References of "Angenot, Luc"
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See detailEthnopharmacologie et paludisme au Burkina Faso : sélection de 13 espèces à potentialités antiplasmodiales méconnues
Jansen, Olivia ULg; Frederich, Michel ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Ethnopharmacologia (2008), 41

Dans la recherche de nouvelles substances actives contre les Plasmodium, les flores non explorées du Sud constituent une source potentielle privilégiée de nouveaux médicaments antipaludéens. Dans ce ... [more ▼]

Dans la recherche de nouvelles substances actives contre les Plasmodium, les flores non explorées du Sud constituent une source potentielle privilégiée de nouveaux médicaments antipaludéens. Dans ce travail, nous avons suivi une démarche ethnopharmacologique afin de répertorier et de sélectionner des végétaux intéressants à étudier en laboratoire pour leurs propriétés antiplasmodiales. Notre travail de recensement des espèces utilisées contre la malaria au Burkina Faso nous a permis de répertorier 72 espèces végétales utilisées seules ou en association dans le traitement traditionnel du paludisme dans ce pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest. Finalement, treize espèces ont été sélectionnées et dix-sept échantillons végétaux ont été récoltés au Burkina Faso pour évaluation de leurs propriétés antiplasmodiales en laboratoire. Les principaux critères de sélection ont été : leur utilisation traditionnelle contre la malaria et le fait que ces plantes n’aient pas (ou peu) été étudiées sur le plan antiplasmodial. Les liens de chimiotaxonomie éventuels avec des plantes déjà connues pour leurs propriétés antiplasmodiales ainsi que les possibilités de valorisation des espèces au niveau local (MTA) ont également été considérés. [less ▲]

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See detailLes origines du métier de pharmacien
Angenot, Luc ULg

Article for general public (2008)

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See detailPotential antimalarial activity of indole alkaloids
Frederich, Michel ULg; Tits, Monique ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg

in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene (2008), 102(1), 11-19

New antimalarial treatments are now urgently required, following the emergence of resistance to the most used drugs. Natural products contribute greatly to the therapeutic arsenal in this area, including ... [more ▼]

New antimalarial treatments are now urgently required, following the emergence of resistance to the most used drugs. Natural products contribute greatly to the therapeutic arsenal in this area, including artemisinin and quinine (and atovaquone, semi-synthetic). Among the natural products, indole alkaloids represent an interesting class of compounds. Screening carried out to date has revealed several substances active in vitro under the micromolar range and with a good selectivity index. This review covers the indole alkaloids with high antiplasmodial activity (in vitro and in vivo) isolated from natural sources, and is organized according to the different chemical structures of the alkaloids. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of medicinal plants from Reunion Island for antimalarial and cytotoxic activities
Jonville, Marie ULg; Kodja, H.; Humeau, L. et al

in Planta Medica (2008), 74(9), 1002-1002

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See detailIn vitro antiplasmodial activity of ethnobotanically selected plants from Burkina Faso
Jansen, Olivia ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2008), 74(9), 1142-1142

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See detailScreening of medicinal plants from Reunion Island for antimalarial and cytotoxic activity.
Jonville, Marie ULg; Kodja, H.; Humeau, L. et al

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2008), 120(3), 382-6

AIM OF THE STUDY: Nine plants from Reunion Island, selected using ethnopharmacology and chemotaxonomy, were investigated for their potential antimalarial value. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight ... [more ▼]

AIM OF THE STUDY: Nine plants from Reunion Island, selected using ethnopharmacology and chemotaxonomy, were investigated for their potential antimalarial value. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight extracts were prepared by maceration using CH(2)Cl(2) and MeOH, and were tested for in vitro activity against the 3D7 and W2 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. The most active extracts were then tested for in vitro cytotoxicity on human WI-38 fibroblasts to determine the selectivity index. Those extracts were also investigated in vivo against Plasmodium berghei infected mice. RESULTS: Most active of the extracts tested were the dichloromethane leaves extracts of Nuxia verticillata Lam. (Buddlejaceae), Psiadia arguta Voigt. (Asteraceae), Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae), the methanol extracts from Aphloia theiformis (Vahl) Benn. (Aphloiaceae) bark, and Terminalia bentzoe L. (Combretaceae) leaves displaying in vitro IC(50) values ranging from 5.7 to 14.1mug/ml. Extracts from Psiadia, Aphloia at 200mg/(kgday) and Teminalia at 50mg/(kgday) also exhibited significant (p<0.0005) parasite inhibition in mice: 75.5%, 65.6% and 83.5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Two plants showed interesting antimalarial activity with good selectivity: Aphloia theiformis and Terminalia bentzoe. Nuxia verticillata still needs to be tested in vivo, with a new batch of plant material. [less ▲]

