References of "Archambeau, Pierre"
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See detailWOLF 1D PKW - 1D numerical model of the flow over a piano key weir
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

Software (2011)

The Piano Key Weir (PKW) is a new type of free weir, similar to a labyrinth weir, showing appealing performance to release high discharges under limited head levels in the upstream reservoir. Because of ... [more ▼]

The Piano Key Weir (PKW) is a new type of free weir, similar to a labyrinth weir, showing appealing performance to release high discharges under limited head levels in the upstream reservoir. Because of the PKW geometric specificities, its hydraulic capacity remains difficult to predict without using experimental techniques. Wolf1D PKW numerical model has been developed at the Research Unit HACH at the University of Liege to model the flow over a PKW. It is based on a 1D modelling of the PKW main elements separately (the inlet and the outlet), with a single upstream reservoir and interactions between both flows by exchange of mass and momentum along the lateral crest. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Assessment of a Modified Diffusion-Wave Approximation Model in the Framework of Overland Flow
Paulus, Raphaël ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Chanson, Hubert (Ed.) Balance and Uncertainty: Water in a Changing World (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (7 ULg)
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See detailHandling of the 3D Behaviour of the Unsaturated Layer using a Vertical 1D Model for the Richards Equation along with Diffusive Horizontal Fluxes
Paulus, Raphaël ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Chanson, Hubert (Ed.) Balance and Uncertainty: Water in a Changing World (2011)

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See detailFailure of dams arranged in series or in complex
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg et al

in Natural Hazards (2011), 56(3), 917-939

A practical methodology has been developed for predicting flows generated by dam failures or malfunctions in a complex or a series of dams. A twofold approach is followed. First, the waves induced in the ... [more ▼]

A practical methodology has been developed for predicting flows generated by dam failures or malfunctions in a complex or a series of dams. A twofold approach is followed. First, the waves induced in the downstream reservoirs are computed, as well as hydrodynamic impacts induced on downstream dams and dikes are estimated. Second, the flood wave propagation and the inundation process are simulated in the downstream valley, accounting for possible dam collapse or breaching in cascade. Two complementary flow models are combined: a two-dimensional fully dynamic model and a simplified lumped model. At each stage, the methodology provides guidelines to select the most appropriate model for efficiently computing the induced flows. Both models handle parametric modeling of gradual dam breaching. The procedure also incorporates prediction of breach formation time and final width, as well as sensitivity analysis to compensate for the high uncertainties remaining in the estimation of breach parameters. The applicability of the modeling procedure is demonstrated for a case study involving a 70m-high gravity concrete dam located upstream of four other dams. [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporating climate change scenarios into new operating rules for large reservoirs: a transnational assessment in the Meuse basin
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Schleiss, Anton (Ed.) Dams and Reservoirs under changing Challenges (2011)

Opportunities for updating and optimizing current operating rules are being evaluated for the Vesdre reservoirs in Belgium (50 M m³) and the Rur complex in Germany (300 M m³). This assessment is conducted ... [more ▼]

Opportunities for updating and optimizing current operating rules are being evaluated for the Vesdre reservoirs in Belgium (50 M m³) and the Rur complex in Germany (300 M m³). This assessment is conducted transnationally at the scale of the Meuse river basin. Common methodological approaches are followed in both countries and operating rules are analyzed in light of common climate change scenarios, recently defined for the whole Meuse basin. Similar risk-based approaches are used consistently in both countries to evaluate the performance of new operating rules in terms of risk reduction for floods and low flows. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Climate change on inundation hazard along river Meuse
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2010, December 16)

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See detailModélisation numérique 2D unifiée des écoulements sur des évacuateurs de crue avec déversoir
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Houille Blanche (2010), (6), 102-108

The hydrodynamic modelling system WOLF 2D enables to combine different hydrodynamic sub-models within one single computation domain. For instance, for the purpose of simulating flows in the vicinity of ... [more ▼]

The hydrodynamic modelling system WOLF 2D enables to combine different hydrodynamic sub-models within one single computation domain. For instance, for the purpose of simulating flows in the vicinity of spillways, the following three hydrodynamic sub-models are interconnected: (i) a conventional “shallow-water” model, (ii) a suitable model for the simulation of the flow on the topographic step directly upstream of the spillway and (iii) a model able to accurately account for the bottom curvature near the spillway crest, along the spillway and at its bottom. In the latter model, based on curvilinear coordinates in the vertical plane, takes into consideration not only the bottom slope but also the bottom curvature in the vertical plane. As a result, the velocity profile along the water depth is generalized compared to the uniform profile usually assumed in the standard shallow-water equations and the pressure distribution is also modified as a function of the bottom curvature and is thus not purely hydrostatic but accounts for the effect of centrifugal forces. This extended mathematical model has been implemented within the modelling system WOLF 2D, based on a new finite volume scheme. Several validation examples and a real application demonstrate the accuracy and the practical applicability of the new model. [less ▲]

