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See detailOrthotopic liver transplantation for hepatocellular car- cinoma after successful downstaging: results from the Belgian multicentre cohort
Schreiber, J.; Lerut, J; Verslype, C et al

in Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.) (2014, October), 60(S1), 468550

Purpose: Successful downstaging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) into the Milan criteria (MC) remains a controversial indication for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). In Belgium, successful ... [more ▼]

Purpose: Successful downstaging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) into the Milan criteria (MC) remains a controversial indication for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). In Belgium, successful downstaging of HCC is an accepted non-standard- ized exception (NSE) for liver allocation. This NSE group rep- resents a unique cohort to analyse if OLT can be safely offered to patients with those extended allocation criteria. The aim of this study is to compare the overall and recurrence free survival after cadaveric OLT between patients with successful downstaging (MILDOWN) and patients always inside the MC (MILIN) from all Belgian transplant centres. Methods: We ret- rospectively analysed all patients listed for OLT with HCC and underlying cirrhosis between 12/2006 and 12/2011 from all Belgian liver transplant centres. Successful downstaging was defined as bringing a patient who was outside the MC into the MC after locoregional therapy (LRT). Results: Overall 381 patients were listed in Belgium during the study period. Of these, 320 received OLT. 248 were MILIN, 62 were MIL- DOWN and 10 were transplanted outside MC. Downstaging treatment included transarterial chemoembolization (TACE; n=26), radiofrequency (RF; n=9), transarterial radioembolisa- tion (TARE; n=4), resection (n=3), percutaneous ethanol injec- tion (n=2) and a combination of the above-mentioned therapies in 18 cases. In the MILIN group 67.3% received locoregional therapy before transplantation, with no significant differences in the distribution of treatment type compared to the MIL- DOWN group. At listing there were no significant differences between the MILIN and MILDOWN group for age, gender and underlying liver disease. Median time on waiting list between the two groups was similar (120 days vs. 115.5 days). Overall survival at 1 year was not significantly different between MILIN and MILDOWN (87.1% vs. 79%; p=0.120). 1.6% of patients were lost to follow-up in both groups. Although not significant, recurrence free survival at 1 year tended to be higher in the MILIN group than in the MILDOWN group (83.9% vs. 74.2%; p=0.073). Conclusion: In this large Belgian multicentre cohort, overall and recurrence free survival at 1 year are not signifi- cantly different between patients who have been downstaged successfully and patients who were always inside the Milan criteria. However, a longer follow up period will define, if the trend of lower survival in the successfully downstaged group becomes significant. Factors associated with HCC recurrence have to be identified. [less ▲]

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See detailRetrospective analysis of Belgian experience with intestinal transplantation
Ceulemans, L.J.; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; DETRY, Olivier ULg et al

Conference (2013, March 21)

Aim: The only alternative to Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) for complicated intestinal failure is Intesti- nal Transplantation (ITx) which is perceived as a high-risk procedure with inferior results ... [more ▼]

Aim: The only alternative to Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) for complicated intestinal failure is Intesti- nal Transplantation (ITx) which is perceived as a high-risk procedure with inferior results compared to other organ Tx. Therefore ITx has been rarely applied in Belgium. In a multicenter retrospective review, we analyzed the overall Belgian experience with ITx. Methods: The Belgium Liver Intestine Committee organized a survey among all Belgian Tx centers, based on the patient-specific data form of the international ITx registry. Overall activity and indications were reviewed. Patient/graft survival was calculated (Kaplan-Meier). Nutritional (TPN) independence and Quality of Life (QoL) (Karnofsky score) were analyzed. Results: 21 ITx were performed in 20 patients (03/99-11/12), distributed among 5 centers: KUL (12), ULg (5), UZG (2), UCL (1), UZA (1). Median age was 38y(8mo-56y). Male/female ratio was 10/10. 5 were pediatrics (<18y) and 15 adults. Indications were anatomical or functional short bowel syndrome: intestinal ischemia(5), volvulus(5), Crohn(2), chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction(2), splanchnic thrombosis(2), Churg-Strauss(1), necrotizing enterocolitis(1), microvillus inclusion(1), intestinal atresia(1) and chronic rejection of a first ITx(1). Most patients also suffered from TPN-associated com- plications (infection/shortage of venous access or liver failure). An isolated small bowel was trans- planted in 9 patients (plus kidney Tx in 2; plus pancreas Tx in 1); 10 received a combined liver and ITx; 2 received a multivisceral Tx. At time of Tx, 11 patients were hospitalized and 10 at home. 20 grafts were procured from deceased donors; one segmental intestinal graft was procured from a living donor. ABO blood group was identical in 63%, compatible in 37%. Median cold ischemia time was 5h30 ́(3h17 ́-9h31 ́). All patients received tacrolimus-based immunosuppression. Basiliximab (anti-IL2 receptor antibody) induction was administered in 16 patients. In 11 patients donor specific blood was transfused as part of an immunomodulatory protocol. 5-year patient and graft survival is 59% and 55.6%, respectively. 8 patients died: 6 to sepsis, 1 to intracerebral hemorrhage; 1 sudden death re- mained unexplained. 1 patient developed postTx lymphoma. 2 chronic rejections occured for which one reTx was performed. Of 12 survivors (median follow-up 1870 days), 11 are nutritionally independent (TPN-free) and 10 have a Karnofsky score >90%. Conclusions: ITx has come of age in Belgium. During the last 13 years, 21 ITx were performed in 5 centers. A 5-year patient/graft survival of 59%/55.6% is achieved, which is similar to results reported by the International ITx registry. In Belgium, awareness should grow that ITx represents a life-saving (and QoL improving) treatment in selected patients with reduced life expectancy due to significant complica- tions from TPN and intestinal failure. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgian multicentre experience with intestinal transplantation
Ceulemans, L; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; DETRY, Olivier ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2013, March), 76(1), 07

