References of "Attia, Hamadi"
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See detailCharacterisation of proteins from date palm sap (Phoenix dactylifera L.) by a proteomic approach
Ben Thabet, Imène; Francis, Frédéric; De Pauw, Edwin et al

in Food Chemistry (2010)

The proteins contained in juice tapped from date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.), from Deglet Nour variety, were analysed by the application of two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE). Identification was ... [more ▼]

The proteins contained in juice tapped from date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.), from Deglet Nour variety, were analysed by the application of two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE). Identification was carried out by mass spectrometry analyses. The SDS–PAGE patterns showed more than 100 spots of which 52 spots were identified. A proportion of the identified proteins were related to Saccharomyces cerevisiae that may belong to the natural microflora of date palm sap. These proteins are principally involved in glycolysis. While other proteins were assigned to be vegetable proteins, probably a mixture of proteins from the vascular system, which have several biological functions within the palm tree. Thus, we found enzymes involved in stress and defence reactions, in glycolysis, and photosynthesis reactions. Other enzymes are associated with carbohydrates and proteins metabolisms. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the addition of deffated date seeds on wheat dough performance and bread quality.
Bouaziz, M. A.; Besbes, Souhail; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Journal of Texture Studies (2010), 41

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See detailPectin extraction from lemon by-product with acidified date juice : effect of extraction conditions on chemical composition of pectin.
Masmoudi, M.; Besbes, Souhail; Chaabouni, M. et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2010), 16(2), 105-114

The microstructure and the rheological properties of lemon-pectin mixtures were studied and compared to those of pure lemon (high methoxyl: HM) and date (low methoxyl: LM) pectins. Rheological properties ... [more ▼]

The microstructure and the rheological properties of lemon-pectin mixtures were studied and compared to those of pure lemon (high methoxyl: HM) and date (low methoxyl: LM) pectins. Rheological properties were carried out in the presence of 30%, 45% and 60% sucrose, and increasing calcium concentrations (0-0.1%). The presence of date with lemon pectin led to a gel formation at 45% sucrose and in the presence of calcium, which was not the case for lemon pectin alone under the same conditions. It is suggested that lemon and date pectins interacted, leading to gel formations at different gelling temperatures, which were strongly dependant on degree of methylation. These results were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy, which revealed inhomogeneous gels where dense aggregated network and loose, open network areas were present. Addition of calcium to pectin mixture gels led to stronger and faster gel formation. [less ▲]

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See detailOSMOTIC DEHYDRATION OF POMEGRANATE SEEDS (PUNICA GRANATUM L.): EFFECT OF FREEZING PRE-TREATMENT
Bchir, Brahim ULg; Souhail, Besbes; Attia, Hamadi et al

in Journal of Food Process Engineering (2010)

The osmotic dehydration of pomegranate seeds was compared using fresh and frozen seeds. The process was carried out at 50C in a 55°Brix solution of sucrose. Freezing pomegranate seeds before osmotic ... [more ▼]

The osmotic dehydration of pomegranate seeds was compared using fresh and frozen seeds. The process was carried out at 50C in a 55°Brix solution of sucrose. Freezing pomegranate seeds before osmotic dehydration involved an increase of effective diffusivity and a reduction in dehydration time. The most significant changes of water loss (WL) (46 g/100 g of fresh seeds [FS]) and solids gain (SG) (7 g/100 g of FS) took place during the first 20 min for frozen seeds. After this period, seeds WL and SG ranged on average close to 43 and 8 g/100 g of FS, respectively. Osmotic dehydration was slower starting from fresh fruits but led to a higher rate of WL (62 g/100 g of FS) at the end of the process. Both scanning electron microscopy and texture analysis showed a destruction of cell structure and seed texture during the pretreatment (freezing). The same techniques also revealed a texture/structure modification induced by the osmotic dehydration process [less ▲]