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See detailComponents of Haplophyllum pedicellatum
Akhmedjanova, V. I.; Shashkov, A. S.; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in Chemistry of Natural Compounds (2008), 44(5), 646-647

We investigated the aerial parts of Haplophyllum pedicellatum collected in the district of Samarkand (Uzbekistan). We have separated and identified 11 components, of which 7 compounds including the ... [more ▼]

We investigated the aerial parts of Haplophyllum pedicellatum collected in the district of Samarkand (Uzbekistan). We have separated and identified 11 components, of which 7 compounds including the alkaloids acetylevoxine, glycoperine and glucohaplopine, all three isolated lignans (suchilactone, diphyllin and justicidin B) and the flavonoid glycoside ( limocitrin 7-O-beta-glucoside) were observed for the first time in the aerial part of H. pedicellatum.The structures were established by comparison with standars and with spectral data. the cytotoxic activity was determined : the flavonoid exhibited a moderate activity. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro cytotoxicity of some medicinal plants from Georgian amaryllidaceae
Jokhadze, Malkhaz; Eristavi, Lina; Kutchukhidze, Jumber et al

in Phytotherapy Research (2007), 21(7), 622-624

Using an ethnomedical data approach, some Georgian plants, which are used in Georgian traditional medicine for cancer or non-cancer diseases, were collected and evaluated for cytotoxic activity. The ... [more ▼]

Using an ethnomedical data approach, some Georgian plants, which are used in Georgian traditional medicine for cancer or non-cancer diseases, were collected and evaluated for cytotoxic activity. The cytotoxic effect of the methanol extracts of species from the genera Galanthus and Leucojum was evaluated in vitro on three human cell lines (Hela, ephitheloid cervix carcinoma; HCT-116, colon carcinoma; HL-60, acute myeloid leukaemia). Cell type cytotoxic specificity was observed for some extracts. Overall, the HCT-116 cells were much more sensitive to most of the extracts than were the other cell lines. Plants that showed pronounced cytotoxic activity will be further evaluated for the possible isolation of active antitumour compounds. Copyright (C) 2007 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of the neurotoxicity induced by the extract of Magnistipula butayei (Chrysobalanaceae) in rat: Effects of a new natural convulsive agent
Karangwa, Charles; Esters, Virginie ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Toxicon (2007), 49(8), 1109-1119

This study was designed to document convulsant and neurotoxic properties of extracts of a tropical tree, Magnistipula butayei subsp. Montana, and to investigate the involvement of the glutamatergic system ... [more ▼]

This study was designed to document convulsant and neurotoxic properties of extracts of a tropical tree, Magnistipula butayei subsp. Montana, and to investigate the involvement of the glutamatergic system in these effects. Continuous behavioral observations and electroencephalographic (EEG) records were obtained after per os administration of an aqueous extract of Magnistipula (MBMAE) in rats. MBMAE (800 mg/kg) induced behavioral changes resembling motor limbic seizures: staring and head tremor, automatisms, forelimb clonic movements and violent tonic-clonic seizures leading to death in all animals. Concomitantly, important seizure activity that gradually evolved to epileptiform activity was recorded on the EEG. Moreover, c-Fos immunohistochemistry has revealed an increased c-Fos expression in the dentate gyrus and in piriform, peri- and entorhinal cortices 2 and 4h after treatment. This expression pattern suggested that the mechanism of action for the MBMAE is similar to that observed in glutamate-induced models of epilepsy. The MBMAE increased cell death also in hippocampal cell cultures. Furthermore, the build-up of convulsive activity and epileptic discharges induced by MBMAE in rat were abolished by MK-801, an NMDA receptor antagonist. Our study suggests that MBMAE contains a potent toxin, with a powerful neurotoxic activity in rat, and corresponding to a new natural component(s) that act as an NMDA-mediated convulsant molecule. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo antimalarial activity of isosungucine, an indolomonoterpenic alkaloid from Strychnos icaja
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; De Mol, Patrick ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2007), 73(5), 478-479

