References of "Briquet, Maryline"
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See detailFirst asteroseismic results from CoRoT
Michel, Eric; Baglin, Annie; Weiss, W.W. et al

in Communication in Asteroseismology (2008), 157

About one year after the end of the first observational run and six months after the first CoRoT data delivery, we comment the data exploitation progress for different types of stars. We consider first ... [more ▼]

About one year after the end of the first observational run and six months after the first CoRoT data delivery, we comment the data exploitation progress for different types of stars. We consider first results to illustrate how these data of unprecedented quality shed a new light on the field of stellar seismology. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-Precision Spectroscopy of Pulsating Stars
Aerts, C.; Hekker, S.; Desmet, M. et al

in Precision Spectroscopy in Astrophysics, Proceedings of the ESO/Lisbon/Aveiro Conference held in Aveiro, Portugal, 11-15 September 2006. (2008)

We review methodologies currently available to interprete time series of high-resolution high-S/N spectroscopic data of pulsating stars in terms of the kind of (non-radial) modes that are excited. We ... [more ▼]

We review methodologies currently available to interprete time series of high-resolution high-S/N spectroscopic data of pulsating stars in terms of the kind of (non-radial) modes that are excited. We illustrate the drastic improvement of the detection treshold of line-profile variability thanks to the advancement of the instrumentation over the past two decades. This has led to the opportunity to interprete line-profile variations with amplitudes of order m/s, which is a factor 1000 lower than the earliest line-profile time series studies allowed for. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Chemical Composition of B-type Pulsators: Some Unexpected Results
Morel, Thierry ULg; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C.

in Precision Spectroscopy in Astrophysics (2008)

We present a project aimed at self-consistently deriving the physical parameters and chemical composition of massive pulsators (β, Cephei stars, Slowly Pulsating B stars) based on high-resolution optical ... [more ▼]

We present a project aimed at self-consistently deriving the physical parameters and chemical composition of massive pulsators (β, Cephei stars, Slowly Pulsating B stars) based on high-resolution optical spectra. Such data will be essential for a proper theoretical interpretation of their oscillation spectrum, but may also contribute in a broader context to our understanding of mixing and diffusion processes in B-type stars. As an illustration, our first results reveal the existence of core-processed material at the surface of some slowly-rotating β, Cephei stars which is not predicted by current evolutionary models including rotation. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of B-type pulsators and non-pulsating chemically peculiar Bp stars
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Hubrig, S.; De Cat, P. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2007), 150

We carry out a comparative study between a sample of confirmed and well-studied B-type pulsators and a sample of well-studied Bp stars with known periods and magnetic field strengths. Our study indicates ... [more ▼]

We carry out a comparative study between a sample of confirmed and well-studied B-type pulsators and a sample of well-studied Bp stars with known periods and magnetic field strengths. Our study indicates that the group of Bp stars is younger than the group of SPB stars and that stars with stronger magnetic fields have much lower pulsation amplitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailA spectroscopic study of the β Cephei star 12 (DD) Lacertae
Desmet, M.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; De Cat, P. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2007), 150

We present first results of a spectroscopic multisite campaign for 12 (DD) Lacertae (hereinafter 12 Lac). This star is one of the best observed β Cephei stars. It has a large number of known oscillation ... [more ▼]

We present first results of a spectroscopic multisite campaign for 12 (DD) Lacertae (hereinafter 12 Lac). This star is one of the best observed β Cephei stars. It has a large number of known oscillation frequencies but a lack of identified m-values for its detected modes. In our data set we find seven independent frequencies together with combination frequencies. In addition, two of these modes are identified: one radial mode and one prograde dipole mode. [less ▲]

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See detailAsteroseismology of the β Cephei star KP Per
Saesen, S.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Cuypers, J. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2007), 150

We investigated the oscillations of the β Cephei star KP Per (HD 21803, B2IV, V=6.41) using Geneva photometry. We performed a detailed frequency analysis and a mode identification by means of photometric ... [more ▼]

We investigated the oscillations of the β Cephei star KP Per (HD 21803, B2IV, V=6.41) using Geneva photometry. We performed a detailed frequency analysis and a mode identification by means of photometric amplitude ratios. Then we confronted our deduced observational oscillation spectrum with that predicted by theory in order to determine a range for some stellar parameters, such as the mass and radius of KP Per. [less ▲]

