References of "Brédart, Serge"
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See detailSocial cues and verbal framing in risky choice
Wang, X. T.; Simons, F.; Brédart, Serge ULg

in Journal of Behavioral Decision Making (2001), 14

We examined how people use social and verbal cues of differing priorities in making social decisions. In Experiment 1, formally identical life-death choice problems were presented in different ... [more ▼]

We examined how people use social and verbal cues of differing priorities in making social decisions. In Experiment 1, formally identical life-death choice problems were presented in different hypothetical group contexts and were phrased in either a positive or negative frame. The risk-seeking choice became more dominant as the number of kin in an endangered group increased. Framing effects occurred only in a heterogeneous group context where the lives at risk were a mixture of kin and strangers. No framing effect was found when the same problem was presented in the context of a homogeneous group consisting of either all kin or all strangers. We viewed the framing effects to be a sign of indecisive risk preference due to the differential effects of a kinship cue and a stranger cue on choice. In Experiment 2, we presented the life-death problem in two artificial group contexts involving either 6 billion human lives or 6 billion extraterrestrial lives. A framing effect was found only in the human context. Two pre-conditions of framing effects appear to be social unfamiliarity of a decision problem and aspiration level of a decision maker. In Experiment 3, we analyzed the direction of the framing effect by balancing the framing. The direction of the framing effect depended on the baseline level of risk preference determined by a specific decision conte [less ▲]

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See detailPresentation of a French version ot the Internal, Personal and Situational Attributions Questionnaire
Laroi, Frank ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

in European Review of Applied Psychology = Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée (2001), 52

In recent years an increasing interest in attributional style in both normal and pathological populations has developed. In that context, the Internal, Personal and Situational Attributions Questionnaire ... [more ▼]

In recent years an increasing interest in attributional style in both normal and pathological populations has developed. In that context, the Internal, Personal and Situational Attributions Questionnaire (IPSAQ) was constructed. We investigated the psychometric properties of a French translation of the IPSAQ in a normal population.The results offer evidence that the present french translation has similarly adequate psychometric porperties as the original english version [less ▲]

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See detailWhen false memories do not occur : not thinking of the lure or remembering that it was not heard ?
Brédart, Serge ULg

in Memory (2000), 8(2), 123-128

The aim of the present study was to evaluate two explanations for the non-occurrence of false memories in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. One explanation was that a critical lure is not ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to evaluate two explanations for the non-occurrence of false memories in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. One explanation was that a critical lure is not recalled because the list failed to evoke it in the participant's mind. Another possible explanation was that the participant would identify the critical lure and would remember, at the time of recall, that the lure was not produced by an external source. In order to explore these two possible explanations for the non-occurrence of false memories, an experimental phase was added to the usual DRM paradigm: participants were asked to recall items they thought of but did not recall because these items were not members of the list presented by the experimenter. Among participants who did not recall the critical lure during the standard recall task, those who recalled the critical lure during the additional phase outnumbered those who did not recall it. This result is more consistent with the second explanation than with the first one. [less ▲]

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See detailThe resemblance of one-year-old infants to their fathers : refuting Christenfeld & Hill (1995)
French, R.; Brédart, Serge ULg; Huart, Johanne ULg et al

in Gleitman, L. R. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 22nd Annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society (2000)

In 1995 Christenfeld and Hill published a paper that purported to show at one year of age, infants resemble their fathers more than their mothers. Evolution, they argued, would have produced this result ... [more ▼]

In 1995 Christenfeld and Hill published a paper that purported to show at one year of age, infants resemble their fathers more than their mothers. Evolution, they argued, would have produced this result since it would ensure male parental resources, since the paternity of the infant would no longer be in doubt. We believe this result is false. We present the results of two experiments (and mention a third) which are very far from replicating Christenfeld and Hill's data. In addition, we provide an evolutionary explanation as to why evolution would not have favored the result reported by Christenfeld and Hill. [less ▲]

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See detailMémoire
Brédart, Serge ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Rondal, Jacques (Ed.) Introduction à la psychologie scientifique (1999)

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See detailDo babies resemble their fathers more than their mothers ? : a failure to replicate Christenfeld and Hill
Brédart, Serge ULg; French, R.

in Evolution and Human Behavior : Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society (1999), 20(3), 129-135

Contrary to Christenfeld

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See detailDescriptiveness and proper name retrieval
Brédart, Serge ULg; Valentine, T.

in Memory (1998), 6(2), 199-206

Cohen (1990) hypothesised that the retrieval of proper names is particularly difficult because proper names convey little information about their bearers' attributes. In the present study, this hypothesis ... [more ▼]

