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See detailLa schizophrénie et les troubles psychotiques
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Boulanger, Marie ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailAutobiographical memory and problem solving in bipolar disorder
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Lejeune, Aurélie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2009, September)

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the abilities to remember specific past personal events as well as the abilities to generate specific future events in patients with bipolar ... [more ▼]

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the abilities to remember specific past personal events as well as the abilities to generate specific future events in patients with bipolar disorders (BD). Moreover, the study investigated whether the abilities to generate specific events is related to the abilities to solve interpersonal problems which was measured using the Optional Thinking Test (OTT) (Platt & Spivack, 1977). Method: Nineteen patients with bipolar disorders and 17 healthy subjects completed validated French versions (Neumann & Philippot, 2006) of the AMT Williams & Broadbent (1986). Participants were instructed to generate specific past and future memories in response to cues words. For the OTT, they were asked to yield the most solutions as possible to daily problems. Results: For the past events task, the analysis revealed a significant group by memory interaction (F(2,68) = 4.0 ; p=.023) which indicates that the patients with BD recollected less specific events and more overgeneral events than controls. For the future events task, a significant group by memory interaction emerged (F(2,68) = 7.85 ; p<.001) which indicates that the patients with BD were less specific and yielded more overgeneral memories than the control group. Further, the numbers of specific past and future events were correlated to the numbers of solutions to interpersonal problems (r(36) = .57 ; p<.001, r(36) = .43 ; p=.009, respectively). Conclusion: the results are consistent with previous studies that have examined autobiographical memory (AM) specificity in patients with BD (Scott et al., 2000; Mansell & Lam, 2004). These results support the notion of impairments in imagining specific past and future events BD patients. The difficulty in imagining the future may contribute to relapse. Thus, AM remediation program could be an additional useful tool to develop in CBT for bipolar patients. [less ▲]

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See detailThe self-schema stability in schizophrenia
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Dethier, Marie ULg; Jacob, Nathalie et al

Poster (2009, September)

Objective: The present study investigated the stability of the self-schema in patients with schizophrenia. Method: Twenty five patients with schizophrenia were compared to twenty healthy subjects. The ... [more ▼]

Objective: The present study investigated the stability of the self-schema in patients with schizophrenia. Method: Twenty five patients with schizophrenia were compared to twenty healthy subjects. The participants completed a questionnaire to describe themselves (a short version of Label from Gendre, 2008) at time 1 and one month later (time 2). Two parallel versions of the questionnaire were employed. Each version contained fifty adjectives which corresponded to personality traits. A comparison between the two versions allowed to investigate the stability of the self-schema. A stability score was computed. Further, participants’ neuropsychological functioning as well as the severity of the symptomatology was measured. Results: Schizophrenia patients displayed a lower score of stability (m = 0,61 ; sd= 0,33) compared to healthy subjects (m = 0,84 ; sd = 0,13) (t(43) = 2.94 ; p = .005). The BDI score was correlated to stability score (r(45) = -.44 ; p = .002). Conclusion: In schizophrenia patients the representation of the self is changing over time. This result is in line with a previous one (Nienszanski, 2003). However, to ours knowledges, the present study is the first to objectively measure this changing. [less ▲]

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See detailMental health and emotions in couples with an alcoholic member
Dethier, Marie ULg; Counerotte, Christelle; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2009, June 03)

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See detailDéficit de mémoire autobiographique chez des patients Etat-limite
Smets, Virginie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009, March)

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See detailDéficit de mémoire autobiographique chez des personnes souffrant de troubles bipolaires
Lejeune, Aurélie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009, March)

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See detailThe cognitive effects of anxiety on sexual arousal
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Pallincourt, Romain; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Weingarten, S.P.; Penat, H.O (Eds.) Cognitive psychology research developments (2009)

Anxiety and sexual arousal have often been considered as incompatible. Since the end of the 20th Century, however, researches have impaired theories centred on the inhibitory effect of the stress and on ... [more ▼]

