References of "Archambeau, Pierre"
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See detailAn explicit projection method for solving incompressible Navier-Stokes equations
Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Pagliara, Stefano (Ed.) Hydraulic Structures (2008)

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See detailModélisation hydrologique à grande échelle des zones imperméables égouttées
Khuat Duy, Bruno; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in 3èmes Journées Doctorales en Hydrologie Urbaine (JDHU) (2008)

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See detailAn experimental analysis of effects induced by moving bodies in shallow water
Kerger, François ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proc. 2nd International Junior Researcher and Engineer Workshop on Hydraulic Structures (2008)

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See detailModélisation numérique et gestion du risque inondation en milieu urbain sur base de modèles topographiques à haute résolution
Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in 3e journées doctorales en hydrologie urbaine (2008)

Dans le cadre général des grands événements récurrents d'inondation enregistrés à travers le monde et en Europe en particulier, des cartes d'inondation représenteraient un outil de grand intérêt pour les ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre général des grands événements récurrents d'inondation enregistrés à travers le monde et en Europe en particulier, des cartes d'inondation représenteraient un outil de grand intérêt pour les décideurs en matière d’aménagement du territoire mais aussi pour les compagnies d'assurance afin d’évaluer les risques liés à l'inondation ou encore pour permettre une gestion de crise efficace sur le terrain. Dans ce but, des cartes complètes et précises sont nécessaires pour différents événements de probabilités données. En Belgique, début 2003, suivant une décision du gouvernement wallon, le modèle d’écoulements à surface libre WOLF2D a été officiellement choisi pour calculer des cartes d'inondation sur 800 kilomètres de cours d’eau en région wallonne en utilisant un modèle numérique de terrain à très haute résolution. Les résultats de ces calculs ont, par la suite, été utilisés par l'administration wallonne afin de concevoir la carte d’aléa inondation sur l’ensemble du territoire. Le modèle hydraulique employé est intégré dans la suite logicielle WOLF, qui est développée depuis plus de dix ans à l'Université de Liège. Basée sur la formulation classique des équations en eaux peu profondes, sa discrétisation en volumes finis permet de traiter tout écoulement composé de mailles sèches et mouillées tout en assurant exactement la conservation du volume. Le caractère multiblocs du logiciel permet de modéliser des raffinements locaux du maillage au niveau des centres urbains tout en conservant, si nécessaire, des maillages plus lâches dans les grandes plaines inondables. Par ailleurs, des procédés de raffinement automatique du maillage permettent d’accélérer fortement les temps de calcul. Un modèle moyenné de turbulence type k-ε peut également être employé et renforce ainsi les potentialités du modèle face aux écoulements complexes. Une interface permet en outre de gérer l’ensemble des procédures de pré et post processing nécessaires à la conception des modélisations et à l’interprétation des résultats. Les opérations d'importation et d'exportation sont facilement réalisables vers la plupart des outils SIG classiques. Différentes couches de cartes peuvent être manipulées pour analyser les informations relatives à la topographie, à l’occupation du sol, à la densité de la végétation ou encore aux champs hydrodynamiques. Grâce à l'utilisation de modèles topographiques de haute résolution (1 point par mètre carré) disponible sur le lit principal comme sur les plaines d'inondation des cours d’eau étudiés, des modélisations basées sur des maillages composés de cellules carrées de 2m x 2m ont été réalisées notamment au droit des centres urbains traversés par les rivières. Le modèle hydraulique a été intensivement validé par des comparaisons avec des observations lors d’événements récents. L'incertitude globale du modèle s'est avérée inférieure à 10 centimètres en termes de surface libre et permet de décrire l’inondation rue par rue et maison par maison. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegration of accurate 2D inundation modelling, vector land use database and economic damage evaluation
Ernst, Julien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the European Conference on Flood Risk Management - FloodRisk 2008 (2008)

Within the global framework of the climate change, according to most Regional Climate Mod-els the maximum peak discharges in river will increase in importance and frequency. Therefore the people will have ... [more ▼]

