References of "Albert, Adelin"
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See detailEvaluation of frequency and type of errors detected by a computerized record and verify system during radiation treatment
Barthelemy, Nicole ULg; Sabatier, Jacques; Dewé, Walthère ULg et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (1999), 53(2), 149-54

Background: Computerized record and verify systems (RVS) have been introduced to improve the precision of radiation treatment delivery. These systems prevent the delivery of ionizing radiations when the ... [more ▼]

Background: Computerized record and verify systems (RVS) have been introduced to improve the precision of radiation treatment delivery. These systems prevent the delivery of ionizing radiations when the settings of the treatment machine do not match the intended parameters within some maximal authorized deviation. Purpose: To assess the potential alteration of the frequency of errors associated with the use of RVS during radiation treatment delivery. Materials and methods: The software of the RVS was altered in order to record the settings actually used for radiation treatment delivery whereas the verification function was suppressed. At the end of the study period, the settings used during daily administration of radiation treatment were compared to the parameters recorded in the RVS using the computer. They were also compared with the planned ones written in the patient treatment chart. Results: Out of the 147 476 parameters examined during the study period, 678 (0.46%) were set erroneously. At least one error occurred in 628 (3.22%) of the 19 512 treated fields. An erroneous parameter was introduced in the RVS memory in 22 (1.17%) of the 1885 fields. Conclusions: RVS has the potential to improve precision of radiation treatment delivery by detecting a significant number of setting errors. However, excessive confidence in RVS could lead to repeated errors as there is a potential for the entry of erroneous parameters into the RVS memory. [less ▲]

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See detailEffectiveness of an acute pain service inception in a general hospital
Bardiau, Françoise ULg; Braeckman, M.M.; SEIDEL, Laurence ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Anesthesia (1999), 11(7), 583-589

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of an Acute Pain Service (APS) inception on postoperative pain management in a general teaching hospital using pain indicators as performance measures. DESIGN: Open ... [more ▼]

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of an Acute Pain Service (APS) inception on postoperative pain management in a general teaching hospital using pain indicators as performance measures. DESIGN: Open, prospective, nonrandomized, observational study. SETTING: Postanesthesia Care Unit, surgical wards of University Hospital Center of Charleroi. PATIENTS: 1304 patients in the pre-APS inception phase and 671 patients after its implemention who have undergone various types of surgery (orthopedics, gynecology, urology, neurosurgery, stomatology, ear, nose, and throat, ophthalmic, abdominal, vascular-thoracic, plastic, and maxillofacial). INTERVENTIONS: An APS, nurse-based, anesthesiologist-supervised model was devised, based on the concept that postoperative pain relief can be greatly improved by providing in-service training for surgical nursing staff and optimal use of systemic analgesics. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Postoperative pain was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS) every 4 hours for 72 hours in the two phases. Analgesic consumption was registered at the same time. Time-related VAS scores were summarized using several pain indicators. There was an overall improvement in the pain scores after APS inception. The differences were most pronounced, around 50%, in patients undergoing vascular, maxillofacial, gynecologic, and urologic surgeries, and stomatology. Regular administration of paracetamol and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs decreased morphine consumption in the second phase. CONCLUSION: This study validates the benefits of a formal APS, using continuous monitoring of rest pain intensity and analgesic consumption in the postoperative period. Results not only support previous research findings but also offer outcome-based tools to evaluate current practices as compared with desired outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailFamilial influences on cortical evoked potentials in migraine.
Sandor, P S; Afra, J; Proietti-Cecchini, A et al

in Neuroreport (1999), 10(6), 1235-8

Cortical information processing in migraine patients is impaired between attacks, showing deficient habituation of pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (VEP), and strong intensity dependence of ... [more ▼]