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See detailFlood risk analysis in Wallonia: micro (and meso-)scale approaches
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2010, October 25)

Flood risk analysis has been undertaken in Wallonia in the framework of several national and international research projects. The analysis relies on a micro-scale procedure, which involves • hazard ... [more ▼]

Flood risk analysis has been undertaken in Wallonia in the framework of several national and international research projects. The analysis relies on a micro-scale procedure, which involves • hazard modelling by means of detailed 2D inundation modelling • as well as processing of high resolution topographic and land use database for vulnerability modelling. The inundation modelling is conducted using the fully dynamic flow model WOLF 2D, entirely developed at the University of Liege. The model is run on a highly accurate DEM resulting from the combination of laser altimetry and, when available, sonar bathymetry. The typical grid spacing for the simulations is kept as low as 2m, which is definitely fine enough to represent the complex flows occurring at the scale of individual buildings and streets in urbanized floodplains. In this way, both the static and dynamic impacts of the flow may be characterized for all affected assets. This approach has been extensively applied since 2003 to issue inundation maps throughout the Walloon region based on detailed 2D flow modelling. Consequently, the outcomes of such detailed inundation modelling constitute suitable inputs for the subsequent exposure analysis, performed at a micro-scale using detailed land use maps and geographic database. Eventually, based on a multidisciplinary work, the procedure may incorporate social flood impact analysis and evaluation of direct economic damage to different categories of buildings and land types. Besides detailing the characteristics and performance of the hazard modelling, the presentation will describe the flow of data within the overall risk analysis procedure and will demonstrate its applicability by means of a case study, for which three different flood protection measures have been evaluated. These include rehabilitation of an old canal, recalibration of a floodplain as well as heightening of a protection wall by means of mobile dikes. The risk-oriented analysis of these flood protection measures has lead to findings which would not have arisen from a more standard hydraulic study such as based on a design flood. The flood risk analysis procedure is now readily available for large scale applications throughout the hydrographic basins in Wallonia and, in the near future, it will be combined with catchment modelling (accounting for climate change projections) to evaluate upstream flood mitigation measures as well as for the fine tuning of reservoir management rules in the framework of adaptation strategies to climate change. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental investigation of flow pattern and sediment deposition in rectangular shallow reservoirs
Dufresne, Matthieu; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in International Journal of Sediment Research (2010), 25(3), 258-270

This work involved the experimental investigation of flow pattern, preferential regions of deposition and trap efficiency as a function of the length of rectangular shallow reservoirs. Four flow patterns ... [more ▼]

This work involved the experimental investigation of flow pattern, preferential regions of deposition and trap efficiency as a function of the length of rectangular shallow reservoirs. Four flow patterns were identified (from longer to shorter reservoirs): an asymmetric flow with two reattachment points, an asymmetric flow with one reattachment point, an unstable flow, and a symmetric flow without any reattachment point. Using dye visualizations, the median value and the temporal variability of the reattachment lengths were precisely measured for the asymmetric flows. For each stable flow, sediment tests with plastic particles were carried out. The regions of deposition on the bed of the reservoir were clearly a function of the flow pattern. The transition from an asymmetric flow pattern to a symmetric flow pattern was responsible for an abrupt decrease of the trap efficiency; a number of regression laws were discussed to take it into account. [less ▲]

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See detailDam-break flow computation based on an efficient flux-vector splitting
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Computational & Applied Mathematics (2010), 234

Dam-break flow computation is a task of prime interest in the scope of risk analysis processes related to dams and reservoirs. In this paper, a 2D finite volume multiblock flow solver, able to deal with ... [more ▼]

Dam-break flow computation is a task of prime interest in the scope of risk analysis processes related to dams and reservoirs. In this paper, a 2D finite volume multiblock flow solver, able to deal with natural topography variation, is presented in details. The model is based on an efficient Flux Vector Splitting method developed by the authors. A number of validation examples are comprehensively described. [less ▲]

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See detailRiver modelling and flood mitigation in a Belgian catchment
Khuat Duy, Bruno; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Proceedings of ICE : Water Management (2010), 163(8), 417-423