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See detailDate Fiber Concentrate: Chemical Compositions, Functional Properties and Effect on Quality Characteristics of Beef Burgers
Besbes, Souhail; Ghorbel, Raoudha; Ben Salah, Riadh et al

in Journal Of Food And Drug Analysis (2010), 18(1), 8-14

Chemical composition of second-grade dates (with hard texture) from Tunisian Deglet Nour cultivar was similar to that of commercial dates. Date fiber concentrate (DFC) was extracted and characterized in ... [more ▼]

Chemical composition of second-grade dates (with hard texture) from Tunisian Deglet Nour cultivar was similar to that of commercial dates. Date fiber concentrate (DFC) was extracted and characterized in terms of chemical composition and techno-functional properties. DFC showed interesting functional properties. In fact, it presented high water binding capacities (WBC) and oil binding capacities (OBC) reaching 15.82 g/g and 11.31 g/g, respectively. These Values were higher than those reported for the most fruits and vegetable fiber concentrates. The use of DFC in beef burger formulations improves cooking properties, e.g. increase cooking yield and decrease shrinkage and minimize production Cost Without negatively affecting their sensory properties. Results indicate the potentially functional and economic utility Of Phoenix L. Flesh from dry dates as new source of dietary fiber. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterization of jellies with reduced sugar content from date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) and lemon (Citrus limon L.) by-products
Masmoudi, Manel; Besbes, Souhail; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Fruits (2010), 65(1), 21-29

Introduction. The increase in diabetes and obesity has increased the demand for reduced sugar products such as jams and jellies. Four jelly formulations were prepared using date juice which was enriched ... [more ▼]

Introduction. The increase in diabetes and obesity has increased the demand for reduced sugar products such as jams and jellies. Four jelly formulations were prepared using date juice which was enriched with pectin and lemon flavors. Materials and methods. Reduced quantities of sugars (45% and 55%) were added to the juice at different pH (3 and 3.5). The prepared jellies were evaluated for physico-chemical and sensory properties. Results and discussion. The water activity values for jellies ranged between 0.767 and 0.804, making them safe from the development of the majority of bacteria. The addition of less quantity of sugar, as well as the decreased pH, resulted in significantly firmer jellies, with higher adhesiveness, chewiness and cohesiveness. Sensory evaluation showed that the prepared jellies averaged 4.17-5.47 and 4.59-5.67 for taste and firmness, respectively, in a 7-point hedonic scale consumer acceptance study. The most appreciated jellies were those prepared with the lowest sugar content, with a slight preference for that with a pH of 3.5. Significant differences were not found between scores for the other sensory attributes (color, transparency, brightness, odor and springiness). [less ▲]

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See detailOsmotic dehydration of pomegranate seeds: mass transfer kinetics and differential scanning calorimetry characterization
Bchir, Brahim ULg; Souhail, Besbes; Attia, Hamadi et al

in International Journal of Food Science & Technology (2009), 44

Osmotic dehydration of pomegranate seeds was carried out at different temperatures (30, 40, 50 C) in a 55 Brix solution of sucrose, glucose, and mixture sucrose & glucose (50:50, w⁄ w). The most ... [more ▼]

Osmotic dehydration of pomegranate seeds was carried out at different temperatures (30, 40, 50 C) in a 55 Brix solution of sucrose, glucose, and mixture sucrose & glucose (50:50, w⁄ w). The most significant changes of water loss and solids gain took place during the first 20 min of dewatering. During this period, seeds water loss was estimated to 46% in sucrose, 37% in glucose and 41% in mix glucose ⁄ sucrose solution. The increase of temperature favoured the increase of water loss, weight reduction, solids gain and effective diffusivity. Differential scanning calorimetry data provided complementary information on the mobility changes of water and solute in osmodehydrated pomegranate seeds. The ratio between % frozen water and % unfreezable water decreased from 5 to 0.5 during the process. That involving the presence of very tightly bound water to the sample, which is very difficult to eliminate with this process. It also appeared that glass transition temperature depends on the types of sugar [less ▲]

