References of "Art, Tatiana"
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See detailImprovement of pulmonary function in COPD horses due to environmental management
Vandenput, Sandrina ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg; Duvivier, D. H. et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (1996), 432(4), 143

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See detailRelationship of Plasma Lactate Production to Cortisol Release Following Completion of Different Types of Sporting Events in Horses
Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Veterinary Research Communications (1996), 20(4), 371-379

Fifty-eight healthy horses were studied during five sporting events of various intensities and durations, namely show-jumping (n = 6), cross-country in a three-day event (n = 30), trotting races (n = 7 ... [more ▼]

Fifty-eight healthy horses were studied during five sporting events of various intensities and durations, namely show-jumping (n = 6), cross-country in a three-day event (n = 30), trotting races (n = 7), galloping races (n = 7) and endurance rides (n = 8). Venous blood samples were collected at rest and immediately after exercise and analysed for plasma cortisol (CORT) and lactate (LA) levels. The experimental procedure was the same throughout the investigation so as to permit a reliable comparison between the five types of exercise. The type of event significantly affected both the resting (p < or = 0.05) and the post-exercise (p < or = 0.01) plasma CORT. The degree of exercise-induced hypercortisolaemia was related to both the intensity and the duration of exercise for all five sporting events, but the endurance ride induced the most and show-jumping the least serious post-exercise CORT changes. LA production was much more closely related to the intensity of the exercise than was CORT. It is concluded that simultaneous measurements of plasma CORT and LA levels may be useful to discriminate between different types of exercise, adjust training programmes, and improve our comprehension of the physiology of sport horses at exercise. [less ▲]

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See detailCardio-respiratory adjustments and arterial blood gases in exercising horses in crisis and in clinical remission
Art, Tatiana ULg; Anciaux, N.; Duvivier, H. et al

in Pferdeheilkunde (1996), 12(4), 717-718

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See detailNonspecific airway responsiveness of COPD horses : effects of environmental control
Vandenput, Sandrina ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg; Anciaux, N. et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (1996), 431(6), 324

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See detailRéactions physiologiques face à des conditions extrêmes de chaleur et d'humidité relative. Etude de la récupération après l'exercice
Art, Tatiana ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Pratique Vétérinaire Equine (1996), 28

The purpose of this study was to follow the recovery of horses during 1hour after treadmill exercise performed either in temperated atmospheric conditions (TC) (ambient temperature: 15°C; relative ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to follow the recovery of horses during 1hour after treadmill exercise performed either in temperated atmospheric conditions (TC) (ambient temperature: 15°C; relative humidity: 55%) or in hot and humid conditions (HHC) (ambient temperature: 30°C; relative humidity: 75%). Five healthy fit standardbred horses (493± 14 kg; 4± 0,5 yrs) were investigated twice at eight days interval, in TC and in HHC. Some ventilatory and cardiorespiratory measurements were made during a standardised treadmill exercise test (SET), other measurements, i.e. cardiac and respiratory frequencies and rectal temperature, during a 1-hour recovery period. The SET consisted in 8 min warm-up and in 8 min exercise (1 min at 1,7, 4, 7, 8, 9 and 10 m/sec and 2 min at 4 m/sec with a 6% (3.4°) slope). Venous blond was sampled before, 2 min, 60 min and 48 hours after the completion of the test for biochemical analysis, namely plasma electrolytes and enzymatic activities. Exercising in HHC induced a reduction of the aerobic metabolism to the total energy requierement, i.e. a 20 % decrease of VO, and 55 % increase in lactate, as well as a decrease in VE. The increase in rectal and skip temperature, the dehydration and the weight loss were higher in HHC than in TC. During the recovery period the HR and f remained higher up to 30 minutes after the end of the SET in HHC while the rectal temperature remained higher up to 60 min after the end of this test. Sa, despite the fact that our horses recovered in TC after exercising in HHC, there were significant differences between their physiological parameters measured during the recovery. This means that the recovery in air-conditionned unit would probably be an insufficient measure to ensure an adequate cooling of the horses and justify consequently the adaptations proposed by the FEI, i.e. the decrease of the distance of the run and the increase of the lime devoted to the hall between phases [less ▲]

