References of "Beckers, Yves"
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See detailUsefulness of a Vancomycin pretreatment when challenging chickens in order to evaluate anti-Salmonella preparations
Marcq, Christopher ULg; Cambier, Carole ULg; Thewis, André ULg et al

in Ceylan, Necmettin; Ciftci, Ibrahim; Adabi, Shahram (Eds.) 18th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition: Proceedings (2011, October)

For many years, Salmonella infection models have been developed in chickens with the aim to study the effects of prophylactic or therapeutic measures on the colonization of the gut. However, although the ... [more ▼]

For many years, Salmonella infection models have been developed in chickens with the aim to study the effects of prophylactic or therapeutic measures on the colonization of the gut. However, although the literature includes numerous challenge models, few studies investigated the infection rates among the inoculated population. We have implemented an antibiotic pretreatment of the chickens (vancomycin hydrochloride, 25 mg/bird) as an infection promoter. Indeed, vancomycin affects the normal gut microflora and releases sites for Salmonella at the intestinal epithelium. Two experiments were undertaken and a presence/absence cloacal swab method was used to evaluate cecal colonization. In the first experiment, birds were orally inoculated with Salmonella Typhimurium at 21 days of age. Three inoculum doses (3 × 103, 3 × 106, 3 × 109 cfu/bird) and an uninfected control were compared according to whether or not vancomycin had been used. Higher levels of Salmonella colonization (more than 70 %) were achieved in the gut by pretreating birds with vancomycin before inoculation (P < 0.05). In the second experiment, chicks were inoculated at 7 days of age with 108 cfu/bird after a vancomycin pretreatment, leading to an infection rate of 87.5 %. In conclusion, vancomycin promotes efficiently the percentage of colonized birds in the challenged population, with either young animals or olders. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Belfeed : un moyen de contrôler la microflore du tube digestif de la volaille et du porc
Vandeplas, Sabrina; Beckers, Yves ULg; Bruyer, Denis

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

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See detailProduction de viande - réchauffement climatique
Beckers, Yves ULg; Jerome, Elisabeth ULg; Moureaux, Christine ULg et al

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailLa féverole en alimentation animale
Beckers, Yves ULg

Scientific conference (2011, May 05)

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See detailRations d'engraissement, rappel de quelques fondamentaux
Beckers, Yves ULg

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailEx vivo ruminal cellulosome for by-product biomass conversion
Hissette, Mathias ULg; Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Thewis, André ULg et al

Conference (2011, April 27)

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See detailCarbon exchange in a Belgian grassland with cattle
Jerome, Elisabeth ULg; Beckers, Yves ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2011, April 08)

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See detailLogiciel de formulation
Beckers, Yves ULg

Software (2011)

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See detailTarissement court vs long ? Lactation longue vs courte ?
Beckers, Yves ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

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See detailLes produits du maïs fourrage : comment les réfléchir dans les rations des bovins ?
Beckers, Yves ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

Présentation des principales caractéristiques des produits du maïs fourrage et des éléments positifs et négatifs de leur introduction dans les rations des bovins.

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See detailAlimentation et définitions des rations dans les exploitations laitières
Beckers, Yves ULg

Scientific conference (2011, February 02)

Présentation des principaux principes du rationnement des vaches laitières

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See detailLes aspects nutritionnels de la betterave fourragère et son intégration dans les rations
Beckers, Yves ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

Présentation des principales caractéristiques de la betterave fourragère et des éléments positifs et négatifs de son intégration dans les rations des bovins.

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See detailSalmonella Typhimurium oral challenge model in mature broilers: Bacteriological, immunological, and growth performance aspects.
Marcq, Christopher ULg; Cox, Edwin; Szalo, Ioan Mihai ULg et al

in Poultry Science (2011), 90(1), 59-67

In this study, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium challenge models were tested to identify the best conditions under which to perform the experimental infection of 3-wk-old broilers. Such a model ... [more ▼]