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See detailAn abundance analysis of slowly pulsating B stars
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Morel, Thierry ULg

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2007), 150

We present the methodology and the first results of a study aimed to determine in a self-consistent way the physical parameters T_{eff} and log g as well as NLTE abundances of the majority of all ... [more ▼]

We present the methodology and the first results of a study aimed to determine in a self-consistent way the physical parameters T_{eff} and log g as well as NLTE abundances of the majority of all confirmed slowly pulsating B stars (hereafter SPBs). [less ▲]

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See detailNitrogen excess in slowly-rotating beta Cephei stars: deep mixing or diffusion?
Morel, Thierry ULg; Butler, K.; Aerts, C. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2007), 150

We present the results of an NLTE abundance study of a small sample of β Cephei stars, which point to the existence of a population of slowly-rotating B-type pulsators exhibiting a significant amount of ... [more ▼]

We present the results of an NLTE abundance study of a small sample of β Cephei stars, which point to the existence of a population of slowly-rotating B-type pulsators exhibiting a significant amount of nitrogen-enriched material at their surface. Although the origin of this nitrogen excess remains unclear, an overabundance preferentially occurring in stars with a detected magnetic field seems to emerge at this stage. Full details can be found in Morel et al. (2006). [less ▲]

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See detailOn the co-existence of chemically peculiar Bp stars, slowly pulsating B stars and constant B stars in the same part of the HR diagram
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Hubrig, S.; De Cat, P. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2007), 466

Aims: In order to better model massive B-type stars, we need to understand the physical processes taking place in slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars, chemically peculiar Bp stars, and non-pulsating normal B ... [more ▼]

Aims: In order to better model massive B-type stars, we need to understand the physical processes taking place in slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars, chemically peculiar Bp stars, and non-pulsating normal B stars co-existing in the same part of the H-R diagram. <BR />Methods: We carry out a comparative study between samples of confirmed and well-studied SPB stars and a sample of well-studied Bp stars with known periods and magnetic field strengths. We determine their evolutionary state using accurate HIPPARCOS parallaxes and Geneva photometry. We discuss the occurrence and strengths of magnetic fields as well as the occurrence of stellar pulsation among both groups. Further, we make a comparison of Geneva photometric variability for both kinds of stars. <BR />Results: The group of Bp stars is significantly younger than the group of SPB stars. Longitudinal magnetic fields in SPB stars are weaker than those of Bp stars, suggesting that the magnetic field strength is an important factor for B type stars to become chemically peculiar. The strongest magnetic fields appear in young Bp stars, indicating a magnetic field decay in stars at advanced ages. Rotation periods of Bp and pulsation periods of SPB stars are of the same order and the behaviour of Geneva photometric variability of some Bp stars cannot be distinguished from the variability of SPB stars, illustrating the difficulty to interpret the observed variability of the order of days for B-type stars. We consider the possibility that pulsation could be responsible for the variability among chemically peculiar stars. In particular, we show that a non-linear pulsation model is not excluded by photometry for the Bp star HD 175362. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of Magnetic Fields in Slowly Pulsating B Stars
Hubrig, S.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Schöller, M. et al

in Active OB-Stars: Laboratories for Stellar and Circumstellar Physics, ASP Conference Series, Vol. 361, Proceedings of the conference held 29 August - 2 September, 2005 at Hokkai-Gakuen University, Sapporo, Japan. (2007, March 01)

We present the first observations and conclusions of a magnetic survey with FORS 1 at the VLT of a sample of 25 Slowly Pulsating B stars. A clear mean longitudinal magnetic field of the order of a few ... [more ▼]

We present the first observations and conclusions of a magnetic survey with FORS 1 at the VLT of a sample of 25 Slowly Pulsating B stars. A clear mean longitudinal magnetic field of the order of a few hundred Gauss was detected in eleven SPBs. Among them several SPBs show a magnetic field that varies in time. It becomes clear that SPBs cannot be regarded anymore as non-magnetic stars. [less ▲]

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See detailLong term photometric monitoring with the Mercator telescope. Frequencies and mode identification of variable O-B stars
De Cat, P.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2007), 463

Aims. We selected a large sample of O-B stars that were considered as (candidate) slowly pulsating B, beta Cep, and Maia stars after the analysis of their hipparcos data. We analysed our new seven ... [more ▼]

