References of "Blairy, Sylvie"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRevue de la littérature - Dépression, activation comportementale et processus psychologiques
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2013, June 11)

Depression is a syndrome from which 12% of men and 20% women suffer. Behavioral activation (AC) is a structured and brief psychotherapeutic procedure which has shown its efficacy in the treatment of ... [more ▼]

Depression is a syndrome from which 12% of men and 20% women suffer. Behavioral activation (AC) is a structured and brief psychotherapeutic procedure which has shown its efficacy in the treatment of depression. It follows two objectives: 1. increase engagement in activities associated with feelings of pleasure and/or control; 2. reduce involvement in activities maintaining negative affects or increasing their risk. This psychotherapeutic approach is composed of different tools such as psychoeducation and activities monitoring. After completing a BA program, subjects reported significantly less anxiety and depression symptoms, but studies haven't focussed on the improvement of psychological processes (PP) which are often biased in anxiety and depressive disorders (eg, avoidance and ruminations). This literature review presents PP on which BA could have an impact. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 171 (24 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCombination of actor’s play training and assertiveness program to reduce difficulties in self-affirmation: A preliminary study.
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Sarto, Danielle et al

in 2013 BAPS Annual Meeting : Conference booklet (2013, May 28)

BACKGROUND. Difficulties in assertiveness are often reported by individuals suffering from various psychological problems involving anxiety, depression. Cognitive and behavioral therapeutic procedures ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND. Difficulties in assertiveness are often reported by individuals suffering from various psychological problems involving anxiety, depression. Cognitive and behavioral therapeutic procedures have already proven their effectiveness in helping these patients. The aim of our study was to test the efficacy of new therapeutic procedure, inspired by the third wave of behavioral and cognitive psychotherapies. METHOD. Our study used an actor’s play training combined with an assertiveness program which comprised ten sessions: five of which were animated by an actress and five by a psychologist-psychotherapist. Each actor play’s session was given alternatively with a psychoeducation’s session. Twenty subjects participated in this program. They fulfilled these pre and post-test assessments: social self-efficacy questionnaire, self-affirmation scales, self-esteem scale, communication scale, anxiety and depression scales. Repeated measures’ ANOVAs have been used to compare pre and post-test results. RESULTS. Results showed statistically significant improvements on each dependent variable, except for the Communication Scale. The higher effects appeared for Beck Depression Inventory and Social Self-efficacy Questionnaire which presented an effect size of 0,74 and 0,56, respectively. Scores on STAI-A and B and on Self-affirmation Scale were over the effect size’s threshold. However, these improvements don’t attain control group’s scores reported in the scientific literature. DISCUSSION. The results highlighted that our program is effective in reducing difficulties in assertiveness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPsychosocial needs and perception of inequity: How spouses react to the cancer of their partner?
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Jonius, Bénédicte et al

in 2013 BAPS Annual Meeting : Conference booklet (2013, May 28)

Background. Several studies have highlighted the importance of psychosocial needs in cancer patients’ spouses. Our study’s aim was to reduce these spouses’ needs, using a combination of two ... [more ▼]

Background. Several studies have highlighted the importance of psychosocial needs in cancer patients’ spouses. Our study’s aim was to reduce these spouses’ needs, using a combination of two psychotherapeutic methods: 1. Psychosocial needs’ organization into a hierarchy; 2. Problem-solving method. We also assessed perception of inequity, which is a new concept used in psycho-oncology. This perception focusses on two feelings that spouses might experience in their relationships: firstly, the feeling of overbenefit and underinvestment; secondly, the feeling of underbenefit and overinvestment. Method. A longitudinal design with three assessments (T0,T1,T2) and two groups (experimental, control) was employed. Spouses fulfilled questionnaires: socio-demographic questionnaire, Psychosocial Needs Inventory, Perception of Inequity, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. At T0, all participants organised their psychosocial needs into a hierarchy. Experimental group practiced problem-solving method before control group. Indeed, experimental group practiced it between T0 and T1 while control group practiced it only between T1 and T2. Results. Thirty-seven spouses participated: N experimental group=19; N control group=18. Whenever the combination was given, repeated measures’ ANOVAs highlighted a significant decrease in unsatisfied psychosocial needs when participants have received both methods. Nevertheless, our results did not replicate previous findings according to which spouses experience a higher feeling of overinvestment and underbenefit than feeling of underinvestment and overbenefit. Discussion. Our results underline the interest of proposing psychotherapeutic methods to cancer patients’ spouses to reduce unsatisfied psychosocial needs: clinical implications will be further discussed. Moreover, perception of inequity is a significant concept in psycho-oncology which consequences will also be discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCombination of actor's play training and assertiveness program to reduce difficulties in self-affirmation: A preliminary study.
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Sarto, Danielle et al

