References of "Briquet, Maryline"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
See detailFirst Magnetic Field Models for Recently Discovered Magnetic β Cephei and Slowly Pulsating B Stars
Hubrig, S.; Schöller, M.; Ilyin, I. et al

in Progress in Solar/Stellar Physics with Helio- and Asteroseismology (2012, September 01)

Despite of the importance of magnetic fields for the full understanding of the properties of pulsating β Cephei and slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars, these fields have scarcely been studied over the ... [more ▼]

Despite of the importance of magnetic fields for the full understanding of the properties of pulsating β Cephei and slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars, these fields have scarcely been studied over the rotation cycle until now. During the past two years we have obtained multi-epoch polarimetric spectra of several β Cephei and SPB stars with FORS 2 at the Very Large Telescope and SOFIN at the Nordic Optical Telescope to search for a rotation period and to constrain the geometry of the magnetic field. The rotation periods and magnetic field geometries were determined for three β Cephei stars, ℰ[SUP]1[/SUP] CMa, 15 CMa, and V1449 Aql, the candidate β Cephei star α Pyx, and the SPB star 33 Eri. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA multisite photometric study of two unusual β Cep stars: the magnetic V2052 Oph and the massive rapid rotator V986 Oph
Handler, G.; Shobbrook, R. R.; Uytterhoeven, K. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2012), 424

We report a multisite photometric campaign for the β Cep stars V2052 Oph and V986 Oph. 670 h of high-quality differential photoelectric Strömgren, Johnson and Geneva time-series photometry was obtained ... [more ▼]

We report a multisite photometric campaign for the β Cep stars V2052 Oph and V986 Oph. 670 h of high-quality differential photoelectric Strömgren, Johnson and Geneva time-series photometry was obtained with eight telescopes on five continents during 182 nights. Frequency analyses of the V2052 Oph data enabled the detection of three pulsation frequencies, the first harmonic of the strongest signal, and the rotation frequency with its first harmonic. Pulsational mode identification from analysing the colour amplitude ratios confirms the dominant mode as being radial, whereas the other two oscillations are most likely l = 4. Combining seismic constraints on the inclination of the rotation axis with published magnetic field analyses we conclude that the radial mode must be the fundamental mode. The rotational light modulation is in phase with published spectroscopic variability, and consistent with an oblique rotator for which both magnetic poles pass through the line of sight. The inclination of the rotation axis is 54° < i < 58° and the magnetic obliquity 58° < β < 66°. The possibility that V2052 Oph has a magnetically confined wind is discussed. The photometric amplitudes of the single oscillation of V986 Oph are most consistent with an l = 3 mode, but this identification is uncertain. Additional intrinsic, apparently temporally incoherent light variations of V986 Oph are reported. Different interpretations thereof cannot be distinguished at this point, but this kind of variability appears to be present in many OB stars. The prospects of obtaining asteroseismic information for more rapidly rotating β Cep stars, which appear to prefer modes of higher l, are briefly discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe CoRoT B-type binary HD 50230: a prototypical hybrid pulsator with g-mode period and p-mode frequency spacings⋆
Degroote, P.; Aerts, C.; Michel, E. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2012), 542

Context. B-type stars are promising targets for asteroseismic modelling, since their frequency spectrum is relatively simple. <BR /> Aims: We deduce and summarise observational constraints for the hybrid ... [more ▼]