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See detailAdding value to hard date (Phoenix dactylifera L.): compositional and sensory characteristics of date jame.
Besbes, Souhail; Drira, Lobna; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2009), 112(112), 406-411

Second-grade dates (with a hard texture) from three potential Tunisian cultivars (Deglet Nour, Allig and Kentichi) showed the same sugar (similar to 73.30-89.55 g/100 g dry matter), fibre (similar to 7.95 ... [more ▼]

Second-grade dates (with a hard texture) from three potential Tunisian cultivars (Deglet Nour, Allig and Kentichi) showed the same sugar (similar to 73.30-89.55 g/100 g dry matter), fibre (similar to 7.95-18.83 g/100 g dry matter) and total phenolics (similar to 280.6-681.8 mg of GAE/100 g) content as dates of high quality. Deglet Nour and Kentichi varieties were characterised by a high content of sucrose and low reducing sugar content: contrary to Allig and the majority of other date varieties tested. This work intended to add value to these raw materials by using them in jam production. The corresponding jams were characterised in terms of chemical composition, physical (texture and water retention capacities) and sensory properties. Results showed a significant effect of the date variety on the composition and physical characteristics of date jams. Indeed, Allig jam was richer in reducing sugars and was characterised by its higher firmness and water retention capacity. To test the acceptability of these new products, we compared them with quince jam (the most consumed in Tunisia). Results showed that Allig and Kentichi jams presented a higher overall acceptability. However, quince and Deglet Nour jams did not show any significant differences (P > 0.05). Results from this work revealed essential information that could promote the commercialization of date jam. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysicochemical Characteristics of Date Sap Lagmi from Deglet Nour Palm (Phoenix Dactylifera L.)
Ben Thabet, Imene; Besbes, Souhail; Attia, Hamadi et al

in International Journal of Food Properties (2009), 12(3), 659-670

Physicochemical properties of sap from Deglet Nour date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) were studied. Composition analysis revealed (on a dry-weight basis) a high content of carbohydrates (94.98 g/100 g of ... [more ▼]

Physicochemical properties of sap from Deglet Nour date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) were studied. Composition analysis revealed (on a dry-weight basis) a high content of carbohydrates (94.98 g/100 g of dry matter basis) mainly sucrose, 2.72 g/100g (dry matter basis) of proteins and 2.29 g/100 g (dry matter basis) of ash. Date palm sap also contains 7.64 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 ml of total polyphenol. Thus, date palm sap showed antioxidant activity with a percentage inhibition of the DPPH radical value of 47.64%. Surface and foaming properties were also performed by drop volume and bubbling method, respectively. Equilibrium surface tension of fresh sap was 63.51 mN/m. Freeze-drying method preserved surface activity. Native sap showed better foam power (1.03) and foam stability (1150 s) than solutions prepared from lyophilised sap (5-30 g /100g of solution). Results demonstrated that this natural juice could be regarded as functional food due to its high nutritional value, antioxidant activity, surface activity, and foam power. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of pectin extraction from lemon by-product with acidified date juice using response surface methodology
Masmoudi, Manel; Besbes, Souhail; Chaabouni, Moncef et al

in Carbohydrate Polymers (2008), 74(2), 185-192

Response surface methodology was used to optimize pectin recovery from lemon by-product using an acidified date juice as extraction solution. When enriched in pectin, this latter can be useful for ... [more ▼]

Response surface methodology was used to optimize pectin recovery from lemon by-product using an acidified date juice as extraction solution. When enriched in pectin, this latter can be useful for preparation of date-lemon jelly. The effects of three parameters namely temperature, pH and extraction time, on pectin extraction were Studied. The fitted mathematical model allowed Lis to plot response surfaces as well as isoresponse curves and to determine optimal extraction conditions. Results clearly indicated that the temperature was the main factor influencing the pectin yield which increased with temperature and time or decreasing pH. The selected optimal conditions were: temperature 84.34 degrees C extraction time 3 h 34 min and pH 2.8. These conditions yielded about 11.21%, of pectin versus 10.89% for the predicted value. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailProtein And Amino Acid Profiles Of Tunisian Deglet Nour And Allig Date Palm Fruit Seeds
Bouaziz, Mohamed; Besbes, Souhail; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Fruits (2008), 63(1),

