References of "Bours, Vincent"
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See detailDeletion of Xpter encompassing the SHOX gene and PAR1 region in familial patients with Leri-Weill Dyschondrosteosis syndrome.
Mutesa, L.; Vanbellinghen, Jean-François ULg; Hellin, Anne-Cécile ULg et al

in Genetic Counseling (Geneva, Switzerland) (2009), 20(1), 9-17

Heterozygote deletions or mutations of pseudoautosomal 1 region (PAR1) encompassing the short stature homeobox-containing (SHOX) gene cause Leri-Weill Dyschondrosteosis (LWD), which is a dominantly ... [more ▼]

Heterozygote deletions or mutations of pseudoautosomal 1 region (PAR1) encompassing the short stature homeobox-containing (SHOX) gene cause Leri-Weill Dyschondrosteosis (LWD), which is a dominantly inherited osteochondroplasia characterized by short stature with mesomelic shortening of the upper and lower limbs and Madelung deformity of the wrists. SHOX is expressed by both sex chromosomes in males and females and plays an important role in bone growth and development. Clinically, the LWD expression is variable and more severe in females than males due to sex differences in oestrogen levels. Here, we report two familial cases of LWD with a large Xp terminal deletion (approximately 943 kb) of distal PAR1 encompassing the SHOX gene. In addition, the proband had mental retardation which appeared to be from recessive inheritance in the family. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostic challenges of cystic fibrosis in patients of African origin.
Mutesa, Leon; Bours, Vincent ULg

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics (2009), 55(5), 281-6

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See detailCaractérisation clinique et génétique des adénomes hypophysaires familiaux isolés (FIPA).
Beckers, Albert ULg; Apetrii, P.; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(S1), 15-19

Pituitary adenomas are common brain tumours at autopsy and radiological series of unselected population. Historically, few epidemiologic data regarding the prevalence of clinically apparent pituitary ... [more ▼]

Pituitary adenomas are common brain tumours at autopsy and radiological series of unselected population. Historically, few epidemiologic data regarding the prevalence of clinically apparent pituitary adenomas have been available. Recently, a cross-sectional study conducted in Liege, Belgium, noted that clinically-apparent pituitary adenomas occurred with a prevalence of 1:1064 inhabitants, which is 3.5-5 times the previously reported prevalence. Pituitary adenomas occur predominantly as sporadic tumors, but also in a familial setting or associated to some familial/isolated tumoral syndromes. The recent characterization of the novel clinical entity FIPA (Familial Isolated Pituitary Adenomas) increased the prevalence of familial pituitary adenomas which account now for about 5% of pituitary tumors. Distinct genetic mechanisms are continuously identified and increase our understanding of the complex clinical presentation and sometimes unpredictable evolution of pituitary adenomas. [less ▲]

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See detailAn international, collaborative study of disease characteristics and response to therapy in 60 pituitary adenoma patients with Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Interacting
Tikhomirova, M.; Daly, Adrian ULg; Jaffrain-Réa, M. L. et al

in 18th Meeting of the Belgian Endocrine and Metabolic societies : Bruxelles, 25 octobre 2008 (2008, October)

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See detailCyclin dependant kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) gene mutations in familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA) : Analysis in 84 families
Apetrii, P.; Tikhomirova, M.; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in 18th Meeting of the Belgian Endocrine and Metabolic societies : Bruxelles, 25 octobre 2008 (2008, October)

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See detailAn International, Collaborative Study of the Disease Characteristics and Response to Therapy in 60 Pituitary Adenoma Patients with Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Interacting Protein (AIP) Gene Mutations
Daly, Adrian ULg; Tichomirowa, M. A.; Ebeling, T. M. L. et al

in ENDO 2008: 90th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society - Abstract book (2008)

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See detailContribution of ATP-gated P2X1 ion channels to the control of neutrophil chemotaxis.
Lecut, Christelle ULg; Frederix, Kim ULg; Johnson, Daniel et al

in Purinergic Signalling (2008), 4

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See detailOccurrence of AIP Mutations in Sporidic Pituitary Adenomas and Familial Isolated Pituitary Adenomas Kindreds in Valencia, Spain
Fajardo Montanaña, C.; Daly, Adrian ULg; Tichomirowa, M. A. et al

in ENDO 2008: 90th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society - Abstract book (2008)

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See detailGenetic Causes of Pituitary Adenmas; Focus on the Roe of AIF Status in Multiple Tumor Types
Ansaneli Naves, L.; Ferreira Azevedo, M.; Faria de Castro, L. et al

in ENDO 2008: 90th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society - Abstract book (2008)

