References of "Burny, Philippe"
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See detailL'élevage des ruminants, un élément clé de notre territoire
Hautier, Louis; Campion, Morgane; Ninane, Maxime ULg et al

in Centre wallon de Recherches agronomiques (Ed.) 19ème Carrefour des Productions Animales "La viande bovine remise en question : de sa production à sa consommation", Gembloux, le 19 février 2014 (2014)

Parallèlement à l'extension de l'agriculture, l'élevage s'est développé pour la fourniture de produits alimentaires (lait, viande) et non alimentaires (cuir, laine) mais également par l'apport de la ... [more ▼]

Parallèlement à l'extension de l'agriculture, l'élevage s'est développé pour la fourniture de produits alimentaires (lait, viande) et non alimentaires (cuir, laine) mais également par l'apport de la traction animale aux agriculteurs et la restitution d'éléments fertilisants. Ceci a notamment contribué, dans nos régions, au développement du système à jachère et culture attelée. Au cours des dernières décennies, l'agriculture s'est fortement intensifiée grâce à l'énergie fossile utilisée pour la production d'intrants, de concentrés, la mécanisation et le transport des produits alimentaires. Cette intensification de l'agriculture au niveau mondial a conduit à la spécialisation des exploitations avec une dissociation de l'élevage et de la culture en bassins de production avec des conséquences très dommageables sur l'environnement. De nos jours, les productions bovines représentent 54 % des principales orientations technico-économiques en Wallonie, selon la nouvelle classification européenne (OTEX). L'élevage bovin en production est composé de 500 601 têtes : 41 % de laitières et 59 % d'allaitantes. Il est fortement basé sur la valorisation des prairies permanentes qui occupent plus de 45 % de la surface agricole utile et concerne plus de 86 % des exploitations agricoles wallonnes sur les 13 301 recensées en 2012.Toutefois, l'élevage est de plus en plus critiqué par la société à cause de ses impacts négatifs sur l'environnement et de considérations liées au bien-être animal.De plus, dans certaines exploitations, mise en concurrence des zones de grandes cultures avec les zones herbagères pour la production de lait et viande, difficultés et contraintes du métier d'éleveur. L'arrêt de cette activité pose la question du devenir de la surface agricole qui lui était allouée. Dans ce contexte, il paraît important de passer ici en revue les principaux services liés à l'élevage de ruminants en Wallonie afin d'identifier par la suite les conditions qui permettent l'optimisation de ces derniers tout en limitant les nuisances connexes et ceci dans le but d'objectiver la situation. [less ▲]

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See detailLa PAC ? Marché conclu ?
Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailRole of KOPAKAMA in promoting socio-economic development of coffee farmers
Gisaro Ca-Madeberi, Ya-Bititi ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg et al

in International NGO Journal (2013), 8(3), 61-67

Coffee is the main source of income for a large number of households and provides major foreign currencies for the national economy. Although it covers only 6.3% of cultivated areas, coffee is produced by ... [more ▼]

Coffee is the main source of income for a large number of households and provides major foreign currencies for the national economy. Although it covers only 6.3% of cultivated areas, coffee is produced by 500,000 households in Rwanda. Since its introduction in the country in 1904, coffee has always been operated by individual producers. However, after the liberalization of the coffee sector in 1998, the quantity and quality produced are steadily decreasing which affects the price and the income of coffee growers. To search for a solution, the Rwandan government has striven to consolidate coffee growing cooperatives in different parts of the country by building coffee washing stations (CWS). These stations were mainly meant to help coffee growing cooperatives produce high quality coffee which is competitive on the international markets. The goal is to produce a fully washed coffee, exportable and better valued on the international market, which can provide better income for peasant producers. Coffee washing stations are then seen as tools to produce quality coffee and are mainly run by cooperatives, which are structural elements in the rural world. Through these facilities and structures put in place, jobs are created for coffee producers, loans are granted, farmers are motivated due to the increase of income, the market is guaranteed and the prices become attractive for the members. Thus, the socio-economic welfare of coffee growers is improved, which reduces poverty among coffee growers’ households. This study focuses on the analysis of the role resulting from the structuring action of the peasants through CWS and coffee cooperative KOPAKAMA Rutsiro District, Western Province of Rwanda on the socio-economic development and technical assistance of members and the surrounding world. [less ▲]

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See detailPossible implementation of the payment to young farmers within the first pillar of the Common Agricultural Policy in Wallonia
Burny, Philippe ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg

in Atkociuniene, Vilma (Ed.) The Sixth International Scientific Conference "Rural Development 2013" : Proceedings, volume 6, book 1 (2013)