Context. B-type stars are promising targets for asteroseismic modelling, since their frequency spectrum is relatively simple. <BR /> Aims: We deduce and summarise observational constraints for the hybrid pulsator, HD 50230, earlier reported to have deviations from a uniform period spacing of its gravity modes. The combination of spectra and a high-quality light curve measured by the CoRoT satellite allow a combined approach to fix the position of HD 50230 in the HR diagram. <BR /> Methods: To describe the observed pulsations, classical Fourier analysis was combined with short-time Fourier transformations and frequency spacing analysis techniques. Visual spectra were used to constrain the projected rotation rate of the star and the fundamental parameters of the target. In a first approximation, the combined information was used to interpret multiplets and spacings to infer the true surface rotation rate and a rough estimate of the inclination angle. <BR /> Results: We identify HD 50230 as a spectroscopic binary and characterise the two components. We detect the simultaneous presence of high-order g modes and low-order p and g-modes in the CoRoT light curve, but were unable to link them to line profile variations in the spectroscopic time series. We extract the relevant information from the frequency spectrum, which can be used for seismic modelling, and explore possible interpretations of the pressure mode spectrum. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. Based on observations made with the ESO telescopes at La Silla Observatory under the ESO Large Programme LP182.D-0356, and on observations made with the Mercator Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by the Flemish Community, at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, and on observations obtained with the HERMES spectrograph, which is supported by the Fund for Scientific Research of Flanders (FWO), Belgium, the Research Council of K.U. Leuven, Belgium, the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS), Belgium, the Royal Observatory of Belgium, the Observatoire de Genève, Switzerland and the Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Germany.Appendix A is available in electronic form at <A href="http://www.aanda.org">http://www.aanda.org</A> [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGravito-inertial and pressure modes detected in the B3 IV CoRoT target HD 43317
Pápics, P. I.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Baglin, A. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2012), 542

Context. OB stars are important building blocks of the Universe, but we have only a limited sample of them well understood enough from an asteroseismological point of view to provide feedback on the ... [more ▼]

Context. OB stars are important building blocks of the Universe, but we have only a limited sample of them well understood enough from an asteroseismological point of view to provide feedback on the current evolutionary models. Our study adds one special case to this sample, with more observational constraints than for most of these stars. <BR /> Aims: Our goal is to analyse and interpret the pulsational behaviour of the B3 IV star HD 43317 using the CoRoT light curve along with the ground-based spectroscopy gathered by the HARPS instrument. This way we continue our efforts to map the β Cep and SPB instability strips. <BR /> Methods: We used different techniques to reveal the abundances and fundamental stellar parameters from the newly-obtained high-resolution spectra. We used various time-series analysis tools to explore the nature of variations present in the light curve. We calculated the moments and used the pixel-by-pixel method to look for line profile variations in the high-resolution spectra. <BR /> Results: We find that HD 43317 is a single fast rotator (v[SUB]rot[/SUB] ≈ 50% v[SUB]crit[/SUB]) and hybrid SPB/β Cep-type pulsator with Solar metal abundances. We interpret the variations in photometry and spectroscopy as a result of rotational modulation connected to surface inhomogeneities, combined with the presence of both g and p mode pulsations. We detect a series of ten consecutive frequencies with an almost constant period spacing of 6339 s as well as a second shorter sequence consisting of seven frequencies with a spacing of 6380 s. The dominant frequencies fall in the regime of gravito-inertial modes. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain.Based on data gathered with HARPS installed on the 3.6 m ESO telescope (ESO Large Programme 182.D-0356) at La Silla, Chile.Table A.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/542/A55">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/542/A55</A> [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg)
See detailMagnetic field studies of massive main sequence stars
Schöller, M.; Hubrig, S.; Ilyin, I. et al

in American Institute of Physics Conference Series (2012, May 01)

We report on the status of our spectropolarimetric observations of massive stars. During the last years, we have discovered magnetic fields in many objects of the upper main sequence, including Be stars ... [more ▼]

We report on the status of our spectropolarimetric observations of massive stars. During the last years, we have discovered magnetic fields in many objects of the upper main sequence, including Be stars, β Cephei and Slowly Pulsating B stars, and a dozen O stars. Since the effects of those magnetic fields have been found to be substantial by recent models, we are looking into their impact on stellar rotation, pulsation, and stellar winds. Accurate studies of the age, environment, and kinematic characteristics of the magnetic stars are also promising to give us new insight into the origin of the magnetic fields. Furthermore, longer time series of magnetic field measurements allow us to observe the temporal variability of the magnetic field and to deduce the stellar rotation periods and the magnetic field geometry. Studies of the magnetic field in massive stars are indispensable to understand the conditions controlling the presence of those fields and their implications for the stellar physical parameters and evolution. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailModelling the magnetic field of the B-type N-rich star ζ Cassiopeiae
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Neiner, Coralie

