References of "Aubinet, Marc"
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See detailComparing CO2 storage and advection conditions at night at different carboeuroflux sites
Aubinet, Marc ULg; Berbigier, P.; Bernhofer, C. H. et al

in Boundary-Layer Meteorology (2005), 116(1), 63-94

Anemometer and CO2 concentration data from temporary campaigns performed at six CARBOEUROFLUX forest sites were used to estimate the importance of non-turbulent fluxes in nighttime conditions. While ... [more ▼]

Anemometer and CO2 concentration data from temporary campaigns performed at six CARBOEUROFLUX forest sites were used to estimate the importance of non-turbulent fluxes in nighttime conditions. While storage was observed to be significant only during periods of both low turbulence and low advection, the advective fluxes strongly influence the nocturnal CO2 balance, with the exception of almost flat and highly homogeneous sites. On the basis of the main factors determining the onset of advective fluxes, the 'advection velocity', which takes net radiation and local topography into account, was introduced as a criterion to characterise the conditions of storage enrichment/depletion. Comparative analyses of the six sites showed several common features of the advective fluxes but also some substantial differences. In particular, all sites where advection occurs show the onset of a boundary layer characterised by a downslope flow, negative vertical velocities and negative vertical CO2 concentration gradients during nighttime. As a consequence, vertical advection was observed to be positive at all sites, which corresponds to a removal of CO2 from the ecosystem. The main differences between sites are the distance from the ridge, which influences the boundary-layer depth, and the sign of the mean horizontal CO2 concentration gradients, which is probably determined by the source/sink distribution. As a consequence, both positive and negative horizontal advective fluxes (corresponding respectively to CO2 removal from the ecosystem and to CO2 supply to the ecosystem) were observed. Conclusive results on the importance of non-turbulent components in the mass balance require, however, further experimental investigations at sites with different topographies, slopes, different land covers, which would allow a more comprehensive analysis of the processes underlying the occurrence of advective fluxes. The quantification of these processes would help to better quantify nocturnal CO2 exchange rates. [less ▲]

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See detailCarbon budget of a sugar beet crop
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg

Conference (2005)

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See detailQuality Analysis Applied On Eddy Covariance Measurements At Complex Forest Sites Using Footprint Modelling
Rebmann, C.; Gockede, M.; Foken, T. et al

in Theoretical and Applied Climatology (2005), 80(2-4),

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See detailEstimating CO2 flux of croplands for bottom-up carbon budgetting
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg; Pattey, E. et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2005), 7(1),

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See detailCarbon budget of a sugar beet crop
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Vilret, Amélie; Delvoye, Sébastien et al

in Abstracts and proceedings - 68th Congress 2005 (2005)

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See detailCarbon budget of a sugar beet crop
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Vilret, Amélie; Delvoye, Sébastien et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2005), 7(1),

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See detailEurope-Wide Reduction In Primary Productivity Caused By The Heat And Drought In 2003
Ciais, P.; Reichstein, M.; Viovy, N. et al

in Nature (2005), 437(7058),

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See detailModelisation de la reponse des flux de respiration d'un sol forestier selon les principales variables climatiques.
Perrin, Dominique ULg; Laitat, E.; Aubinet, Marc ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2004), 8(1),

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See detailModel Of Forest Carbon Sequestration Incorporating Aerial Wood Radiative Budget
Longdoz, B.; Aubinet, Marc ULg; François, Louis ULg

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2004), 125(1-2), 83-104

The CHANCE model, simulating CO2, energy and water fluxes in a forest ecosystem, is presented. The components of the simulated canopy are the leaves, the branches, the trunks and the soil. The first three ... [more ▼]

