References of "Brédart, Serge"
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See detailRecognising the usual orientation of one's own face : the role of asymmetrically located details
Brédart, Serge ULg

in Perception (2003), 32(7), 805-811

Our ability to recognise the usual horizontal orientation Of Our own face (mirror orientation) as compared with another very familiar face (normal orientation) was examined in experiment 1. Participants ... [more ▼]

Our ability to recognise the usual horizontal orientation Of Our own face (mirror orientation) as compared with another very familiar face (normal orientation) was examined in experiment 1. Participants did not use the same kind of information in determining the orientation of their own face as in determining the orientation of the other familiar face. The proportion of participants who reported having based their judgment on the location of an asymmetric feature (eg a mole) was higher when determining the orientation of their own face than when determining that of the other familiar face. In experiment 2, participants were presented with pairs of manipulated images of their own face and of another familiar face showing conflicting asymmetric features and configural information. Each pair consisted of one picture showing asymmetric features of a given face in a mirror-reversed position, while the facial configuration was left unchanged; and one picture in which the location of the asymmetric features was left unchanged, while the facial configuration was mirror-reversed. As expected from the hypothesis that asymmetric local features are more frequently used for the judgment of one's own face, participants chose the picture showing mirror-reversed asymmetric features when determining the usual orientation of their own face significantly more often than they chose the picture showing normally oriented asymmetric features when determining the orientation of the other face. These results are explained in terms of competing forward and mirror-reversed representations of one's own face. [less ▲]

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See detailPreschoolers' use of form class cues to learn descriptive proper names
Hall, D. G.; Waxman, S. R.; Brédart, Serge ULg et al

in Child Development (2003), 74(5), 1547-1560

This study examined 3- and 4-year-old preschoolers' ability to learn proper names containing familiar descriptions. Children saw a novel creature with a familiar property (it was red) and heard either an ... [more ▼]

This study examined 3- and 4-year-old preschoolers' ability to learn proper names containing familiar descriptions. Children saw a novel creature with a familiar property (it was red) and heard either an adjective ("This is a red one") or a descriptive proper name ("This is Mr. Red"). The creature was then transformed, losing the property (e.g., it became green). Children had to extend the word to either the transformed original creature or a new creature bearing the original property (another red creature). Children, especially 4-year-olds, extended the adjective to the new creature but were significantly more likely to extend the proper name to the original creature. Lexical form class cues provided potent information about word meaning, directing preschoolers to reinterpret familiar descriptive terms (adjectives) as homophonic terms designating unique individuals (proper names). [less ▲]

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See detailVieillissement, qualité de l’encodage et faux souvenirs
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

Poster (2002, September)

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See detailThe effects of divided attention on the occurrence of false memories
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg; Siffert, Jason

Poster (2002, April)

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See detailSource monitoring, False memories and aging
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

Poster (2002, March)

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See detailAn other-race effect in age discrimination from faces
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

Poster (2001, September)

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See detailAn 'other-race' effect in age estimation from faces
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

in Perception (2001), 30(9), 1107-1113

Previous studies have shown that, in person-recognition tasks, people performance better for gaces belonging to their own race than for those belonging to another race. Recently, however, this 'other-race ... [more ▼]

Previous studies have shown that, in person-recognition tasks, people performance better for gaces belonging to their own race than for those belonging to another race. Recently, however, this 'other-race' effect has also been found in a sex-discrimination task (O'Toole et al, 1996, Perception 25, 669-676). In the present study, we investigated wheter this finding extends to age perception. Caucasian and African participants were asked to estimate the age of Caucasian and African faces. The main result of this experiment was a significant 'race of subject' x 'race of face' interaction showing that Caucasian participants performed better at evaluating Caucasian faces than African faces. However, African participants performed equally with both type of faces. This result is explained by the Africans' time of residence in Belgium. This implication of this 'older-race' effect for age estimation is discussed with respect to eyewitness reports. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial cues and verbal framing in risky choice
Wang, X. T.; Simons, F.; Brédart, Serge ULg

in Journal of Behavioral Decision Making (2001), 14

We examined how people use social and verbal cues of differing priorities in making social decisions. In Experiment 1, formally identical life-death choice problems were presented in different ... [more ▼]

We examined how people use social and verbal cues of differing priorities in making social decisions. In Experiment 1, formally identical life-death choice problems were presented in different hypothetical group contexts and were phrased in either a positive or negative frame. The risk-seeking choice became more dominant as the number of kin in an endangered group increased. Framing effects occurred only in a heterogeneous group context where the lives at risk were a mixture of kin and strangers. No framing effect was found when the same problem was presented in the context of a homogeneous group consisting of either all kin or all strangers. We viewed the framing effects to be a sign of indecisive risk preference due to the differential effects of a kinship cue and a stranger cue on choice. In Experiment 2, we presented the life-death problem in two artificial group contexts involving either 6 billion human lives or 6 billion extraterrestrial lives. A framing effect was found only in the human context. Two pre-conditions of framing effects appear to be social unfamiliarity of a decision problem and aspiration level of a decision maker. In Experiment 3, we analyzed the direction of the framing effect by balancing the framing. The direction of the framing effect depended on the baseline level of risk preference determined by a specific decision conte [less ▲]

