References of "Beckers, Yves"
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See detailAspects nutritionnels des vaches laitières et autonomie alimentaire
Beckers, Yves ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2009)

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See detailProduction de viande - environnement : levons les équivoques !
Beckers, Yves ULg

Conference (2009, November 05)

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See detailImmunisation passive du poulet de chair vis-à-vis des salmonelles à l'aide d'anticorps du jaune d'oeuf
Marcq, Christopher ULg; Thewis, André ULg; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Impacts de l'alimentation sur la santé animale : nouveaux développements (2009, October 14)

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See detailLe lupin : ses aspects nutritionnels et son intégration dans les rations des ruminants
Beckers, Yves ULg; Froidmont, Eric

Conference given outside the academic context (2009)

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See detailEfficiency of a Lactobacillus plantarum-xylanase combination on growth performances, microflora populations, and nutrient digestibilities of broilers infected with Salmonella Typhimurium
Vandeplas, Sabrina ULg; Dubois Dauphin, Robin ULg; Thiry, Christophe ULg et al

in Poultry Science (2009), 88(8), 1643-1654

Three experiments were performed to assess the ability of a Lactobacillus plantarum probiotic combined with a xylanase to reduce the effects of S. typhimurium infection in broiler chickens from 1- to 30 ... [more ▼]

Three experiments were performed to assess the ability of a Lactobacillus plantarum probiotic combined with a xylanase to reduce the effects of S. typhimurium infection in broiler chickens from 1- to 30- or 42-d-old. Chicks were challenged at 3-d-old with 108 or 105 cfu S. typhimurium/chick. Four diets were studied: a wheat-based diet (C+) supplemented with 0.1 g/kg xylanase (E), or 106 cfu/g or L. plantarum (P), or both (PE). Uninfected chicks fed the C diet were used as negative control (C-). Six or 8 chicks were housed per cage with 9 cages/treatment. Growth performance and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were recorded weekly. In experiment 1, bacterial enumeration in caeca was achieved using the fluorescent in situ hybridization technique. Salmonella enumeration was realized in excreta by microbiological cultures (Exp. 2 and 3). Nutrient digestibilities and AMEn were determined in experiment 3 from d 35 to d 39. Infection with S. typhimurium led to a significant decrease in the daily weight gain (DWG) by 23.6% to 32.8%, whereas FCR was increased by 1.0% to 19.7%. Chickens fed the PE diet showed significantly improved performance in comparison with C+ birds (DWG: +12.5% in Exp. 1; FCR: -2.1-8.6%), and in comparison with the P and E treatments (DWG: +6.3-8.3% in Exp. 1; FCR: -2.7-6.4%). In experiment 3, the FCR was significantly improved by 3% with the PE diet in comparison with C- chickens. The PE combination tended to restore a microflora similar to that of uninfected broilers, whereas the P and E diets had less of an effect on the profile of bacterial communities. At slaughter age, Salmonella contamination was reduced by 2.00 and 1.85 log cfu for the E and PE treatment, respectively. The PE diet significantly reduced the crude fat digestibility by 9.2%, in comparison with the C+ chickens. These results suggest that combination between L. plantarum and a xylanase as feed additive could be effective for reduction of detrimental effect following S. typhimurium infection of broilers. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential of Dried Egg Yolk as a Source of Immunoglobulins to Control Salmonella in the Gastrointestinal Tract of the Broiler Chicken
Marcq, Christopher ULg; Portetelle, Daniel ULg; Chalghoumi, RAJA ULg et al

in 17th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition : Proceedings & Abstracts (2009, August)

Egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgY) are considered as a promising tool of establishing passive immunity against enteric pathogens (e.g. Salmonella) in poultry (Kovacs-Nolan and Mine, 2005). In our previous ... [more ▼]

Egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgY) are considered as a promising tool of establishing passive immunity against enteric pathogens (e.g. Salmonella) in poultry (Kovacs-Nolan and Mine, 2005). In our previous works, in-feed incorporation of freeze-dried yolk powder (FYP) improved performances of Salmonella-infected broilers (Marcq et al., 2009). Nevertheless, no extra value could be attributed to the presence of specific IgY when a comparison was done between impact of hyperimmune or non immune FYP both concerning growth performances and Salmonella infection. We hypothesized that these inconclusive in vivo results were related to the sensitivity of IgY to gastrointestinal conditions. Egg yolks with high IgY titers directed against Salmonella Enteritidis and Typhimurium were obtained from laying hens immunized as previously described (Chalghoumi et al., 2008). Three feed additives derived from these eggs were produced: FYP, spray-dried yolk powder (SYP), and freeze-dried water-soluble fraction of yolk powder (WSFP). A force-feeding assay was realized on these additives with 48 five-week-old males Ross broiler chicken (Salmonella spp.-free status). Survival of undigested IgY and bioactive Fab fragments was evaluated in the intestinal tract by ELISA. Statistical analyses were done using GLM procedure of Minitab 15.1. Software. Differences were considered significant when P<0.05. As a result of the digestive process, the levels of total and specific undigested IgY found throughout the intestine were dramatically reduced for the three additives. For FYP, no difference was observed with intestinal contents of control animals (P>0.05) and for WSFP, which correspond to semi-purified IgY, the immunological activity reached the same level than that for SYP (P>0.05) whereas its initial level was almost ten times higher. The results suggest a protective effect of whole yolk on IgY with SYP but such effect was not observed with FYP. High levels of Fab fragments were identified in intestinal contents, highlighting the importance of protein digestion in the digestive tract and especially pepsin digestion. These Fab fragments conserve their immunological functionality and remained detectable in all intestinal segments including the caecum which represents the major site of Salmonella infection in poultry. These results can explain our previous challenge data and reveal that a protection treatment should be applied to dried egg yolk to improve the resistance of IgY to gastrointestinal conditions in broilers. [less ▲]