Diverse speeche and writing (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDetecting and modelling the magnetic field of the β Cephei star V 2052 Ophiuchi
Neiner, C.; Alecian, E.; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2012), 537

<BR /> Aims: Following the indirect detection of a magnetic field in the β Cephei star <ASTROBJ>V 2052 Oph</ASTROBJ> by Neiner and collaborators in 2003 with the Musicos spectropolarimeter, we remeasured ... [more ▼]

<BR /> Aims: Following the indirect detection of a magnetic field in the β Cephei star <ASTROBJ>V 2052 Oph</ASTROBJ> by Neiner and collaborators in 2003 with the Musicos spectropolarimeter, we remeasured the magnetic field of this star to attempt to directly confirm the detection of a magnetic field and study its configuration in greater detail. <BR /> Methods: We used the Narval spectropolarimeter installed at TBL (Pic du Midi, France), which is about 20 times more efficient than the Musicos spectropolarimeter. We applied the least-squares deconvolution (LSD) technique to various groups of lines to measure the circular polarisation of the light coming from <ASTROBJ>V 2052 Oph</ASTROBJ>. We synthesized the measured Stokes V profiles with a centred and off-centred dipole model. <BR /> Results: For the first time, we clearly detect the Zeeman signature in the Stokes V profiles of <ASTROBJ>V 2052 Oph</ASTROBJ> and thus directly prove the presence of a magnetic field in this star. The modulation with the rotation period is also confirmed and reflects an oblique dipole field. Thanks to the small error bars on the measurements, we are able to study the behaviour of different groups of lines and the centring of the dipole in the star. We find that the dipole is most likely off-centred along the magnetic axis and that He spots are present at the surface next to the magnetic axis. <BR /> Conclusions: We conclude that <ASTROBJ>V 2052 Oph</ASTROBJ> is a magnetic He-strong β Cep star, with a dipole field, probably off-centred, with B[SUB]pol[/SUB] ~ 400 G and He patches close to the magnetic poles. Based on observations obtained with the Narval spectropolarimeter at the Télescope Bernard Lyot, Observatoire du Pic du Midi, France. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpectroscopic variability and magnetic fields of HgMn stars
Hubrig, S.; González, J. F.; Ilyin, I. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2011), 332

The discovery of exotic abundances, chemical inhomogeneities, and weak magnetic fields on the surface of late B-type primaries in spectroscopic binaries has important implications not only for our ... [more ▼]

The discovery of exotic abundances, chemical inhomogeneities, and weak magnetic fields on the surface of late B-type primaries in spectroscopic binaries has important implications not only for our understanding of the formation mechanisms of stars with Hg and Mn peculiarities themselves, but also for the general understanding of B-type star formation in binary systems. The origin of the abundance anomalies observed in late B-type stars with HgMn peculiarity is still poorly understood. The connection between HgMn peculiarity and membership in binary and multiple systems is supported by our observations during the last decade. The important result achieved in our studies of a large sample of HgMn stars is the finding that most HgMn stars exhibit spectral variability of various chemical elements, proving that the presence of an inhomogeneous distribution on the surface of these stars is a rather common characteristic and not a rare phenomenon. Further, in the studied systems, we found that all components are chemically peculiar with different abundance patterns. Generally, He and Si variable Bp stars possess large-scale organised magnetic fields that in many cases appear to occur essentially in the form of a single large dipole located close to the centre of the star. The presence of magnetic fields in the atmospheres of HgMn stars has been demonstrated in several studies. In addition to the measurements of longitudinal and quadratic magnetic fields, this work also showed evidence for a relative magnetic intensification of Fe II lines produced by different magnetic desaturations induced by different Zeeman-split components. Based on ESO Archival data, from ESO programme 083.D-1000(A). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMagnetic field studies of massive main sequence stars
Schöller, M.; Hubrig, S.; Ilyin, I. et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2011), 332

We report on the status of our spectropolarimetric observations of massive stars. During the last years, we have discovered magnetic fields in many objects of the upper main sequence, including Be stars ... [more ▼]

