References of "Baron, Frédéric"
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See detailLongitudinal Monitoring of Immune Reconstitution After Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT): Impact of T Cell Depletion of the Graft
SERVAIS, Sophie ULg; Hannon, Muriel ULg; Daulne, Coline ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2011), Abstracts book(Supplement of 26th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 31

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See detailComparison of Immune Reconstitution after Non-myeloablative Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation (HCT) with Flu-TBI versus TLI-ATG Conditioning
Hannon, Muriel ULg; Humblet-Baron, S.; Graux, C. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2011), Abstracts book(Supplement of 26th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 8

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See detailRegulatory T cells fulfil their promise ?
Humblet, Stéphanie ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg; Liston, Adrian

in Immunology & Cell Biology (2011)

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See detailImpact of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) as treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) : a survey from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the EBMT
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Labopin, Myriam; Niederwieser, Dietger et al

in Blood (2011), 118

The goal of RIC allo-SCT is to harness the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect, while minimizing toxicities and the risk of GVHD. However, prior studies have shown a lower risk of relapse in AML patients ... [more ▼]

The goal of RIC allo-SCT is to harness the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect, while minimizing toxicities and the risk of GVHD. However, prior studies have shown a lower risk of relapse in AML patients (pts) who experienced chronic GVHD after RIC allo-SCT versus in those who did not. Here, we investigated the impact of occurrence of GVHD on transplantation outcomes in a large cohort of AML pts given allogeneic PBSC after RIC conditioning. Data from 1859 AML pts in first (n=1439) or second (n=420) CR transplanted between 2000 and 2009 following a RIC regimen at EBMT affiliated centres were analyzed. Pts were given PBSC from HLA-identical sibling (MRD, n=1208), or from HLA-matched unrelated donors (MUD, n=651). Median pt age at transplantation was 56 y (range, 18–77). 338 male pts were given grafts from female donors. RIC was based on low-dose TBI in 520 (28%) pts, while the remaining pts received chemotherapy-based RIC. ATG was given in 269 (22%) MRD and in 267 (41%) MUD recipients, respectively, while 151 (13%) MRD and 165 (25%) MUD recipients received in-vivo T cell depletion with alemtuzumab. The impact of chronic GVHD on relapse risk, non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and overall survival (OS) was assessed using time-dependent multivariate Cox models and in a landmark analysis at 18 months after transplant. Three-year incidences of relapse, NRM, LFS and OS were 34±1%, 15±1%, 51±2% and 60±2% in MRD recipients, respectively, and 34±2% (p=NS), 24±2% (P<0.001), 42±2% (P=0.001) and 47±2% (P=0.001) in MUD recipients, respectively. Grade II, III and IV acute GVHD were observed in 133 (11%), 61 (5%) and 30 (2%) MRD recipients and in 119 (18%), 41 (6%) and 24 (4%) MUD recipients, respectively. The 3-y cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 47%. Fifty-three percent of patients with chronic GVHD had extensive chronic GVHD, while the remaining 47% had limited chronic GVHD. In multivariate analyses, occurrence of grade II-IV acute GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.8; P=0.04), a higher risk of chronic (HR=2.2; P<0.001) and extensive chronic GVHD (HR=2.8; P<0.001), a higher risk of NRM (HR=2.4 P<0.001), a worsened LFS (HR=1.3; P=0.01), and a worsened OS (HR=1.5; P<0.001). In multivariate time-dependent analyses, occurrence of limited chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.7; P=0.05), comparable NRM (HR=1.4; P=0.16), comparable LFS (HR=0.9; P=0.29) and better OS (HR=0.5; P<0.001), while occurrence of extensive chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.6; P=0.01), higher NRM (HR=3.2; P<0.001), a trend for worsened LFS (HR=1.3; P=0.06) and comparable OS (HR=0.9; P=0.34). The median interval from transplantation to occurrence of chronic GVHD was 163 (range, 100–1545) days. To further assess the graft-versus-leukemia effect of chronic GVHD, we performed a landmark analysis in patients who were leukemia-free at 18 months after transplantation (n=776). Median follow-up from this landmark time-point was 24 (range, 0.1–112) months. Two-year relapse, NRM, LFS and OS were 16±2%, 2.5±1%, 82±2%, and 89±2%, respectively, in patients without chronic GVHD before the landmark time-point, versus 9±1% (P=0.001), 8±1% (P<0.001), 83±2% (P=0.65), and 86±2% (P=0.38), respectively, in patients with chronic GVHD before the landmark time-point.In conclusion, in this cohort of AML patients transplanted in remission, occurrence of chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse that translated to better OS in patients with limited chronic GVHD but not in those with extensive chronic GVHD who experienced higher long term NRM, highlighting the need for long term prospective assessment of long term effects and quality of life in patients receiving RIC allo-SCT. [less ▲]

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See detailReduced intensity conditioning for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)
Servais, Sophie ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2011), 2

Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens have allowed performing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients for whom conventional myeloablative allogeneic HSCT is ... [more ▼]

Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens have allowed performing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients for whom conventional myeloablative allogeneic HSCT is associated with unacceptable risks of non-relapse-mortality. This approac relies mainly on graft-versus-tumour effects for tumour eradication. Retrospective studies have suggested that, in patients aged 40 to 60 years, RIC-HSCT was associated with a higher risk of relapse but a lower incidence of transplant-related mortality than myeloablative allogeneic HSCT, leading to similar progression-free and overall survivals. After reviewing the rationale for RIC-HSCT, this article discusses the results of RIC-HSCT in specific deseases, and proposes what could be current indications for RIC-HSCT in 2011. Finally, the article briefly presents some possible strategies aimed at increasing the anti-tumoral activity of the procedure while reducing the incidence and severity of acute graft-versus-host disease. [less ▲]