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See detailAlimentation azotée du ruminant
Beckers, Yves ULg

Scientific conference (2009, April 10)

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See detailDes protéines aussi dans l'herbe ... Comment bien les valoriser chez les bovins ?
Beckers, Yves ULg

Conference (2009, March 24)

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See detailPotentiel d'utilisation de régime à valeur OEB negative : essai croissance-finition de taurillons BBB.
Decruyenaere, Virginie; Bonnet, M.; Poncelet, Céline ULg et al

in Les filières aniales dans la tourmente : produire plus et mieux avec moins (2009)

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See detailUtilisation des enzymes en alimentation porcine et avicole
Beckers, Yves ULg; Piron, Fabien ULg

in CRA-W (Ed.) Impact de l'alimentation sur la santé animale : nouveaux développements (2009)

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See detailHen egg yolk antibodies (IgY), production and use for passive immunization against bacterial enteric infections in chicken : a review
Chalghoumi, Raja; Beckers, Yves ULg; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2009), 13(3), 295-308

Enteric infections caused by Salmonella remain a major public health burden worldwide. Poultry, particularly chickens, are known to be the main reservoir for this zoonotic pathogen. Therefore, the ... [more ▼]

Enteric infections caused by Salmonella remain a major public health burden worldwide. Poultry, particularly chickens, are known to be the main reservoir for this zoonotic pathogen. Therefore, the prevention and monitoring of Salmonella infection during the live phase may greatly reduce the contamination of poultry meat during slaughter and processing. With the ban on sub-therapeutic antibiotic usage in Europe and the increasingly strictness of the European legislation on food hygiene, passive immunization by oral administration of pathogen-specific hen egg yolk antibody (IgY) may be a useful and attractive alternative. This review offers summarized information about IgY production and the use of these antibodies for passive immunization, particularly in poultry [less ▲]

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See detailLes coproduits européens issus du bioéthanol produit au départ de céréales ont une composition chimique variable
Piron, Fabien ULg; Bruyer, Denis; Thewis, André ULg et al

in journées de la recherche avicole (2009)

There is worldwide increasing interest in producing ethanol from grains. Currently, maize is the main grain used in fuel ethanol production (particularly in the USA). However, in Western Europe and Canada ... [more ▼]

There is worldwide increasing interest in producing ethanol from grains. Currently, maize is the main grain used in fuel ethanol production (particularly in the USA). However, in Western Europe and Canada, wheat is the main grain for ethanol plants. Barley, rye, sorghum or combinations of grains are also used. The process of ethanol production from grains generates by-products (distillers’ grains, solubles and/or gluten feed) with potential in livestock feed. Consequently, a better knowledge of chemical composition of these by-products is essential. The aim of the present study was to chemically characterise 14 batches of by-products (mainly from wheat, but also from barley and maize) purchased from some plants in Western Europe. Starch was almost completely removed by ethanol production process. Consequently, crude protein and fibre were concentrated in by-products with regard to grain value. Ratios of by-products to grain (wheat is reference) varied between 1.6 and 3.2 (protein), 1.6 and 2.7 (NDF) and 2.3 and 5.1(ADF). Furthermore, heat treatment used during the production process of dried distillers’ grains could cause destruction of important amounts of some amino acids, especially lysine (Maillard reactions). Ratios of lysine to crude protein varied among batches of byproducts and were particularly poor and unstable for distillers’ grains. In conclusion, chemical composition of European by-products of ethanol fuel produced from grains is variable. It is particularly important for wheat-based distillers’ grains. More information is needed about digestibility and availability of nutriments from these by-products. Particularly, lysine concentration and availability are probably one of the main concerns for nutritive value of by-products of ethanol fuel produced from grains. [less ▲]

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See detailWheat-based dried distillers’ grains are variable in chemical composition
Piron, Fabien ULg; Bruyer, Denis; Thewis, André ULg et al

in Garnsworthy, P., C.; Wiseman, J. (Eds.) Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition 2008 (2009)

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