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See detailAryl Hydrocarbon Receptor interacting Protein Gene Mutations in Bulgarian FIPA and Young Sporadic Pituitary Adenoma Patients
Yaneva, M.; Daly, Adrian ULg; Tichomirowa, M. A. et al

in ENDO 2008: 90th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society - Abstract book (2008)

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See detailNewborn Screening for Sickle Cell Disease Using Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Boemer, François ULg; Ketelslegers, Olivier; Minon, Jean-Marc et al

in Clinical Chemistry (2008), 54(12), 2036-2041

BACKGROUND: Neonatal screening programs for sickle cell disease are now widespread in North American and European countries. Most programs apply isoelectric focusing or HPLC to detect hemoglobin variants ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Neonatal screening programs for sickle cell disease are now widespread in North American and European countries. Most programs apply isoelectric focusing or HPLC to detect hemoglobin variants. Because tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) is being used for screening of inherited metabolic disorders and allows protein identification, it was worth testing for hemoglobinopathy screening. METHODS: We minimized sample preparation and analysis times by avoiding prior purification, derivatization, or separation. We developed a tryptic digestion methodology to screen for the main clinically important variants (HbS, HbC, and HbE) and beta-thalassemia. To ensure proper discrimination between homozygote and heterozygote variants, we selected 4 transitions with good signal intensities for each specific peptide and calculated variant/HbA ratios for each. Method validation included intra- and interseries variability, carryover, and limit of detection. We also performed a comparative study with isoelectric focusing results on 2082 specimens. RESULTS: Intraassay imprecision values (CVs) varied between 2.5% and 30.7%. Interassay CVs were between 6.3% and 23.6%. Carryover was <0.03%, and the limit of detection was fixed at 1% of HbS. According to the MS/MS settings (detection of HbS, HbC, HbE, and beta-globin production defects), the comparative study did not yield any discrepant results between the 2 techniques. CONCLUSIONS: MS/MS is a reliable method for hemoglobinopathy neonatal screening. [less ▲]

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See detailSensitivity of intestinal fibroblasts to TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-mediated apoptosis in Crohn's disease
Reenaers, Catherine ULg; Franchimont, Nathalie; Oury, Cécile ULg et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology (2008), 43

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See detailGermline PTPN11 missense mutation in a case of Noonan syndrome associated with mediastinal and retroperitoneal neuroblastic tumors.
Mutesa, Léon; Pierquin, Geneviève ULg; Janin, Nicolas ULg et al

in Cancer Genetics & Cytogenetics (2008), 182(1), 40-2

Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, typical craniofacial dysmorphism, skeletal anomalies, congenital heart defects, and predisposition to malignant ... [more ▼]

Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, typical craniofacial dysmorphism, skeletal anomalies, congenital heart defects, and predisposition to malignant tumors. In approximately 50% of cases, the disease is caused by missense mutations in the PTPN11 gene. To date, solid tumors, and particularly brain tumors and rhabdomyosarcomas, have been documented in patients with NS; however, few cases of neuroblastoma associated with NS have been reported. Here we report an unusual case of neuroblastoma with mediastinal, retroperitoneal, and medullar locations associated in a NS patient carrying a PTPN11 germline missense mutation (p.G60A). This missense mutation occurs within the N-SH2 domain of the PTPN11 gene and has been reported to be associated with acute leukemia in NS patients. The association of this p.G60A PTPN11 mutation with neuroblastoma provides new evidence that gain of function PTPN11 mutations may play an important role in the pathogenesis of solid tumors associated with Noonan syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailSpinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2): clinical features and genetic analysis.
Mutesa, Leon; Pierquin, Geneviève ULg; Segers, Karin ULg et al

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics (2008), 54(5), 350-2

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease that results from the expansion of an unstable trinucleotide CAG repeat encoding for a polyglutamine tract. In ... [more ▼]

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease that results from the expansion of an unstable trinucleotide CAG repeat encoding for a polyglutamine tract. In normal individuals, alleles contain between 14 and 31 CAG repeats, whereas the pathological alleles have more than 35 CAG repeats. The clinical phenotype of SCA2 includes a progressive cerebellar ataxia with additional features such as ophthalmoplegia, extra-pyramidal or pyramidal signs and peripheral neuropathy. We report a SCA2 large African family with several affected individuals. A major pathological allele carrying 43 CAG repeats was identified in the proband. To our knowledge, this is a first report of a SCA disorder described in Central African patients, thus indicating the need to consider this diagnosis in young African ataxic patients. [less ▲]