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See detailDate flesh: Chemical composition and characteristics of the dietary fibre
Elleuch, Mohamed; Besbes, Souhail; Roiseux, Olivier et al

in Food Chemistry (2008), 111(3), 676-682

The date by-products of two date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars, Deglet-Nour and Allig, from the Degach region (Tunisia), were analysed for their main chemical composition. Studies were also ... [more ▼]

The date by-products of two date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars, Deglet-Nour and Allig, from the Degach region (Tunisia), were analysed for their main chemical composition. Studies were also conducted on the physicochemical properties (colour, water and oil-holding capacity and theological behaviour) of dietary fibre (DF) extracted from date flesh. The following values (on a dry matter basis: DM) were obtained for fleshes of Deglet-Nour and Allig cultivars, respectively: sucrose 52.7% and 13.9%, glucose 13.7% and 29.9%, fructose 12.6% and 29.0%, total dietary fibre 14.4% and 18.4%, protein 2.1% and 3%, ash 2.5% and 2.52%. Insoluble DF, the major fraction of total DF, constituted 9.19-11.7% DM for Deglet-Nour and Allig, respectively. The elaboration of DF concentrates from date fleshes was characterised by an extraction yield of 67%. The chemical composition of these DF concentrates showed high total DF contents (between 88% and 92.4% DM) and low protein and ash contents (8.98-9.12% and 2.0-2.1% DM, respectively). The DF concentrates showed a high water-holding capacity (similar to 15.5 g water/g sample) and oil-holding capacity (similar to 9.7 g oil/g sample),and pseudoplasticity behaviour of their suspensions. Thus, date DF concentrates may not only be an excellent source of DF but an ingredient for the food industry. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailBlack cumin (Nigella sativa L.) and allepo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seed oils : stability during thermal oxidation at 60°C and 100°C.
Cheikh-Rouhou, S.; Besbes, Souhail; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Microbiol. Hyg. Alim. (2008), 19(56), 12-20

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See detailPartial replacement of meat by pea fiber and wheat fiber: Effect on the chemical composition, cooking characteristics and sensory properties of beef burgers
Besbes, Souhail; Attia, Hamadi; Deroanne, Claude et al

in Journal of Food Quality (2008), 31(4), 480-489

Pea fiber concentrate (PFC) and wheat fiber concentrate (WFC) were used as dietary fibers in beef burger formulation. These fibers were characterized in terms of chemical composition and techno-functional ... [more ▼]

Pea fiber concentrate (PFC) and wheat fiber concentrate (WFC) were used as dietary fibers in beef burger formulation. These fibers were characterized in terms of chemical composition and techno-functional properties. WFC and PFC presented similar water-binding capacity (3.12 g/g and 3.07 g/g, respectively), whereas a higher oil-binding capacity was observed for WFC (2.89 g/g versus 1.74 g/g). In this study, the level of PFC was fixed at 0.5%, whereas different levels of WFC (0.5%, 1% and 1.5%) were tested. The water-holding capacity of raw beef burger was significantly higher with the addition of fibers. The use of these dietary fibers in beef burger formulation improves their cooking properties, i.e., increases the cooking yield and decreases the shrinkage, and minimizes production cost without degradation of sensory properties. [less ▲]

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See detailSterol Composition Of Black Cumin (Nigella Sativa L.) And Aleppo Pine (Pinus Halepensis Mill.) Seed Oils
Cheikh-Rouhou, Salma; Besbes, Souhail; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Journal of Food Composition and Analysis (2008), 21(2), 162-168

