References of "Boulanger, Bruno"
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See detailInterlaboratory study of a NACE method for the determination of R-timolol content in S-timolol maleate: assessment of uncertainty.
Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Groom, Carl; Doucet, Francois R et al

in Electrophoresis (2006), 27(12), 2386-99

Analyses of statistical variance were applied to evaluate the precision and practicality of a CD-based NACE assay for R-timolol after enantiomeric separation of R- and S-timolol. Data were collected in an ... [more ▼]

Analyses of statistical variance were applied to evaluate the precision and practicality of a CD-based NACE assay for R-timolol after enantiomeric separation of R- and S-timolol. Data were collected in an interlaboratory study by 11 participating laboratories located in Europe and North America. General qualitative method performance was examined using suitability descriptors (i.e. resolution, selectivity, migration times and S/N), while precision was determined by quantification of variances in the determination of R-timolol at four different impurity levels in S-timolol maleate samples. The interlaboratory trials were designed in accordance with the ISO guideline 5725-2. This allowed estimating for each sample, the different variances, i.e. between-laboratory (s2(Laboratories)), between-day (s2(Days)) and between-replicate (s2(Replicates)). The variances of repeatability (s2r) and reproducibility (s2R) were then calculated. The estimated uncertainty, derived from the precision estimates, seems to be concentration-dependent above a given threshold. This example of R-timolol illustrates how a laboratory can evaluate uncertainty in general. [less ▲]

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See detailNonaqueous capillary electrophoresis method for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-timolol using heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin: validation using the accuracy profile strategy and estimation of uncertainty.
Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Rozet, Eric ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2006), 1120(1-2), 102-11

Nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) was successfully applied to the enantiomeric purity determination of S-timolol maleate using heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin (HDMS-beta-CD ... [more ▼]

Nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) was successfully applied to the enantiomeric purity determination of S-timolol maleate using heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin (HDMS-beta-CD) as chiral selector. With a background electrolyte made up of a methanolic solution of 0.75 M formic acid, 30 mM potassium camphorsulfonate and containing 30 mM HDMS-beta-CD, the determination of 0.1% of R-timolol in S-timolol could be performed with an enantiomeric resolution of 8.5. Pyridoxine was selected as internal standard. The NACE method was then fully validated by applying a novel strategy using accuracy profiles. It is based on beta-expectation tolerance intervals for the total measurement error which includes trueness and intermediate precision. The uncertainty of measurements derived from beta-expectation tolerance intervals was estimated at each concentration level of the validation standards. To confirm the suitability of the developed and validated method, several real samples of S-timolol maleate containing R-timolol maleate at different concentrations were analysed and the results were compared to those obtained by liquid chromatography. [less ▲]

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See detailApplying statistics recomended by regulatory documents.
Rozet, Eric ULg; Boulanger, Bruno ULg; Dewe, W. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailCollaborative study of an liquid chromatographic method for the determination of R-timolol and other related substances in S-timolol maleate
Marini, R. D.; Matthijs, N.; Vanderheyden, Yvan et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2005), 546(2), 182-192

A collaborative study applying an enantiomeric liquid chromatographic (LC) method was carried out to determine the content of the enantiomeric impurity R-timolol and other related substances in three ... [more ▼]

A collaborative study applying an enantiomeric liquid chromatographic (LC) method was carried out to determine the content of the enantiomeric impurity R-timolol and other related substances in three different S-timolol maleate samples. Eight laboratories, all located in Europe, participated in the study. The quantitative results obtained were used to estimate the uncertainty on the content of the different impurities. For that purpose, a set-up was adapted from the ISO guidelines 5725-2, which allowed the estimation of the different variances, i.e. the between-laboratories (s(laboratories)(2)), the between-days (s(days)(2)) and the between-replicates (s(replicates)(2)), The variances of repeatability (s(r)(2)) and reproducibility (s(R)(2)) were then calculated using the equations s(r)(2) = s(replicates)(2) and s(R)(2) = s(replicates)(2) + s(days)(2) + s(laboratories)(2). For the timolol impurities, it was found that the estimated uncertainty seem to be concentration-dependent. Since the LC method which combines the compendial ones for enantiomeric purity and related substances testing was applied to evaluate uncertainty in this collaborative study, it was shown how a laboratory can evaluate the uncertainty of its results when applying the method in the future. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailUncertainty assessment from robustness testing applied on an LC assay for R-timolol and other related substances in S-timolol maleate
Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Boulanger, Bruno ULg; Vanderheyden, Yvan et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2005), 531(1), 131-140

The robustness testing of a normal-phase liquid chromatographic (LC) method for the determination of R-timolol and other related substances in S-timolol maleate was performed applying a two-level Plackett ... [more ▼]

The robustness testing of a normal-phase liquid chromatographic (LC) method for the determination of R-timolol and other related substances in S-timolol maleate was performed applying a two-level Plackett-Burman design. Two qualitative and five quantitative factors were examined. Two types of responses were considered, qualitative, i.e. chromatographic performance criteria, and quantitative ones. The latter were taken into account to determine if the analytical procedure was robust. The quantitative responses were the contents of R-timolol in two S-timolol maleate samples. Even though some significant factor effects were observed on the qualitative responses, the R-timolol contents were not significantly different from those observed at nominal conditions, which demonstrated the robustness of the procedure. Since the experiments of the Plackett-Burman design can be assimilated to laboratories in an interlaboratory study, uncertainty can be evaluated using the robustness test data. The robustness test was set-up in such a way that the required variances could be estimated. It was shown that the robustness set-up allows estimating the reproducibility uncertainty without performing an interlaboratory study. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailUSING TOTAL ERROR AS DECISION CRITERION IN METHOD TRANSFER
Rozet, Eric ULg; Mertens, B.; Dewe, W. et al