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See detailAn insertion-deletion polymorphism in the Interferon Regulatory Factor 5 (IRF5) gene confers risk of inflammatory bowel diseases
Dideberg, Vinciane ULg; Kristjansdottir, G.; Milani, L. et al

in Human Molecular Genetics (2007), 16(24), 3008-3016

The interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene encodes a transcription factor that plays an important role in the innate as well as in the cell-mediated immune responses. The IRF5 gene has been shown to ... [more ▼]

The interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene encodes a transcription factor that plays an important role in the innate as well as in the cell-mediated immune responses. The IRF5 gene has been shown to be associated with systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. We studied whether the IRF5 gene is also associated with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Twelve polymorphisms in the IRF5 gene were genotyped in a cohort of 1007 IBD patients (748 CD and 254 UC) and 241 controls from Wallonia, Belgium. The same polymorphisms were genotyped in a confirmatory cohort of 311 controls and 687 IBD patients (488 CD and 192 UC) from Leuven, Belgium. A strong signal of association [P=1.9x10(-5), odds ratio (OR) 1.81 (1.37-2.39)] with IBD was observed for a 5 bp indel (CGGGG) polymorphism in the promoter region of the IRF5 gene. The association was detectable also in CD patients (P=6.8x10(-4)) and was particularly strong among the UC patients [P=5.3x10(-8), OR=2.42 (1.76-3.34)]. The association of the CGGGG indel was confirmed in the second cohort [P=3.2x10(-5), OR=1.59 (1.28-1.98)]. The insertion of one CGGGG unit is predicted to create an additional binding site for the transcription factor SP1. Using an electrophoretic mobility shift assay, we show allele-specific differences in protein binding to this repetitive DNA-stretch, which suggest a potential function role for the CGGGG indel. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular Analysis in Two Siblings African Patients with Severe Form of Hunter Syndrome: Identification of a Novel (P.Y54x) Nonsense Mutation
Mutesa, Léon; Muganga, N.; Lissens, Willy et al

in Journal of Tropical Pediatrics (2007), 53(6), 434-7

Hunter syndrome (or Mucopolysaccharidosis type II, MPS II) is an X-linked recessive disorder due to the deficiency of the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) enzyme, resulting in the accumulation of heparan and ... [more ▼]

Hunter syndrome (or Mucopolysaccharidosis type II, MPS II) is an X-linked recessive disorder due to the deficiency of the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) enzyme, resulting in the accumulation of heparan and dermatan sulfates in the lysosomes. The heterogeneity of clinical phenotypes, ranging from mild-to-severe forms, is a result of different mutations in the IDS gene. We report here, a novel nonsense mutation (p.Y54X) in two siblings MPS II African patients affected with a severe form of the disease. We postulated that the p.Y54X mutation which causes a loss of the IDS region highly conserved among sulfatase enzymes, could be predicted as a severe disease-causing mutation for Hunter syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailVariable pathological and clinical features of a large Brazilian family harboring a mutation in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein gene
Naves, L. A.; Daly, Adrian ULg; Vanbellinghen, Jean-François ULg et al

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2007), 157(4), 383-391

Background: Germline aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) mutations occur in 15% of familial isolated pituitary adenoma (FIPA) cases. To date, studies have focused on the identification of ... [more ▼]

Background: Germline aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) mutations occur in 15% of familial isolated pituitary adenoma (FIPA) cases. To date, studies have focused on the identification of such mutations in large international cohorts. Detailed genetic and clinical studies within AIP mutation-positive families have been limited. Aim: To undertake a comprehensive study of a large Brazilian FIPA kindred with an E174 frameshift (E174fs) AIP mutation to assess clinical, hormonal, and radiological features in mutation carriers. Methods: The kindred included 122 subjects across six generations; all underwent clinical examination. Genetic studies were performed to identify E174fs mutation carriers. E174fs-positive subjects underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and hormonal assessments. Results: Of the ten germline AIP mutation carriers, three had pituitary tumors, while seven were asymptomatic carriers. Three patients with pituitary tumors showed variability in terms of tumor phenotype (two with acromegaly, one with prolactinoma, or mixed prolactin/GH-secreting tumor) and age at diagnosis; both patients with acromegaly had poor responses to octreotide. Tumor AIP immunohistochemistry from the operated patient showed decreased expression when compared with normal tissue. Two adult subjects with normal MRI had elevated IGF-I in the absence of other causes. A 2-year-old child with the E174fs mutation and a normal MRI had premature thelarche, ovarian development, and advanced bone age in the absence of other underlying causes. Conclusions: The penetrance of pituitary tumors in AIP mutation-positive adult subjects was 33.3%, while clinical/hormonal features were variable. The features noted in AIP-mutation carriers in this kindred suggest that clinical characteristics of such carriers may extend beyond pituitary tumors. [less ▲]

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