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See detailLe cheval de trait ardennais convient-il pour l'attelage sportif
Crigel, MH; Art, Tatiana ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg et al

in Pratique Vétérinaire Equine (1996), 28

The Ardennais draught horse (DH) is more and more used for harnessing competitions. The aim of this study was to improve our knowledge of its cardiorespiratory peculiarities, both at rest and during ... [more ▼]

The Ardennais draught horse (DH) is more and more used for harnessing competitions. The aim of this study was to improve our knowledge of its cardiorespiratory peculiarities, both at rest and during exercise. At rest, arterial blood gas analysis, venous blood analysis, a test of mechanics of breathing and an endoscopy of the upper airways were performed. Experiments during exercise were performed on a treadmill. The intensity of the standardised test was sufficient to overshoot the OBLA threshold. The test was of increasing intensity and lasted 22 min. The cardiorespiratory parameters were measured during the last 5 min. Expired volume minute (VE), VT and f were measured. Respiratory O2 and CO2 fraction were measured with a mass spectrometer. Oxygen uptake (VOA, CO2 output (VCO2) and VE/VO2 were calculated. Heart rate (HR) was continuously measured.The results were compared to data recorded in standarbred horses (SH) during a treadmill exercise test leading to a similar lactaci¬demia (LA) and peak HR.The DH have a significantly lower V02 than the SH while running at an exercise intensity inducing the same HR and LA modifications. The lower aerobic capacity of DH was at least partly correlated with their higher cost of breathing and lower blood gas transport capacity.Moreover, other measurements have been performed infield conditions, during 4 draft competitions, i.e. speed, maniability, power and endurance. Venous blood analyses before and after the competition, heart rate and body temperature measurements were performed. The results of this second set of measurements confirm the results obtained in the laboratory and allow assessing that these kinds of competition do not induce dramatic physiological modifications and therefore respect the welfare and limits of these horses. [less ▲]

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See detailStandardisation des mesures en imagerie thermique infrarouge chez les grands animaux domestiques
Ghafir, Y.; Spruyt, P.; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1996), 140

Thermography studies pictures recorded from radiant thermal emissions of a body. This paper analyses several measurement conditions in order to make thermographic unit reliable, ie the effects of distance ... [more ▼]

Thermography studies pictures recorded from radiant thermal emissions of a body. This paper analyses several measurement conditions in order to make thermographic unit reliable, ie the effects of distance and position of the camera, the color, lenght and power. Moreover, the effects of the site on cutaneous temperature measurements were studied in exercising horses. It can be concluded that infrared thermography is a technical to measure skin temperature which requires a few conditions to be respected. Moreover, it is a sure, simple and fast method. The ideal site for measuring skin temperature inexercising horses is the neck because of its vascularisation. [less ▲]

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See detailLa thermographie infrarouge dans l'étude de la thermorégulation chez le cheval : effets de l'entraînement
Ghafir, Y.; Art, Tatiana ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1996), 140

Thermography records radiant thermal emissions and represents thermal patterns of a body. The aim of this article was to study the training effects on thermoregulation in exercising horses, by means of ... [more ▼]

Thermography records radiant thermal emissions and represents thermal patterns of a body. The aim of this article was to study the training effects on thermoregulation in exercising horses, by means of measurements of rectal and skin temperature. The results have shown a smaller increase of rectal temperature and a greater increase of cutaneous temperature following a training period of 6 weeks. They suggest an improvement of thermoregulation via the skin. [less ▲]

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See detailThermographic facial pattern following an alpha2-adrenergic agonist injection in two horses suffering from Horner's syndrome
Ghafir, Y.; Art, Tatiana ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Education (1996), 8(4), 192-195