Anxiety and sexual arousal have often been considered as incompatible. Since the end of the 20th Century, however, researches have impaired theories centred on the inhibitory effect of the stress and on peripheral explanations; they rather focus attention on the complexity of the relations between the two states and on cognitive mechanisms. Now sexual arousal tends to be regarded as a complex response that requires the convergent interpretation of internal and external stimuli. Anxiety may have different effects on this process, sometimes neutral, sometimes facilitating and sometimes inhibitory. On the one hand, anxiety can trigger a vegetative emotional reaction that may be associated to a concomitant erotic stimulation. Thus, anxiety facilitates the sexual response: this can be called a priming effect. This effect is regularly observed in labs, mainly among women. It likely also works in certain compulsive sexual behaviours or, more commonly, in those numerous persons that report being sexually aroused when stressed. On the other hand, anxiety can cause a massive irruption of non erotic cues in working memory. Therefore, cognitive function available for treating erotic stimuli is diminished and sexual response is impaired. This is an effect of cognitive interference. A trait called erotophobia could be regarded as a vulnerability factor to cognitive interference. Erotophobic subjects are characterized by a trend to focus upon danger-related information when they are in a sexual situation and by a higher risk of sexual dysfunction. [less ▲]

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See detailThe cognitive effects of anxiety on sexual arousal
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Pallincourt, Romain; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Weingarten, S.P; Penat, H.O (Eds.) Cognitive Psychology Research Developments (2009)

Anxiety and sexual arousal have often been considered as incompatible. Since the end of the 20th Century, however, researches have impaired theories centred on the inhibitory effect of the stress and on ... [more ▼]

Anxiety and sexual arousal have often been considered as incompatible. Since the end of the 20th Century, however, researches have impaired theories centred on the inhibitory effect of the stress and on peripheral explanations; they rather focus attention on the complexity of the relations between the two states and on cognitive mechanisms. Now sexual arousal tends to be regarded as a complex response that requires the convergent interpretation of internal and external stimuli. Anxiety may have different effects on this process, sometimes neutral, sometimes facilitating and sometimes inhibitory. On the one hand, anxiety can trigger a vegetative emotional reaction that may be associated to a concomitant erotic stimulation. Thus, anxiety facilitates the sexual response: this can be called a priming effect. This effect is regularly observed in labs, mainly among women. It likely also works in certain compulsive sexual behaviours or, more commonly, in those numerous persons that report being sexually aroused when stressed. On the other hand, anxiety can cause a massive irruption of non erotic cues in working memory. Therefore, cognitive function available for treating erotic stimuli is diminished and sexual response is impaired. This is an effect of cognitive interference. A trait called erotophobia could be regarded as a vulnerability factor to cognitive interference. Erotophobic subjects are characterized by a trend to focus upon danger-related information when they are in a sexual situation and by a higher risk of sexual dysfunction. [less ▲]

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See detailLe jeu de l'acteur: une nouvelle méthode pour aborder l'affirmation de soi. Résultats d'une première étude portant sur trois groupes et follow-up
Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Sarto, Danielle; Roodthooft, S. et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009)

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See detailEtude du dysfonctionnement relationnel chez les couples ayant un enfant souffrant d'un trouble envahissant du développment
Léonard, Cathy; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009)

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See detailPast and future events specificity in bipolar disorders
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Lejeune, Aurélie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2009)

Previous research has shown that the individuals suffering from emotional disorders have specificity of autobiographical memory (AM) deficits. This difficulty to remember specific personal past events ... [more ▼]

Previous research has shown that the individuals suffering from emotional disorders have specificity of autobiographical memory (AM) deficits. This difficulty to remember specific personal past events seems related to difficulty to project specific oneself into the future (D’Argembeau, Raffard & Van der Linden, 2008). The aim of this study was investigated these impairments in population with bipolar disorders (BD). Participants (19 patients with bipolar disorders and 17 healthy subjects) completed validated French versions (Neumann & Philippot, 2006) of the AMT Williams & Broadbent (1986). Participants were instructed to generate specific past and future memories in response to cues words. For past events, the analyses revealed a significant group by memory interaction (F(2,68) = 4.0 ; p=.023) which indicates that the patients with BD recollected less specific events and more overgeneral events than controls. In the same way, for the future events task, a significant group by memory interaction emerged (F(2,68) = 7.85 ; p<.001) which indicates that the patients with BD were less specific and yielded more overgeneral memories than the control group. Thereby the results are consistent with previous studies that have examined autobiographical memory specificity in patients with BD (Scott et al., 2000; Mansell & Lam, 2004). However, to ours knowledges, the present study is the first to investigate specificity of AM and the abilities to generate specific events for future in patients with bipolar disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailImprovement of Autobiographical Memory in Schizophrenia Patients Following a Cognitive Intervention: A Preliminary Study.
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Neumann, Aurore; Nutthals, Frédérique et al

in Psychopathology (2008), 41

Background: Schizophrenia is associated with a reduction in accessing specific autobiographical information. This is consistent with the abnormal development of the personal identity characterizing this ... [more ▼]