Cortical information processing in migraine patients is impaired between attacks, showing deficient habituation of pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (VEP), and strong intensity dependence of auditory cortical evoked potentials (IDAP). This could be a genetic trait as certain genetic patterns are known for evoked potentials in healthy subjects. We investigated VEP habituation and IDAP in 20 pairs of migraineurs made up of parents and their children. Using a Monte-Carlo statistical method, we selectively assessed vertical familial influences. VEP habituation and IDAP were abnormal in both parents and children. However, similarity was far more pronounced between related pairs than between unrelated pairs. Familial influences are highly significant in determinants of cortical information processing in migraineurs, hence supporting the important role of genetic factors. [less ▲]

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See detailLimited clinical utility of a self-evaluating risk assessment scale for postmenopausal osteoporosis: lack of predictive value of lifestyle-related factors
Goemaere, S; Zegels, Brigitte ULg; Toye, K et al

in Calcified Tissue International (1999), 65(5), 354-358

The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of a self-administered questionnaire to identify subjects with postmenopausal osteoporosis in the setting of first line medical care. A sample of 300 ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of a self-administered questionnaire to identify subjects with postmenopausal osteoporosis in the setting of first line medical care. A sample of 300 postmenopausal women completed the questionnaire based on 18 items. Bone mineral density at the lumbar spine (BMD-L), total hip (BMD-H), and femoral neck (BMD-N) was used as objective criterion for evaluation. The mean risk score was 8.2 +/- 3.21. BMD was correlated with total risk score: r = -0.32 for BMD-L, -0.36 for BMD-N, and -0.43 for BMD-H. Cutoff points for the risk score (equal likelihood points) according to a T-score threshold of -2.5 were 8.6 for BMD-L and BMD-N and 9.3 for BMD-H; specificity and sensitivity was 62% and 62%, respectively, for BMD-L, 65% and 62% for BMD-N, and 75% and 63% for BMD-H. Stepwise multiple regression analysis of the questionnaire items in relation to BMD showed higher correlation coefficients for models including individual items rather than the overall risk score. Items concerning low weight, older age, and wrist fracture after 50 years of age were always selected as significant determinants of BMD (R = 0.43-0.55). Hormonal replacement therapy was also an important determinant. Lifestyle-related items did not contribute significantly. In conclusion, the diagnostic performance of the 18-item self-administered questionnaire was poorer than a shortened questionnaire omitting lifestyle factors. The clinical utility of a questionnaire should ultimately be evaluated in the specific optic of a chosen global strategy for prevention of osteoporotic fractures. [less ▲]

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See detailPubertal Growth as a Determinant of Adult Height in Boys with Constitutional Delay of Growth and Puberty
Rensonnet, Claudie ULg; Kanen, F.; Coremans, C. et al

in Hormone Research (1999), 51(5), 223-9

In boys with constitutional delay of growth and puberty, adult height may be inconsistent with parental (target) height. We aimed at studying which period of growth was important to account for adult ... [more ▼]

In boys with constitutional delay of growth and puberty, adult height may be inconsistent with parental (target) height. We aimed at studying which period of growth was important to account for adult height being above or below target height. In this retrospective study, adult height measured after 20 years in 39 patients was compared with target height and height data obtained at about 6 and 12 years of age and at diagnosis of delayed puberty (mean 14.6 years). Twenty-eight patients were untreated while 11 received testosterone enanthate (50 or 100 mg/month for 6 months). The growth data from both groups were pooled since they were not different. On average, the adult height standard deviation score (-0. 6 +/- 0.8, mean +/- SD) was similar to target height (-0.5 +/- 0.6). There were, however, marked individual differences since adult height varied between 1.7 SD (11 cm) below target height and 1.4 SD (9.5 cm) above target height. Multiple regression analysis showed that the most significant determinant of the difference between adult height and target height was height catch up during puberty (p < 0.002). We conclude that the magnitude of height catch up during puberty is a significant determinant of adult height in boys with constitutional delay of growth and puberty. Thus, optimizing pubertal growth may be a relevant therapeutic aim for adult height in boys with short stature and delayed puberty. Copyrightz1999S. KargerAG,Basel [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Prevalence of Low Femoral Bone Mineral Density in Elderly Women Living in Nursing Homes or Community-Dwelling: A Plausible Role of Increased Parathyroid Hormone Secretion
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Deroisy, Rita ULg; Pirenne, H. et al

in Osteoporosis International (1999), 9(2), 121-8

The present study was designed to visit elderly women living in nursing homes and to compare their femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) and circulating levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25-OH ... [more ▼]