Isosungucine (1) is a quasi-symmetric bisindolomonoterpenoid alkaloid isolated from the roots of Strychnos icaja. The in vivo antimalarial activity against the P. vinckei petteri murine strain was ... [more ▼]

Isosungucine (1) is a quasi-symmetric bisindolomonoterpenoid alkaloid isolated from the roots of Strychnos icaja. The in vivo antimalarial activity against the P. vinckei petteri murine strain was determined. In the Peters 4-day suppressive test, 1 suppressed the parasitemia by almost 50 percent on day 4 at the dose of 30 mg/kg by intraperitoneal route. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimisation of SFE method on-line coupled to FT-IR spectroscopy for the real-time monitoring of the extraction of tagitinin C in T-diversifolia
Ziemons, Eric ULg; Mbakop, N. W.; Rozet, Eric ULg et al

in Journal of Supercritical Fluids (2007), 40(3), 368-375

The monitoring in real time of dynamic extractions of tagitinin C from Tithonia diversifolia leaves was carried out with a home made high-pressure fiber optic cell which coupled a supercritical fluid ... [more ▼]

The monitoring in real time of dynamic extractions of tagitinin C from Tithonia diversifolia leaves was carried out with a home made high-pressure fiber optic cell which coupled a supercritical fluid extractor with carbon dioxide as the extraction medium and a FT-IR spectrometer equipped with a mercury cadmium telluride detector (MCT). The shape of extraction curves obtained during the monitoring was used to decide when to stop the supercritical fluid extraction (SFE). No significant density dependence of the molar absorption coefficient or wavenumber of the C=O stretching vibration (v(C=O)) of tagitinin C at 1668 cm(-1) was noticed. The physical characteristics of SCCO2 governing the extraction yield of the active component from leaves were optimized by means of a central composite design (CCD). The studied variables were temperature (40, 60 and 80 degrees C) and pressure (8.0, 14.0 and 20.0 MPa) of the supercritical fluid. The composition profile of T diversifolia extracts obtained by SFE was investigated in the range from 3400 to 2600 cm-1 according to the pressure and temperature conditions of SCCO2. The qualitative approach of the extracts composition was accomplished through the CH stretching vibrations of components. [less ▲]

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See detailDirect determination of tagitinin C in Tithonia diversifolia leaves by on-line coupling of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction to FT-IR spectroscopy by means of optical fibres
Ziemons, Eric ULg; Barillaro, Valéry; Rozet, Eric ULg et al

in Talanta (2007), 71(2), 911-917

Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) with carbon dioxide as extraction medium was on-line coupled to a FT-IR spectrometer equipped with a Mercury Cadmium Telluride (MCT) detector using a tailor-made high ... [more ▼]

Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) with carbon dioxide as extraction medium was on-line coupled to a FT-IR spectrometer equipped with a Mercury Cadmium Telluride (MCT) detector using a tailor-made high-pressure fibre optic flow cell. This method was optimised and developed for the monitoring in real time and the quantification of dynamic extractions of tagitinin C from Tithonia.diversifolia leaves. In order to demonstrate the method ability to allow the direct quantification of tagitinin C in the extract medium the standard addition method was used. The area integration Of Curves obtained by plotting the absorbance of the highly specific C=O stretching vibration at 1668 cm(-1) versus time (i.e. extractograms) was used as instrumental response. The SFE/FT-IR process was successfully validated using the accuracy profile as decision tool. On this basis, a linear regression model was chosen for the calibration curve. The relative standard deviation for repeatability and intermediate precision were between 0.8 and 3.1 %, respectively. Moreover, the method was found to be accurate as the two-sided 95% beta-expectation tolerance interval did not exceed the acceptance limits of 85 and 115% on the analytical range investigated (500-2500 mu g of added amount of tagitinin Q. The proposed method allowed the non-destructive extraction of tagitinin C and its on-line quantitative determination in less than 25 min thus facilitating the subsequent experiments or the pharmacological studies performed on this compound. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the physicochemical properties in aqueous medium and molecular modeling of tagitinin C/cyclodextrin complexes
Ziemons, Eric ULg; Dive, Georges ULg; Debrus, Benjamin ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2007), 43(3), 910-919

The inclusion complexes of tagitinin C with beta-, 2,6-di-O-methyl-beta- and gamma-cyclodextrin (CyD) was investigated in aqueous medium. The stoichiometric ratios and stability constants (K(f)) which ... [more ▼]