Background: Schizophrenia is associated with a reduction in accessing specific autobiographical information. This is consistent with the abnormal development of the personal identity characterizing this mental disorder. The present study evaluates the effect of a cognitive intervention on autobiographical memory and on the capacity to project oneself in the future in people suffering from schizophrenia. Sampling and Method: The intervention consisted of group sessions during which participants were trained to recollect specific events reported in their diary. Further, exercises to stimulate their thoughts on their personal identity were proposed. An AM test was administrated before and after the intervention, as well as at three months follow-up. Further, neuropsychological and affective assessments were conducted before and after treatments. Patients’ performances were compared to those from the control group Results: The capacities to generate specific events are improved by the cognitive intervention, and that the benefits are preserved 3 months later. However, no neuropsychological or affective benefit was found. Conclusion: Despite positive results on specific memory, the significant benefits have to be extended to other clinical variables such as symptom reduction, neuropsychological and social functioning. Nevertheless, the results revealed that CRT on AM could be a useful additional intervention for schizophrenia patients. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of cognitive remediation therapy on AM deficits in schizophrenia patients
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Collet, Denis; Cornet, Lidvine et al

Poster (2008)

Schizophrenia is accompanied by deficit in autobiographical memories (AM). These impairments are correlated to difficulties in imagining specific events that might happen to them in the future ... [more ▼]

Schizophrenia is accompanied by deficit in autobiographical memories (AM). These impairments are correlated to difficulties in imagining specific events that might happen to them in the future (D’Argembeau, Raffard et Van-der-Linden, 2008). Previous study suggested that the specific autobiographical memory (past and future) may be improved by an AM remediation therapy (Blairy et al., accepted). The aim of the present study was to compare performances from individuals involved in an AM remediation intervention to individuals involved in the cognitive remediation therapy program from Brenner (IPT) (Pomini, Neis, Brenner, Hodel et Roder, 1998). The results showed that the participants tend to recall more specific events after therapies, confounded pass and future events (t(7) = 3.28 ; p = .013). These results would be promising for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailConsequences of cannabis use in schizophrenia patients
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2007, October 26)

Previous research has shown that the ability to organize information for remembering in an intentional and strategic way is impaired in schizophrenia patients (Rizzo et al., 1996) and that the remembering ... [more ▼]

Previous research has shown that the ability to organize information for remembering in an intentional and strategic way is impaired in schizophrenia patients (Rizzo et al., 1996) and that the remembering is accompanied by a low level of autonoetic awareness (Danion et al., 1999). Chronic and heavy uses of cannabis induce cognitive impairments. These impairments persist while the user remains intoxicated, and may or may not be reversible after prolonged abstinence from cannabis (Lundqvist, 2005). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether past cannabis use may reduce more subtle deficits in neurocognitive functioning such as deficit of the specificity of autobiographical memories and the associated level of autonoetic awareness in a population of schizophrenia patients. The TEMPau (Piolino, 2000) was used to evaluate the autobiographic memory and the level of autonoetic consciousness. Participants were asked to generate 3 specific memories for four life periods (0-9 years old, 10-19 years old, after 20 years old and the last 12 months). Performances from 6 past cannabis use schizophrenia patients were compared to performances of 8 schizophrenia patients no users. Patients were not treated with benzodiazepines. The analysis revealed a significant group difference for the 10-19 years old period for the specificity of autobiographical memories ( t2,11 = 2.3 ; p = 0.041). Past cannabis users reported less specific events (m = 6.83 (1.94)) compared to the no users patients (m = 9.14 (1.67)). The implications of this result will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSchizophrenia and the attribution of interpersonal intentions from emotional facial expression
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Nachtergael, Hilde; Neumann, Aurore

Poster (2007, October 04)

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See detailReduced specificity of autobiographical memory and of personal projection in the future in alcoholics
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Neumann, Aurore; Vanlofvelde, Cécile

Poster (2007, July)

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See detailEmotional facial expression decoding in children high in social anxiety
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Massin, Anne

Poster (2007, July)

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See detailSpecificity deficit in the recollection of emotional memories in schizophrenia
Neumann, Aurore; Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Lecompte, Damien et al

in Consciousness & Cognition (2007), 16(2), 469-484

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (3 ULg)