The CHANCE model, simulating CO2, energy and water fluxes in a forest ecosystem, is presented. The components of the simulated canopy are the leaves, the branches, the trunks and the soil. The first three are divided into sunny and shaded zones. The model has been calibrated and validated in comparison with measurements performed in the temperate beech forest of Vielsalm (Belgium). For the reproduction of half-hourly net CO2 fluxes, the quality of the CHANCE results is comparable to other models (systematic error of 14%—0.51 molm−2 s−1, R2 = 0.79). The differences between simulated and measured fluxes result essentially from noise in the data, underestimation of the stomatal conductance during very dry days and heterogeneity of the south, southeast sector (presence of conifer patches). Three sensitivity tests have been performed. The first one, neglecting the contribution of aerial wood in the radiation budget, doubles the annual carbon sequestration (Seco). This trend is strengthened in the second test where common radiative and photosynthetic properties are assigned to leaves and branches. The third test induces a 30% reduction of Seco when the calculation of canopy component temperatures using the complete energy balance is replaced by the use of air temperature. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMethodology for data acquisition, storage and treatment
Aubinet, Marc ULg; Clément, R.; Elbers, J. A. et al

in Valentini, R. (Ed.) Fluxes of Carbon, Water and Energy of European Forests (2003)

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See detailDeciduous forests: carbon and water fluxes balances, ecological and ecophysiological determinants
Granier, A.; Aubinet, Marc ULg; Epron, D. et al

in Valentini, Riccardo (Ed.) Fluxes of Carbon, Water and Energy of European Forests (2003)

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See detailSpruce forests (Norway and Sitka spruce, including Douglas fir): Carbon and water fluxes, Balances, Ecological and ecophysiological determinants
Bernhofer, C.; Aubinet, Marc ULg; Clément, R. et al

in Valentini, Riccardo (Ed.) Fluxes of Carbon, Water and Energy of European Forests (2003)

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See detailA Model Based Study of Carbon Fluxes at Ten European Forest Sites
Falge, E.; Tenhunen, J.; Aubinet, Marc ULg et al

in Valentini, Riccardo (Ed.) Fluxes of Carbon, Water and Energy of European Forests (2003)

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See detailHorizontal And Vertical Co2 Advection In A Sloping Forest
Aubinet, Marc ULg; Heinesch, Bernard ULg; Yernaux, Michel ULg

in Boundary-Layer Meteorology (2003), 108(3),

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See detailDiurnal Centroid Of Ecosystem Energy And Carbon Fluxes At Fluxnet Sites
Wilson, Kb.; Baldocchi, D.; Falge, E. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres (2003), 108(D21),

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See detailPredicting transpiration from forest stands in Belgium for the 21st century
Misson, Laurent; Rasse, Daniel; Vincke, Caroline et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2002), 111(4), 265-282

Canopy transpiration is a major element of the hydrological cycle of temperate forests. Levels of water stress during the 21st century will be largely controlled by the response of canopy transpiration to ... [more ▼]

Canopy transpiration is a major element of the hydrological cycle of temperate forests. Levels of water stress during the 21st century will be largely controlled by the response of canopy transpiration to changing environmental conditions. One year of transpiration measurement in two stands (Quercus robur L. and Fagus sylvatica L.) was used to calibrate the ASPECTS model on a(1) and D-0, two parameters of a modified version of Leuning's equation of stomatal conductance. A second year of data was used to validate the model. The results indicate a higher sensitivity of g(sc), to vapour pressure deficit (DS) in oak than in beech (D-0 (oak) < D-0 (beech)). To simulate future forest transpiration, site specific weather data sets were constructed from GCM outputs, spatially and temporally downscaled with local climatic data. Temperature increase between the end of the 20th and 21st centuries was predicted to be 2.8 degreesC in the beech stand and 3.1 degreesC in the oak stand. Based solely on temperature change, ASPECTS predicted an increase in transpiration of 17% in the beech and 6% in the oak stand, the difference being due to variation in local climate and the sensitivity of both species to D-s. Based solely on increased atmospheric CO2 (355 ppm in 1990 to 700 ppm in 2100), ASPECTS predicted that transpiration would decrease by 22% in beech and 19% in oak. With the combined scenarios of climatic change and increased atmospheric CO2, ASPECTS showed a decrease of 7% in transpired water in the oak stand and only 4% in the beech stand, which are not significant differences from zero. Consequently, water stress should not increase in either stand during the 21st century. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy Partitioning Between Latent And Sensible Heat Flux During The Warm Season At Fluxnet Sites
Wilson, Kell B.; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Aubinet, Marc ULg et al

in Water Resources Research (2002), 38(12),

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