The new Common Agricultural Policy gives to the Member States the possibility to grant young farmers an additional financial support through the first pillar, several methods of calculation, according to ... [more ▼]

The new Common Agricultural Policy gives to the Member States the possibility to grant young farmers an additional financial support through the first pillar, several methods of calculation, according to diverse proposals (Commission, EU Parliament, Member States) are presented and their impact on the Walloon budget for direct payments (270 million € in 2020) is assessed, the maximal authorized share being 2% based on the situation observed in the 2006-2010 period, the mean and maximum amounts per young farmer in 2020 are calculated, giving the Walloon regional government the information to choose the way to support youg farmers. [less ▲]

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See detailIs organic farming the solution for the future of Walloon agriculture ?
Burny, Philippe ULg; Debode, Frédéric

in Atkociuniene (Ed.) The Sixth International Scientific Conference "Rural Development 2013" : Proceedings, volume 6, book 1 (2013)

Organic farming is considered to be one of the solutions for the problems of sustainability faced today by the agriculutral sector. This paper describes the growth of the Walloon organic sector during the ... [more ▼]

Organic farming is considered to be one of the solutions for the problems of sustainability faced today by the agriculutral sector. This paper describes the growth of the Walloon organic sector during the last years thanks to the support of the regional authorities through financial incentives and a new regional strategic development plan. It also presents some results collected during an on-farm survey concerning organic cereals. It appears that organic farming has significantly developed thaks to public support even if the prices of organic products are exceeding by 30% those of conventional products. Organic farming can play a significant role in the future of Walloon agriculture. However, due to the high conversion rate during these last years, it is not guaranteed that the financial support could be conserved at a such level. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Common Agricultural Policy towards 2020
Burny, Philippe ULg; Habran, Maxime ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg

in Lorencowicz, Edmund; Uziak, Jacek; Huyghebaert, Bruno (Eds.) VI International Scientific Symposium "Farm Machinery and Processes Management in Sustainable Agriculture" : Symposium Proceedings (2013)

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined in the Treaty of Rome and implemented since 1962, has always been under reform, mainly in 1992, 1999, 2003 and 2009. However, after the last enlargements and ... [more ▼]

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined in the Treaty of Rome and implemented since 1962, has always been under reform, mainly in 1992, 1999, 2003 and 2009. However, after the last enlargements and the international financial crisis, a new reform was needed for the budget period going from 2014 to 2020. The first ideas were launched by the EU Commissionner for Agriculture, M. Dacian Ciolos, in 2010. After three years of discussions, the political agreement between the Council of Ministers, the EU Parliament and the Commission was reached in June 2013. So, this paper presents the main decisions of this agreement. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of different scenarios related to the new Common Agricultural Policy on farm income in Wallonia
Burny, Philippe ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Habran, Maxime ULg

in Lorencowicz, Edmund; Uziak, Jacek; Huyghebaert, Bruno (Eds.) VI International Scientific Symposium "Farm Machinery and Processes Management in Sustainable Agriculture" : Symposium Proceedings (2013)

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been reformed several times since the treaty of Rome in 1958. For the period 2014-2020 at the European level, a new CAP had to be agreed upon by the 27 Member ... [more ▼]

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been reformed several times since the treaty of Rome in 1958. For the period 2014-2020 at the European level, a new CAP had to be agreed upon by the 27 Member States and the EU parliament. Discussions were launched in 2010 and several proposals were made. In Belgium, as agricultural policy is regionalized, the Walloon Minister for Agriculture decided to support academic research in order to assess the possible impact of different scenarios on farm income, and so to help the regional authorities to take decisions when the EU legislation would be adopted, giving a large set of possibilities to the Members States/regions. So, different scenarios were defined with the partners of the administration, including farmers' unions, and their impacts on farm income were calculated. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of organic farming in Wallonia : past, present and perspectives
Burny, Philippe ULg; Debode, Frédéric

in Lorencowicz, Edmund; Uziak, Jacek; Huyghebaert, Bruno (Eds.) VI International Scientific Symposium "Farm Machinery and Processes Management in Sustainable Agriculture" : Symposium Proceedings (2013)

Organic farming is today fully recognized as an alternative to conventional agriculture and its problems (water and air pollution, large use of pesticides and possible impacts on human health, vegetal and ... [more ▼]