The present study was designed to visit elderly women living in nursing homes and to compare their femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) and circulating levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25-OH vitamin D (25-OHD) with those of subjects living at home, in the immediate vicinity of the nursing homes. Of 1483 women, aged 70 years and older, who were selected, 993 agreed to participate in this trial. Their femoral neck BMD (n = 993) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, with a specific device installed in a mobile truck. The circulating levels of 25-OHD and PTH were assessed after an overnight fast (n = 748). After stratification for age, there were no significant differences in mean femoral neck BMD values, prevalence of femoral neck osteoporosis, mean serum 25-OHD and prevalence of absolute or relative 25-OHD deficiency between the two groups. Serum levels of PTH were significantly higher in women over 80 years old living in nursing homes, compared with the community-dwelling women. After adjustment for age, a significant relation was found between femoral neck BMD and PTH levels in the whole population (p = 0.004) and in community-dwelling subjects (p = 0.039). When stratifying our population by quartiles of serum PTH values, the odds ratios for femoral neck osteoporosis were significantly increased for the top two quartiles compared with the lowest one both before (p = 0.00146) and after (p = 0.0013) adjustment for age and type of housing. From this study we conclude that femoral osteoporosis is largely underestimated in European women. Living in a nursing home is not, per se, a risk factor for decreased femoral BMD, and circulating PTH levels are a key determinant of low femoral bone density and osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between pain indicators derived from VAS measurements and analgesics consumption
Boogaerts, Jean; SEIDEL, Laurence ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Anesthesiology (1999)

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See detailEffect of butorphanol tartrate on shock-related discomfort during internal atrial defibrillation.
Timmermans, Carl; Rodriguez, L M; Ayers, G M et al

in Circulation (1999), 99(14), 1837-42

BACKGROUND: In patients with atrial fibrillation, intracardiac atrial defibrillation causes discomfort. An easily applicable, short-acting analgesic and anxiolytic drug would increase acceptability of ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In patients with atrial fibrillation, intracardiac atrial defibrillation causes discomfort. An easily applicable, short-acting analgesic and anxiolytic drug would increase acceptability of this new treatment mode. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled manner, the effect of intranasal butorphanol, an opioid, was evaluated in 47 patients with the use of a step-up internal atrial defibrillation protocol (stage I). On request, additional butorphanol was administered and the step-up protocol continued (stage II). Thereafter, if necessary, patients were intravenously sedated (stage III). After each shock, the McGill Pain Questionnaire was used to obtain a sensory (S), affective (A), evaluative (E), and total (T) pain rating index (PRI) and a visual analogue scale analyzing pain (VAS-P) and fear (VAS-F). For every patient, the slope of each pain or fear parameter against the shock number was calculated and individual slopes were averaged for the placebo and butorphanol group. All patients were cardioverted at a mean threshold of 4.4+/-3.3 J. Comparing both patient groups for stage II, the mean slopes for PRI-T (P=0.0099), PRI-S (P=0.019), and PRI-E (P=0.015) became significantly lower in the butorphanol group than in the placebo group. Comparing patients who received the same shock intensity ending stage I and going to stage II, in those patients randomized to placebo the mean VAS-P (P=0.023), PRI-T (P=0. 029), PRI-S (P=0.030), and PRI-E (P=0.023) became significantly lower after butorphanol administration. CONCLUSIONS: During a step-up internal atrial defibrillation protocol, intranasal butorphanol decreased or stabilized the value of several pain variables and did not affect fear. Of the 3 qualitative components of pain, only the affective component was not influenced by butorphanol. The PRI evaluated pain more accurately than the VAS. [less ▲]