We report on the status of our spectropolarimetric observations of massive stars. During the last years, we have discovered magnetic fields in many objects of the upper main sequence, including Be stars, β Cephei and Slowly Pulsating B stars, and a dozen O stars. Since the effects of those magnetic fields have been found to be substantial by recent models, we are looking into their impact on stellar rotation, pulsation, stellar winds, and chemical abundances. Accurate studies of the age, environment, and kinematic characteristics of the magnetic stars are also promising to give us new insight into the origin of the magnetic fields. Furthermore, longer time series of magnetic field measurements allow us to observe the temporal variability of the magnetic field and to deduce the stellar rotation period and the magnetic field geometry. Studies of the magnetic field in massive stars are indispensable to understand the conditions controlling the presence of those fields and their implications on the stellar physical parameters and evolution. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFirst HARPSpol discoveries of magnetic fields in massive stars
Alecian, E.; Kochukhov, O.; Neiner, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 536

In the framework of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) project, a HARPSpol Large Program at the 3.6m-ESO telescope has recently started to collect high-resolution spectropolarimetric data of a large ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) project, a HARPSpol Large Program at the 3.6m-ESO telescope has recently started to collect high-resolution spectropolarimetric data of a large number of Southern massive OB stars in the field of the Galaxy and in many young clusters and associations. We report on the first discoveries of magnetic fields in two massive stars with HARPSpol - HD 130807 and HD 122451, and confirm the presence of a magnetic field at the surface of HD 105382 that was previously observed with a low spectral resolution device. The longitudinal magnetic field measurements strongly vary for HD 130807 from ~-100 G to ~700 G. Those of HD 122451 and HD 105382 are less variable with values ranging from ~-40 to -80 G, and from ~-300 to -600 G, respectively. The discovery and confirmation of three new magnetic massive stars, including at least two He-weak stars, is an important contribution to one of MiMeS objectives: the understanding of the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars and their impact on stellar structure and evolution. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Chile (Program ID 187.D-0917). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSeismic modelling of the β Cephei star HD 180642 (V1449 Aquilae)
Aerts, C.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Degroote, P. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 534

Context. We present modelling of the β Cep star HD 180642 based on its observational properties deduced from CoRoT and ground-based photometry as well as from time-resolved spectroscopy. <BR /> Aims: We ... [more ▼]

Context. We present modelling of the β Cep star HD 180642 based on its observational properties deduced from CoRoT and ground-based photometry as well as from time-resolved spectroscopy. <BR /> Aims: We investigate whether present-day state-of-the-art models are able to explain the full seismic behaviour of this star, which has extended observational constraints for this type of pulsator. <BR /> Methods: We constructed a dedicated database of stellar models and their oscillation modes tuned to fit the dominant radial mode frequency of HD 180642, by means of varying the hydrogen content, metallicity, mass, age, and core overshooting parameter. We compared the seismic properties of these models with those observed. <BR /> Results: We find models that are able to explain the numerous observed oscillation properties of the star, for a narrow range in mass of 11.4-11.8 M[SUB]&sun;[/SUB] and no or very mild overshooting (with up to 0.05 local pressure scale heights), except for an excitation problem of the ℓ = 3, p[SUB]1[/SUB] mode. We deduce a rotation period of about 13 d, which is fully compatible with recent magnetic field measurements. The seismic models do not support the earlier claim of solar-like oscillations in the star. We instead ascribe the power excess at high frequency to non-linear resonant mode coupling between the high-amplitude radial fundamental mode and several of the low-order pressure modes. We report a discrepancy between the seismic and spectroscopic gravity at the 2.5σ level. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (14 ULg)
Full Text
See detailChemical spots and their dynamical evolution on HgMn stars
Korhonen, Heidi; Hubrig, Swetlana; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in The Physics of Sun and Star Spots, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 273 (2011, August 01)

Our recent studies of late B-type stars with HgMn peculiarity revealed for the first time the presence of fast dynamical evolution of chemical spots on their surfaces. These observations suggest a ... [more ▼]