Cohen (1990) hypothesised that the retrieval of proper names is particularly difficult because proper names convey little information about their bearers' attributes. In the present study, this hypothesis was evaluated by using a face naming task. Faces were those of cartoon and comic-strip characters bearing either arbitrary names or descriptive names. Results unequivocally showed that retrieval blocks occurred more often in naming characters bearing arbitrary names than in naming characters bearing descriptive names. Moreover, retrieving arbitrary names that were also common names was as difficult as retrieving arbitrary names that were not common names. These results support Cohen's claim that arbitrariness plays a significant role in the relative vulnerability of proper name retrieval. [less ▲]

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See detailStructured imagination of novel creatures' faces
Brédart, Serge ULg; Ward, T. B.; Marczewski, P.

in American Journal of Psychology (The) (1998), 111(4), 607-625

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See detailDissociations between the processing of proper and common names
Brédart, Serge ULg; Brennen, T.; Valentine, T.

in Cognitive Neuropsychology (1997), 14(2), 209-217

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See detailPerson familiarity and name-retrieval failures: How they are related ?
Brédart, Serge ULg

in Current Psychology of Cognition [=CPC] = Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive [=CPC] (1996), 15(1), 113-119

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See detailSemantic memory and amnesia: A case study
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg; Depoorter, N. et al

in Cognitive Neuropsychology (1996), 13(3), 391-413

The performance of a severe amnesic patient (AC) was explored across two tasks designed to assess his public and personal semantic knowledge before and after the onset of his amnesia.

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See detailThe cognitive psychology of proper names: On the importance of being Ernest
Valentine, T.; Brennen, T.; Brédart, Serge ULg

Book published by Routledge (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (6 ULg)
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See detailThe effect of likeness on face identification
Brennen, Tim; Brédart, Serge ULg; Davidsen, P. E. et al

in International Journal of Psychology (1996), 31

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See detailAn interactive activation model of face naming
Brédart, Serge ULg; Valentine, T.; Calder, A. et al

in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (1995), 48A(2), 466-486

Burton and Bruce's (1992) model of face naming predicts a "fan effect", in which naming of famous people about whom many descriptive properties are known should be slower than naming of celebrities about ... [more ▼]

Burton and Bruce's (1992) model of face naming predicts a "fan effect", in which naming of famous people about whom many descriptive properties are known should be slower than naming of celebrities about whom few properties are known. An experiment is reported that showed that, contrary to this prediction, knowledge of many descriptive properties facilitated face-naming latency. An alternative architecture for an interactive activation model is proposed in which descriptive properties are represented in separate pools of units for each domain of information and in which names are represented by a separate pool of lexical output units. Computer simulations showed that this model could simulate the previously available empirical data as effectively as Burton and Bruce's (1992) original model. However, the proposed model could also simulate the effect of the number of known descriptive properties upon face-naming latency observed in the experiment reported. The new architecture also has the advantage of being more compatible with current models of speech production, and it allows preserved access to unique semantic properties in the context of impaired face naming as reported in the neuropsychological literature. [less ▲]

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See detailPriming production of people's names
Valentine, T.; Moore, V.; Brédart, Serge ULg

in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (1995), 48A

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See detailPersonal name anomia: A single case study
Fery, P.; Vincent, Eric ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

in Cortex (1995), 31

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See detailDevelopmental disturbance of access to biographical information and people's names: A single-case study
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg; Schweich, M.

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (1995), 1(6), 589-595

The paper describes the case of a person (GB) without any clinical evidence of cerebral disease who showed a specific impairment in the retrieval of biographical information, including names, about famous ... [more ▼]

The paper describes the case of a person (GB) without any clinical evidence of cerebral disease who showed a specific impairment in the retrieval of biographical information, including names, about famous people. This deficit appeared while GB scored normally in different long-term memory tasks, and in object naming tasks. Moreover, he showed no impairment in the structural encoding and the recognition of faces. His specific impairment is interpreted both in terms of Bruce and Young's (1986) functional model of person recognition and in terms of the more recent Burton et al. (1990) interactive activation version of the Bruce and Young model. [less ▲]

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See detailThe cognitive approach to familiar face processing in human subjects
Brédart, Serge ULg; Bruyer, R.

in Behavioural Processes (1994), 33(1-2), 213-232

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See detailAge-related differences in updating working memory
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg; Beerten, A.

in British Journal of Psychology (1994), 85(1), 145-152

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See detailAccès aux noms propres et vieillissement
Brédart, Serge ULg

in Van der Linden, Martial (Ed.) Le vieillissement cognitif (1994)

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