Organic farming is today fully recognized as an alternative to conventional agriculture and its problems (water and air pollution, large use of pesticides and possible impacts on human health, vegetal and animal diseases, overproduction, ..) and is clearly supported by the Common Agricultural Policy and its "greening". Belgian (and Walloon) agriculture is an intensive one, with a high "labour force/agricultural area" ratio and high yields thanks to good soils, but also the use of large quantities of inputs like fertilizers and pesticides. However, organic farming increased in importance during the last years and th Walloon regional government has just launched a development plan in June 2013. So, this paper aims to analyse the evolution of organic farming in Wallonia and to present the goals and the measures of the new development plan. [less ▲]

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See detailIs organic farming a tool for sustainable development in Wallonia ?
Burny, Philippe ULg; Debode, Frédéric

in Socaciu, Carmen (Ed.) The 12th International Symposium "Prospects for the 3rd Millennium Agriculture" : Book of abstracts, volume 1 (2013)

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See detailOrganic farming - A business perspective
Burny, Philippe ULg; Debode, Frédéric

in Bran, Florina; Cesaretti, Gin Paolo; Ioan, Ildiko (Eds.) et al Advanced study school "The emergence of green businesses by the activation of economic competitiveness' innovative potential within the matrix of sustainable development (2013)

Organic farming is more and more considered as a credible alternative to conventional agriculture, being able to solve current problesm, notably with respect to environment, employment and food safety. In ... [more ▼]

Organic farming is more and more considered as a credible alternative to conventional agriculture, being able to solve current problesm, notably with respect to environment, employment and food safety. In the South of Belgium, Wallonia, organic farming represents today a significant part of agriculture. The goal of this paper is to show the growth of organic farming in Wallonia, to examine the present situation and to analyse the public support granted to organic farming, through direct payments but also through a new regional development plan including research, extension, promotion and the definition of quantified targets concerning economic activity and consumption. The results are based on statistical data collection and on a Survey among organic cereals producers, in order to contribute to the assessment of the economic relevance of organic farming. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact de la réforme de la PAC sur le secteur de la viande bovine dans le sud de la Belgique
Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Delille, Nicolas; Burny, Philippe ULg et al

Article for general public (2013)

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See detailShort overview of global sustainable development indicators
Paveliuc Olariu, Codrin ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Bran, Florina; Ioan, Ildiko; Maruntelu, Tudor-George (Eds.) et al 5th International Conference "Ecological performance in a competitive economy", Bucharest 7-8 March 2013 : proceedings (2013)

In this paper, a bibliographical review of current sustainable development indicators used at regional and global level is presented. This review was undertaken as part of an analysis on the status quo on ... [more ▼]

In this paper, a bibliographical review of current sustainable development indicators used at regional and global level is presented. This review was undertaken as part of an analysis on the status quo on how to measure sustainable development and the ways to quantify results regarding set goals. Its purpose is to establish if the results of the actions taken in order to achieve the targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and those that will be taken in order to reach the target of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). [less ▲]

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See detailLa dimension "travail", un élément clé pour le maintien de nos systèmes laitiers
Turlot, Amélie; Froidmont, Eric; Bauraind, Catherine et al

in Centre wallon de Recherches agronomomiques (Ed.) 18ème Carrefour des Productions Animales "Nouvelles approches pour une optimisation de nos élevages laitiers" (2013)

Les agriculteurs sont les principaux architectes du milieu rural wallon. En effet, ils assurent la gestion de près de la moitié de la superficie de la Wallonie. On observe néanmoins, depuis quelques ... [more ▼]

Les agriculteurs sont les principaux architectes du milieu rural wallon. En effet, ils assurent la gestion de près de la moitié de la superficie de la Wallonie. On observe néanmoins, depuis quelques années, une régression lente (3%/an) et constante de leur effectif. Confrontés à un contexte changeant, de plus en plus concurrentiel, les agriculteurs sont face à des choix stratégiques difficiles en vue d’optimiser l’efficience de leur exploitation. Pour y parvenir, ils doivent mener une réflexion globale de leur mode de production et intégrer tous les aspects assurant la durabilité de leur exploitation. Pour les aider dans cette démarche, une analyse de la durabilité de 90 exploitations « 100% Lait » (>95% de vaches laitières et pas de culture de rente) a été réalisée dans le cadre de DuraLait et de DuraLait Plus. Ces études sont subsidiées par la DGARNE, Direction de la Qualité. Les piliers économique et social de la durabilité ont été plus particulièrement étudiés dans ces projets. L’organisation du travail a été spécifiquement traitée car elle constitue un enjeu essentiel pour l’avenir de l’agriculture. En effet, les agriculteurs souhaitent soulager la pénibilité de leur travail. Dans un contexte économique difficile, cette dimension est essentielle pour envisager le maintien de l’agriculture dans notre région. Le présent article s’intéresse uniquement aux données relatives à l’organisation du travail. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of organic farming in Wallonia
Burny, Philippe ULg; Debode, Frédéric

in Bran, Florina; Ioan, Ildiko; Maruntelu, Tudor-George (Eds.) et al 5th International Conference "Ecological performance in a competitive economy", Bucharest 7-8 March 2013 : proceedings (2013)

