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See detailDesign and validation of a real-time spiking-neural-network decoder for brain–machine interfaces
Dethier, Julie ULg; Nuyujukian, Paul; Ryu, Stephen I et al

in Journal of Neural Engineering (2013), 10(3),

Objective. Cortically-controlled motor prostheses aim to restore functions lost to neurological disease and injury. Several proof of concept demonstrations have shown encouraging results, but barriers to ... [more ▼]

Objective. Cortically-controlled motor prostheses aim to restore functions lost to neurological disease and injury. Several proof of concept demonstrations have shown encouraging results, but barriers to clinical translation still remain. In particular, intracortical prostheses must satisfy stringent power dissipation constraints so as not to damage cortex. Approach. One possible solution is to use ultra-low power neuromorphic chips to decode neural signals for these intracortical implants. The first step is to explore in simulation the feasibility of translating decoding algorithms for brain–machine interface (BMI) applications into spiking neural networks (SNNs). Main results. Here we demonstrate the validity of the approach by implementing an existing Kalman-filter-based decoder in a simulated SNN using the Neural Engineering Framework (NEF), a general method for mapping control algorithms onto SNNs. To measure this system's robustness and generalization, we tested it online in closed-loop BMI experiments with two rhesus monkeys. Across both monkeys, a Kalman filter implemented using a 2000-neuron SNN has comparable performance to that of a Kalman filter implemented using standard floating point techniques. Significance. These results demonstrate the tractability of SNN implementations of statistical signal processing algorithms on different monkeys and for several tasks, suggesting that a SNN decoder, implemented on a neuromorphic chip, may be a feasible computational platform for low-power fully-implanted prostheses. The validation of this closed-loop decoder system and the demonstration of its robustness and generalization hold promise for SNN implementations on an ultra-low power neuromorphic chip using the NEF. [less ▲]

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See detailA Brain-Machine Interface with an Innovative Spiking Neural Network Decoder
Dethier, Julie ULg; Nuyujukian, Paul; Elassaad, Shauki A. et al

Poster (2011, December 02)

Motor prostheses aim to restore functions lost to neurological disease and injury by translating neural signals into control signals for prosthetic limbs. Despite compelling proof of concept systems ... [more ▼]

Motor prostheses aim to restore functions lost to neurological disease and injury by translating neural signals into control signals for prosthetic limbs. Despite compelling proof of concept systems, barriers to clinical translation—mainly strict power dissipation constraints—still remain. The proposed solution is to use the ultra-low-power neuromorphic approach to potentially meet these constraints. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (24 ULg)
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See detailA Brain-Machine Interface Operating with a Real-Time Spiking Neural Network Control Algorithm
Dethier, Julie ULg; Nuyujukian, Paul; Eliasmith, Chris et al

in Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS) 24 (2011, December)

Motor prostheses aim to restore function to disabled patients. Despite compelling proof of concept systems, barriers to clinical translation remain. One challenge is to develop a low-power, fully ... [more ▼]

Motor prostheses aim to restore function to disabled patients. Despite compelling proof of concept systems, barriers to clinical translation remain. One challenge is to develop a low-power, fully-implantable system that dissipates only minimal power so as not to damage tissue. To this end, we implemented a Kalman-filter based decoder via a spiking neural network (SNN) and tested it in brain-machine interface (BMI) experiments with a rhesus monkey. The Kalman filter was trained to predict the arm’s velocity and mapped on to the SNN using the Neural Engineer- ing Framework (NEF). A 2,000-neuron embedded Matlab SNN implementation runs in real-time and its closed-loop performance is quite comparable to that of the standard Kalman filter. The success of this closed-loop decoder holds promise for hardware SNN implementations of statistical signal processing algorithms on neu- romorphic chips, which may offer power savings necessary to overcome a major obstacle to the successful clinical translation of neural motor prostheses. [less ▲]

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See detailA Brain-Machine Interface Operating with a Real-Time Spiking Neural Network Control Algorithm
Dethier, Julie ULg; Nuyujukian, Paul; Elassaad, Shauki A. et al

Poster (2011, November 29)

Motor prostheses aim to restore function to disabled patients. Despite compelling proof of concept systems, barriers to clinical translation remain. One challenge is to develop a low-power, fully ... [more ▼]

Motor prostheses aim to restore function to disabled patients. Despite compelling proof of concept systems, barriers to clinical translation remain. One challenge is to develop a low-power, fully-implantable system that dissipates only minimal power so as not to damage tissue. To this end, we implemented a Kalman-filter based decoder via a spiking neural network (SNN) and tested it in brain-machine interface (BMI) experiments with a rhesus monkey. The Kalman filter was trained to predict the arm’s velocity and mapped on to the SNN using the Neural Engineering Framework (NEF). A 2,000-neuron embedded Matlab SNN implementation runs in real-time and its closed-loop performance is quite comparable to that of the standard Kalman filter. The success of this closed-loop decoder holds promise for hardware SNN implementations of statistical signal processing algorithms on neuromorphic chips, which may offer power savings necessary to overcome a major obstacle to the successful clinical translation of neural motor prostheses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (12 ULg)
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See detailSpiking Neural Network Decoder for Brain‐Machine Interfaces
Dethier, Julie ULg; Nuyujukian, Paul; Elassaad, Shauki .A. et al

Scientific conference (2011, November 28)

We used a spiking neural network (SNN) to decode neural data recorded from two 96-­electrode arrays in premotor and motor cortex while a rhesus monkey performed a point-­to-­point reaching arm movement ... [more ▼]

We used a spiking neural network (SNN) to decode neural data recorded from two 96-­electrode arrays in premotor and motor cortex while a rhesus monkey performed a point-­to-­point reaching arm movement task. We mapped a Kalman­‐filter neural prosthetic decode algorithm developed to predict the arm’s velocity on to the SNN using the Neural Engineering Framework and tested it in brain-­‐machine interface (BMI) experiments with a rhesus monkey. A 2,000­‐neuron embedded Matlab SNN implementation runs in real­‐time and its closed­‐loop performance is quite comparable to that of the standard Kalman filter. The success of this closed­‐loop decoder holds promise for hardware SNN implementations of statistical signal processing algorithms on neuromorphic chips, which may offer power savings necessary to overcome a major obstacle to the successful clinical translation of neural motor prostheses. [less ▲]

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See detailSpiking Neural Network Decoder for Brain-Machine Interfaces
Dethier, Julie ULg; Gilja, Vikash; Nuyujukian, Paul et al

in Proceedings of the 5th International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering (2011, May)

We used a spiking neural network (SNN) to decode neural data recorded from a 96-electrode array in premotor/motor cortex while a rhesus monkey performed a point-to-point reaching arm movement task. We ... [more ▼]

We used a spiking neural network (SNN) to decode neural data recorded from a 96-electrode array in premotor/motor cortex while a rhesus monkey performed a point-to-point reaching arm movement task. We mapped a Kalman-filter neural prosthetic decode algorithm developed to predict the arm’s velocity on to the SNN using the Neural Engineering Framework and simulated it using Nengo, a freely available software package. A 20,000-neuron network matched the standard decoder’s prediction to within 0.03% (normalized by maximum arm velocity). A 1,600-neuron version of this network was within 0.27%, and run in real-time on a 3GHz PC. These results demonstrate that a SNN can implement a statistical signal processing algorithm widely used as the decoder in high-performance neural prostheses (Kalman filter), and achieve similar results with just a few thousand neurons. Hardware SNN implementations—neuromorphic chips—may offer power savings, essential for realizing fully-implantable cortically controlled prostheses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (10 ULg)