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See detailControl of Allergen-Induced Inflammation and Hyperresponsiveness by the Metalloproteinase ADAMTS-12
Paulissen, Geneviève ULg; El Hour, Mehdi; Rocks, Natacha ULg et al

in Journal of Immunology (2012), 189

A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS) constitute a family of endopeptidases related to matrix metalloproteinases. These proteinases have been largely implicated in tissue ... [more ▼]

A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS) constitute a family of endopeptidases related to matrix metalloproteinases. These proteinases have been largely implicated in tissue remodeling associated with pathological processes. Among them, ADAMTS12 was identified as an asthma-associated gene in a human genome screening program. However, its functional implication in asthma is not yet documented. The present study aims at investigating potential ADAMTS-12 functions in experimental models of allergic airways disease. Two different in vivo protocols of allergen-induced airways disease were applied to the recently generated Adamts12-deficient mice and corresponding wild-type mice. In this study, we provide evidence for a protective effect of ADAMTS-12 against bronchial inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. In the absence of Adamts12, challenge with different allergens (OVA and house dust mite) led to exacerbated eosinophilic inflammation in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and in lung tissue, along with airway dysfunction assessed by increased airway responsiveness following methacholine exposure. Furthermore, mast cell counts and ST2 receptor and IL-33 levels were higher in the lungs of allergen-challenged Adamts12-deficient mice. The present study provides, to our knowledge, the first experimental evidence for a contribution of ADAMTS-12 as a key mediator in airways disease, interfering with immunological processes leading to inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness. [less ▲]

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See detailCan beta2-adrenoceptor agonists, anticholinergic drugs, and theophylline contribute to the control of pulmonary inflammation and emphysema in COPD?
Zhang, Wen-Hui; Zhang, Yong; Cui, Yong-Yao et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2012), 26(1), 118-134

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a global epidemic disease with an increased morbidity and mortality in the world. Inflammatory process progresses and contributes to irreversible ... [more ▼]

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a global epidemic disease with an increased morbidity and mortality in the world. Inflammatory process progresses and contributes to irreversible airflow limitation. However, there is no available therapy to better control the inflammatory progression and therefore to reduce the exacerbations and mortality. Thus, the development of efficient anti-inflammatory therapies is a priority for patients with COPD. beta(2) -Adrenoceptor agonists and anticholinergic agents are widely used as first line drugs in management of COPD because of their efficient bronchodilator properties. At present, many studies in vitro and some data obtained in laboratory animals reveal the potential anti-inflammatory effects of these bronchodilators but their protective role against chronic inflammation and the development of emphysema in patients with COPD remains to be investigated. The anti-inflammatory effects of theophylline at low doses have also been identified. Beneficial interactions between glucocorticoids and bronchodilators have been reported, and signaling pathways explaining these synergistic effects begin to be understood, especially for theophylline. Recent data demonstrating interactions between anticholinergics with beta(2) -adrenoceptor agonists aiming to better control the pulmonary inflammation and the development of emphysema in animal models of COPD justify the priority to investigate the interactive effects of a tritherapy associating corticoids with the two main categories of bronchodilators. [less ▲]

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See detailSirtuin inhibition attenuates the production of inflammatory cytokines in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages.
Fernandes, Claudia A.; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Neyrinck, Audrey M. et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (2012), 420(4), 857-861

In several inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or sepsis, the regulatory mechanisms of inflammation are inefficient and the excessive inflammatory response leads to damage to the host ... [more ▼]

In several inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or sepsis, the regulatory mechanisms of inflammation are inefficient and the excessive inflammatory response leads to damage to the host. Sirtuins are class III histone deacetylases that modulate the activity of several transcription factors that are implicated in immune responses. In this study, we evaluated the impact of sirtuin inhibition on the activation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated J774 macrophages by assessing the production of inflammatory cytokines. The pharmacologic inhibition of sirtuins decreased the production of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) interleukin 6 (IL-6) and Rantes. The reduction of cytokine production was associated with decreased nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) activity and inhibitor kappa B alpha (IkappaBalpha) phosphorylation while no impact was observed on the phosphorylation status of p38 mitogen-activated kinase (p38 MAPK). This work shows that sirtuin pharmacologic inhibitors are a promising tool for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha expression in lung cells of horses with recurrent airway obstruction.
Toussaint, Marie ULg; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Desmet, Christophe ULg et al