Aims. We selected a large sample of O-B stars that were considered as (candidate) slowly pulsating B, beta Cep, and Maia stars after the analysis of their hipparcos data. We analysed our new seven passband geneva data collected for these stars during the first three years of scientific operations of the mercator telescope. We performed a frequency analysis for 28 targets with more than 50 high-quality measurements to improve their variability classification. For the pulsating stars, we tried both to identify the modes and to search for rotationally split modes. Methods: We searched for frequencies in all the geneva passbands and colours by using two independent frequency analysis methods and we applied a 3.6 S/N-level criterion to locate the significant peaks in the periodograms. The modes were identified by applying the method of photometric amplitudes for which we calculated a large, homogeneous grid of equilibrium models to perform a pulsational stability analysis. When both the radius and the projected rotational velocity of an object are known, we determined a lower limit for the rotation frequency to estimate the expected frequency spacings in rotationally split pulsation modes. Results: We detected 61 frequencies, among which 33 are new. We classified 21 objects as pulsating variables (7 new confirmed pulsating stars, including 2 hybrid beta Cep/SPB stars), 6 as non-pulsating variables (binaries or spotted stars), and 1 as photometrically constant. All the Maia candidates were reclassified into other variability classes. We performed mode identification for the pulsating variables for the first time. The most probable l value is 0, 1, 2, and 4 for 1, 31, 9, and 5 modes, respectively, including only 4 unambiguous identifications. For 7 stars we cannot rule out that some of the observed frequencies belong to the same rotationally split mode. For 4 targets we may begin to resolve close frequency multiplets. Based on observations collected with the p7 photometer attached to the Flemish 1.2-m mercator telescope situated at the Roque de los Muchachos observatory on La Palma (Spain). Section [see full textsee full text], including Figs. is only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org, and Tables 2 and 3 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/463/243 [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of magnetic fields in three He variable Bp stars with He and Si spots
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Hubrig, S.; Schöller, M. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2007), 328

It is essential for the understanding of stellar structure models of high mass stars to explain why constant stars, non-pulsating chemically peculiar hot Bp stars and pulsating stars co-exist in the ... [more ▼]

It is essential for the understanding of stellar structure models of high mass stars to explain why constant stars, non-pulsating chemically peculiar hot Bp stars and pulsating stars co-exist in the slowly pulsating B stars and β Cephei instability strips. We have conducted a search for magnetic fields in the four Bp stars HD 55522, HD 105382, HD 131120, and HD 138769 which previously have been wrongly identified as slowly pulsating B stars. A recent study of these stars using the Doppler Imaging technique revealed that the elements He and Si are inhomogeneously distributed on the stellar surface, causing the periodic variability. Using FORS 1 in spectropolarimetric mode at the VLT, we have acquired circular polarisation spectra to test the presence of a magnetic field in these stars. A variable magnetic field is clearly detected in HD 55522 and HD 105382, but no evidence for the existence of a magnetic field was found in HD 131120. The presence of a magnetic field in HD 138769 is suggested by one measurement at 3 σ level. We discuss the occurrence of magnetic B stars among the confirmed pulsating B stars and find strong magnetic fields of order kG and oscillations to be mutually exclusive. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Paranal, Chile (ESO programmes 71.D-0308(A), 072.D-0377(A), and 073.D-0466(A)). [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the β cephei star θ ophiuchi : constraints on global stellar parameters and core overshooting
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Morel, Thierry ULg; Thoul, Anne ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 381(4), 1482-1488

We present a seismic study of the beta Cephei star theta Ophiuchi. Our analysis is based on the observation of one radial mode, one rotationally split l = 1 triplet and three components of a rotationally ... [more ▼]

We present a seismic study of the beta Cephei star theta Ophiuchi. Our analysis is based on the observation of one radial mode, one rotationally split l = 1 triplet and three components of a rotationally split l = 2 quintuplet for which the m values were well identified by spectroscopy. We identify the radial mode as fundamental, the triplet as p(1) and the quintuplet as g(1). Our non-local thermodynamic equilibrium abundance analysis results in a metallicity and CNO abundances in full agreement with the most recent updated solar values. With X epsilon [0.71, 0.7211] and Z epsilon [0.009, 0.015], and using the Asplund et al. mixture but with a Ne abundance about 0.3 dex larger, the matching of the three independent modes enables us to deduce constrained ranges for the mass (M = 8.2 +/- 0.3 M circle dot) and central hydrogen abundance (X-c = 0.38 +/- 0.02) of theta Oph and to prove the occurrence of core overshooting (alpha(ov) = 0.44 +/- 0.07). We also derive an equatorial rotation velocity of 29 +/- 7 km s(-1). Moreover, we show that the observed non-equidistance of the l = 1 triplet can be reproduced by the second-order effects of rotation. Finally, we show that the observed rotational splitting of two modes cannot rule out a rigid rotation model. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Seismology Programme of CoRoT
Michel, Eric; Baglin, A.; Auvergne, M. et al

