References of "Bahri, Mohamed Ali"
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See detail[18F]fallypride binding in the mouse brain: test-retest and effects of registration
Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg; Geuzaine, Annabelle ULg; Warnock, Geoffrey ULg et al

Conference (2011, January 17)

The quantification of in vivo receptor kinetics with PET tracer experiments is an intricate and challenging problem especially for small animals such as rats and mice. A test-retest scan is usually set up ... [more ▼]

The quantification of in vivo receptor kinetics with PET tracer experiments is an intricate and challenging problem especially for small animals such as rats and mice. A test-retest scan is usually set up in order to confirm an observed experimental effect or to examine the reliability of the experiment design. Inadequate processing of the image data may also mask small effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of image registration on [18F]fallypride binding potentials calculated from PET mouse test-retest data. Sub-optimal registration affected the quantification of in vivo receptor kinetics with [18F]fallypride. The absence of anatomical information in the [18F]fallypride image and the lack of a homogeneous tracer distribution, even during the earlier minutes of the scan, lead to erroneous automatic registration. A FDG scan after each [18F]fallypride test could improve registration as FDG provides a more homogeneous brain image. Variability in the data could also result from stress induced by anaesthesia or the experimental environment. [less ▲]

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See detailImage Quality evaluation for 124I in the microPET Focus 120 scanner using the NEMA NU4-2008 phantom
Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg; Warnock, Geoffrey ULg; Taleb, Dounia ULg et al

Conference (2011, January 17)

Physical properties of iodine-124 such as its high positron energy, corresponding large positron range in tissue and the fraction of the single γ-photons emitted may have detrimental effects on the PET ... [more ▼]

Physical properties of iodine-124 such as its high positron energy, corresponding large positron range in tissue and the fraction of the single γ-photons emitted may have detrimental effects on the PET image quality. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the image quality for iodine-124 in the small animal microPET Focus 120 scanner using the NEMA NU4-2008 image quality phantom. Although the 2 ns timing window gives higher recovery coefficients and slightly lower spill-over ratios and combined with the 350-590 keV energy window gives the lowest spill-over ratio, the combination of the 350-650 keV and 6 ns windows seems to be the best compromise to obtain images with high contrast and low noise content. [less ▲]

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See detailThe cerebral metabolic correlates of episodic autobiographical memory in amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment
Bastin, Christine ULg; Feyers, Dorothée ULg; Jedidi, Haroun ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Memory (2011)

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See detailThe neural correlates of cognitive reserve in aging
Bastin, Christine ULg; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg et al

Scientific conference (2011)

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See detailIdentifying the default-mode component in spatial IC analyses of patients with disorders of consciousness.
Soddu, Andrea ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in Human Brain Mapping (2011)

Objectives:Recent fMRI studies have shown that it is possible to reliably identify the default-mode network (DMN) in the absence of any task, by resting-state connectivity analyses in healthy volunteers ... [more ▼]

Objectives:Recent fMRI studies have shown that it is possible to reliably identify the default-mode network (DMN) in the absence of any task, by resting-state connectivity analyses in healthy volunteers. We here aimed to identify the DMN in the challenging patient population of disorders of consciousness encountered following coma. Experimental design: A spatial independent component analysis-based methodology permitted DMN assessment, decomposing connectivity in all its different sources either neuronal or artifactual. Three different selection criteria were introduced assessing anticorrelation-corrected connectivity with or without an automatic masking procedure and calculating connectivity scores encompassing both spatial and temporal properties. These three methods were validated on 10 healthy controls and applied to an independent group of 8 healthy controls and 11 severely brain-damaged patients [locked-in syndrome (n = 2), minimally conscious (n = 1), and vegetative state (n = 8)]. Principal observations: All vegetative patients showed fewer connections in the default-mode areas, when compared with controls, contrary to locked-in patients who showed near-normal connectivity. In the minimally conscious-state patient, only the two selection criteria considering both spatial and temporal properties were able to identify an intact right lateralized BOLD connectivity pattern, and metabolic PET data suggested its neuronal origin. Conclusions: When assessing resting-state connectivity in patients with disorders of consciousness, it is important to use a methodology excluding non-neuronal contributions caused by head motion, respiration, and heart rate artifacts encountered in all studied patients. Hum Brain Mapp, 2011. (c) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailIN VIVO PET IMAGING OF THE EFFECT OF THE NMDA ANTAGONIST MEMANTINE ON GLUCOSE METABOLISM IN THE RODENT BRAIN
Warnock, Geoffrey ULg; Dedeurwaerdere, Stefanie; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

Poster (2010, September)

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See detailTHE EFFECT OF BETA MICROPROBE IMPLANTATION ON THE BLOOD BRAIN BARRIER
Warnock, Geoffrey ULg; Dedeurwaardere, Stefanie; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

Poster (2010, September)

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See detailDISPLACEMENT OF 18F-FALLYPRIDE BINDING WITH HALOPERIDOL IN A WITHIN-SUBJECT DESIGN USING A BETA MICROPROBE
Warnock, Geoffrey ULg; Goblet, David ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg et al

in Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (2009, October), 29(S1), 352-353