Belgium is a highly densely populated country where agricultural methods usually consume large quantities of inputs, including pesticides and chemical fertilizers. However, organic farming is practiced ... [more ▼]

Belgium is a highly densely populated country where agricultural methods usually consume large quantities of inputs, including pesticides and chemical fertilizers. However, organic farming is practiced since many years and has registered a significant development during the last years, reaching 7% of the number of farmers in Wallonia (South of Belgium) and 7% of the Walloon agricultural area. Presently, the Walloon Minister for Agriculture strongly supports this sector and has proposed a strategic development plan of organic farming, the target being to reach 14% of the Walloon agricultural area in 2020. This paper presents and discusses the situation of organic farming in Wallonia and the main features and challenges of the new strategic development plan. [less ▲]

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See detailLa production céréalière biologique en Wallonie
Debode, F.; Schiepers, H.; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Destain, J.-P.; Bodson, B. (Eds.) Livre Blanc "Céréales", édition février 2013 (2013)

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See detailInterview à RTL - Radio sur le thème "Les 50 ans de la PAC"
Burny, Philippe ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2012)

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See detailCereals uses in Wallonia : context and issues
Delcour, Alice; Van Stappen, Florence; Gheysens, Stéphanie et al

in Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Burny, Philippe; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra-Malina (Eds.) Agri-environment : perspectives on sustainable development (2012)

Walloon cereal production currently provides only 8 % of Belgian food chains, mainly because of low prices paid for food varieties, less favourable climate conditions and scattered plots of land. Key ... [more ▼]

Walloon cereal production currently provides only 8 % of Belgian food chains, mainly because of low prices paid for food varieties, less favourable climate conditions and scattered plots of land. Key opportunities for non food uses are considered in a sustainable development perspective. But this can only be achieved through an exhaustive comparison of environmental and socio-economic impacts of existing and potential cereal chains. Biofuels – particularly bioethanol – are the predominant energy chains and are more and more developing in Belgium. Bioethanol industry has strongly developed since 2008 undoubtedly linked to European political support measures. The project “Alternatives for Cereals – ALT-4-CER” aims to define and to evaluate alternative scenarios for food and non food uses of cereal resources in Wallonia with the support of involved stakeholders. [less ▲]

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See detailCommon agricultural policy and its objectives for sustainable management of natural resources and measures in favor of the climate
Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Burny, Philippe; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra-Malina (Eds.) Agri-environment : perspectives on sustainable development (2012)

The first part of this article is a history of the greening of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The second part focuses on parameters and methodologies to take into account in order to evaluate the ... [more ▼]

The first part of this article is a history of the greening of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The second part focuses on parameters and methodologies to take into account in order to evaluate the costs and the benefits of the future CAP. Finally, the last part of this paper is a discussion about the objectives of the greening and the instruments used to achieve them. [less ▲]

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See detailAgri-environment : perspectives on sustainable development
Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Burny, Philippe ULg; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra-Malina

Book published by Les Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux ; Bioflux Publishing House (2012)

Agriculture is today at the crossroad. The human population on Earth is growing fastly, especially in developing countries, and will probably reach 9 billion people in 2050. Economic development globally ... [more ▼]

Agriculture is today at the crossroad. The human population on Earth is growing fastly, especially in developing countries, and will probably reach 9 billion people in 2050. Economic development globally increases people's income. As a consequence, the demand for food is sharply increasing. In addition, the demand for renewable energy, including biofuels, is also going up. At the same time, natural resources are becoming scarce and climatic changes influence more and more the conditions of vegetal and animal production. During the last decades, agricultural production methods have used large quantities of inputs like pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Enough food was produced for the world population, but some environmental problems appeared. In the near future, a new equilibrium will have to be found between agriculture, environment and land management. New concepts are elaborated: “ecologically intensive agriculture”, “organic farming”, “water management”, “agri-environmental measures”, “urban agriculture” etc. This book is a collection of papers dealing with these topics which will define the features of our future. [less ▲]

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