in Proceedings of "The CoRoT Mission Pre-Launch Status - Stellar Seismology and Planet Finding (2006, November 01)

We introduce the main lines and specificities of the CoRoT Seismology Core Programme. The development and consolidation of this programme has been made in the framework of the CoRoT Seismology Working ... [more ▼]

We introduce the main lines and specificities of the CoRoT Seismology Core Programme. The development and consolidation of this programme has been made in the framework of the CoRoT Seismology Working Group. With a few illustrative examples, we show how CoRoT data will help to address various problems associated with present open questions of stellar structure and evolution. [less ▲]

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See detailAn asteroseismic study of the β Cephei star β Canis Majoris
Mazumdar, A.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Desmet, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2006), 459

Aims.We present the results of a detailed analysis of 452 ground-based, high-resolution high S/N spectroscopic measurements spread over 4.5 years for β Canis Majoris with the aim of determining the ... [more ▼]

Aims.We present the results of a detailed analysis of 452 ground-based, high-resolution high S/N spectroscopic measurements spread over 4.5 years for β Canis Majoris with the aim of determining the pulsational characteristics of this star, and then using them to derive seismic constraints on the stellar parameters.<BR /> Methods: .We determined pulsation frequencies in the Si III 4553 Å line with Fourier methods. We identified the m-value of the modes by taking the photometric identifications of the degrees ℓ into account. To this end we used the moment method together with the amplitude and phase variations across the line profile. The frequencies of the identified modes were used for a seismic interpretation of the structure of the star.<BR /> Results: .We confirm the presence of the three pulsation frequencies already detected in previous photometric datasets: f[SUB]1[/SUB] = 3.9793~c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] (46.057~μHz), f[SUB]2[/SUB] = 3.9995~c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] (46.291~μHz), and f[SUB]3[/SUB] = 4.1832~c d[SUP]-1[/SUP] (48.417~μHz). For the two modes with the highest amplitudes, we unambiguously identify (ℓ_1,m_1) = (2,2) and (ℓ_2,m_2) = (0,0). We cannot conclude anything for the third mode identification, except that m[SUB]3[/SUB] > 0. We also deduce an equatorial rotational velocity of 31 ± 5~km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] for the star. We show that the mode f[SUB]1[/SUB] must be close to an avoided crossing. Constraints on the mass (13.5 ± 0.5~μHz), age (12.4 ± 0.7 Myr), and core overshoot (0.20 ± 0.05 H_P) of β CMa are obtained from seismic modelling using f[SUB]1[/SUB] and f_2.<BR /> [less ▲]

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See detailAbundance analysis of prime B-type targets for asteroseismology. I. Nitrogen excess in slowly-rotating beta Cephei stars
Morel, Thierry ULg; Butler, K.; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2006), 457

Seismic modelling of the β Cephei stars promises major advances in our understanding of the physics of early B-type stars on (or close to) the main sequence. However, a precise knowledge of their ... [more ▼]

