References of "Aubinet, Marc"
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See detailCO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database
Luyssaert, S.; Inglima, I.; Jung, M. et al

in Global Change Biology (2007), 13(12), 2509-2537

Terrestrial ecosystems sequester 2.1 Pg of atmospheric carbon annually. A large amount of the terrestrial sink is realized by forests. However, considerable uncertainties remain regarding the fate of this ... [more ▼]

Terrestrial ecosystems sequester 2.1 Pg of atmospheric carbon annually. A large amount of the terrestrial sink is realized by forests. However, considerable uncertainties remain regarding the fate of this carbon over both short and long timescales. Relevant data to address these uncertainties are being collected at many sites around the world, but syntheses of these data are still sparse. To facilitate future synthesis activities, we have assembled a comprehensive global database for forest ecosystems, which includes carbon budget variables (fluxes and stocks), ecosystem traits (e.g. leaf area index, age), as well as ancillary site information such as management regime, climate, and soil characteristics. This publicly available database can be used to quantify global, regional or biome-specific carbon budgets; to re-examine established relationships; to test emerging hypotheses about ecosystem functioning [e.g. a constant net ecosystem production (NEP) to gross primary production (GPP) ratio]; and as benchmarks for model evaluations. In this paper, we present the first analysis of this database. We discuss the climatic influences on GPP, net primary production (NPP) and NEP and present the CO2 balances for boreal, temperate, and tropical forest biomes based on micrometeorological, ecophysiological, and biometric flux and inventory estimates. Globally, GPP of forests benefited from higher temperatures and precipitation whereas NPP saturated above either a threshold of 1500 mm precipitation or a mean annual temperature of 10 degrees C. The global pattern in NEP was insensitive to climate and is hypothesized to be mainly determined by nonclimatic conditions such as successional stage, management, site history, and site disturbance. In all biomes, closing the CO2 balance required the introduction of substantial biome-specific closure terms. Nonclosure was taken as an indication that respiratory processes, advection, and non-CO2 carbon fluxes are not presently being adequately accounted for. [less ▲]

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See detailResponse of autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration to biotic and abiotic factors over a cropland
Suleau, Marie ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Moureaux, Christine ULg et al

in Final conference of the programme "The role of soils in the terrestrial carbon balance", European Science Foundation (2007)

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See detailTowards a carbon balance at the Lonzée crop site
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Suleau, Marie ULg et al

Conference (2007)

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See detailEvidence For Soil Water Control On Carbon And Water Dynamics In European Forests During The Extremely Dry Year: 2003
Granier, A.; Reichstein, M.; Breda, N. et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2007), 143(1-2),

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See detailSome Methodological Questions Concerning Advection Measurements: A Case Study
Heinesch, Bernard ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg; Yernaux, Michel ULg

in Boundary-Layer Meteorology (2007), 122(2),

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See detailReduction Of Ecosystem Productivity And Respiration During The European Summer 2003 Climate Anomaly: A Joint Flux Tower, Remote Sensing And Modelling Analysis
Reichstein, M.; Ciais, P.; Papale, D. et al

in Global Change Biology (2007), 13(3),

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See detailSome methodological questions concerning advection measurements: a case study
Heinesch, Bernard ULg; Yernaux, Michel; Aubinet, Marc ULg

Conference (2006, January 28)

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See detailCross-calibration functions for soil CO2 efflux measurement systems
Ngao, Jerome; Longdoz, Bernard; Perrin, Dominique ULg et al

in Annals of Forest Science : a Multidisciplinary and International Journal (2006), 63(5), 477-484

Different soil CO2 efflux measurement systems and methodologies were used to estimate the annual soil respiration of different forest sites. To allow comparison between these annual values, this study ... [more ▼]