Within the global framework of the climate change, according to most Regional Climate Mod-els the maximum peak discharges in river will increase in importance and frequency. Therefore the people will have to face worst inundation conditions. In order to protect themselves from the increasing flood risk, the communities have to draw up suitable flood protection measures. The selection and the evaluation among the different possible flood mitigation measures requires developing decision-support system (DSS). This sys-tem has to take into consideration parameters such as hydraulic, economic, social or environmental. This pa-per focuses on the integration between two components of the DSS, namely the evaluation of the economic impacts of floods and the hydrodynamic modelling. The hydraulic simulations are conducted by means of WOLF 2D flow modelling system and provide as an output high resolution flood maps detailing the distribu-tion of water depth and flow velocity in the floodplains. The integration is ensured by the use of very accurate geographic databases and an automated procedure which makes the most of geomatic methods. The paper de-tails the application of the integrated assessment procedure for a case study along the river Ourthe located in the Meuse basin (Belgium). Moreover, possibilities of validation of the economic damage evaluation proce-dure are investigated by comparing computation results with real damage data recorded by the Belgian Disas-ter Fund after several major flood events (2003, 2002, 1995, and 1993). [less ▲]

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See detailDetailed 2D flow simulations as an onset for evaluating socio-economic impacts of floods
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the European Conference on Flood Risk Management - FloodRisk 2008 (2008)

A 2D hydraulic numerical model is presented. It is based on the fully dynamic shallow-water equations, solved by means of a finite volume scheme on multiblock structured grids. The model handles highly ... [more ▼]

A 2D hydraulic numerical model is presented. It is based on the fully dynamic shallow-water equations, solved by means of a finite volume scheme on multiblock structured grids. The model handles highly accurate DSM derived from airborne laser altimetry for the floodplains and sonar detection for the bathymetry of the main channel. The flow simulations are performed with a typical grid spacing of 2m, comparable to the resolution of the DSM and fine enough to represent reliably the flows at the scale of each building. Consequently, the model succeeds in predicting accurately the pattern of flood depth even in densely urbanized floodplains, as confirmed by several validation examples, which also demonstrate the ability of the model to reproduce depth measurements for a wide range of flood discharges without the need for recalibration of the roughness coefficient. Finally, the hydraulic model is exploited as a component of a complete flood risk modelling chain, accounting for socio-economic and ecological impacts of floods and dedicated to the assessment of flood protection measures in the context of climate change. [less ▲]

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See detailAn efficient global methodology for hazard analysis of dams complexes and cascades
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Brebbia, C. A.; Popov, V.; Beriatos, E. (Eds.) Risk analysis Vol. 6 (2008)

Hazard analysis of dams arranged in complex or in cascade may involve the assessment of a large number of different scenarios of combined failures. However, a tremendous computation time would be needed ... [more ▼]

Hazard analysis of dams arranged in complex or in cascade may involve the assessment of a large number of different scenarios of combined failures. However, a tremendous computation time would be needed to perform a detailed modelling of the flows generated by all possible scenarios. Therefore, the present paper describes a methodology for analysing the flows induced by the most relevant incidents occurring on a complex or in a cascade of dams and reservoirs. The methodology combines several hydrodynamic models, including the two-dimensional flow solver WOLF 2D and a simplified lumped hydrodynamic model, to simulate the flows induced on the dams complex, the potential breaching in cascade of other dams, as well as the propagation of the flood wave in the whole downstream valley. The application of the methodology to a practical case study involving a complex of five dams is also described. [less ▲]

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See detailDetailed 2D numerical modeling for flood extension forecasting
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics: River Flow 2008 (2008)

In the global framework of recurrent large flood events all over the world and in Europein particular, relevant and detailed inundation maps represent a tool of prime interest fordecision makers ... [more ▼]

In the global framework of recurrent large flood events all over the world and in Europein particular, relevant and detailed inundation maps represent a tool of prime interest fordecision makers, emergency services or insurance companies. In 2003 in Belgium, following a Regional Government decision, hydraulic 2D numerical modelling has been chosen to compute inundation maps on 800 km of the main rivers of the Walloon Region, using high resolution Digital Elevation Models. The present paper covers a detailed description of the state-of-the-art 2D finite volume model used to fulfil this task. As a part of this project, the model has been extensively validated by comparisons with observations during recent real flood events. It shows a very good agreement with observations, in particular regarding free surface elevations. Following this first step toward flood management, the Belgian National project “ADAPT” is presented. It aims to develop an efficient decision support tool for the integrated assessment ofadaptation measures against climate change induced flooding. In this scope, the model has been applied to predict inundations induced by floods, taking into account different climate change scenarios. The results of these simulations serve as input for a subsequent economic, social and ecological analysis by other scientific research teams. [less ▲]

