References of "Blairy, Sylvie"
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See detailEffets du cannabis sur la santé psychologique
Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg

in Seutin, Vincent; Scuvée, Jacqueline; Quertemont, Etienne (Eds.) Regards croisés sur le cannabis (2010)

Les individus intoxiqués au cannabis rapportent généralement des effets subjectifs plaisants, même si des symptômes désagréables ne sont pas à exclure chez certaines personnes ou à certaines occasions ... [more ▼]

Les individus intoxiqués au cannabis rapportent généralement des effets subjectifs plaisants, même si des symptômes désagréables ne sont pas à exclure chez certaines personnes ou à certaines occasions. L’intoxication cannabique aiguë perturbe différents processus cognitifs plus ou moins intensément. Les effets les plus nets sont probablement les altérations de la mémoire qui surviennent lors de l’intoxication cannabique, et en particulier la perturbation de la consolidation de nouveaux souvenirs. Toutefois, on observe également lors de l’intoxication cannabique une altération de la flexibilité mentale et comportementale rendant les comportements plus rigides et plus impulsifs. Enfin, le cannabis perturbe clairement l’estimation subjective de l’écoulement du temps, donnant ainsi l’impression d’un ralentissement du temps. Ces derniers effets expliquent d’ailleurs en partie l’accroissement lors d’une intoxication cannabique des risques d’accidents de conduite automobile. En conclusion, et compte tenu des difficultés méthodologiques mentionnées précédemment, on peut affirmer que les gros consommateurs de cannabis, surtout ceux qui ont fumé du cannabis quotidiennement pendant de longues périodes couvrant parfois des années, présentent un fonctionnement cognitif légèrement altéré. Les déficits cognitifs identifiés sont plutôt de faible magnitude, touchent généralement la mémoire et disparaissent le plus souvent après quelques semaines d’abstinence. Il semble donc que le cannabis produit des altérations cognitives essentiellement durant les périodes de consommation. Les effets observés dans les semaines qui suivent l’arrêt de la consommation chez les gros consommateurs sont vraisemblablement liés au syndrome de sevrage cannabique ou à la présence résiduelle de cannabis dans l’organisme. Le fait que les déficits cognitifs identifiés chez les consommateurs chroniques de cannabis abstinents ressemblent fortement aux effets de l’intoxication cannabique (légers troubles de la mémoire, réduction de la flexibilité mentale et impulsivité), renforce l’idée qu’il pourrait s’agir d’effets résiduels du cannabis qui mettent plus longtemps à se résorber chez les très gros consommateurs. A ce jour, les études scientifiques n’ont donc pas encore démontré de manière incontestable l’existence de troubles cognitifs persistants, voire permanents, chez les consommateurs réguliers de cannabis devenus abstinents depuis plusieurs mois, mais ils ne les ont pas exclus non plus. Une conclusion prudente serait dès lors que les déficits cognitifs persistants induits par la consommation régulière de grosses quantités de cannabis sont relativement limités et transitoires. Ceci n’exclut pas la survenue d’autres problèmes à long terme, comme par exemple le développement d’une addiction au cannabis, des difficultés sociales ou relationnelles ou d’autres effets sur la santé. D’autres études, méthodologiquement mieux contrôlées, seront cependant nécessaires pour conclure définitivement sur la question de l’existence d’altérations cognitives persistantes suite à la consommation chronique de cannabis. Compte tenu des résultats parfois contradictoires de la littérature scientifique, il n’est pas aisé de tirer des conclusions fermes à propos des effets du cannabis sur la santé psychologique et particulièrement sur les effets persistants susceptibles de se perpétuer au-delà des périodes d’intoxication. Alors que le tableau de l’intoxication/ivresse cannabique est relativement clair, les effets persistants d’une consommation abusive de cannabis sont l’objet d’âpres débats. On peut néanmoins tirer les conclusions suivantes. Les études les plus récentes concordent pour affirmer que l’abus de cannabis, surtout durant l’adolescence, est susceptible de provoquer des troubles psychotiques ou, de manière encore plus évidente, de les précipiter chez des individus fragiles. L’abus chronique de cannabis semble aussi favoriser les troubles de l’humeur, tels que dépression et trouble bipolaire. L’existence d’un syndrome amotivationnel qui serait induit par l’abus chronique de cannabis est plus controversée, même s’il est observé dans certaines études. Ce syndrome amotivationnel supposé est en partie lié à différents troubles cognitifs induits par le cannabis. S’il est avéré que la consommation chronique de cannabis provoque effectivement des altérations du fonctionnement cognitif et tout particulièrement de la mémoire, il reste à déterminer si ces déficits cognitifs persistent au-delà des périodes d’intoxications ou s’ils s’estompent progressivement après l’arrêt de l’abus de cannabis. [less ▲]