In this study, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium challenge models were tested to identify the best conditions under which to perform the experimental infection of 3-wk-old broilers. Such a model would be useful to study the efficiency of therapeutic treatments that could take place at the end of the grow-out period. Salmonella-free chicks were obtained from a breeder flock vaccinated with Salmonella. Intestinal maternal immunity was monitored by ELISA analyses at 2, 9, and 16 d of age. Data indicated that protection of maternal origin was not maintained over time and was drastically reduced at 9 d of age (P < 0.01). At 21 d of age, chickens were orally inoculated with Salmonella Typhimurium. The effects of the oral challenge dose (0, 3 x 10(3), 3 x 10(6), and 3 x 10(9) cfu/bird) and vancomycin pretreatment (no administration or 25 mg/bird) on intestinal immune responses, growth performance, and Salmonella colonization of chickens were investigated. After infection, the mucosal immune response was rapid, with increased (P < 0.01) anti-Salmonella Typhimurium IgA titers measured at 8 d postinfection in intestinal contents. A linear relationship (P < 0.05) existed between specific IgA levels in intestinal and cecal contents and the challenge dose inoculated. None of the challenge protocols caused mortality or clinical symptoms after infection. Nevertheless, the experimental infection induced a significant deterioration of growth performance. The pretreatment with 25 mg of vancomycin at 3 h before Salmonella inoculation was able to establish stable infection rates among the population of 3-wk-old infected chickens. Nevertheless, Salmonella shedding was not stable over the rearing period, and the bacteria seemed to be naturally eliminated from most birds at 22 d postinfection. This natural clearance of the gut, which was related, at least in part, to the intestinal immune response, should limit the usability of the created mature challenge model within 1 to 2 wk after inoculation. [less ▲]

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See detailPartial replacement of fish meal with Azola meal in diets for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) affects growth and whole body fatty acid composition
Abou, Youssouf; Adite, Alphonse; Ibikounle, Moudachirou et al

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (2011), 5(6), 2224-2235

The replacement of fishmeal (FM) with Azolla meal (AM) in diets on growth and fatty acid in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (initial mean weight: 16.4 g) was studied. Fish were fed with six ... [more ▼]

The replacement of fishmeal (FM) with Azolla meal (AM) in diets on growth and fatty acid in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (initial mean weight: 16.4 g) was studied. Fish were fed with six isonitrogenous (29.2% CP) and isoenergetic (16.9 kJ.g-1) diets containing 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% AM respectively, as partial FM substitute. Diet A0 acted as a control. The final weight (51.0-88.3 g), the weight gain (210.8-438.3%) and the SGR (1.3-1.9%day-1) decreased when AM level higher than 10% in diets (P < 0.05). The FCR (1.44 to 2.35) significantly increased when AM level exceeded 20% (P < 0.05). The protein efficiency ratio and the apparent net protein utilization decreased consequently. The fatty acids in the whole fish were significantly influenced by the diets. The replacement of FM by AM produced fish with lower (n-3) highly unsaturated fatty acids mainly docosahexaenoic acid, and higher arachidonic acid (P < 0.05). The n-3/n- 6 fatty acid ratio ranged from 0.08 to 0.17, and was lower in fish fed A40 and A50 (P < 0.05). The findings suggest that high AM in diets affects Nile tilapia growth and the fern could be incorporated in diets up to 30% without any adverse effect on fish fatty acid composition. However, alternative additional source of lipid must be used to improve the quality of fish fed AM-diets. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluência da modalidade de apresentação do trigo
Piron, Fabien ULg; Philippart de Foy, Martin; Thewis, André ULg et al

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailApproximate compositional values and tissue fatty acid profiles of Nile Tilapia (Oreachromis niloticus L.) fed azolla-diets in earthen ponds
Abou, Youssouf; Fiogbé, Emile Didier; Beckers, Yves ULg et al

in Food and Nutrition Sciences (2011), 2

The approximate general composition and the fatty acid profile of Nile tilapia fed Azolla-diets in ponds were studied for 90 days. Six isonitrogenous (29.2% CP) and isoenergetic (16.9 kJ·g−1) diets were ... [more ▼]

The approximate general composition and the fatty acid profile of Nile tilapia fed Azolla-diets in ponds were studied for 90 days. Six isonitrogenous (29.2% CP) and isoenergetic (16.9 kJ·g−1) diets were formulated to contain 0% (A0), 10% (A10), 20% (A20), 30% (A30), 40% (A40) and 50% (A50) of Azolla meal (AM), as partial fish meal (FM) substitutes. Diet A0 without AM served as a control. Fish growth decreased as AM level exceeded 20% in diets (P < 0.05). Dry matter and crude protein showed no significant differences (P > 0.05). Crude lipid was significantly lower in fish fed A50 and significant differences were also found in crude ash (P < 0.05). Linolenic acid (LLA) decreased significantly when AM level in diets increased (P < 0.05). In contrast, arachidonic acid (ARA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahex- aenoic acid (DHA) showed significantly higher values in fish fed high AM (P < 0.05). The n − 3/n − 6 ratio ranged from 0.35 to 0.49, with values being significantly higher in fish fed A20, A30 and A50. High level of the fern reduces growth without negatively affecting fatty acid in fish. Fish PUFA, especially the (n − 3) fatty acids, are affected posi- tively, even when fed 50% AM, which is good for the quality of the fish produced in regard to the benefits for the health of consumers. [less ▲]

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