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See detailAllogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after reduced intensity conditioning
SERVAIS, Sophie ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Transfusion & Apheresis Science (2011), 44

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) following myeloablative (conventional) conditioning regimen is associated with a high incidence of transplant-related morbidity and mortality ... [more ▼]

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) following myeloablative (conventional) conditioning regimen is associated with a high incidence of transplant-related morbidity and mortality, limiting its use to younger patients without medical co-morbidities. Over the past few years, it has become more evident that the alloreactivty of transplanted donor immunocompetent cells against host tumor cells (graft-versus-tumor effects, GVT effects) plays a major role in eradicating malignancies after allogeneic HSCT. Based on these observations, several groups of investigators have developed reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens allowing patients who are ineligible for conventional HSCT to benefit from the potentially curative GVT effects of allogeneic transplantation. Retrospective studies have suggested that, in comparison with myeloablative allogeneic HSCT, in patient aged 40-60 years, RIC HSCT was associated with a higher risk of relapse but a lower incidence of transplant-related mortality leading to similar progression-gree and overall survivals. Prospective studies are ongoing to define which patients might most benefit from RIC HSCT, and to increase the anti-tumoral activity of the procedure while reducing the incidence and the severity of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this article, we review the current status and perspectives of RIC HSCT. [less ▲]

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See detailGVHD chronique et effet anti-tumoral
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Correspondance en Onco-Hématologie (2010), 5

It was demonstrated in 1981 that chronic GVHD was associated with a strong decrease of the relapse risk after conventional allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (graf-versus-tumor effects). Recent ... [more ▼]

It was demonstrated in 1981 that chronic GVHD was associated with a strong decrease of the relapse risk after conventional allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (graf-versus-tumor effects). Recent studies suggest that chronic GVHD might also been associated with improved progression-gree survival after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC-allo), a transplant strategy based mainly on graft-versus-tumor effects for tumor eradication. Further, it has been demonstrated that elimination of leukemic cells after RIC-allo is due to donor T-cell cloones directed against multiple minor histocompatibility antigens (specific for the recipient) that are largely expressed not only by tumor cells but also by non-hematopoietic tissues, explaining the strong association between GVHD and graft-versus-tumor effects seen after RIC-allo. [less ▲]

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See detailCotransplantation of mesenchymal stem cells might prevent death from graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) without abrogating graft-versus-tumor effects after HLA-mismatched allogeneic transplantation following nonmyeloablative conditioning.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Lechanteur, Chantal ULg; Willems, Evelyne ULg et al

in Biology of Blood & Marrow Transplantation (2010), 16(6), 838-47

Recent studies have suggested that coinfusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) the day of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) might promote engraftment and prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have suggested that coinfusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) the day of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) might promote engraftment and prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after myeloablative allogeneic HCT. This prompted us to investigate in a pilot study whether MSC infusion before HCT could allow nonmyeloablative (NMA) HCT (a transplant strategy based nearly exclusively on graft-versus-tumor effects for tumor eradication) from HLA-mismatched donors to be performed safely. Twenty patients with hematologic malignancies were given MSCs from third party unrelated donors 30-120 minutes before peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) from HLA-mismatched unrelated donors, after conditioning with 2 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) and fludarabine. The primary endpoint was safety, defined as a 100-day incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) <35%. One patient had primary graft rejection, whereas the remaining 19 patients had sustained engraftment. The 100-day cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD (aGVHD) was 35%, whereas 65% of the patients experienced moderate/severe chronic GVHD (cGVHD). One-year NRM (10%), relapse (30%), overall survival (OS) (80%) and progression-free survival (PFS) (60%), and 1-year incidence of death from GVHD or infection with GVHD (10%) were encouraging. These figures compare favorably with those observed in a historic group of 16 patients given HLA-mismatched PBSCs (but no MSCs) after NMA conditioning, which had a 1-year incidence of NRM of 37% (P = .02), a 1-year incidence of relapse of 25% (NS), a 1-year OS and PFS of 44% (P = .02), and 38% (P = .1), respectively, and a 1-year rate of death from GVHD or infection with GVHD of 31% (P = .04). In conclusion, our data suggest that HLA-mismatched NMA HCT with MSC coinfusion appeared to be safe. [less ▲]

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See detailHematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the treatment strategy of acute leukemia
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Belgian Journal of Medical Oncology [=BJMO] (2010), 4

This review article discusses the current indications for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in adult patients with acute myeloid or lymphoblastic leukemia

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See detailEnteroviral meningoencephalitis as complication of Rituximab therapy in a patient treated for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
Servais, Sophie ULg; Caers, Jo ULg; Warling, Odette et al

in British Journal of Haematology (2010), 150(3), 379-381

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See detailLe lymphome du manteau
Jaspers, Aurélie ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg; Bonnet, Christophe ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65

Mantle cell lymphoma comprises 3 to 10% of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Cyclin D1 expression due to t(11;14) (q13;32) is considered as a hallmark of this lymphoma and plays a pivotal role in the ... [more ▼]

Mantle cell lymphoma comprises 3 to 10% of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Cyclin D1 expression due to t(11;14) (q13;32) is considered as a hallmark of this lymphoma and plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of lymphoma transformation. Median age at diagnosis ranges from 60 to 70 years, and diagnosis is often made at an advances stage with widespread lymphadenopathy and extranodular (particularly bone marrow and gastrointestinal) infiltration. First line treatment consists of combination chemotherapy followed with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in younger patients, while allogeneic HCT following non-myeloablative conditioning might have a role inpatients relapsing after autologous HCT. [less ▲]

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