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See detailMarital satisfaction in couples with an alcoholic member
Dethier, Marie ULg; Counerotte, Christelle; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2009, October 23)

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See detailMarital satisfaction, emotion and mental health in parents of child with autism spectrum disorder
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Counerotte, Christelle; Léonard, Cathy

Poster (2009, September 18)

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See detailMarital satisfaction and emotional communication in couples with an alcoholic member
Dethier, Marie ULg; Counerotte, Christelle; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2009, September 18)

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See detailLa schizophrénie et les troubles psychotiques
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Boulanger, Marie ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailAutobiographical memory and problem solving in bipolar disorder
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Lejeune, Aurélie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2009, September)

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the abilities to remember specific past personal events as well as the abilities to generate specific future events in patients with bipolar ... [more ▼]

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the abilities to remember specific past personal events as well as the abilities to generate specific future events in patients with bipolar disorders (BD). Moreover, the study investigated whether the abilities to generate specific events is related to the abilities to solve interpersonal problems which was measured using the Optional Thinking Test (OTT) (Platt & Spivack, 1977). Method: Nineteen patients with bipolar disorders and 17 healthy subjects completed validated French versions (Neumann & Philippot, 2006) of the AMT Williams & Broadbent (1986). Participants were instructed to generate specific past and future memories in response to cues words. For the OTT, they were asked to yield the most solutions as possible to daily problems. Results: For the past events task, the analysis revealed a significant group by memory interaction (F(2,68) = 4.0 ; p=.023) which indicates that the patients with BD recollected less specific events and more overgeneral events than controls. For the future events task, a significant group by memory interaction emerged (F(2,68) = 7.85 ; p<.001) which indicates that the patients with BD were less specific and yielded more overgeneral memories than the control group. Further, the numbers of specific past and future events were correlated to the numbers of solutions to interpersonal problems (r(36) = .57 ; p<.001, r(36) = .43 ; p=.009, respectively). Conclusion: the results are consistent with previous studies that have examined autobiographical memory (AM) specificity in patients with BD (Scott et al., 2000; Mansell & Lam, 2004). These results support the notion of impairments in imagining specific past and future events BD patients. The difficulty in imagining the future may contribute to relapse. Thus, AM remediation program could be an additional useful tool to develop in CBT for bipolar patients. [less ▲]

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See detailThe self-schema stability in schizophrenia
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Dethier, Marie ULg; Jacob, Nathalie et al

Poster (2009, September)

Objective: The present study investigated the stability of the self-schema in patients with schizophrenia. Method: Twenty five patients with schizophrenia were compared to twenty healthy subjects. The ... [more ▼]

Objective: The present study investigated the stability of the self-schema in patients with schizophrenia. Method: Twenty five patients with schizophrenia were compared to twenty healthy subjects. The participants completed a questionnaire to describe themselves (a short version of Label from Gendre, 2008) at time 1 and one month later (time 2). Two parallel versions of the questionnaire were employed. Each version contained fifty adjectives which corresponded to personality traits. A comparison between the two versions allowed to investigate the stability of the self-schema. A stability score was computed. Further, participants’ neuropsychological functioning as well as the severity of the symptomatology was measured. Results: Schizophrenia patients displayed a lower score of stability (m = 0,61 ; sd= 0,33) compared to healthy subjects (m = 0,84 ; sd = 0,13) (t(43) = 2.94 ; p = .005). The BDI score was correlated to stability score (r(45) = -.44 ; p = .002). Conclusion: In schizophrenia patients the representation of the self is changing over time. This result is in line with a previous one (Nienszanski, 2003). However, to ours knowledges, the present study is the first to objectively measure this changing. [less ▲]