Poster (2013, May 28)

BACKGROUND. Difficulties in assertiveness are often reported by individuals suffering from various psychological problems involving anxiety, depression. Cognitive and behavioral therapeutic procedures ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND. Difficulties in assertiveness are often reported by individuals suffering from various psychological problems involving anxiety, depression. Cognitive and behavioral therapeutic procedures have already proven their effectiveness in helping these patients. The aim of our study was to test the efficacy of new therapeutic procedure, inspired by the third wave of behavioral and cognitive psychotherapies. METHOD. Our study used an actor’s play training combined with an assertiveness program which comprised ten sessions: five of which were animated by an actress and five by a psychologist-psychotherapist. Each actor play’s session was given alternatively with a psychoeducation’s session. Twenty subjects participated in this program. They fulfilled these pre and post-test assessments: social self-efficacy questionnaire, self-affirmation scales, self-esteem scale, communication scale, anxiety and depression scales. Repeated measures’ ANOVAs have been used to compare pre and post-test results. RESULTS. Results showed statistically significant improvements on each dependent variable, except for the Communication Scale. The higher effects appeared for Beck Depression Inventory and Social Self-efficacy Questionnaire which presented an effect size of 0,74 and 0,56, respectively. Scores on STAI-A and B and on Self-affirmation Scale were over the effect size’s threshold. However, these improvements don’t attain control group’s scores reported in the scientific literature. DISCUSSION. The results highlighted that our program is effective in reducing difficulties in assertiveness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPsychosocial needs and perception of inequity: How spouses react to the cancer of their partner?
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Jonius, Bénédicte et al

Poster (2013, May 28)

Background. Several studies have highlighted the importance of psychosocial needs in cancer patients’ spouses. Our study’s aim was to reduce these spouses’ needs, using a combination of two ... [more ▼]

Background. Several studies have highlighted the importance of psychosocial needs in cancer patients’ spouses. Our study’s aim was to reduce these spouses’ needs, using a combination of two psychotherapeutic methods: 1. Psychosocial needs’ organization into a hierarchy; 2. Problem-solving method. We also assessed perception of inequity, which is a new concept used in psycho-oncology. This perception focusses on two feelings that spouses might experience in their relationships: firstly, the feeling of overbenefit and underinvestment; secondly, the feeling of underbenefit and overinvestment. Method. A longitudinal design with three assessments (T0,T1,T2) and two groups (experimental, control) was employed. Spouses fulfilled questionnaires: socio-demographic questionnaire, Psychosocial Needs Inventory, Perception of Inequity, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. At T0, all participants organised their psychosocial needs into a hierarchy. Experimental group practiced problem-solving method before control group. Indeed, experimental group practiced it between T0 and T1 while control group practiced it only between T1 and T2. Results. Thirty-seven spouses participated: N experimental group=19; N control group=18. Whenever the combination was given, repeated measures’ ANOVAs highlighted a significant decrease in unsatisfied psychosocial needs when participants have received both methods. Nevertheless, our results did not replicate previous findings according to which spouses experience a higher feeling of overinvestment and underbenefit than feeling of underinvestment and overbenefit. Discussion. Our results underline the interest of proposing psychotherapeutic methods to cancer patients’ spouses to reduce unsatisfied psychosocial needs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSelf-Defining Memories and Identity in Schizophrenia: Preliminary Results.
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Marchal Laurie; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2013, March 18)

The reciprocal relationship between autobiographical memory (AM) and identity is well known. In schizophrenia, there is evidence that both identity and AM are impaired. Indeed, identity has been described ... [more ▼]