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See detailPresentation of a French version ot the Internal, Personal and Situational Attributions Questionnaire
Laroi, Frank ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

in European Review of Applied Psychology = Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée (2001), 52

In recent years an increasing interest in attributional style in both normal and pathological populations has developed. In that context, the Internal, Personal and Situational Attributions Questionnaire ... [more ▼]

In recent years an increasing interest in attributional style in both normal and pathological populations has developed. In that context, the Internal, Personal and Situational Attributions Questionnaire (IPSAQ) was constructed. We investigated the psychometric properties of a French translation of the IPSAQ in a normal population.The results offer evidence that the present french translation has similarly adequate psychometric porperties as the original english version [less ▲]

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See detailWhen false memories do not occur : not thinking of the lure or remembering that it was not heard ?
Brédart, Serge ULg

in Memory (2000), 8(2), 123-128

The aim of the present study was to evaluate two explanations for the non-occurrence of false memories in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. One explanation was that a critical lure is not ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to evaluate two explanations for the non-occurrence of false memories in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. One explanation was that a critical lure is not recalled because the list failed to evoke it in the participant's mind. Another possible explanation was that the participant would identify the critical lure and would remember, at the time of recall, that the lure was not produced by an external source. In order to explore these two possible explanations for the non-occurrence of false memories, an experimental phase was added to the usual DRM paradigm: participants were asked to recall items they thought of but did not recall because these items were not members of the list presented by the experimenter. Among participants who did not recall the critical lure during the standard recall task, those who recalled the critical lure during the additional phase outnumbered those who did not recall it. This result is more consistent with the second explanation than with the first one. [less ▲]

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See detailThe resemblance of one-year-old infants to their fathers : refuting Christenfeld & Hill (1995)
French, R.; Brédart, Serge ULg; Huart, Johanne ULg et al

in Gleitman, L. R. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 22nd Annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society (2000)

In 1995 Christenfeld and Hill published a paper that purported to show at one year of age, infants resemble their fathers more than their mothers. Evolution, they argued, would have produced this result ... [more ▼]

In 1995 Christenfeld and Hill published a paper that purported to show at one year of age, infants resemble their fathers more than their mothers. Evolution, they argued, would have produced this result since it would ensure male parental resources, since the paternity of the infant would no longer be in doubt. We believe this result is false. We present the results of two experiments (and mention a third) which are very far from replicating Christenfeld and Hill's data. In addition, we provide an evolutionary explanation as to why evolution would not have favored the result reported by Christenfeld and Hill. [less ▲]

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See detailMémoire
Brédart, Serge ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Rondal, Jacques (Ed.) Introduction à la psychologie scientifique (1999)

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See detailDo babies resemble their fathers more than their mothers ? : a failure to replicate Christenfeld and Hill
Brédart, Serge ULg; French, R.

in Evolution and Human Behavior : Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society (1999), 20(3), 129-135

Contrary to Christenfeld

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See detailDescriptiveness and proper name retrieval
Brédart, Serge ULg; Valentine, T.

in Memory (1998), 6(2), 199-206

Cohen (1990) hypothesised that the retrieval of proper names is particularly difficult because proper names convey little information about their bearers' attributes. In the present study, this hypothesis ... [more ▼]

Cohen (1990) hypothesised that the retrieval of proper names is particularly difficult because proper names convey little information about their bearers' attributes. In the present study, this hypothesis was evaluated by using a face naming task. Faces were those of cartoon and comic-strip characters bearing either arbitrary names or descriptive names. Results unequivocally showed that retrieval blocks occurred more often in naming characters bearing arbitrary names than in naming characters bearing descriptive names. Moreover, retrieving arbitrary names that were also common names was as difficult as retrieving arbitrary names that were not common names. These results support Cohen's claim that arbitrariness plays a significant role in the relative vulnerability of proper name retrieval. [less ▲]

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See detailStructured imagination of novel creatures' faces
Brédart, Serge ULg; Ward, T. B.; Marczewski, P.

in American Journal of Psychology (The) (1998), 111(4), 607-625

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See detailDissociations between the processing of proper and common names
Brédart, Serge ULg; Brennen, T.; Valentine, T.

in Cognitive Neuropsychology (1997), 14(2), 209-217

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See detailPerson familiarity and name-retrieval failures: How they are related ?
Brédart, Serge ULg

in Current Psychology of Cognition [=CPC] = Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive [=CPC] (1996), 15(1), 113-119

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See detailSemantic memory and amnesia: A case study
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg; Depoorter, N. et al

in Cognitive Neuropsychology (1996), 13(3), 391-413

The performance of a severe amnesic patient (AC) was explored across two tasks designed to assess his public and personal semantic knowledge before and after the onset of his amnesia.

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See detailThe cognitive psychology of proper names: On the importance of being Ernest
Valentine, T.; Brennen, T.; Brédart, Serge ULg

Book published by Routledge (1996)

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See detailThe effect of likeness on face identification
Brennen, Tim; Brédart, Serge ULg; Davidsen, P. E. et al

in International Journal of Psychology (1996), 31

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