This paper describes the steps followed to propose solutions to recurring flooding problems in a Belgian catchment. Firstly, the hydraulic capacity (maximum discharge before bank overflow) of the cross ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the steps followed to propose solutions to recurring flooding problems in a Belgian catchment. Firstly, the hydraulic capacity (maximum discharge before bank overflow) of the cross sections was computed all along the river by an iterative 1D steady-state approach. In order to carry out these simulations, cross sections from on-site surveys of the river were integrated into the model, as well as hydraulic structures such as culverts, footbridges, and pipes. Secondly, the flooding problem was analysed with a time-dependant approach consisting of simulating floods following extreme rainfall events. The hydrological aspect was studied in a spatially distributed way using a multi-layer hydrological model. The available data on the basin such as the digital elevation model (DEM), the landuse, and the pedology were exploited to identify the basic modelling parameters. The hydrological contribution was routed by a 1D network resulting from the merging of the DEM-based and the cross section-based river networks. According to the results of the aforementioned steps, various local and catchment-wide solutions against flooding were proposed and analyzed. The comparison of simulated situations before and after these improvements allowed checking the effectiveness of the proposed solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailMicro-scale flood risk analysis based on detailed 2D hydraulic modelling and high resolution geographic data
Ernst, Julien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg et al

in Natural Hazards (2010), 55(2), 181-209

The paper presents a consistent micro-scale flood risk analysis procedure, relying on detailed 2D inundation modelling as well as on high resolution topographic and land use database. The flow model is ... [more ▼]

The paper presents a consistent micro-scale flood risk analysis procedure, relying on detailed 2D inundation modelling as well as on high resolution topographic and land use database. The flow model is based on the shallow-water equations, solved by means of a finite volume scheme on multiblock structured grids. Using highly accurate laser altimetry, the simulations are performed with a typical grid spacing of 2m, which is fine enough to represent the flow at the scale of individual buildings. Consequently, the outcomes of hydraulic modelling constitute suitable inputs for the subsequent exposure analysis, performed at a micro-scale using detailed land use maps and geographic database. Eventually, the procedure incorporates social flood impact analysis and evaluation of direct economic damage to residential buildings. Besides detailing the characteristics and performance of the hydraulic model, the paper describes the flow of data within the overall flood risk analysis procedure and demonstrates its applicability by means of a case study, for which two different flood protection measures were evaluated. [less ▲]

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See detailHydraulic behavior of Piano Key Weirs: experimental approach
Machiels, Olivier ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Janssen, Robert; Chanson, Hubert (Eds.) 3rd Int. Junior Researcher and Engineer Worjshop on Hydraulic Structures (2010, May)

The Piano Key Weir (PKW) is a particular geometry of weir similar to a labyrinth shape that features overhanging cycle ends to reduce the base length. Together with its high discharge capacity for low ... [more ▼]

The Piano Key Weir (PKW) is a particular geometry of weir similar to a labyrinth shape that features overhanging cycle ends to reduce the base length. Together with its high discharge capacity for low heads, this geometric feature makes the PKW an interesting solution for dam rehabilitation, permitting the placement of the weir directly on dam crest. However, PKW stays a new type of weir, firstly designed in 2001 and built for the first time in 2006 by Electricité de France (EDF). Even if the first experimental studies confirmed its discharge capacities, lacks persist in the understanding of the flow behaviour upstream, along and downstream of this complex structure. This paper presents the mean results and observations obtained from experiments on a large scale model of PKW. The hydraulics of the structure is clarified based on measurements of water depths, pressures, velocities and discharges on each part of the weir. These observations explain the effect of geometric improvements proposed in former studies. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated flood risk analysis for assessing flood protection strategies
Ernst, Julien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg et al

in Tagelsir, Gasmelseid (Ed.) Handbook of Research on Hydroinformatics: Technologies Theories and Applications (2010)

The present chapter describes an end-to-end methodology for assessing flood protection strategies, including the whole methodological process from hydrological statistics to detailed 2D hydraulic ... [more ▼]

The present chapter describes an end-to-end methodology for assessing flood protection strategies, including the whole methodological process from hydrological statistics to detailed 2D hydraulic modelling, damage calculation and flood risk evaluation. This risk-based approach serves as a component of a decision-support system (DSS) developed in Belgium for identifying cost-effective flood management strategies in the context of climate change. The DSS accounts for both hydraulic and socio-economic parameters to quantify the benefits (in terms of avoided risk) and the cost of each strategy. Besides reviewing fundamentals of flood risk assessment, including the inundation model and main concepts related to flood risk, a consistent methodology for micro-scale flood risk analysis is presented in detail, combining complementary sources of GIS information such as high resolution and high accuracy land use database as well as socio-economic datasets. Finally a case study on a main tributary of river Meuse in Belgium is described. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (8 ULg)