Poster (2005)

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See detailThe Usefulness of Accuracy Profile to Validate Analytical Methods
Rozet, Eric ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Dewe, W. et al

Conference (2005)

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See detailCollaborative study of an liquid chromatographic method for the determination of R-timolol and other related substances in S-timolol maleate
Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Matthijs, N.; Heyden, Y. V. et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2005), 546(2), 182-192

A collaborative study applying an enantiomeric liquid chromatographic (LC) method was carried out to determine the content of the enantiomeric impurity R-timolol and other related substances in three ... [more ▼]

A collaborative study applying an enantiomeric liquid chromatographic (LC) method was carried out to determine the content of the enantiomeric impurity R-timolol and other related substances in three different S-timolol maleate samples. Eight laboratories, all located in Europe, participated in the study. The quantitative results obtained were used to estimate the uncertainty on the content of the different impurities. For that purpose, a set-up was adapted from the ISO guidelines 5725-2, which allowed the estimation of the different variances, i.e. the between-laboratories (s(laboratories)(2)), the between-days (s(days)(2)) and the between-replicates (s(replicates)(2)), The variances of repeatability (s(r)(2)) and reproducibility (s(R)(2)) were then calculated using the equations s(r)(2) = s(replicates)(2) and s(R)(2) = s(replicates)(2) + s(days)(2) + s(laboratories)(2). For the timolol impurities, it was found that the estimated uncertainty seem to be concentration-dependent. Since the LC method which combines the compendial ones for enantiomeric purity and related substances testing was applied to evaluate uncertainty in this collaborative study, it was shown how a laboratory can evaluate the uncertainty of its results when applying the method in the future. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of response models for optimising HPLC methods
Dewé, Walthère ULg; Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems (2004), 74(2), 263-268

For optimizing a liquid chromatographic method, direct modeling some responses like minimum resolution is sometimes difficult to perform. By modeling the retention time at apex and the times associated to ... [more ▼]

For optimizing a liquid chromatographic method, direct modeling some responses like minimum resolution is sometimes difficult to perform. By modeling the retention time at apex and the times associated to 13.4% of the peak height, it is possible to obtain estimations of these responses using an adequate cascade of equations, these equations being the definitions of these responses. As a multi-criteria decision has to be taken in most of these optimizations, a Derringer's function can be defined for each response of interest and a overall desirability, on which the final is taken, can be derived. In addition, the chromatogram in any experimental point can be predicted. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailHarmonization of strategies for the validation of quantitative analytical procedures - A SFSTP proposal - part I
Hubert, Philippe ULg; Nguyen-Huu, J.-J.; Boulanger, Bruno ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2004), 36(3), 579-586

This paper is the first part of a summary report of a new commission of the Societe Francaise des Sciences et Techniques Pharmaceutiques (SFSTP). The main objective of this commission was the ... [more ▼]

This paper is the first part of a summary report of a new commission of the Societe Francaise des Sciences et Techniques Pharmaceutiques (SFSTP). The main objective of this commission was the harmonization of approaches for the validation of quantitative analytical procedures. Indeed, the principle of the validation of theses procedures is today widely spread in all the domains of activities where measurements are made. Nevertheless. this simple question of acceptability or not of an analytical procedure for a given application, remains incompletely determined in several cases despite the various regulations relating to the good practices (GLP, GMP,...) and other documents of normative character (ISO, ICH. FDA,...). There are many official documents describing the criteria of validation to be tested, but they do not propose any experimental protocol and limit themselves most often to the general concepts. For those reasons, two previous SFSTP commissions elaborated validation guides to concretely help the industrial scientists in charge of drug development to apply those regulatory recommendations. If these two first guides widely contributed to the use and progress of analytical validations, they present, nevertheless, weaknesses regarding the conclusions of the performed statistical tests and the decisions to be made with respect to the acceptance limits defined by the use of an analytical procedure. The present paper proposes to review even the bases of the analytical validation for developing harmonized approach, by distinguishing notably the diagnosis rules and the decision rules. This latter rule is based on the use of the accuracy profile, uses the notion of total error and allows to simplify the approach of the validation of an analytical procedure while checking the associated risk to its usage. Thanks to this novel validation approach, it is possible to unambiguously demonstrate the fitness for purpose of a new method as stated in all regulatory documents. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNew advances in method validation and measurement uncertainty aimed at improving the quality of chemical data
Feinberg, M.; Boulanger, Bruno ULg; Dewé, Walthère ULg et al

in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2004), 380(3), 502-514

The implementation of quality systems in analytical laboratories has now, in general, been achieved. While this requirement significantly modified the way that the laboratories were run, it has also ... [more ▼]

The implementation of quality systems in analytical laboratories has now, in general, been achieved. While this requirement significantly modified the way that the laboratories were run, it has also improved the quality of the results. The key idea is to use analytical procedures which produce results that fulfil the users' needs and actually help when making decisions. This paper presents the implications of quality systems on the conception and development of an analytical procedure. It introduces the concept of the life-cycle of a method as a model that can be used to organize the selection, development, validation and routine application of a method. It underlines the importance of method validation, and presents a recent approach based on the accuracy profile to illustrate how validation must be fully integrated into the basic design of the method. Thanks to the beta-expectation tolerance interval introduced by Mee (Technometrics (1984) 26(3):251-253), it is possible to unambiguously demonstrate the fitness for purpose of a new method. Remembering that it is also a requirement for accredited laboratories to express the measurement uncertainty, the authors show that uncertainty can be easily related to the trueness and precision of the data collected when building the method accuracy profile. [less ▲]

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