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See detailContribution to the valorisation of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.)
Bchir, Brahim ULg; Roiseux, Olivier; Attia, Hamadi et al

Poster (2007, October 11)

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See detailContribution to the valorization of^pomegranate (Punica granatum L.)
Bchir, Brahim; Roiseux, Olivier; Attia, Hamadi et al

Poster (2007, October 11)

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See detailQuality characteristics of sesame seeds and by-products
Elleuch, Mohamed; Besbes, Souhail; Roiseux, Olivier et al

in Food Chemistry (2007), 103(2), 641-650

The chemical composition, of raw sesame seed (RS); Sesame coats 1 (SC1) and sesame coats 2 (SC2) obtained as a by-product respectively after dehulling and roasting processes during preparation of sesame ... [more ▼]

The chemical composition, of raw sesame seed (RS); Sesame coats 1 (SC1) and sesame coats 2 (SC2) obtained as a by-product respectively after dehulling and roasting processes during preparation of sesame paste (tehineh) for the manufacturing of Halaweh (sweetened tehineh), was determined along with the physicochemical characteristics of the oil fraction. Compared to RS, SC1 and SC2 showed higher amounts of dietary fibre, ash and polyphenol and lower amounts of oil and protein. Oil from SC1 and SC2, had a higher content of free fatty acids, chlorophylls, polyphenols and sesamol than RS oil. SC2 oil showed more intense colour, more absorbance in UV-A, UV-B and UV-C ranges and a significant higher viscosity (P < 0.05). No differences (P > 0.05) were observed for refractive index, iodine value and fatty acids composition. This latter was essentially dominated by oleic and linoleic acids. Oxidative stability of oil was investigated using a Rancimat system and in an oven test at 65 degrees C over 60 days. RS oil was more resistant to the thermal treatment during a long period than SC1 and SC2 oils. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNigella sativa L.: Chemical composition and physicochemical characteristics of lipid fraction
Cheikh-Rouhou, Salma; Besbes, Souhail; Hentati, Basma et al

in Food Chemistry (2007), 101(2), 673-681

Physicochemical properties of two Nigella seed varieties, having a Tunisian and Iranian origin, were determined. Physical and chemical analyses of crude oils extracted from the seeds by a cold solvent ... [more ▼]

Physicochemical properties of two Nigella seed varieties, having a Tunisian and Iranian origin, were determined. Physical and chemical analyses of crude oils extracted from the seeds by a cold solvent method were also performed. The following results (on a dry-weight basis) were obtained for Tunisian and Iranian varieties, respectively: protein 26.7% and 22.6%, oil 28.48% and 40.35%, ash 4.86% and 4.41%, and total carbohydrate 40.0% and 32.7%. The major unsaturated fatty acids were linoleic acid (50.3-49.2%), followed by oleic acid (25.0 23.7%), while the main saturated fatty acid was palmitic acid (17.2-18.4%). Myristic, myristoleic, palmitoleic, margaric, margaroleic, stearic, linolenic, arachidic, eicosenoic, behenic and lignoceric acids were also detected. Thermal profiles of both Nigella seed varieties, determined by their DSC melting curves, revealed different thermograms. Sensorial profiles of Tunisian and Iranian seed oils were defined through the CieLab (L-*, a(*), b(*)) colour, oxidative stability by Rancimat test and viscosity. Physicochemical properties of the oils for Tunisian and Iranian varieties, respectively, include: saponification number 211 and 217, peroxide value 5.65 and 4.35, iodine index 120 and 101, and an acidity of 22.7% and 18.6%. Results suggested that Nigella seed oil could deserve further consideration and investigation as a potential new multi-purpose product for industrial, cosmetic and pharmaceutical uses. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysicochemical and functional properties of typical tunisian drink: date palm sap (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
Ben Thabet, Imène; Attia, Hamadi; Besbes, Souhail et al

in Food Biophysics (2007), 2(2), 76-82

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