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See detailFactors determining the percentage of hypochromic red blood cells in hemodialysis patients.
Bovy, Christophe ULg; Tsobo, C.; Crapanzano, L. et al

in Kidney International (1999), 56(3), 1113-9

Factors determining the percentage of hypochromic red blood cells determines iron status in hemodialysis patients. BACKGROUND: Determination of the percentage of hypochromic red blood cells (RBC; %HYPO ... [more ▼]

Factors determining the percentage of hypochromic red blood cells determines iron status in hemodialysis patients. BACKGROUND: Determination of the percentage of hypochromic red blood cells (RBC; %HYPO) has been advocated as a sensitive index of functional iron deficiency during erythropoietin (EPO) therapy in hemodialyzed patients. METHODS: The significance of %HYPO in chronic renal failure was evaluated in 64 chronically hemodialyzed patients. The linear correlation was determined between %HYPO and 13 variables, including age, sex, weight, C-reactive protein (CRP), ferritin, transferrin (Tf), Tf saturation, soluble Tf receptor (sTfR), serum iron (SI), urea, parathormone, dialysis dose (Kt/V), dose of EPO administered (EPO), and absolute reticulocyte count. Multiple regression analyses were then performed to select the parameters that jointly provide the best prediction of %HYPO. RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed significant correlations between %HYPO and iron parameters (sTfR, Tf saturation, SI, and ferritin, in decreasing order), EPO, reticulocyte count, and CRP. Multivariate analysis yielded an equation showing that the variation of %HYPO is essentially associated with the combined changes in sTfR, CRP, and EPO dosage. CONCLUSIONS: %HYPO is a meaningful and inexpensive parameter that reflects the integrated effects of iron stores, inflammation, and erythropoietic stimulation on iron availability in hemodialyzed patients. Among iron exchange parameters, sTfR is the best predictor of %HYPO, followed by Tf saturation, SI, and ferritin. [less ▲]

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See detailImmunohistochemical study of the rectus sheath and transversalis facia in adult groin hernias
PANS, Alain ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg

in Hernia : the Journal of Hernias & Abdominal Wall Surgery (1999), 3

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See detailA study of within-laboratory variability based on data from the Belgian External Quality Assessment (EQA) programme
Zhang, Lixin; Albert, Adelin ULg; Hamers, N. et al

in Clinical Chemistry (1999), 45(6)

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See detailEvaluation of a Diphenylphosphorylazide-Crosslinked Collagen Membrane for Guided Bone Regeneration in Mandibular Defects in Rats
Zahedi, Sharam ULg; Legrand, Roman ULg; Brunel, G. et al

in Journal of Periodontology (1998), 69(11), 1238-46

In the present study, the potential of a diphenylphosphorylazide-crosslinked type I bovine collagen membrane was evaluated in the healing of mandibular bone defects applying the biological concept of ... [more ▼]

In the present study, the potential of a diphenylphosphorylazide-crosslinked type I bovine collagen membrane was evaluated in the healing of mandibular bone defects applying the biological concept of guided bone regeneration. The experiment was carried out on 25 Wistar rats. After exposing the mandibular ramus bilaterally, 5 mm diameter full-thickness circular bone defects were surgically created. While the defect on one side was covered by the membrane (experimental), the defect on the other side was left uncovered (control) before closure of the overlying soft tissues. The rats were sacrificed in groups of 5 after 7, 15, 30, 90, and 180 days of healing. Although at early stages of healing similar amounts of bone formation were observed in the experimental and control defects, after 1 month of healing, most of the experimental defects were completely closed with new bone, while in the control defects, only limited amounts of new bone were observed at the rims and in the lingual aspect of the lesions. In the 90- and 180-day animals, all experimental defects were completely closed, while in the control defects, no statistically significant increase in bone regeneration was observed. The increase in percentage of bone regeneration in the experimental defects was statistically significant between the 15-day specimens as compared with the 7-day specimens (P < 0.01) and likewise between 30-day and 15-day specimens (P < 0.001). It can be concluded that a DPPA-crosslinked collagen membrane yields biocompatibility, ad hoc mechanical hindrance, and handling characteristics suitable for guided bone regeneration applications in this experimental model. [less ▲]