Different soil CO2 efflux measurement systems and methodologies were used to estimate the annual soil respiration of different forest sites. To allow comparison between these annual values, this study aimed to cross-calibrate five soil CO2 efflux (RS) closed dynamic chamber systems, and compare the in situ measurement methodologies. We first assessed the impact of the measurement methodology on RS by studying the effects of three parameters: record duration, time lag before starting to record and the mode of chamber-soil contact (use of collars or insertion of the chambers into the soil). Secondly, we directly compared systems with identical methodology during field measurements on three forest sites. We observed a significant influence of the chamber-soil contact mode (no impact of the record duration and duration before starting to record). Measurements obtained by insertion led to significantly higher estimates of RS than those obtained using collars (up to 28%). Our inter-comparison showed that deviations existing between in situ measurements performed with the different systems were partly systematic and could be corrected using simple linear equations. Measurements of pressure difference between the inside and the outside of soil chambers allowed explaining a part of the observed deviations between systems. Finally, we assessed the influence of the cross-calibration equations on annual respiration of two beech forest soils. [less ▲]

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See detailCarbon balance of two Belgian crops
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Vilret, Amélie et al

in Open conference on the GHG cycle in the Northern Hemisphere (2006)

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See detailCarbon balance of two Belgian crops
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Vilret, Amélie et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2006), 8(1),

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See detailAnnual net ecosystem carbon exchange by a sugar beet crop
Moureaux, Christine ULg; Debacq, Alain ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2006), 139(1-2), 25-39

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See detailTowards A Standardized Processing Of Net Ecosystem Exchange Measured With Eddy Covariance Technique: Algorithms And Uncertainty Estimation
Papale, D.; Reichstein, M.; Aubinet, Marc ULg et al

in Biogeosciences (2006), 3(4),

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See detailDiscriminating net ecosystem exchange between different vegetation plots in a heterogeneous forest
Aubinet, Marc ULg; Heinesch, Bernard ULg; Perrin, Dominique ULg et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2005), 132(3-4), 315-328

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See detailAn Analysis of Soil Respiration across Northern Hemisphere Temperate Ecosystems
Hibbard, K. A.; Law, B. E.; Reichstein, M. et al

in Biogeochemistry (2005), 73(1), 29-70

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See detailOn the separation of net ecosystem exchange into assimilation and ecosystem respiration: review and improved algorithm
Reichstein, Markus; Falge, Eva; Baldocchi, Dennis et al

in Global Change Biology (2005), 11(9), 1424-1439

This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods that separate net ecosystem exchange (NEE) into its major components, gross ecosystem carbon uptake (GEP) and ecosystem ... [more ▼]

This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods that separate net ecosystem exchange (NEE) into its major components, gross ecosystem carbon uptake (GEP) and ecosystem respiration (R-eco). In particular, we analyse the effect of the extrapolation of night-time values of ecosystem respiration into the daytime; this is usually done with a temperature response function that is derived from long-term data sets. For this analysis, we used 16 one-year-long data sets of carbon dioxide exchange measurements from European and US-American eddy covariance networks. These sites span from the boreal to Mediterranean climates, and include deciduous and evergreen forest, scrubland and crop ecosystems. We show that the temperature sensitivity of R-eco, derived from long-term (annual) data sets, does not reflect the short-term temperature sensitivity that is effective when extrapolating from night- to daytime. Specifically, in summer active ecosystems the long-term temperature sensitivity exceeds the short-term sensitivity. Thus, in those ecosystems, the application of a long-term temperature sensitivity to the extrapolation of respiration from night to day leads to a systematic overestimation of ecosystem respiration from half-hourly to annual time-scales, which can reach > 25% for an annual budget and which consequently affects estimates of GEP. Conversely, in summer passive (Mediterranean) ecosystems, the long-term temperature sensitivity is lower than the short-term temperature sensitivity resulting in underestimation of annual sums of respiration. We introduce a new generic algorithm that derives a short-term temperature sensitivity of R-eco from eddy covariance data that applies this to the extrapolation from night- to daytime, and that further performs a filling of data gaps that exploits both, the covariance between fluxes and meteorological drivers and the temporal structure of the fluxes. While this algorithm should give less biased estimates of GEP and R-eco, we discuss the remaining biases and recommend that eddy covariance measurements are still backed by ancillary flux measurements that can reduce the uncertainties inherent in the eddy covariance data. [less ▲]

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