEC) under standard conditions were constructed, and the oxygen exchange fraction (OEF) and the amount of oxygen released at the tissue level by 100 ml of blood (OEF Vol%) were calculated. RESULTS: In each breed, partial pressure of oxygen at 50% saturation of hemoglobin (P50) under standard conditions was significantly higher in older than in neonatal calves, indicating a right shift in OEC with age. Venous P50 was significantly lower in neonatal double-muscled calves than in neonatal dairy calves, but arterial and venous P50 were significantly higher in older double-muscled calves than in older dairy calves. In double-muscled, but not in dairy, calves, OEF was significantly higher in older than in neonatal calves. In neonatal calves, OEF Vol% was not significantly different between breeds, but OEF Vol% was significantly higher in older double-muscled calves than in older dairy calves. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The lower OEF in neonatal double-muscled calves, compared with dairy calves, could contribute to the higher sensitivity of double-muscled calves to hypoxia. Blood oxygen affinity decreased with age, but OEF and OEF Vol% were unchanged with age in dairy calves, whereas they increased with age in double-muscled calves [less ▲]

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