Our recent studies of late B-type stars with HgMn peculiarity revealed for the first time the presence of fast dynamical evolution of chemical spots on their surfaces. These observations suggest a hitherto unknown physical process operating in the stars with radiative outer envelopes. Furthermore, we have also discovered existence of magnetic fields on these stars that have up to now been thought to be non-magnetic. Here we will discuss the dynamical spot evolution on HD 11753 and our new results on magnetic fields on AR Aur. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe strong magnetic field of the large-amplitude β Cephei pulsator V1449 Aquilae
Hubrig, S.; Ilyin, I.; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 531

<BR /> Aims: Only for very few β Cephei stars has the behaviour of the magnetic field been studied over the rotation cycle. During the past two years we have obtained multi-epoch polarimetric spectra of ... [more ▼]

<BR /> Aims: Only for very few β Cephei stars has the behaviour of the magnetic field been studied over the rotation cycle. During the past two years we have obtained multi-epoch polarimetric spectra of the β Cephei star V1449 Aql with SOFIN at the Nordic Optical Telescope to search for a rotation period and to constrain the geometry of the magnetic field. <BR /> Methods: The mean longitudinal magnetic field is measured at 13 different epochs. The new measurements, together with the previous FORS 1 measurements, have been used for the frequency analysis and the characterization of the magnetic field. <BR /> Results: V1449 Aql so far possesses the strongest longitudinal magnetic field of up to 700 G among the β Cephei stars. The resulting periodogram displays three dominant peaks with the highest peak at f = 0.0720 d[SUP]-1[/SUP] corresponding to a period P = 13ḍ893. The magnetic field geometry can likely be described by a centred dipole with a polar magnetic field strength B[SUB]d[/SUB] around 3 kG and an inclination angle β of the magnetic axis to the rotation axis of 76 ± 4°. As of today, the strongest longitudinal magnetic fields are detected in the β Cephei stars V1449 Aql and ξ[SUP]1[/SUP] CMa with large radial velocity amplitudes. Their peak-to-peak amplitudes reach ~90 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] and ~33 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP], respectively. Concluding, we briefly discuss the position of the currently known eight magnetic β Cephei and candidate β Cephei stars in the Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram. Based on observations obtained at the 2.56-m Nordic Optical Telescope on La Palma and ESO Prgs. 077.D-0311 and 178.D-0361.Appendix A is available in electronic form at <A href="http://www.aanda.org">http://www.aanda.org</A> [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailKepler observations of the variability in B-type stars
Balona, L. A.; Pigulski, A.; Cat, P De et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2011), 413

The analysis of the light curves of 48 B-type stars observed by Kepler is presented. Among these are 15 pulsating stars, all of which show low frequencies, characteristic of slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars ... [more ▼]

The analysis of the light curves of 48 B-type stars observed by Kepler is presented. Among these are 15 pulsating stars, all of which show low frequencies, characteristic of slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars. Seven of these stars also show a few weak, isolated high frequencies and they could be considered as SPB/β Cephei (β Cep) hybrids. In all cases, the frequency spectra are quite different from what is seen from ground-based observations. We suggest that this is because most of the low frequencies are modes of high degree which are predicted to be unstable in models of mid-B stars. We find that there are non-pulsating stars within the β Cep and SPB instability strips. Apart from the pulsating stars, we can identify stars with frequency groupings similar to what is seen in Be stars but which are not Be stars. The origin of the groupings is not clear, but may be related to rotation. We find periodic variations in other stars which we attribute to proximity effects in binary systems or possibly rotational modulation. We find no evidence for pulsating stars between the cool edge of the SPB and the hot edge of the δ Sct instability strips. None of the stars shows the broad features which can be attributed to stochastically excited modes as recently proposed. Among our sample of B stars are two chemically peculiar stars, one of which is a HgMn star showing rotational modulation in the light curve. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCoRoT's view on the variability of O stars: new theoretical challenges
Briquet, Maryline ULg

Conference (2011, June)

The CoRoT satellite reveals diverse causes of intrinsic variability in a sample of 6 O-type stars: beta Cep-like pulsation modes in HD 46202 and HD 47129, sun-like oscillations in HD 46149, and red noise ... [more ▼]