The inclusion complexes of tagitinin C with beta-, 2,6-di-O-methyl-beta- and gamma-cyclodextrin (CyD) was investigated in aqueous medium. The stoichiometric ratios and stability constants (K(f)) which describe the extent of formation of the complexes have been determined by UV spectroscopy and direct current tast polarography (DC(tast)), respectively. For each complex, a 1:1 molar ratio was formed in solution and the trend of stability constants was K(f) (2,6-di-O-methyl-beta-CyD)>K(f) (gamma-CyD)>K(f) (beta-CyD). The effect of molecular encapsulation on the photochemical conversion of tagitinin C was evaluated. No significant protection efficacy was noticed with beta- and gamma-CyD for the complexed drug with the respect to the free one. On the other hand, the photochemical conversion rate was slowed in presence of 2,6-di-O-methyl-beta-CyD. Data from (1)H NMR and ROESY experiments provided a clear evidence of formation of inclusion complexes. The lactone, the ester and the unsaturated ketone parts of tagitinin C inserted into the wide rim of the CyDs torus. These experimental results were confirmed by the molecular modeling using semiempirical Austin Model 1 (AM1) method. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery of a natural thiamine adenine nucleotide
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg; Wirtzfeld, Barbara; Makarchikov, Alexander F et al

in Nature Chemical Biology (2007), 3(4), 211-212

Several important cofactors are adenine nucleotides with a vitamin as the catalytic moiety. Here, we report the discovery of the first adenine nucleotide containing vitamin B1: adenosine thiamine ... [more ▼]

Several important cofactors are adenine nucleotides with a vitamin as the catalytic moiety. Here, we report the discovery of the first adenine nucleotide containing vitamin B1: adenosine thiamine triphosphate (AThTP, 1), or thiaminylated ATP. We discovered AThTP in Escherichia coli and found that it accumulates specifically in response to carbon starvation, thereby acting as a signal rather than a cofactor. We detected smaller amounts in yeast and in plant and animal tissues. [less ▲]

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See detail"Evaluation Clinique Objective et Structurée à l'Université de Liège
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

Article for general public (2007)

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See detailPotentialités antipaludiques des alcaloïdes indoliques
Frederich, Michel ULg; Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Actualités de Chimie Thérapeutique (2007), 33

This paper will be mainly illustrated with references to selected antiplasmodial compounds:- indole alkaloid analogues of emetine isolated from Strychnos usambarensis and Pogonopus tubulosus-other ... [more ▼]

This paper will be mainly illustrated with references to selected antiplasmodial compounds:- indole alkaloid analogues of emetine isolated from Strychnos usambarensis and Pogonopus tubulosus-other bisindole alkaloids isolated from Loganiacea and Apocynaceae -indoloquinolines (cryptolepine and analogues) -indolo quinazoline-6,12-diones and derivatives from Strobilanthes and other sources -aminopolycyclic beta-carbolines ( manzamines) !solated from Indo-Pacific sponges. The paper will be finally also focused on the design of chemosensitizers that are capable of reversing in vitro chloroquine resistance( case of some mono-indole alkaloids). [less ▲]

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See detailIntérêt actuel de l'étude des poisons de flèches : synthèse des connaissances
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg

in Etnopharmacologia- Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ethnopharmacologie et de la Société Européenne d'Ethnopharmacologie (2006), (38), 43-49

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See detailHPLC quantification of alkaloids from Haplophyllum extracts and comparison with their cytotoxic properties
Fiot, Julien; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Akhmedjanova, Valentina et al

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (2006), 17(5), 365-369

An efficient system for the analysis of total alkaloids extracted from the aerial parts from different species of genus Hoplophyllum (Rutaceac) by HPLC on a reversed-phase column is described. The HIPLC ... [more ▼]

An efficient system for the analysis of total alkaloids extracted from the aerial parts from different species of genus Hoplophyllum (Rutaceac) by HPLC on a reversed-phase column is described. The HIPLC method described was validated for its specificity, linearity and precision using external standards (haplopine, skimmianine and haplamine). The chromatographic conditions allowed the separation of alkaloids and the quantification of haplopine, skimmianine and haplamine in different samples of species of Haplophyllum collected in Uzbekistan. The alkaloidal contents of samples were compared with their in vitro cytotoxic properties against two cancer cell lines (HeLa. and HCT-116). The cytotoxicity of extracts was correlated with the concentration of haplopine, skimmianine or haplamine in aerial parts of species of Haplophyllum. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley [less ▲]

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