in BMC Veterinary Research (2012), 8(1), 64

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO, also known as equine heaves) is an inflammatory condition caused by exposure of susceptible horses to organic dusts in hay. The immunological ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO, also known as equine heaves) is an inflammatory condition caused by exposure of susceptible horses to organic dusts in hay. The immunological processes responsible for the development and the persistence of airway inflammation are still largely unknown. Hypoxia-inducible factor (Hif) is mainly known as a major regulator of energy homeostasis and cellular adaptation to hypoxia. More recently however, Hif also emerged as an essential regulator of innate immune responses. Here, we aimed at investigating the potential involvement of Hif1-alpha in myeloid cells in horse with recurrent airway obstruction. RESULTS: In vitro, we observed that Hif is expressed in equine myeloid cells after hay dust stimulation and regulates genes such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A). We further showed in vivo that airway challenge with hay dust upregulated Hif1-alpha mRNA expression in myeloid cells from the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of healthy and RAO-affected horses, with a more pronounced effect in cells from RAO-affected horses. Finally, Hif1-alpha mRNA expression in BALF cells from challenged horses correlated positively with lung dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our results suggest an important role for Hif1-alpha in myeloid cells during hay dust-induced inflammation in horses with RAO. We therefore propose that future research aiming at functional inactivation of Hif1 in lung myeloid cells could open new therapeutic perspectives for RAO. [less ▲]

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See detailMyeloid HIF-1alpha prevents airway allergy in mice by promoting macrophage-mediated immunosuppression
Toussaint, Marie ULg; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 1st Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2011, December 09)

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See detailDNA released from dying host cells mediates aluminum adjuvant activity
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Ohata, Keiichi; Bedoret, Denis et al

in Nature Medicine (2011), 17

Aluminum-based adjuvants (alum) are widely used in human vaccination, although little is understood of their mechanisms of action. Here, we report that, in mice, alum causes the release of host cell DNA ... [more ▼]

Aluminum-based adjuvants (alum) are widely used in human vaccination, although little is understood of their mechanisms of action. Here, we report that, in mice, alum causes the release of host cell DNA, which acts as a potent endogenous immunostimulatory signal mediating alum adjuvant activity. Furthermore, we propose that host DNA signaling differentially regulates IgE and IgG1 production upon alum immunization. Indeed, we support that host DNA induces primary B cell responses, including IgG1 production, through Interferon Response Factor (Irf) 3-independent mechanisms, and 'canonical' type 2 T cell responses associated with IgE isotype switching and peripheral effector responses through Irf3-dependent mechanisms. The finding that host cell DNA is a damage-associated molecular pattern relaying alum adjuvant activity may thus help in the comprehension of the mechanisms of action of current vaccines and in the design of novel adjuvants. [less ▲]

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See detailInterferon Response Factor-3 is essential for house dust mite-induced airway allergy
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Bedoret Denis; Mesnil Claire et al

in Proceedings of the Belgian Thoracic Society Annual Meeting (2011, May 23)

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See detailInterferon Response Factor 3 is essential for house dust mite-induced airway allergy
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Bedoret, Denis; Mesnil, Claire et al

Conference (2011, May)

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See detailIRF3 is essential for house dust mite-induced airway allergy in mice
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Bedoret, Denis; Mesnil, Claire ULg et al

in Proceedings GIGA-Day 2011 (2011, May)

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See detailNicotinamide enhances apoptosis of G(M)-CSF-treated neutrophils and attenuates endotoxin-induced airway inflammation in mice.
Fernandes, Claudia A.; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Ucakar, Bernard et al

in American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology (2011), 300(3), 354-61

Neutrophils constitute the first line of host defense against invading microorganisms. Yet their removal from the inflammatory environment is fundamental for injury restraint and resolution of ... [more ▼]

Neutrophils constitute the first line of host defense against invading microorganisms. Yet their removal from the inflammatory environment is fundamental for injury restraint and resolution of inflammation. Nicotinamide, a component of vitamin B(3), is known to modulate cell survival. In this study, we assessed the influence of nicotinamide on neutrophil apoptosis, both in vitro and in vivo in a mouse model of endotoxin-induced lung inflammation. In vitro, nicotinamide promoted apoptosis of human blood neutrophils in a dose-dependent manner in the presence of the apoptosis inhibitors granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor. The highest concentration of nicotinamide completely neutralized the pro-survival effect of granulocyte (macrophage) colony-stimulating factor. Nicotinamide proapoptotic effect was associated with enhanced caspase-3 activity. In addition, nicotinamide slightly reduced neutrophil chemotaxis in vitro. In vivo, pulmonary nicotinamide delivery decreased the levels of cellular and biochemical inflammation markers and increased the percentage of apoptotic neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavages. Our findings suggest that nicotinamide is an apoptotic stimulus for neutrophils, thereby contributing to the resolution of neutrophilic inflammation in the lungs. [less ▲]

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See detailSirtuin 1 Promotes Th2 Responses and Airway Allergy by Repressing Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-γ Activity in Dendritic Cells
Legutko, Agnieszka; Marichal, Thomas ULg; Fievez, Laurence ULg et al

in Journal of Immunology (2011), 187(9), 4517-4529

Sirtuins are a unique class of NAD+-dependent deacetylases that regulate diverse biological functions such as aging, metabolism, and stress resistance. Recently, it has been shown that sirtuins may have ... [more ▼]