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See detailNEMA NU4-2008 Image Quality Performance Report for the microPET Focus 120 and for Various Transmission and Reconstruction Methods
Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Warnock, Geoffrey ULg et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (2009), 50

This work aimed to evaluate the image quality and accuracy of attenuation and scatter corrections provided with the microPET Focus 120 scanner using the National Electrical Manufacturers Association NU4 ... [more ▼]

This work aimed to evaluate the image quality and accuracy of attenuation and scatter corrections provided with the microPET Focus 120 scanner using the National Electrical Manufacturers Association NU4-2008 image quality phantom. Methods: Attenuation correction was obtained from transmission measurements using either a 68Ge or a 57Copoint source. Fully correctedemission images were reconstructed using Fourier rebinning (FORE) and filtered backprojection (FBP). For attenuation data obtained with the 57Co source, fully corrected emission images were also reconstructed using FORE and 2-dimensional (2D) ordered-subset expectation maximization (OSEM), 3-dimensional (3D) filtered backprojection (3DRP), 3D OSEM, and 3D maximum a posteriori methods. The mean activity, the coefficients of variation (COVs) of the uniform slices, the recovery coefficients (RCs) for hot rods, and the spillover ratio (SOR) for nonemittingwater and air compartments were measured. Results: For 57Co-based attenuation correction, the mean activity value differed by less than 3% from the true activity.Measuring the attenuation with 68Ge resulted in lower reconstructed activity and higher COV. On the basis of 57Co measurements, the SORs for air and water nonemitting compartments were the closest to zero for attenuation correction. The RC measured on emission images corrected for attenuation but not for scatter did not show any significant difference linked to the transmissionmethod. However, higherRCswere noted for transmission measurement with 68Ge in coincidence with windowing when emission data were corrected for attenuation and scatter. This resulted from a lower mean value in the uniform area. 2D and 3DRP reconstructionmethods showed little effect on themean activity value, whereas iterative 3D methods gave 7%higher values. Higher RCs were found with iterative reconstruction than with FBP and 3DRP. However, the SOR seemed to be optimal with FBP. SORs were higher with iterative methods and decreased with the number of iterations. Conclusion: For studies of small rodents with the Focus 120, 57Co transmission seems to be the most suitable method for attenuation correction. FORE and 2D reconstruction methods appear to be a good compromise between overall image quality and reconstruction time: OSEM provides the largest contrasts, but FBP provides superior attenuation and scatter correction. [less ▲]

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See detailTIME-DEPENDENT PREFERENTIAL IN VIVO D2 OCCUPANCY BY AMISULPRIDE IN THE MEDIAL STRIATUM – CONTINUOUS MEASUREMENT USING A BETA MICROPROBE SYSTEM
Warnock, Geoffrey ULg; Goblet, David ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (2009, July), 52(S1), 105

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See detailUSE OF A BETA MICROPROBE SYSTEM AS AN AFFORDABLE TRANSLATIONAL TOOL COMPARED TO PET – EXAMPLES USING FDG AND 18F-FALLYPRIDE BINDING
Warnock, Geoffrey ULg; Goblet, David ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (2009, July), 52(S1), 55

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See detailTHE USEFULNESS OF AN ARTERIOVENOUS SHUNT COMBINED WITH A BETA MICROPROBE FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF INPUT FUNCTION IN RATS
Warnock, Geoffrey ULg; Goblet, David ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (2009, July), 52(S1), 106

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See detailThe CMC-like behaviour of bile salts as probed by photoexcited Rose Bengal
Seret, Alain ULg; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2009), 339

The onset of the aggregation process in aqueous bile salt (BS) solutions remains a debated question. This study aimed at investigating this point through the detection of BS monomers and small aggregates ... [more ▼]

The onset of the aggregation process in aqueous bile salt (BS) solutions remains a debated question. This study aimed at investigating this point through the detection of BS monomers and small aggregates using the dye Rose Bengal. Results showed that a few small BS aggregates led to a red shift of the absorption spectrum, while the BS monomer reacted with the photo-induced semi-oxidized dye and decreased its decay rate constant. The dye was dissolved in aqueous solution (10 mmol dm-3 NaOH) of sodium cholate (NaC), deoxycholate (NaDC), chenodoxycholate (NaCDC), dehydrocholate (NaDHC), glycocholate (NaGC) glycodeoxycholate (NaGDC), taurocholate (NaTC), taurodeoxycholate (NaTDC) and the zwitterionic analogue of sodium cholate called CHAPS. BS aggregates were detected at concentrations well below the concentration above which any added bile salt molecules participate in the aggregation process for all trihydroxy bile salts and for CHAPS but not for the dihydroxy bile salts. No aggregation of NaDHC could be observed in the studied concentration range (≤ 10 mmol dm-3). The presence of 150 and 600 mmol dm-3 sodium ions lowered the concentration below which BS are mainly monomers for dihydroxy but not for trihydroxy bile salts. As already proposed by others, the use of the concept of Micellar Dissociation Concentration (MDC) is suggested here instead of the classical Critical Micelle Concentration (CMC). [less ▲]

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