The reciprocal relationship between autobiographical memory (AM) and identity is well known. In schizophrenia, there is evidence that both identity and AM are impaired. Indeed, identity has been described as fragmented, instable or still discontinuous in these patients (Boulanger et al., submitted; deBonis et al., 1995; Nieznanski, 2004). Further, schizophrenia patients’ (SCh) AM impairments were described as difficulties to retrieve specific memories (Cuervo-Lombard et al., 2007; D’argembeau et al., 2008; Neumann et al., 2007; Wood et al., 2006). SCh have specificity impairment for mill run autobiographical memories (AMs) and also, for AMs particularly important for construction and continuity to identity as self-defining memories (SDMs; Benounna-Greene, 2001; Raffard et al., 2009, 2010; Robinson and Taylor, 1998). SDMs have been particularly relevant in understanding the relationship between the identity and AM. Identity emerges during late adolescence and early adulthood period called “remimiscence bump period” because, it is characterized by a profusion of recalled memories in comparison to others periods of life span. Possibly, many memories from this period are of SDMs (Singer & Salovey, 1993) and have a powerful effect in binding the identity to a specific reality. Consequently, we supposed that identity impairments showed by SCch are related to SDMs deficits. 19 SCh and 19 healthy controls paired participated to this study. They were asked to give ten enduring “I am” statements that they felt “defined their identity.” Then, they selected the three statements among the ten, which are the “most personally significant to their sense of identity”. They were asked to recall three SDMs by each of three statements selected. Afterwards, they were asked to give: (1) their age for each statement when they felt it was a significant part of their identity, (2) their age at the time that the remembered event occurred. In parallel, the participants were completed neuropsychological measures, BDI-II, PANSS and, an identity stability measure. The results are discussed on the light of previous research [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEndophénotypes cognitifs dans la schizophénie: une revue de la littérature
Xhenseval, L; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2013), 18(3), 2-20

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEmotional Response to Body and Facial Feedback in Alcohol-Dependent Patients
Dethier, Marie ULg; Duchateau, Régis; El Hawa, Maya et al

in Alcoologie et Addictologie (2013), 35(2), 117-125

Introduction: The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body postures and facial expressions manipulation on subjective feelings in male alcohol dependent (ADs) divided into two ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body postures and facial expressions manipulation on subjective feelings in male alcohol dependent (ADs) divided into two groups according to Cloninger’s typology in order to gain some understanding of their difficulties in the regulation of emotions and in interpersonal relationships. Method: Twenty type I ADs, twenty-one type II ADs, and twenty control participants adopted facial expressions and body postures according to specific instructions and maintained these positions for 10 seconds. Expressions and postures entailed anger, sadness, and happiness as well as a neutral (baseline) condition. After each expression/posture manipulation, participants evaluated their subjective emotional state (including cheerfulness, sadness, and irritation). Results: The three groups reported heightened subjective feelings in concordance with the facial and posture manipulation with no difference emerging between AD and control participants, F(1, 60) = 0.01, p = .91, or between the three groups, F(2, 59) = 1.03, p = .36. Conclusions: Similarly to control participants, ADs from the two subtypes may be responsive to the combined effect of facial and body feedback and could, subsequently, benefit from its regulative effects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEmotional regulation impairments following severe traumatic brain injury: an investigation of the body and facial feedback effects
Dethier, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Rosenberg, Hannah et al

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (2013), 19(4), 367-379

The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body and facial feedback in adults who had suffered from a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in order to gain some understanding of their ... [more ▼]

The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body and facial feedback in adults who had suffered from a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in order to gain some understanding of their difficulties in the regulation of negative emotions. Twenty-four participants with TBI and 28 control participants adopted facial expressions and body postures according to specific instructions and maintained these positions for 10 seconds. Expressions and postures entailed anger, sadness, and happiness as well as a neutral (baseline) condition. After each expression/posture manipulation, participants evaluated their subjective emotional state (including cheerfulness, sadness, and irritation). TBI participants were globally less responsive to the effects of body and facial feedback than control participants, F (1, 50) = 5.89, p = .02, η2 = .11. More interestingly, the TBI group differed from the Control group across emotions, F (8,400) = 2.51, p = .01, η2 = .05. Specifically, participants with TBI were responsive to happy but not to negative expression/posture manipulations whereas control participants were responsive to happy, angry, and sad expression/posture manipulations. In conclusion, TBI appears to impair the ability to recognise both the physical configuration of a negative emotion and its associated subjective feeling. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFunctional and Psychological Characteristics of Belgian Men with Premature Ejaculation and Their Partners
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; ANDRIANNE, Robert ULg; Bauwens, Sabrina et al

in Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013), 42

Physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional factors are generally acknowledged to play a role in premature ejaculation (PE). However, the nature and the extent of their etiological impact remain ... [more ▼]

Physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional factors are generally acknowledged to play a role in premature ejaculation (PE). However, the nature and the extent of their etiological impact remain largely imprecise. The present study examined functional and psychometric dynamics at work in a PE population. A total of 461 men with PE and 80 partners completed an online questionnaire. The main outcome measures were self-reported ejaculatory latency time, the feeling of control upon ejaculation, sexual satisfaction, distress related to PE, trait anxiety (STAI-B), sexual cognitions (SIQ), social anxiety (LSAS and SISST), and personality traits (TCI-R). In our sample, the median latency time to ejaculation was between 1 and 2 minutes. Sexual satisfaction and distress correlated more strongly with the feeling of control than with the self-reported latency time. Men experienced more distress and dissatisfaction related to PE than did their partners while overestimating their partners’ distress and dissatisfaction. PE participants’ scores differed significantly, albeit slightly, from STAI-B, SIQ, LSAS, and SISST norms. The differences were negligible on TCI-R. Some differences became stronger when subtypes were considered. Participants combining generalized and lifelong PE with self-reported latency times of < 30 sec reported lower sexual satisfaction and control, higher distress, higher social anxiety, and harm avoidance (TCI-R/HA) scores. By contrast, the situational subtype of PE was found to be characterized by a higher level of satisfaction, a greater feeling of control, less distress, and higher trait anxiety scores. However, the trends remained statistically discrete. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUne étude de la vulnérabilité cognitive des parents au premier degré de patients schizophrènes
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Duke, Géraldine; Xhenseval, Laure et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2012, December), XVII(4), 53

Schizophrenic patients and their first-degree relatives suffer from cognitive deficits in different area (memory, executive, attentional and language functions) which allows us to consider these deficits ... [more ▼]

Schizophrenic patients and their first-degree relatives suffer from cognitive deficits in different area (memory, executive, attentional and language functions) which allows us to consider these deficits as endophenotypes of schizophrenia. Schizophrenic patients also suffer from a lack of autobiographical memory and instability of identity: our study aims to determine whether this deficit and this instability are endophenotypes of schizophrenia. In order to reach this objective, we evaluated first-degree relatives. The results show that first-degree relatives suffer from cognitive deficits but, contrary to our hypotheses, not any deficit of specificity or instability of identity have been highlighted among these parents. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailUne étude de la vulnérabilité cognitive des parents au premier degré de patients schizophrènes
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Duke, Géraldine; Xhenseval, Laure et al

Poster (2012, November 24)

Les patients schizophrènes et leurs parents au premier degré présentent des déficits cognitifs dans différents domaines (mémoire, fonctions exécutives, attentionnelles et langagières) ce qui permet de ... [more ▼]

Les patients schizophrènes et leurs parents au premier degré présentent des déficits cognitifs dans différents domaines (mémoire, fonctions exécutives, attentionnelles et langagières) ce qui permet de considérer ces déficits comme des endophénotypes de la schizophrénie. Les patients schizophrènes souffrent aussi d’un déficit en mémoire autobiographique et d’une instabilité de l’identité : l’objectif de notre étude est de déterminer si ce déficit et cette instabilité sont des endophénotypes de la schizophrénie. Pour ce faire, nous avons évalué des parents au premier degré. Les résultats mettent en évidence des déficits cognitifs chez les parents au premier degré mais, contrairement à ce que nous attendions, nous n’observons pas de déficit de spécifique et d’instabilité de l’identité chez ces parents. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa dépression comment y faire face ?
Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Conference (2012, November 08)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCapacity for Cognitive and Emotional Empathy in Alcohol-Dependent Patients
Dethier, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors (2012), 26(3), 371-383

This study assessed two previously unexplored facets of empathy in alcohol-dependent patients (ADs) divided into two groups according to Cloninger’s alcoholism typology: the attribution of intentions ... [more ▼]