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See detailExternal Quality Assessment (Eqa) of Belgian Clinical Laboratories. The Telematics Paradigm
Albert, Adelin ULg; De Moor, G.; Libeer, J. C.

in Clinica Chimica Acta (1998), 270(1), 43-54

Technology that enables communication between information systems has recently become cheaper and more powerful. It is therefore timely to consider the effects of the introduction of such techniques in ... [more ▼]

Technology that enables communication between information systems has recently become cheaper and more powerful. It is therefore timely to consider the effects of the introduction of such techniques in external quality assessment (EQA) schemes on both users and organizers. Traditionally, results are returned to EQA organizers as hand-written numbers on structured forms. These data are then manually entered into a computer. The process is time-consuming, slow (as it depends on the postal service), prone to error at every transcription stage, and expensive, as clerical staff must be employed to input the data. Computer-to-computer communication allows this process to be improved. A telematics system for electronic data interchange has been developed for the Belgian EQA programme and it offers several advantages, such as the use of standardized semantics, expression of results in laboratory familiar units, possible interface with the Laboratory Information System, faster data analysis, shorter report time and long-term performance evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailBronchial Responsiveness in Active Steelworkers
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg et al

in European Respiratory Journal (1998), 11(2), 272-7

Coke-oven workers are exposed to dust and irritant gases. Therefore they are at risk of developing lung diseases including chronic bronchitis. Nonspecific bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) has been ... [more ▼]

Coke-oven workers are exposed to dust and irritant gases. Therefore they are at risk of developing lung diseases including chronic bronchitis. Nonspecific bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) has been advocated as a potential risk factor predisposing to the development of chronic bronchitis. In a previous study, we showed that prevalence of BHR was higher in retired coke-oven workers than in retired blast furnace workers. The present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of BHR in active steelworkers. Thus, 137 coke-oven workers and 150 blast furnace workers underwent clinical examination, a standardized questionnaire for the study of respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function testing and methacholine aerosol challenge. The study demonstrates a higher prevalence and degree of BHR [provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in forced expiratory volume in one second (PC20) < or = 8 mg x mL(-1)] in coke-oven workers than in blast furnace workers (31.4 versus 6.7%; p<0.001). Moreover, the frequency of respiratory symptoms and basal bronchial obstruction were greater among coke-oven workers with BHR in nonresponders. The basal maximum expiratory flow from 25-75% of forced vital capacity and the respiratory symptoms were correlated with bronchial responsiveness. The lack of correlation observed between BHR and the intensity of smoking or years spent in coke-oven environment may be explained by the high proportion of smokers, the worker turnover in the steel plant, and the "healthy worker effect". In conclusion, the higher prevalence and degree of bronchial hyperresponsiveness in coke-oven workers suggests that coke-oven pollutants are more intense irritants than those that escape from blast furnaces. [less ▲]

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See detailVisual evoked potentials during long periods of pattern-reversal stimulation in migraine.
Afra, J; Cecchini, A P; DE PASQUA, Victor ULg et al

in Brain : A Journal of Neurology (1998), 121(2), 233-41

We have previously shown that during repetitive pattern-reversal stimulation, lasting 2 min, the amplitude of the visual evoked potential (PR-VEP) increases in migraineurs when tested interictally whereas ... [more ▼]

