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See detailCritical Re-Examination of the Distribution of Aromatase-Immunoreactive Cells in the Quail Forebrain Using Antibodies Raised against Human Placental Aromatase and against the Recombinant Quail, Mouse or Human Enzyme
Foidart, Agnès ULg; Reid, J.; Absil, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy (1995), 8(4), 267-82

Mouse and quail aromatase cDNAs were isolated from libraries of mouse ovary and quail brain by using a human aromatase cDNA fragment (hA-24) as a probe. These three cDNAs were inserted into plasmid ... [more ▼]

Mouse and quail aromatase cDNAs were isolated from libraries of mouse ovary and quail brain by using a human aromatase cDNA fragment (hA-24) as a probe. These three cDNAs were inserted into plasmid vectors and expressed in Escherichia coli. Antisera against these purified recombinant proteins were raised in rabbit and purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation and affinity chromatography. The three antibodies directed against recombinant human, mouse and quail proteins were used to visualize aromatase-immunoreactive cells in the quail brain. They were compared with the antibody raised against human placental aromatase used in previous experiments and with another antibody recently developed by similar methods. The signal obtained with all antibodies was completely abolished by preadsorption with the homologous recombinant antigens and the signal produced by the two antibodies raised against placental aromatase was similarly abolished by a preadsorption with recombinant quail aromatase. The antibodies raised against recombinant proteins identified the major groups of aromatase cells previously described in the quail brain. The antibodies directed against the mouse and quail antigen identified more positive cells and stained them more densely than the antibodies raised against human recombinant antigen or purified placental aromatase. The new cell groups identified by the antibody raised against quail recombinant aromatase were located in an area ventral to the fasciculus prosencephali lateralis, the nucleus accumbens, the paleostriatum ventrale, the nucleus taeniae, the area around the nucleus ovoidalis, the caudal tuber and the mesencephalic central gray. A critical re-examination of the distribution and nomenclature of the aromatase-positive cells is proposed based on these new findings. [less ▲]

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See detailTestosterone Effects on Neurotensin-Immunoreactive Cells in the Quail Preoptic Area
Absil, Philippe ULg; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Neuroreport (1994), 5(9), 1129-32

In the quail preoptic area (POA), neurotensin-immunoreactive (NT-ir) cells are mostly located in the sexually dimorphic medial preoptic nucleus (POM). They are more numerous in females than in males and ... [more ▼]

In the quail preoptic area (POA), neurotensin-immunoreactive (NT-ir) cells are mostly located in the sexually dimorphic medial preoptic nucleus (POM). They are more numerous in females than in males and, in females, their number varies during the ovulatory cycle. This suggests a control by steroids of NT expression in the POA. This idea was tested by comparing the NT-ir populations in gonadectomized males and females treated or not with testosterone. No sex differences in the NT-ir cell number was present in gonadectomized birds. Testosterone treatment increased the number of immunoreactive perikarya. This effect was anatomically specific and the increase was observed in the area caudal to the anterior commissure but not in POM itself. [less ▲]

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See detailSex Difference in the Neurotensin-Immunoreactive Cell Populations of the Preoptic Area in Quail (Coturnix Japonica)
Absil, Philippe ULg; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Cell & Tissue Research (1994), 276(1), 99-116

The distribution of neurotensin-immunoreactive cells and fibers was analyzed by immunocytochemistry in the forebrain of male and female Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) by using an antibody directed ... [more ▼]

The distribution of neurotensin-immunoreactive cells and fibers was analyzed by immunocytochemistry in the forebrain of male and female Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) by using an antibody directed against the C-terminal part of the molecule. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Apomorphine on Sexual Behavior in Male Quail
Absil, Philippe ULg; Das, S.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior (1994), 47(1), 77-88

In the rat, dopamine (DA) facilitates male copulatory behavior. Indirect evidence based largely on neuroanatomical data suggest that in quail DA is also implicated in the control of male reproductive ... [more ▼]

In the rat, dopamine (DA) facilitates male copulatory behavior. Indirect evidence based largely on neuroanatomical data suggest that in quail DA is also implicated in the control of male reproductive behavior but there is no pharmacological evidence to support this conclusion. To test this idea, castrated testosterone (T)-treated male quail were injected with various doses of the dopaminergic agonist apomorphine (APO) in the range 1-10,000 micrograms/kg. The sexual behavior of birds was recorded starting 15 min after APO injection for a duration of 30 min. A dose-dependent inhibition of male reproductive behavior that lasted for the entire duration of the test was observed. In a second experiment, gonadectomized T-treated male Japanese quail were injected daily with APO (0, 10, or 1,000 micrograms/kg) during 8 days. Their sexual interactions with a partner were quantified either 24 h or 15 min after the last injection. No influence of the treatment on copulatory behavior was observed 24 h after the last injection, but a strong inhibition was present when the test was performed 15 min after. To research whether the inhibitory effects of APO were due to a preferential action on D2 presynaptic autoreceptors, male quail were pretreated with two different D2 antagonists (spiperone or pimozide; 0.5 or 2 mg/kg) before being injected with APO (100 micrograms or 1 mg/kg). Spiperone facilitated male sexual behavior but did not suppress the inhibitory effect of APO. No significant effect of pimozide was observed. These results support the notion that DA modulates male sexual activity in the Japanese quail. The specific role of the different dopaminergic receptor subtypes remains, however, to be elucidated. [less ▲]

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