The CoRoT satellite reveals diverse causes of intrinsic variability in a sample of 6 O-type stars: beta Cep-like pulsation modes in HD 46202 and HD 47129, sun-like oscillations in HD 46149, and red noise in the hottest targets observed (HD 46150, HD 46223, and HD 46966). A preliminary comparison with stellar models points out several shortcomings and questions to be resolved. An excitation problem is encountered for HD 46202. The physical cause of the existence of red noise is unknown, and the reasons why a behaviour is observed in some targets and not in other ones have not been investigated yet. That requires an in-depth description of the outer layers of the objects. In addition, a fine tuning of the asteroseismic modelling is needed for all three stars with stellar pulsation detected. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCoRoT high-precision photometry of the B0.5 IV star HD 51756
Pápics, P. I.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Auvergne, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 528

Context. OB stars are important constituents for the ecology of the Universe, and there are only a few studies on their pulsational properties detailed enough to provide important feedback on current ... [more ▼]

Context. OB stars are important constituents for the ecology of the Universe, and there are only a few studies on their pulsational properties detailed enough to provide important feedback on current evolutionary models. <BR /> Aims: Our goal is to analyse and interpret the behaviour present in the CoRoT light curve of the B0.5 IV star HD 51756 observed during the second long run of the space mission and to determine the fundamental stellar parameters from ground-based spectroscopy gathered with the Coralie and Harps instruments after checking for signs of variability and binarity, thus making a step further in mapping the top of the β Cep instability strip. <BR /> Methods: We compared the newly obtained high-resolution spectra with synthetic spectra of late O-type and early B-type stars computed on a grid of stellar parameters. We matched the results with evolutionary tracks to estimate stellar parameters. We used various time series analysis tools to explore the nature of the variations present in the light curve. Additional calculations were carried out based on distance and historical position measurements of the components to impose constraints on the binary orbit. <BR /> Results: We find that HD 51756 is a wide binary with both a slow (vsini ≈ 28 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]) and a fast (vsini ≈ 170 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP]) early-B rotator whose atmospheric parameters are similar (T[SUB]eff[/SUB] ≈ 30 000 K and log g ≈ 3.75). We are unable to detect pulsation in any of the components, and we interpret the harmonic structure in the frequency spectrum as a sign of rotational modulation, which is compatible with the observed and deduced stellar parameters of both components. <BR /> Conclusions: The non-detection of pulsation modes provides a feedback on the theoretical treatment, given that non-adiabatic computations applied to appropriate stellar models predict the excitation of both pressure and gravity modes for the fundamental parameters of this star. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain.Based on data gathered with Coralie installed on the 1.2 m Euler telescope at La Silla, Chile; and Harps installed on the 3.6 m ESO telescope (ESO Large Programme 182.D-0356) at La Silla, Chile.Appendix A is only available in electronic form at <A href="http://www.aanda.org">http://www.aanda.org</A> [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn asteroseismic study of the O9V star HD 46202 from CoRoT space-based photometry
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C.; Baglin, A. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 527

The O9V star HD 46202, which is a member of the young open cluster NGC 2244, was observed by the CoRoT satellite in October/November 2008 during a short run of 34 days. From the very high-precision light ... [more ▼]

The O9V star HD 46202, which is a member of the young open cluster NGC 2244, was observed by the CoRoT satellite in October/November 2008 during a short run of 34 days. From the very high-precision light curve, we clearly detect β Cep-like pulsation frequencies with amplitudes of ~0.1 mmag and below. A comparison with stellar models was performed using a χ[SUP]2[/SUP] as a measure for the goodness-of-fit between the observed and theoretically computed frequencies. The physical parameters of our best-fitting models are compatible with the ones deduced spectroscopically. A core overshooting parameter α[SUB]ov[/SUB] = 0.10 ± 0.05 pressure scale height is required. None of the observed frequencies are theoretically excited with the input physics used in our study. More theoretical work is thus needed to overcome this shortcoming in how we understand the excitation mechanism of pulsation modes in such a massive star. A similar excitation problem has also been encountered for certain pulsation modes in β Cep stars recently modelled asteroseismically. The CoRoT space mission was developed and is operated by the French space agency CNES, with the participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA spectroscopic study of the hybrid pulsator Gamma Pegasi
Pandey, C. P.; Morel, Thierry ULg; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2011), 162