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See detailMental health and emotions in couples with an alcoholic member
Dethier, Marie ULg; Counerotte, Christelle; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2009, June 03)

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See detailDéficit de mémoire autobiographique chez des patients Etat-limite
Smets, Virginie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009, March)

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See detailDéficit de mémoire autobiographique chez des personnes souffrant de troubles bipolaires
Lejeune, Aurélie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009, March)

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See detailThe cognitive effects of anxiety on sexual arousal
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Pallincourt, Romain; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Weingarten, S.P.; Penat, H.O (Eds.) Cognitive psychology research developments (2009)

Anxiety and sexual arousal have often been considered as incompatible. Since the end of the 20th Century, however, researches have impaired theories centred on the inhibitory effect of the stress and on ... [more ▼]

Anxiety and sexual arousal have often been considered as incompatible. Since the end of the 20th Century, however, researches have impaired theories centred on the inhibitory effect of the stress and on peripheral explanations; they rather focus attention on the complexity of the relations between the two states and on cognitive mechanisms. <br />Now sexual arousal tends to be regarded as a complex response that requires the convergent interpretation of internal and external stimuli. Anxiety may have different effects on this process, sometimes neutral, sometimes facilitating and sometimes inhibitory. <br />On the one hand, anxiety can trigger a vegetative emotional reaction that may be associated to a concomitant erotic stimulation. Thus, anxiety facilitates the sexual response: this can be called a priming effect. This effect is regularly observed in labs, mainly among women. It likely also works in certain compulsive sexual behaviours or, more commonly, in those numerous persons that report being sexually aroused when stressed. <br />On the other hand, anxiety can cause a massive irruption of non erotic cues in working memory. Therefore, cognitive function available for treating erotic stimuli is diminished and sexual response is impaired. This is an effect of cognitive interference. A trait called erotophobia could be regarded as a vulnerability factor to cognitive interference. Erotophobic subjects are characterized by a trend to focus upon danger-related information when they are in a sexual situation and by a higher risk of sexual dysfunction. [less ▲]

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See detailLe jeu de l'acteur: une nouvelle méthode pour aborder l'affirmation de soi. Résultats d'une première étude portant sur trois groupes et follow-up
Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Sarto, Danielle; Roodthooft, S. et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009)

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See detailEtude du dysfonctionnement relationnel chez les couples ayant un enfant souffrant d'un trouble envahissant du développment
Léonard, Cathy; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2009)

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See detailPast and future events specificity in bipolar disorders
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Lejeune, Aurélie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2009)

Previous research has shown that the individuals suffering from emotional disorders have specificity of autobiographical memory (AM) deficits. This difficulty to remember specific personal past events ... [more ▼]

Previous research has shown that the individuals suffering from emotional disorders have specificity of autobiographical memory (AM) deficits. This difficulty to remember specific personal past events seems related to difficulty to project specific oneself into the future (D’Argembeau, Raffard & Van der Linden, 2008). The aim of this study was investigated these impairments in population with bipolar disorders (BD). Participants (19 patients with bipolar disorders and 17 healthy subjects) completed validated French versions (Neumann & Philippot, 2006) of the AMT Williams & Broadbent (1986). Participants were instructed to generate specific past and future memories in response to cues words. For past events, the analyses revealed a significant group by memory interaction (F(2,68) = 4.0 ; p=.023) which indicates that the patients with BD recollected less specific events and more overgeneral events than controls. In the same way, for the future events task, a significant group by memory interaction emerged (F(2,68) = 7.85 ; p<.001) which indicates that the patients with BD were less specific and yielded more overgeneral memories than the control group. Thereby the results are consistent with previous studies that have examined autobiographical memory specificity in patients with BD (Scott et al., 2000; Mansell & Lam, 2004). However, to ours knowledges, the present study is the first to investigate specificity of AM and the abilities to generate specific events for future in patients with bipolar disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailImprovement of Autobiographical Memory in Schizophrenia Patients Following a Cognitive Intervention: A Preliminary Study.
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Neumann, Aurore; Nutthals, Frédérique et al

in Psychopathology (2008), 41

Background: Schizophrenia is associated with a reduction in accessing specific autobiographical information. This is consistent with the abnormal development of the personal identity characterizing this ... [more ▼]

