References of "BONHOMME, Vincent"
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See detailRéanimation cardiopulmonaire chez la femme enceinte
Brichant, Jean-François ULg; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg et al

in Praticien en Anesthésie Réanimation (Le) (2002), 6

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See detailEffect of Nitrous Oxide on the Bispectral Index and the 95% Spectral Edge Frequency of the Electroencephalogram During Surgery
Hans, Pol ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Benmansour, H. et al

in Anaesthesia (2001), 56(10), 999-1002

We studied the effect of nitrous oxide on the bispectral index and 95% spectral edge frequency of the electroencephalogram in 20 patients undergoing lumbar surgery under general anaesthesia combined with ... [more ▼]

We studied the effect of nitrous oxide on the bispectral index and 95% spectral edge frequency of the electroencephalogram in 20 patients undergoing lumbar surgery under general anaesthesia combined with epidural administration of 5 mg morphine. [less ▲]

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See detailTarget-Controlled Infusion of Propofol and Remifentanil Combined with Bispectral Index Monitoring for Awake Craniotomy
Hans, Pol ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Born, J. D. et al

in Anaesthesia (2000), 55(3), 255-9

We describe the target-controlled administration of propofol and remifentanil, combined with monitoring of the bispectral index, during an awake craniotomy for removal of a left temporo-parietal tumour ... [more ▼]

We describe the target-controlled administration of propofol and remifentanil, combined with monitoring of the bispectral index, during an awake craniotomy for removal of a left temporo-parietal tumour near the motor speech centre. Target concentrations of the two drugs were adjusted according to the patient's responses to painful stimuli and surgical events, and the need for speech testing. Allowing the effect-site concentrations of propofol and remifentanil to decrease during surgery allowed the performance of cortical speech mapping and the testing of the patient's ability to speak. Although the bispectral index was not used as a guide for the administration of the drugs, its value correlated better with the patient's responsiveness than did the predicted effect-site concentrations of propofol. Side-effects, comprising hypotension, respiratory depression and airway obstruction, were related to rapid increases in drug infusion rates and were easily managed. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Mild Hypothermic Cardiopulmonary Bypass on Eeg Bispectral Index
Dewandre, Pierre-Yves; Hans, Pol ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2000), 51(3), 187-90

We studied the effect of mild hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (30 degrees C) on the EEG Bispectral Index in 10 patients undergoing elective CABG. BIS was recorded at 11 event-related time points during ... [more ▼]

We studied the effect of mild hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (30 degrees C) on the EEG Bispectral Index in 10 patients undergoing elective CABG. BIS was recorded at 11 event-related time points during the procedure. After a significant decrease at the induction of anaesthesia, BIS was not further modified during the procedure. BIS was neither affected by surgical stimulation nor by CPB and mild hypothermia. We conclude that we did not find any reason to preclude the use of BIS to assess the hypnotic effects of anaesthetics during normothermic or mild hypothermic CPB. [less ▲]

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See detailMécanismes de l'action hypnotique des agents anesthésiques
Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Brichant, Jean-François ULg; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves ULg et al

in Praticien en Anesthésie Réanimation (Le) (1999), 3

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See detailEffect of Plasma Anticonvulsant Level on Pipecuronium-Induced Neuromuscular Blockade: Preliminary Results
Hans, Pol ULg; Ledoux, Didier ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg et al

in Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology (1995), 7(4), 254-8

Patients receiving anticonvulsants are resistant to nondepolarizing muscle relaxants (NDMR). This study examines the effect of plasma anticonvulsant levels on pipecuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade ... [more ▼]

Patients receiving anticonvulsants are resistant to nondepolarizing muscle relaxants (NDMR). This study examines the effect of plasma anticonvulsant levels on pipecuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade. Twenty adult patients scheduled for neurosurgery were assigned to one of two groups. Group 0 (G0) consisted of 10 patients not on anticonvulsant therapy; group 1 (G1) included 10 patients treated either with phenytoin or carbamazepine. G1 patients were further divided into G1u (n = 4) and G1w (n = 6) subgroups, according to the plasma anticonvulsant level measured the day before surgery--under (G1u) or within (G1w) the therapeutic range. Neuromuscular transmission was monitored with a Biometer International A/S Accelograph. Anesthesia was induced and maintained using propofol and sufentanil. After calibration of the accelograph, a bolus of pipecuronium 0.08 mg/kg was given IV. The time from pipecuronium injection to the peak reduction of T1 was taken as the onset time. The time in min from pipecuronium injection to recovery of T1% (first accelograph response/baseline response) x 100 and TR% (fourth accelograph response/first accelograph response) x 100 were recorded at 25, 50, and 75% of baseline. The recovery index (RI) was taken as the time from 25 to 75% of baseline. The recovery index (RI) was taken as the time from 25 to 75% recovery of the baseline response. The onset time was not different in G0 (203 +/- 60.4 s), G1 (230.5 +/- 79.3 s), and G1u (181.8 +/- 60.4 s) but prolonged in G1w (279.2 +/- 67.7 s).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailPropofol Protects Cultured Rat Hippocampal Neurons against N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor-Mediated Glutamate Toxicity
Hans, Pol ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Collette, Julien ULg et al

in Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology (1994), 6(4), 249-53