The objective of the present study was to confirm this latter assumption, by measuring the facial skin temperature by infrared thermography after administration of an alpha2-adrenergic agonist to horses ... [more ▼]

The objective of the present study was to confirm this latter assumption, by measuring the facial skin temperature by infrared thermography after administration of an alpha2-adrenergic agonist to horses suffering from HS. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de la fiabilité d'un nouvel analyseur de lactate portable chez le cheval
Meynie, J.; Art, Tatiana ULg; Olaerts, J. et al

in Pratique Vétérinaire Equine (1996), 28(1), 37-40

A new portable lactate analyzer has been tested for its accuracy and reproducibility. Venous blood has been sampled on 12 horses while they were performing a treadmill exercise. A total of 134 samples ... [more ▼]

A new portable lactate analyzer has been tested for its accuracy and reproducibility. Venous blood has been sampled on 12 horses while they were performing a treadmill exercise. A total of 134 samples were obtained and analyzed either with the portable analyzer or with a reference method. The packed cell volume has been also determined for each sample. The results obtained with both methods were compared : the correlation between the two sets of data was satisfactory ((R2 = 0,86) but higher when the PCV was lower or equal to 55 % (R2 = 0,88). It was concluded that the portable analyzer is reliable for lactate determination in horses [less ▲]

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See detailRéactions physiologiques face à des conditions extrêmes de chaleur et d'humidité relative: Etude des effets de l'exercice
Art, Tatiana ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Pratique Vétérinaire Equine (1996), 28

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a hot and humid environment on the pattern of breathing and the gas exchange in heavily exercising horses. Five healthy fit standardbred horses ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a hot and humid environment on the pattern of breathing and the gas exchange in heavily exercising horses. Five healthy fit standardbred horses (493± 14 kg; 4± 0,5yrs) were investigated twice at eight days interval, once in temperated atmos¬pheric conditions (TC) (ambient temperature : 15o C; relative humidity : 55 %) and once in hot and humid conditions (HHC) (ambient temperature : 30°C; relative humidity : 75 %). The standardized treadmill exercise test consisted in 8 min warm-up and in 8 min exer¬cise (1 min at 1,7, 4, 7, 8, 9 and 10 m/sec and 2 min at 4 m/sec with a 6% slope). Respiratory airflow, tidal volume, respiratory frequency as well as the 02 and C02 fraction in the inspired and expired gases were continuously recorded, using 2 ultrasonic pneumo¬tachographs connected to a face mask and a mass spectrometer. Oxygen uptake (VO2, carbon dioxide output (VCO2,), respiratory quotient (RQ) and expired minute volume (VE.) as well as alveolar partial pressure in C02 (PAC02) were obtained on a breath-by--breath basis. The maximal values obtained during the highest intensity were used for the comparison between both tests. Heart rate and skip temperature were continuously recorded, using a heart rate recording system and a real time infrared thermographic unit, respecti¬vely. Venous blood was sampled before and 2 min after the completion of the test for hematological and biochemical analysis, namely plasma lactate (LA), beta-endorphins, cortisol (Cor). Running in HHC induced a significant decrease in peak VE, VO2, VCO2 and oxygen pulse, while RQ remained unchanged and PAC02 increased. The changes in skin temperature (ST), i.e. the difference between ST at rest and at 10 m/sec, was dramatically higher in HHC. As well, the test-induced changes, i.e. the differences between the values before and after the test, in Cor, beta-endorphins and LA values after the test were significantly higher. This study shows that performing a strenuous exercise in hot, humid conditions in unacclimatized horses induced a reduction of the aerobic capacity, i.e. decrease of the VO2 and increase of LA production. A relative hypoventilation could be partly responsible for this observation, but all the steps of the oxygen transport from the pulmonary ventilation to the muscle metabolism could also potentially be impaired in such conditions [less ▲]

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See detailControl of chorionic obstructive pulmonary disease in the horse
Lekeux, Pierre ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg; Roberts, C.

