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See detailGenetic variation of Viola calaminaria, an endemic metallophyte
Bizoux, Jean-Philippe ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

in Proceedings of the GfÖ: Lanscapes, ecosystems and populations: dynamics, functions and conservation (2005)

The zinc violet, Viola calaminaria (DC) Lej., is a rare threatened species in Belgium which is endemic to metalliferous sites. Yours aims were to assess the genetic structure of the species at the scale ... [more ▼]

The zinc violet, Viola calaminaria (DC) Lej., is a rare threatened species in Belgium which is endemic to metalliferous sites. Yours aims were to assess the genetic structure of the species at the scale of its distribution range, including differentiation with related taxa Viola guesphalica and to examine the influence of population size and recent colonisation events on population genetic structure in order to identify conservation priorities. The analysis of genetic variation (Amova) showed a strong population differentiation (Fst = 0.26) with a regional group differentiation. The V. guestfalica population exhibits the larger differentiation (Fst = 0.19). The levels of population genetic diversity (Hs) varied from 0.21 to 0.29. Mean genetic differentiation among ancient populations (Fst =0.26) is higher than genetic differentiation among recent populations (Fst =0.18) while any difference appears on genetic diversity. This strong population differentiation suggests a low gene flow between populations but sufficient within population to maintain high level of diversity. For management, the result implies a hierarchical conservation strategy including small population. New populations had as much genetically importance than old populations. No foundation effects were detected in the recent populations. These populations probably result from multiple colonization effects from more than one source population. Finally, even if some V. calaminaria populations exhibit a similar level of genetic differentiation of V. guestfalica population, this one appeared as a particular genetic pool. [less ▲]

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See detailEcology And Conservation Of Belgian Populations Of Viola Calaminaria, A Metallophyte With A Restricted Geographic Distribution
Bizoux, Jean-Philippe ULg; Brevers, F.; Meerts, P. et al

in Belgian Journal of Botany (2004), 137(1), 91-104

Viola calaminaria (Gingins) Lej. is a rare and threatened species, endemic to metalliferous soils in E Belgium, S Netherlands and W Germany. In order to provide basic information for a conservation ... [more ▼]

Viola calaminaria (Gingins) Lej. is a rare and threatened species, endemic to metalliferous soils in E Belgium, S Netherlands and W Germany. In order to provide basic information for a conservation strategy, we performed an ecogeographic survey of almost all V. calaminaria populations currently existing in Belgium. Twenty-four populations were found, distributed in three geographic groups all in the Province of Liège. The area covered by V. calaminaria ranged from < 1 m2 to 3.2 ha. The largest populations were found in sites contaminated by atmospheric deposits from metal smelters. Soils were extremely variable in heavy metal and nutrient concentrations, but concentrations of Zn, Pb and Cd were consistently higher than reference values for normal soils. V. calaminaria was most often found in association with other metallophyte and pseudometallophyte taxa typical of metalliferous sites. Plant communities identified by TWINSPAN analysis generally fitted the heavy metal associations previously described but two unusual heavy metal plant communities were identified. Based on a canonical correspondence analysis, pH was the only factor that was clearly correlated with the floristic composition of plant communities associated to V. calaminaria. This study confirmed the ecological endemic status of V. calaminaria and the importance of the conservation of metalliferous sites. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude génétique Viola calaminaria (Dc) Lej. à l'aide de marqueur moléculaire du type RAPD
Bizoux, Jean-Philippe ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2003)

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