The effect of propofol on the toxicity induced by glutamate (GLU), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainate (KA), and amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) was investigated on cultured ... [more ▼]

The effect of propofol on the toxicity induced by glutamate (GLU), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainate (KA), and amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) was investigated on cultured fetal rat hippocampal neurons. The degree of neuronal injury was quantified by measuring the release of the neuron-specific enolase (NSE) into the culture media. The toxicity induced by brief exposure to GLU (10(-4) M) or to NMDA (10(-4) M) was significantly reduced by propofol, whereas that elicited by KA, AMPA (10(-4) M), or long GLU exposure was unaffected. In conclusion, high concentrations of propofol significantly attenuate NMDA receptor-mediated glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro. Further studies are needed to confirm this beneficial effect in vivo and to evaluate propofol as a neuroprotective anesthetic agent in pathologies involving glutamate release and NMDA-mediated toxicity. [less ▲]

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See detailControl of drug-resistant epilepsy after head injury with intravenous nimodipine.
HANS, Pol ULg; Triffaux, M.; BONHOMME, Vincent ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (1994), 45(4), 175-8

The present report describes a young child who developed generalized epileptic seizures in the course of severe head injury. The start of epileptic seizures was associated with the occurrence of acute ... [more ▼]

The present report describes a young child who developed generalized epileptic seizures in the course of severe head injury. The start of epileptic seizures was associated with the occurrence of acute hyponatremia and hypoosmolality due to excessive Desmopressine administration. The seizures resistant to conventional therapy resolved completely with intravenous nimodipine infusion. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalgesic Efficiency of Propacetamol Hydrochlorid after Lumbar Disc Surgery
Hans, Pol ULg; Brichant, Jean-François ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (1993), 44(4), 129-33

The influence of intravenous propacetamol hydrochlorid administration on postoperative analgesia and intramuscular opioid consumption was assessed in a randomized placebo-controlled study. Fourty patients ... [more ▼]

The influence of intravenous propacetamol hydrochlorid administration on postoperative analgesia and intramuscular opioid consumption was assessed in a randomized placebo-controlled study. Fourty patients scheduled for lumbar disc surgery were randomly allocated to two groups. They were given either propacetamol 2 g or saline every 6 hours, starting at the end of procedure for a 24 hours period. The pain intensity (VAS) was not significantly different between the two groups except 3 and 4 hours after surgery, where it was higher in the paracetamol group. The cumulative narcotic consumption (piritramide on request) was higher in the placebo group from 6 hours till 9 hours after surgery but not significantly different after 24 hours. Piritramide administration decreased VAS score significantly in both groups while propacetamol reduced it in a significant way only when given from 12 hours after surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailCultured neurons release an inhibitor of astroglia proliferation (astrostatine).
Rogister, Bernard ULg; Leprince, Pierre ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg et al

in Journal of Neuroscience Research (1990), 25(1), 58-70

Using in vitro techniques, we looked for a possible downregulation of rat astroglia proliferation by neuronal cells. We demonstrate that medium conditioned by 7-day-old rat cerebellar granule neurons or ... [more ▼]

Using in vitro techniques, we looked for a possible downregulation of rat astroglia proliferation by neuronal cells. We demonstrate that medium conditioned by 7-day-old rat cerebellar granule neurons or by 16-day-old rat embryo hippocampal neurons strongly inhibits the proliferation of cultured astroglial cells. Two neuronal cell lines, the PC12 rat pheocromocytoma and the neuro 2A (N2A) murine neuroblastoma also release such an activity. This release in N2A-conditioned medium (CM) occurs when the cells are at high density and show a low proliferation rate. This activity is present in media conditioned by neuronal cells, but not in media conditioned by normal astrocytes, by two glioma cell lines, or by one fibroblastic cell line. This proliferation inhibitor addresses normal astrocytes: the proliferation of two glioma cell lines, of a fibroblastic cell line, and of the two neuronal cell lines (PC12, N2A) is not inhibited by N2A CM. Moreover, this activity is directed against type 1 astrocytes, but not against type 2. Using three different assays, we demonstrate that DNA synthesis by astroglial cells is inhibited. N2A CM has no cytotoxic effect on astrocytes and does not modify their overall protein synthesis. Using affinity and gel filtration chromatography, we show that this activity is associated with a protein whose molecular weight ranges between 15 and 20 kDa. The possible relationship between this N2A cell-derived astroglia proliferation inhibitor and other types of potential glial proliferation inhibitors has been investigated. A brain glycoprotein immunologically related to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was reported to inhibit astroglial cell proliferation in vitro. Using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against EGFR, we were unable to immunoprecipitate the astrocyte proliferation inhibitor in N2A CM or to demonstrate by immunoblotting the presence of an EGFR-like immunoreactivity in the N2A CM or in the active chromatographic fractions of N2A CM. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) is a well-known modulator of the proliferation of various cell types and was shown to be present in N2A CM. Using a polyclonal anti-TGF beta antibody that recognizes TGF beta on Western blots of N2A CM, we were unable to immunoprecipitate the astrocyte proliferation inhibitor of N2A CM. It seems thus far that the neuronal astroglia proliferation inhibitor is a new protein for which we propose the name astrostatine. [less ▲]

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