in British Veterinary Journal (The) (1996), 152

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See detailLa traction : un effort impressionnant
Art, Tatiana ULg; Crigel, M. H.; Vandenput, Sandrina ULg et al

in Pastoret, Paul-Pierre; Laurant, P.; Courtois, R. (Eds.) et al Le Cheval Ardennais (1996)

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See detailTherapeutic efficacy of ipratropium bromide inhaled from a dry powder inhaler in COPD horses
Duvivier, D. H.; Art, Tatiana ULg; Vandenput, Sandrina ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (1995), 430

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See detailTransient respiration locomotion decoupling in galloping thoroughbreds
Jolly, Sandra ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1995), 18(suppl), 13-17

The compulsory respiration locomotion coupling may sometimes be broken in healthy galloping horses, leading to a `big respiratory cycle' (BRC). This work is aimed at describing the ventilatory pattern of ... [more ▼]

The compulsory respiration locomotion coupling may sometimes be broken in healthy galloping horses, leading to a `big respiratory cycle' (BRC). This work is aimed at describing the ventilatory pattern of the BRC and at studying the influence of the individual horse, gallop speed and training. Eleven healthy Thoroughbred horses were studied during a 9 week period of incremental training intensity. Instantaneous respiratory airflow, tidal volume, respiratory rate and the 02 and C02 fraction in inspired and expired gases were continuously obtained on a breath-by-breath basis during 4 standardised treadmill exercise tests (SET) performed at 3 week intervals. The inspiratory airflow of the BRC had a bi- or triphasic shape and ils inspiratory time was 1.5-fold longer than that of a normal breath. The expiratory flow was monophasic and lasted 2.5-fold longer than the normal breath. The inspiratory, but not the expiratory peak flows, remained unchanged during the BRC. The inspiratory volume was 2.0-to 1.5-fold higher than normal, according to the gallop speed. Each BRC was followed by a`readjustment cycle' (RC), which allowed the recovery of normal respiration locomotion coupling. The sum of BRC + RC times always equalled the time for 3 normal respiratory cycles. The sum of the inspiratory volumes of BRC and RC was significantly higher than the sum of their expiratory volumes. There was a highly significant effect of horse and of training on the frequency of BRC. Lastly, during the BRC and at least the 4 following respiratory cycles, the end-tidal 02 and CO, fractions were significantly lower and higher respectively. It was hypothesised that this respiratory manoeuvre could result from a negative feedback mechanism providing, at least, transiently either a readjustment of the end expiratory lung volume or an improvement of the pulmonary gas exchange [less ▲]

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See detailLa thermographie infrarouge dans l'étude de la thermorégulation : revue de la littérature
Spruyt, P.; Ghafir, Y.; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1995), 139

Infrared thermography is a method to assess the skin temperature by means of a camera equipped with an infrared detector. It makes thermograms that represents the surface temperature of skin patterns ... [more ▼]

Infrared thermography is a method to assess the skin temperature by means of a camera equipped with an infrared detector. It makes thermograms that represents the surface temperature of skin patterns. This article summerizes the different information about thermography and thermoregulation of horses. In fact, lots of information exist about thermoregulation of most of the domestic animais but very little exists as far as horses are concerned. Two different types of devices are used for thermography : contacting and noncontacting which measure the infrared radiation either with a thermometer or with a themographic camera. The blood circulation dictates the thermic model which is at the origin of thermographic interpretation. This latter is a good method helping to study thermoregulation. [less ▲]

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See detailRespiratory adjustments in unacclimatised horses exercised under hot, humid conditions
Art, Tatiana ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1995), 18

