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See detailPrognostic significance of aberrant promoter hypermethylation of CpG islands in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphomas
Amara, Khaled; Trimeche, Mounir; Ziadi, Sonia et al

in Annals of Oncology (2008), 19(10), 1774-1786

Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) exhibits heterogeneous clinical features and a marked variable response to treatment. Patients and methods: We investigated the prognostic significance of ... [more ▼]

Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) exhibits heterogeneous clinical features and a marked variable response to treatment. Patients and methods: We investigated the prognostic significance of the methylation status of DAPK, GSTP1, P14, P15, P16, P33, RB1, SHP1, CDH1, APC, BLU, VHL, TIMP3, and RASSF1A genes in 46 DLBCL specimens from Tunisian patients. Methylation status of each gene was correlated with clinicopathological parameters including the International Prognostic Index (IPI), the germinal center immunophenotype, and response to treatment and survival. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were calculated by the Kaplan–Meier method and differences were compared with the log-rank test. Results: Hypermethylation of SHP1 was associated with elevated lactate dehydrogenase level (P = 0.031). P16 and VHL were frequently hypermethylated in patients with high IPI scores (P = 0.006 and 0.004) and a performance status of two or more (P = 0.007 and 0.047). In addition, hypermethylation of P16 was significantly associated with advanced clinical stages and B symptoms (P = 0.041 and 0.012). Interestingly, hypermethylation of DAPK was significantly correlated with resistance to treatment (P = 0.023). With regard to survival rates, promoter hypermethylation of DAPK, P16, and VHL were significantly associated with shortened OS (P = 0.003, 0.001, and 0.017, respectively) and DFS (P = 0.006, 0.003, and 0.046, respectively). In multivariate analysis, hypermethylation of DAPK remains an independent prognostic factor in predicting shortened OS (P = 0.001) and DFS (P = 0.024), as well as the IPI and the germinal center status. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that DLBCLs with hypermethylated P16, VHL, DAPK, and SHP1 commonly show a biologically aggressive phenotype and worse prognosis. Interestingly, hypermethylation of DAPK was found to be an independent prognostic factor that may be used in conjunction with the conventional prognostic factors such as the IPI and the germinal center status. [less ▲]

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See detailPresence of simian virus 40 DNA sequences in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas in Tunisia correlates with aberrant promoter hypermethylation of multiple tumor suppressor genes
Amara, Khaled; Trimeche, Mounir; Ziadi, Sonia et al

in International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer (2007), 121(12), 2693-2702

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