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See detailDam-break flow computation using high resolution DEM
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Hogge, Michel; Van Keer, R.; Noels, L. (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Advanced Computational Methods in Engineering (2008)

Dam-break flow computation is a task of prime interest in the scope of risk analysis processes related to dams and reservoirs. High resolution Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) available today provide ... [more ▼]

Dam-break flow computation is a task of prime interest in the scope of risk analysis processes related to dams and reservoirs. High resolution Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) available today provide extremely dense and accurate topography information in the valley downstream of these structures, even in urban area. In this paper, a 2D finite volume flow solver, able to deal with these DEMs, is presented in details. Validation examples are comprehensively described. [less ▲]

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See detailAn explicit projection method for solving incompressible Navier-Stokes equations
Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 2nd International Junior Researcher and Engineer Workshop on Hydraulic Structures (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (16 ULg)
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See detailA systematic procedure to predict flows induced by major dysfunctions on complexes or cascades of dams
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd IAHR-International Symposium on Hydraulic Structures (2008)

Hazard analysis of dams arranged in complex or in cascade may involve the assessment of a large number of different scenarios of combined failures. However, a tremendous computation time would be needed ... [more ▼]

Hazard analysis of dams arranged in complex or in cascade may involve the assessment of a large number of different scenarios of combined failures. However, a tremendous computation time would be needed to perform a detailed modeling of the flows generated by all possible scenarios. Therefore, the present paper describes a rational methodology for analyzing the flows induced by the most relevant incidents occurring on a complex or in a cascade of dams and reservoirs. The methodology combines several hydrodynamic models, including the twodimensional flow solver WOLF 2D and a simplified lumped hydrodynamic model, to simulate (i) the flows induced on the dams complex, (ii) the potential breaching in cascade of other dams, as well as (iii) the propagation of the flood wave in the whole downstream valley. The application of the methodology to a practical case study involving a complex of five dams is also described. [less ▲]

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See detailA 2D finite volume multiblock flow solver applied to flood extension forecasting
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg et al

in García-Navarro, Pilar; Playán, Enrique (Eds.) Numerical modelling of hydrodynamics for water ressources (2008)

ABSTRACT: this paper describes a quasi-3D free surface flow solver,developed for almost ten years at the University of Liege, and its application to flood extension forecasting. Based on the classical SWE ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT: this paper describes a quasi-3D free surface flow solver,developed for almost ten years at the University of Liege, and its application to flood extension forecasting. Based on the classical SWE, the finite volume numerical model deals with real topography and wetting-drying cells while exactly conserving the water volume. Multiblock options allow local refine-ment of the structured calculation grid and automatic mesh refinement enhances greatly compu-tation time. An additional depth-averaged k-ε type turbulence model increases the potentialities of the solver to represent real complex flows. Following a Regional Government decision, this solver has been officially chosen in 2003 to be used to compute inundation maps on 800 km of the main rivers of the Walloon Region in Belgium with a spatial resolution of 5 x 5 to 2 x 2 me-ters and using high resolution Digital Elevation Models. Results are presented in this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailAn explicit projection method for solving incompressible Navier-Stokes equations
Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Pagliara, Stephano (Ed.) Hydraulic Structures (2008)

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See detailHydraulique Urbaine
Pirotton, Michel ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

Learning material (2008)

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See detailModelling of sewer systems as a component of a global hydrological model
Khuat Duy, Bruno ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Advanced Computational Methods in Engineering (2008)

Hydrology often takes an important place in the domain of hydraulic structures management, and is a key component of many hydraulic studies. Modelling the main hydrological processes requires a particular ... [more ▼]

Hydrology often takes an important place in the domain of hydraulic structures management, and is a key component of many hydraulic studies. Modelling the main hydrological processes requires a particular attention in order to deal with problems in an optimal way. Instrumented basins studies has pointed out the considerable impact of the sewer system on the hydrological outputs dynamics on small basins, even poorly urbanized. The current models often take into account the distributed impervious areas by adapting the corresponding surfaces runoff or infiltration coefficients. This approach, which is suited to produce correct runoff volumes, is however unable to represent the real flow outputs dynamics in which important variations can occur with a hourly time step. Modelling this flow component is essential to catch the rapidly-varying flow inputs generated by the runoff on drained impervious areas. An efficient modelling method has therefore been developed to include the sewer system in a global hydrological model (WOLF), using accurate landuse data in vector format and available data on the sewage system. These developments have been successfully tested on the Berwinne basin, Belgium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (5 ULg)