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a hot and humid environment on the pattern of breathing and the gas exchange in heavily exercising horses. Five healthy fit Standardbred horses ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a hot and humid environment on the pattern of breathing and the gas exchange in heavily exercising horses. Five healthy fit Standardbred horses were investigated twice at 8 day intervals, once in temperate conditions (TC) (ambient temperature: 15°C; relative humidity: 55%) and once in hot and humid conditions (HHC) (ambient temperature: 30°C; relative humidity: 75%). The standardised treadmill exercise test consisted of 8 min warm-up and 8 min exercise (1 min at 1.7, 4, 7, 8, 9 and 10 m/s and 2 min at 4 m/s with a 6% slope). Running in HHC induced a significant decrease in peak expired minute volume (VE), oxygen uptake (VO2), VCO2 and oxygen pulse, while RQ remained unchanged and PACO2 increased. The changes in skin temperature (ST), i.e. the difference between ST at rest and at 10 m/s, was dramatically higher in HHC. The test induced changes, i.e. the differences between the values before and after the test, in cortisol, (beta-endorphins and plasma lactate (LA) values after the test were significantly higher. This study showed that performing a strenuous exercise in hot, humid conditions in unacclimatised horses induced a reduction of the aerobic capacity, i.e. decrease of the V02 and increase of LA production. A relative hypoventilation could be partly responsible for this observation, but all the steps of the oxygen transport from the pulmonary ventilation to the muscle metabolism could also potentially be impaired in such conditions [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of an alpha-adrenergic stimulation on the face temperature of horses with Horner's syndrome
Ghafir, Y; Art, Tatiana ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (1995), 430

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See detailSpécificités cardio-respiratoires de la médecine sportive équine
Lekeux, Pierre ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg

in Médecine du Sport (1995), 69

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See detailPhysiological measurements in horses after strenuous exercise in hot, humid conditions
Art, Tatiana ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1995), 20

The purpose of this study was 1) to measure and compare some physiological parameters in horses during a standardised treadmill exercise performed either in temperate atmospheric conditions (TC) (ambient ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was 1) to measure and compare some physiological parameters in horses during a standardised treadmill exercise performed either in temperate atmospheric conditions (TC) (ambient temperature: 15 degrees C; relative humidity: 55%), or in hot and humid conditions (HHC) (ambient temperature: 30 degrees C; relative humidity: 75%) and 2) to follow the recovery of the same horses during 1 h after both tests. Five healthy fit Standardbred horses were investigated twice at 8 days interval, in TC and in HHC. Some measurements were made during a standardised treadmill exercise test (SET), others during a 1 h recovery period. The SET consisted of 8 min warm-up and 8 min exercise. During the SET, respiratory airflow and O2 and CO2 fraction in the respiratory gases were continuously recorded, using 2 ultrasonic pneumotachographs connected to a face mask and a mass spectrometer. Oxygen uptake (VO2), carbon dioxide output, respiratory quotient and expired minute volume (VE) were obtained on a breath-by-breath basis. The maximal values obtained during the highest intensity of the SET and the values obtained 2 min after the end of the test were used for the comparison between both tests. Heart rate (HR) and skin temperature were continuously recorded, using a heart rate recording system and a real time infrared thermographic unit, respectively. After both SETs in TC and HHC, the horses recovered in TC. Heart rate, respiratory frequency (f) and rectal temperature were regularly measured during 1 h after the test. Venous blood was sampled after the completion of the test for biochemical analysis, namely plasma electrolytes and enzymatic activities. Exercising in HHC induced a reduction of the aerobic metabolism to the total energy requirement, i.e. a 20% decrease of VO2 and 55% increase in lactate, as well as a decrease in VE. The increase in rectal and skin temperature, the dehydration and the weight loss were higher in HHC than in TC. During the recovery period the HR and f remained higher up to 30 min after the end of the SET in HHC while the rectal temperature remained higher up to 60 min after the end of this test. Therefore, despite the fact that our horses recovered in TC after exercising in HHC, there were significant differences between their physiological parameters measured during the recovery. This means that the recovery in air-conditioned unit would probably be an insufficient measure to ensure an adequate cooling of the horses and justify consequently the adaptations proposed by the Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI), i.e. the decrease of the distance of the run and the increase of the time devoted to the halt between phases [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (4 ULg)