This study assessed two previously unexplored facets of empathy in alcohol-dependent patients (ADs) divided into two groups according to Cloninger’s alcoholism typology: the attribution of intentions according to emotional facial expressions (EFEs) and emotional contagion in reaction to EFEs. Twenty-three male Type-I ADs, 21 male Type-II ADs, and 24 male control participants were compared in two computerized tasks. First, participants rated the extent to which an adjective descriptive of personality weighted on interpersonal dimensions (of rejection, aggressiveness, dominance, and affiliation) corresponded with a video of a neutral EFE that changed to an intense EFE. Second, participants evaluated their own emotional states after watching a series of videos that depicted EFEs while their own face was being filmed. The results showed that Type-I ADs attributed more rejection intentions and fewer affiliation intentions to EFEs compared with controls; however, depression might better explain this biased attribution. Furthermore, AD subtypes showed a different pattern of intention attribution according to the emotions that were portrayed and the sex of the stimulus. In addition, angry EFE mimicry was stronger in Type-II ADs than other participants. Finally, ADs expressed fewer positive emotions and more negative emotions than controls when watching EFEs. These findings emphasize the importance of differentiating alcoholism subtypes and contribute to the understanding of AD interpersonal behaviors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUne évaluation des programmes de réadaptation psychiatrique proposés dans les Centres de Réadaptation Fonctionnelle en Belgique
Limam, Sarra; Bianchi, Julien; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2012), 17

La vie des personnes souffrant d’une maladie mentale est souvent caractérisée par une pauvreté de la vie personnelle, professionnelle et sociale. Les programmes de réhabilitation psychiatrique ont été ... [more ▼]

La vie des personnes souffrant d’une maladie mentale est souvent caractérisée par une pauvreté de la vie personnelle, professionnelle et sociale. Les programmes de réhabilitation psychiatrique ont été développés pour soutenir l’insertion sociale et professionnelle de ces personnes. Les recherches antérieures ont montré que ces programmes peuvent contribuer à l’amélioration du bien-être de l'individu. L’objectif de la présente étude a été d’évaluer les effets d’interventions cognitives et comportementales offertes par des Centres de Réadaptation Fonctionnelle (CRF) en Belgique, sur la symptomatologie clinique, le fonctionnement cognitif et social. Une étude longitudinale a été conduite dans laquelle les patients ont été évalués après 6 et 12 mois de thérapie. Les résultats soutiennent l’idée que les Centres de Réadaptation Fonctionnelle offrent des interventions thérapeutiques qui peuvent améliorer le fonctionnement social et cognitif des patients ainsi que leur symptomatologie clinique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 170 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpontaneous and Posed Emotional Facial Expressions Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
Dethier, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Rosenberg, Hannah et al

in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology (2012), 34(9), 936-947

Aim: The current study aimed to test the intensity of spontaneous emotional expressions and the accuracy of posed emotional expressions in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Method: Twenty ... [more ▼]

Aim: The current study aimed to test the intensity of spontaneous emotional expressions and the accuracy of posed emotional expressions in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Method: Twenty-three participants with TBI and 27 matched control participants were asked to relate personal angry, happy, and sad events (spontaneous expressivity) and to pose angry, happy, and sad expressions in response to a photo or word cue (posed expressivity). Their emotional facial expressions were coded via judges’ ratings. Results: Participants with TBI had less intense sad expressions when relating a sad event compared to control participants. No group difference emerged in the happy and angry events, the latter possibly due to differentially low inter-rater reliability for anger ratings. Participants with TBI were impaired in their ability to pose sad emotions. Conclusions: These preliminary findings suggest that patients with TBI are impaired at expressing sad expressions either spontaneously or deliberately. This may reflect difficulties in the initiation or suppression of facial expression as well as an impaired semantic knowledge of the facial configuration of sad expression. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailClinical outcomes of a new self-help booklet for premature ejaculation
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; ANDRIANNE, Robert ULg; Bauwens, Sabrina et al

in Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012), 9

INTRODUCTION. Premature ejaculation (PE) is quite common. Although effective treatments do exist, only a few affected people consult a practitioner in order to overcome their problem. At the same time ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION. Premature ejaculation (PE) is quite common. Although effective treatments do exist, only a few affected people consult a practitioner in order to overcome their problem. At the same time, studies have shown that reading didactical documents about their PE problem (bibliotherapy) can be useful to men. AIM. The aim of this study was to improve the bibliotherapy approach using up to date knowledge and techniques. The expected benefits were: (1) an effective manual shorter than previous ones, (2) easier to assimilate therapeutic principles and (3) a method thereby made accessible to a broad population most of whom usually do not consult for this type of sexual problem. METHOD. A short bibliotherapy titled The Practical Guide of PE [in French] was tested among PE subjects who were diagnosed with PE according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Assessments were made at baseline (N = 421), at 4-8 months (N = 120) and at 10-14 months (N = 79) after they read The Practical Guide. A control group of 66 subjects was left on a waiting list and was assessed two months after baseline. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Self-reported ejaculatory latency time, feeling of control upon ejaculation, sexual satisfaction, distress related to PE, anxiety experienced during sexual intercourse and sexual cognitions (SIQ). RESULTS. Significant improvements were found for all the self-reported parameters, both at 4-8 and at 10-14 months after the bibliotherapy. The improvements were associated with an adjustment of sexual cognitions. The response to treatment seemed better for those subjects with moderate PE. Although the severity criteria used in this study did not precisely meet the ISSM criteria for lifelong PE, they were likely related. The response did not seem to be affected by variables such as age, education or personality. CONCLUSION. Its cost/benefit ratio makes The Practical Guide a valuable therapeutic tool. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of an anxious social situation on emotional facial expressions (EFEs) recognition in children
Dethier, Marie ULg; Taskin, Aslihan Serap; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2012), 17(2), 2-9

This study addresses the relationship between the capacity of emotional facial expressions (EFEs) recognition and self-esteem in children placed in an anxious social situation. Seventy children (8 – 12 ... [more ▼]

This study addresses the relationship between the capacity of emotional facial expressions (EFEs) recognition and self-esteem in children placed in an anxious social situation. Seventy children (8 – 12 years) were placed in an anxious social situation of performance in which they were instructed to count aloud backwards, beginning at 200 in decrements of 13. After that, children were assessed on a decoding test of 16 photographs depicting EFE. For each photograph, they evaluated the presence of nine types of emotions. They also completed the Self-Perception Profile for Children (Pierrehumbert et al., 1987). No correlations emerged between the accuracy of EFE recognition and an increase of anxious feelings after the anxious social situation. However, self-esteem was correlated with performance on the EFE recognition test. Moreover, the lower the child’s level of self-esteem was, the more he/she perceived negative emotions in EFEs. In conclusion, social anxiety doesn’t seem to interfere with EFEs recognition performance in an anxious social situation. However, low level of self-esteem in children appears to be associated with deficits and interpretative bias in EFEs recognition in an anxious social situation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (8 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCapacity for Cognitive and Emotional Empathy in Alcohol-Dependent Patients
Dethier, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Conference (2011, October 28)

This study assessed two facets of empathy never explored before in male alcohol-dependent patients (ADs) divided into two groups according to Cloninger’s typology of alcoholism: the attribution of ... [more ▼]

This study assessed two facets of empathy never explored before in male alcohol-dependent patients (ADs) divided into two groups according to Cloninger’s typology of alcoholism: the attribution of intentions according to emotional facial expressions (EFEs) and emotional contagion in reaction to EFEs. Twenty three type I ADs, 21 type II ADs, and 24 controls were compared in two computerized tasks. First, the participants had to rate to what extent an adjective descriptive of personality weighted on the interpersonal dimensions of rejection, aggressiveness, dominance, and affiliation corresponded to a film changing from a neutral EFE to an intense EFE. Second, they had to evaluate their own emotional state after watching a series of films depicting EFEs while their own face was being filmed. The results showed that ADs attributed more intentions of rejection and fewer intentions of affiliation to EFEs of men compared to male controls and that this biased attribution was largely due to depression. Furthermore, AD subtypes showed a different pattern of intention attribution according to the emotions portrayed and according to the sex of the stimulus. In addition, the mimicry of angry EFEs was stronger in type II ADs than in other participants. Finally, ADs expressed fewer positive emotions and more negative emotions than controls when watching EFEs. Our findings outline the importance of differentiation in terms of alcoholism subtype, and contribute to the understanding of the interpersonal behaviors of ADs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (7 ULg)