Sirtuins are a unique class of NAD+-dependent deacetylases that regulate diverse biological functions such as aging, metabolism, and stress resistance. Recently, it has been shown that sirtuins may have anti-inflammatory activities by inhibiting proinflammatory transcription factors such as NF-κB. In contrast, we report in this study that pharmacological inhibition of sirtuins dampens adaptive Th2 responses and subsequent allergic inflammation by interfering with lung dendritic cell (DC) function in a mouse model of airway allergy. Using genetic engineering, we demonstrate that sirtuin 1 represses the activity of the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ in DCs, thereby favoring their maturation toward a pro-Th2 phenotype. This study reveals a previously unappreciated function of sirtuin 1 in the regulation of DC function and Th2 responses, thus shedding new light on our current knowledge on the regulation of inflammatory processes by sirtuins. [less ▲]

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See detailADAM-8, a metalloproteinase, drives acute allergen-induced airway inflammation
Paulissen, Geneviève ULg; Rocks, Natacha ULg; Guéders, Maud ULg et al

in European Journal of Immunology (2011), 41(2), 380-91

Asthma is a complex disease linked to various pathophysiological events including the activity of proteinases. The multifunctional A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinases (ADAMs) displaying the ability to ... [more ▼]

Asthma is a complex disease linked to various pathophysiological events including the activity of proteinases. The multifunctional A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinases (ADAMs) displaying the ability to cleave membrane-bound mediators or cytokines appear to be key mediators in various inflammatory processes. In the present study, we have investigated ADAM-8 expression and production in a mouse model of allergen-induced airway inflammation. In allergen-exposed animals, increased expression of ADAM-8 was found in the lung parenchyma and in dendritic cells purified from the lungs. The potential role of ADAM-8 in the development of allergen-induced airway inflammation was further investigated by the use of an anti-ADAM-8 antibody and ADAM-8 knock-out animals. We observed a decrease in allergen-induced acute inflammation both in BALF and the peribronchial area in anti-ADAM-8 antibody-treated mice and in ADAM-8 deficient mice (ADAM-8-/-) after allergen exposure. ADAM-8 depletion led to a significant decrease of the CD11c+ lung dendritic cells. We also report lower levels of CCL11 and CCL22 production in antibody-treated mice and ADAM-8-/- mice that might be explained by decreased eosinophilic inflammation and lower numbers of dendritic cells, respectively. In conclusion, ADAM-8 appears to favour allergen-induced acute airway inflammation by promoting dendritic cell recruitment and CCL11 and CCL22 production. [less ▲]

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See detailRelease and innate immune detection of host cell DNA mediate the adjuvant activity of aluminum salts
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Ohata, K; Bedoret, D et al

Poster (2011)

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See detailRelease and innate immune detection of host cell DNA mediate the adjuvant activity of aluminum salts
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Ohata, K; Bedoret, Denis et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailSelf-DNA release mediates the adjuvant effects of aluminum salts
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Ohata, K; Bedoret, Denis et al

Poster (2011)

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See detailVariation of inflammatory dynamics and mediators in primiparous cows after intramammary challenge with Escherichia coli.
Pezeshki, Adel; Stordeur, Philippe; Wallemacq, Hugues et al

in Veterinary Research (2011), 42(1), 15

ABSTRACT: The objective of the current study was to investigate (i) the outcome of experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis in primiparous cows during early lactation in relation with production ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT: The objective of the current study was to investigate (i) the outcome of experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis in primiparous cows during early lactation in relation with production of eicosanoids and inflammatory indicators, and (ii) the validity of thermography to evaluate temperature changes on udder skin surface after experimentally induced E. coli mastitis. Nine primiparous Holstein Friesian cows were inoculated 24 +/- 6 days (d) after parturition in both left quarters with E. coli P4 serotype O32:H37. Blood and milk samples were collected before and after challenge with E. coli. The infrared images were taken from the caudal view of the udder following challenge with E. coli. No relationship was detected between severity of mastitis and changes of thromboxane B2 (TXB2), leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and lipoxin A4 (LXA4). However, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was related to systemic disease severity during E. coli mastitis. Moreover, reduced somatic cell count (SCC), fewer circulating basophils, increased concentration of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and higher milk sodium and lower milk potassium concentrations were related to systemic disease severity. The thermal camera was capable of detecting 2-3 degrees C temperature changes on udder skin surface of cows inoculated with E. coli. Peak of udder skin temperature occurred after peak of rectal temperature and appearance of local signs of induced E. coli mastitis. Although infrared thermography was a successful method for detecting the changes in udder skin surface temperature following intramammary challenge with E. coli, it did not show to be a promising tool for early detection of mastitis. [less ▲]

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