Background: Schizophrenia is associated with a reduction in accessing specific autobiographical information. This is consistent with the abnormal development of the personal identity characterizing this mental disorder. The present study evaluates the effect of a cognitive intervention on autobiographical memory and on the capacity to project oneself in the future in people suffering from schizophrenia. Sampling and Method: The intervention consisted of group sessions during which participants were trained to recollect specific events reported in their diary. Further, exercises to stimulate their thoughts on their personal identity were proposed. An AM test was administrated before and after the intervention, as well as at three months follow-up. Further, neuropsychological and affective assessments were conducted before and after treatments. Patients’ performances were compared to those from the control group Results: The capacities to generate specific events are improved by the cognitive intervention, and that the benefits are preserved 3 months later. However, no neuropsychological or affective benefit was found. Conclusion: Despite positive results on specific memory, the significant benefits have to be extended to other clinical variables such as symptom reduction, neuropsychological and social functioning. Nevertheless, the results revealed that CRT on AM could be a useful additional intervention for schizophrenia patients. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of cognitive remediation therapy on AM deficits in schizophrenia patients
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Collet, Denis; Cornet, Lidvine et al

Poster (2008)

Schizophrenia is accompanied by deficit in autobiographical memories (AM). These impairments are correlated to difficulties in imagining specific events that might happen to them in the future ... [more ▼]

Schizophrenia is accompanied by deficit in autobiographical memories (AM). These impairments are correlated to difficulties in imagining specific events that might happen to them in the future (D’Argembeau, Raffard et Van-der-Linden, 2008). Previous study suggested that the specific autobiographical memory (past and future) may be improved by an AM remediation therapy (Blairy et al., accepted). The aim of the present study was to compare performances from individuals involved in an AM remediation intervention to individuals involved in the cognitive remediation therapy program from Brenner (IPT) (Pomini, Neis, Brenner, Hodel et Roder, 1998). The results showed that the participants tend to recall more specific events after therapies, confounded pass and future events (t(7) = 3.28 ; p = .013). These results would be promising for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailConsequences of cannabis use in schizophrenia patients
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2007, October 26)

Previous research has shown that the ability to organize information for remembering in an intentional and strategic way is impaired in schizophrenia patients (Rizzo et al., 1996) and that the remembering ... [more ▼]

Previous research has shown that the ability to organize information for remembering in an intentional and strategic way is impaired in schizophrenia patients (Rizzo et al., 1996) and that the remembering is accompanied by a low level of autonoetic awareness (Danion et al., 1999). Chronic and heavy uses of cannabis induce cognitive impairments. These impairments persist while the user remains intoxicated, and may or may not be reversible after prolonged abstinence from cannabis (Lundqvist, 2005). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether past cannabis use may reduce more subtle deficits in neurocognitive functioning such as deficit of the specificity of autobiographical memories and the associated level of autonoetic awareness in a population of schizophrenia patients. The TEMPau (Piolino, 2000) was used to evaluate the autobiographic memory and the level of autonoetic consciousness. Participants were asked to generate 3 specific memories for four life periods (0-9 years old, 10-19 years old, after 20 years old and the last 12 months). Performances from 6 past cannabis use schizophrenia patients were compared to performances of 8 schizophrenia patients no users. Patients were not treated with benzodiazepines. The analysis revealed a significant group difference for the 10-19 years old period for the specificity of autobiographical memories ( t2,11 = 2.3 ; p = 0.041). Past cannabis users reported less specific events (m = 6.83 (1.94)) compared to the no users patients (m = 9.14 (1.67)). The implications of this result will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSchizophrenia and the attribution of interpersonal intentions from emotional facial expression
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Nachtergael, Hilde; Neumann, Aurore

Poster (2007, October 04)

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