We have previously shown that during repetitive pattern-reversal stimulation, lasting 2 min, the amplitude of the visual evoked potential (PR-VEP) increases in migraineurs when tested interictally whereas it decreases in healthy control subjects. According to Sappey-Marinier et al. (J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 1992; 12: 584-92) habituation of the PR-VEP in normal subjects is maxima after 12 min, at a time when there is a decrease of stimulation-enhanced lactate levels in the occipital cortex. We have therefore compared PR-VEP during long periods of repetitive stimulation in healthy control subjects (n = 25) and in patients suffering from migraine without (n = 25) and with aura (n = 15) between attacks. During uninterrupted stimulation at 3.1 Hz VEPs were sequentially averaged in blocks of 100 responses for a total duration of 15 min and analysed in terms of latencies and peak-to-peak amplitudes of N1-P1 and P1-N2 peaks. Amplitude changes from the baseline were calculated for each block, by comparison with the first block, and analysed statistically using Zerbe's method. The N1-P1 and P1-N2 amplitudes in the first block tended to be lower in migraineurs than in healthy control subjects. During the 15 min of stimulation, amplitudes of both components progressively decreased in control subjects, but remained stable in both groups of patients. The difference between patients and control subjects proved to be significant (P < 0.05). The neurophysiological data were not correlated with clinical features such as attack frequency or duration of illness. These results are yet another demonstration in migraine of an interictal habituation deficit in cortical information processing, which might favour lactate accumulation in sensory cortices during sustained activation. [less ▲]

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See detailReproducibility and diagnostic sensitivity of ultrasonometry of the phalanges to assess osteoporosis.
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Dethor, M; Pirenne, H et al

in International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics (1998), 63(1), 21-8

OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to assess the reproducibility and the diagnostic sensitivity of the amplitude-dependent speed of sound (SoS) at the distal metaphysis of the proximal phalanges ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to assess the reproducibility and the diagnostic sensitivity of the amplitude-dependent speed of sound (SoS) at the distal metaphysis of the proximal phalanges. METHOD: Fourteen presumably healthy volunteers were repeatedly measured every 6 weeks for approximately 6 months in order to assess the reproducibility of the SoS of the phalanges. We recruited 91 post-menopausal women, aged 55-75 years, who were divided in three groups according to their lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) and the existence of prevalent vertebral fractures. The objective was to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of SoS measurements. We used DBM Sonic 1200 equipment, and assessed the velocity at which US cross the phalanx in a lateral-medial direction. In post-menopausal women, BMD was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the level of the lumbar spine, the total zone of the non-dominant hip and the femoral neck zone of the non-dominant hip. RESULTS: The precision of the SoS measurements was 0.71+/-0.05% (mean+/-S.E.M) whereas the reproducibility was 0.95+/-0.06%. Subjects with low BMD or prevalent fractures had significantly lower values of SoS (P < 0.001) than the controls. ROC curve analysis applied to the study population confirmed that SoS was able to discriminate between the controls and osteoporotic subjects (area under the ROC curves were 0.82 (low bone mineral density) and 0.85 (prevalent fractures), respectively). Hip BMD was found to be the most significant variable when comparing the controls and the low density patients by stepwise discrimination and SoS significantly improved the discrimination between the groups when added to the hip BMD. The hip BMD was again the most discriminant variable when applying the same techniques to controls and patients with prevalent fractures, followed by SoS and lumbar BMD. A cut-off value of 1881 m/s is defined for SoS by logistic discrimination and likelihood ratio function. With this value, the sensitivity and the specificity for SoS used in the diagnosis of established osteoporosis were, 81.5% and 79.3%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity were significantly improved when combining ultrasonometry and densitometry. CONCLUSION: Measurement of ultrasound velocity at the phalanges appears to be a precise and reproducible technique. SoS discriminates between normal post-menopausal women and patients with either low lumbar BMD or prevalent fractures to the same extent as BMD measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailParathyroid hormone plasma concentration in response to low 25-OH vitamin D circulating levels increase with age in elderly women
DEROISY, Rita ULg; Taquet, AN; Dewe, W et al

in Osteoporosis International (1998), 8(S3), 40

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