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See detailOutcome of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma listed for liver transplantation before and after the MELD-based allocation system within Eurotransplant. A BElgian multicentre retrospective study.
Vos, B.; Rogge, S.; Nevens, F. et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2011, March), 74(1), 13

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See detailLiver transplantation from donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors: Belgian experience 2002-2007
Detry, Olivier ULg; Donckier, Vincent; Lucidi, V. et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2009, January), 72(1), 21

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See detailOutcome of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma listed for liver transplantation within the eurotransplant allocation system
Adler, M.; Lerut, J.; Starkel, P. et al

in Journal of Hepatology (2006), 44(Suppl. 2), 14

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See detailLiver failure requiring liver transplantation (LTx) following weight-reduction surgery for morbid obesity
Risha, A.; Van Gheluwe, B.; Donckier, Vincent et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2005, January), 68(1), 63

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See detailLaparoscopic liver resection of benign liver tumors - Results of a multicenter European experience
Descottes, B.; Glineur, D.; Lachachi, François et al

in Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques (2003), 17(1), 23-30

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and outcome of laparoscopic liver resection for benign liver tumors in a multicenter setting. Background: Despite restrictive ... [more ▼]

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and outcome of laparoscopic liver resection for benign liver tumors in a multicenter setting. Background: Despite restrictive, tailored indications for resection in benign liver tumors, an increasing number of articles have been published concerning laparoscopic liver resection of these tumors. Methods: A retrospective study was performed in 18 surgical centres in Europe regarding their experience with laparoscopic resection of benign liver tumors. Detailed standardized questionnaires were used that focused on patient's characteristics, clinical data, type and characteristics of the tumor, technical details of the operation, and early and late clinical outcome. Results: From March 1992 to September 2000, 87 patients suffering from benign liver tumor were included in this study: 48 patients with focal nodular hyperplasia (55%), 17 patients with liver cell adenoma (21%), 13 patients with hemangioma (15%), 3 patients with hamartoma (3%), 3 patients with hydatid liver cysts (3%), 2 patients with adult polycystic liver disease (APLD) (2%), and 1 patient with liver cystadenoma (1%). The mean size of the tumor was 6 cm, and 95% of the tumors were located in the left liver lobe or in the anterior segments of the right liver. Liver procedures included 38 wedge resections, 25 segmentectomies, 21 bisegmentectomies (including 20 left lateral segmentectomies), and 3 major hepatectomies. There were 9 conversions to an open approach (10%) due to bleeding in 45% of the patients. Five patients (6%) received autologous blood transfusion. There was no postoperative mortality, and the postoperative complication rate was low (5%). The mean postoperative hospital stay was 5 days (range, 2-13 days). At a mean follow-up of 13 months (median, 10 months; range, 2-58 months), all patients are alive without disease recurrence, except for the 2 patients with APLD. Conclusions: Laparoscopic resection of benign liver tumors is feasible and safe for selected patients with small tumors located in the left lateral segments or in the anterior segments of the right liver. Despite the use of a laparoscopic approach, selective indications for resection of benign liver tumors should remain unchanged. When performed by expert liver and laparoscopic surgeons in selected patients and tumors, laparoscopic resection of benign liver tumor is a promising technique. [less ▲]

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