Seismic modelling of the β Cephei stars promises major advances in our understanding of the physics of early B-type stars on (or close to) the main sequence. However, a precise knowledge of their physical parameters and metallicity is a prerequisite for correct mode identification and inferences regarding their internal structure. Here we present the results of a detailed NLTE abundance study of nine prime targets for theoretical modelling: <ASTROBJ>γ Peg</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>δ Cet</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>ν Eri</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>β CMa</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>ξ1 CMa</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>V836 Cen</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>V2052 Oph</ASTROBJ>, <ASTROBJ>β Cep</ASTROBJ> and DD (12) Lac (hereafter <ASTROBJ>12 Lac</ASTROBJ>). The following chemical elements are considered: He, C, N, O, Mg, Al, Si, S and Fe. Our curve-of-growth abundance analysis is based on a large number of time-resolved, high-resolution optical spectra covering in most cases the entire oscillation cycle of the stars. Nitrogen is found to be enhanced by up to 0.6 dex in four stars, three of which have severe constraints on their equatorial rotational velocity, Ω R, from seismic or line-profile variation studies: <ASTROBJ>β Cep</ASTROBJ> (Ω R ~ 26 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]), <ASTROBJ>V2052 Oph</ASTROBJ> (Ω R ~ 56 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]), <ASTROBJ>δ Cet</ASTROBJ> (Ω R < 28 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]) and <ASTROBJ>ξ1 CMa</ASTROBJ> (Ω R sin i ⪠10 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]). The existence of core-processed material at the surface of such largely unevolved, slowly-rotating objects is not predicted by current evolutionary models including rotation. We draw attention to the fact that three stars in this subsample have a detected magnetic field and briefly discuss recent theoretical work pointing to the occurrence of diffusion effects in β Cephei stars possibly capable of altering the nitrogen surface abundance. On the other hand, the abundances of all the other chemical elements considered are, within the errors, indistinguishable from the values found for OB dwarfs in the solar neighbourhood. Despite the mild nitrogen excess observed in some objects, we thus find no evidence for a significantly higher photospheric metal content in the studied β Cephei stars compared to non-pulsating B-type stars of similar characteristics. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of magnetic fields in the βCephei star ξ1 CMa and in several slowly pulsating B stars*
Hubrig, S.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Schöller, M. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2006), 369

We present the results of a magnetic survey of a sample of eight βCephei stars and 26 slowly pulsating B (SPBs) stars with the FOcal Reducer low dispersion Spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. A weak ... [more ▼]

We present the results of a magnetic survey of a sample of eight βCephei stars and 26 slowly pulsating B (SPBs) stars with the FOcal Reducer low dispersion Spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. A weak mean longitudinal magnetic field of the order of a few hundred Gauss is detected in the βCephei star ξ[SUP]1[/SUP]CMa and in 13 SPB stars. The star ξ[SUP]1[/SUP]CMa becomes the third magnetic star among the βCephei stars. Before our study, the star ζCas was the only known magnetic SPB star. All magnetic SPB stars for which we gathered several magnetic field measurements show a field that varies in time. We do not find a relation between the evolution of the magnetic field with stellar age in our small sample. Our observations imply that βCephei and SPB stars can no longer be considered as classes of non-magnetic pulsators, but the effect of the fields on the oscillation properties remains to be studied. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of MERCATOR data - Part I: variable B stars
De Cat, P.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C. et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2006), 147

We re-classified 31 variable B stars which were observed more than 50 times in the Geneva photometric system with the p7 photometer attached to the MERCATOR telescope (La Palma) during its first 3 years ... [more ▼]

We re-classified 31 variable B stars which were observed more than 50 times in the Geneva photometric system with the p7 photometer attached to the MERCATOR telescope (La Palma) during its first 3 years of scientific observations. HD 89688 is a possible beta Cephei/slowly pulsating B star hybrid and the main mode of the COROT target HD 180642 shows non-linear effects. The Maia candidates are re-classified as either ellipsoidal variables or spotted stars. Although the mode identification is still ongoing, all the well-identified modes so far have l <= 2. [less ▲]

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See detailA line-profile analysis of the large-amplitude beta Cephei star xi1 Canis Majoris
Saesen, S.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C.

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2006), 147

We present a detailed line-profile study of the beta Cephei star xi1 Canis Majoris, for which we have assembled numerous high-resolution spectra over a period of 4.5 years. It is the first time that the ... [more ▼]

We present a detailed line-profile study of the beta Cephei star xi1 Canis Majoris, for which we have assembled numerous high-resolution spectra over a period of 4.5 years. It is the first time that the line-profile variations of this star have been analysed. We focused on the Si III line profiles centered on 4560 A. We searched for oscillation frequencies in different line diagnostics and find the star to be monoperiodic with frequency f=4.77153 c/d. By means of the moment method and from amplitude and phase variations across the line profiles we identified the oscillation mode of the star as radial. xi1 CMa is among the very few beta Cephei stars with a radial-velocity amplitude larger than the local speed of sound and profile variations that clearly deviate from those predicted by linear oscillation theory. [less ▲]

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