The recent detection of both pressure and high-order gravity modes in the classical B-type pulsator Gamma Pegasi offers promising prospects for probing its internal structure through seismic studies. To ... [more ▼]

The recent detection of both pressure and high-order gravity modes in the classical B-type pulsator Gamma Pegasi offers promising prospects for probing its internal structure through seismic studies. To aid further modelling of this star, we present the results of a detailed NLTE abundance analysis based on a large number of time-resolved, high-quality spectra. A chemical composition typical of nearby B-type stars is found. The hybrid nature of this star is consistent with its location in the overlapping region of the instability strips for β Cephei and slowly pulsating B stars computed using OP opacity tables, although OPAL calculations may also be compatible with the observations once the uncertainties in the stellar parameters and the current limitations of the stability calculations are taken into account. The two known frequencies f1 = 6.58974 and f2 = 0.68241 c/d are detected in the spectroscopic time series. A mode identification is attempted for the low-frequency signal, which can be associated to a high-order g -mode. Finally, we re-assess the binary status of Gamma Peg and find no evidence for variations that can be ascribed to orbital motion, contrary to previous claims in the literature. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpectral analysis of Kepler SPB and β Cephei candidate stars
Lehmann, H.; Tkachenko, A.; Semaan, T. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 526

Context. For asteroseismic modelling, analysis of the high-accuracy light curves delivered by the Kepler satellite mission needs support by ground-based, multi-colour and spectroscopic observations. <BR ... [more ▼]

Context. For asteroseismic modelling, analysis of the high-accuracy light curves delivered by the Kepler satellite mission needs support by ground-based, multi-colour and spectroscopic observations. <BR /> Aims: We determine the fundamental parameters of SPB and β Cep candidate stars observed by the Kepler satellite mission and estimate the expected types of non-radial pulsators. <BR /> Methods: We compared newly obtained high-resolution spectra with synthetic spectra computed on a grid of stellar parameters assuming LTE, and checked for NLTE effects for the hottest stars. For comparison, we determined T[SUB]eff[/SUB] independently from fitting the spectral energy distribution of the stars obtained from the available photometry. <BR /> Results: We determine T[SUB]eff[/SUB], log g, microturbulent velocity, v sin i, metallicity, and elemental abundance for 14 of the 16 candidate stars. Two stars are spectroscopic binaries. No significant influence of NLTE effects on the results could be found. For hot stars, we find systematic deviations in the determined effective temperatures from those given in the Kepler Input Catalogue. The deviations are confirmed by the results obtained from ground-based photometry. Five stars show reduced metallicity, two stars are He-strong, one is He-weak, and one is Si-strong. Two of the stars could be β Cep/SPB hybrid pulsators, four SPB pulsators, and five more stars are located close to the borders of the SPB instability region. Based on observations with the 2-m Alfred Jensch telescope at the Thüringer Landessternwarte (TLS) Tautenburg. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFirst Magnetic Field Models for Recently Discovered Magnetic β Cephei and Slowly Pulsating B Stars
Hubrig, S.; Ilyin, Ilya; Schöller, Markus et al

in Astrophysical Journal Letters (2011), 726

In spite of recent detections of magnetic fields in a number of β Cephei and slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars, their impact on stellar rotation, pulsations, and element diffusion has not yet been ... [more ▼]

In spite of recent detections of magnetic fields in a number of β Cephei and slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars, their impact on stellar rotation, pulsations, and element diffusion has not yet been sufficiently studied. The reason for this is the lack of knowledge of rotation periods, the magnetic field strength distribution and temporal variability, and the field geometry. New longitudinal field measurements of four β Cephei and candidate β Cephei stars, and two SPB stars were acquired with FORS 2 at the Very Large Telescope. These measurements allowed us to carry out a search for rotation periods and to constrain the magnetic field geometry for four stars in our sample. Based on observations obtained at the European Southern Observatory (ESO programme 084.D-0230(A)). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (10 ULg)