References of "Kuske, Martyna"
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See detailProduct policy in the context of the indoor environmental quality
Spruyt, Maarten; Kuske, Martyna; Goelen, Eddy et al

Report (2006)

A. Context One of the objectives of the European Construction Products Directive (CPD) is to harmonize the technical specifications with regard to dangerous substances and construction materials ... [more ▼]

A. Context One of the objectives of the European Construction Products Directive (CPD) is to harmonize the technical specifications with regard to dangerous substances and construction materials. Construction products could emit or contain dangerous substances that have been defined as dangerous substances under Commission directives and national regulations. In the future construction products may only be placed on the market in the European Union if they accord with the (second generation) harmonized technical specifications including health aspects and bear the CE mark. B. Objectives The goal of this research project is to improve the flow of knowledge and information vis-à-vis normalisation activities in the domain of indoor air measurements, indoor product emission testing, labeling and certification by proposing an evaluation method and standardized assessment methods for a harmonized approach relating to emissions from building materials into indoor air for implementation in Belgium. This approach will comply with current European harmonizing efforts ongoing on European level. C. Conclusions  International tendencies as well as national developments indicate the growing importance of building material emission testing  Harmonisation of governmental schemes to assess volatile organic emissions in the context of the CPD is necessary to obtain transparency  The topic of different limit values in different countries is a difficult problem to solve  It was demonstrated that it is possible with alternative methods (µ-chamber and FLEC) to achieve a qualitative and quantitative correlation with the reference method. However there is a need to extend this comparative study to more materials  The important influence of the quantification procedure on the emission results was demonstrated  The possiblity to investigate microbial resistance of building materials with the so called µ-chamber technique was demonstrated  A twofold methodology for the odour determination of building materials was developed: a quantitative method based on intensity and a qualitative method based on hedonic scale. Furthermore the basis for the development of an electronic nose specific for evaluation of building materials was laid down  A possible evaluation scheme for Belgium on the basis of AFSSET/AgBB/prEN15052 was proposed with two modifications: - Time path modification (7 or 10 days) - Prescreening with alternative method (< 20 L) D. Contribution of the project in a context of scientific support to transfer of knowledge and innovation This research project for implementation of the essential requirement “Hygiene, health and the environment” of the Construction Products Directive has besides its informative and sensitizing role also performed a supporting role in the development of new innovative low emission construction products. The research project has also ensured a Belgian input in the validation work of the draft standard "Emissions into indoor air" - WI 351009 - Construction products - Assessment of emissions of regulated dangerous substances from construction products - Determination of emissions into indoor air” in development in working group 2 of CEN/TC 351. Furthermore this research project has lead to the development of new innovative test methods tailored to the specific needs of construction products. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of diverse mould species growing on building materials by gas sensor arrays and pattern recognition
Kuske, Martyna; Padilla, M.; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

in Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical (2006), 119(1), 33-40

This work explores the detection of moulds growing in different building materials by using a metal oxide sensor array. Four moulds species have been considered. Pattern classification provides detection ... [more ▼]

This work explores the detection of moulds growing in different building materials by using a metal oxide sensor array. Four moulds species have been considered. Pattern classification provides detection rates on the order of 80-85% for different species. Drift degrades only slightly these values subsequent test 4 months later. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrobial volatile organic compounds as indicators of fungi. Can an electronic nose detect fungi in indoor environments?
Kuske, Martyna; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Nicolas, Jacques ULg

in Building and Environment (2005), 40(6), 824-831

The paper presents a review of several studies on the detection of microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) considered as indicators of fungal contamination. As fungi produce specific profiles, or ... [more ▼]

The paper presents a review of several studies on the detection of microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) considered as indicators of fungal contamination. As fungi produce specific profiles, or fingerprints of volatile compounds, the electronic nose technology is a very promising opportunity for rapid and non costly detection of fungi in buildings. E-noses are able to distinguish between mouldy and non-mouldy samples, and also to recognise certain species of fungi. However, two limiting factors may appear decisive for employment of electronic noses in indoor fungi detection: low concentrations of MVOCs and presence of interfering substances in indoor environments. [less ▲]

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See detailFuzzy k-NN applied to moulds detection
Kuske, Martyna; Rubio, R.; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

in Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical (2005), 106(1), 52-60

The possibility to detect Aspergillus versicolor growing on different building materials by a metal oxide sensor array is studied. Results show that an accurate classification rate of 89 +/- 3% can be ... [more ▼]

The possibility to detect Aspergillus versicolor growing on different building materials by a metal oxide sensor array is studied. Results show that an accurate classification rate of 89 +/- 3% can be obtained combining an extended linear discriminant analysis plus a fuzzy k-NN classifier. The classification ability of the classifier is assessed within the dataset by crossvalidation and also in a second dataset collected 5 months later. There is a slight decrease in the classification performance for all the algorithms, being the most sensitive the most accurate one. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement d'un instrument d'évaluation des impacts de matériaux sensibles aux moisissures sur la qualité de l'air intérieur.
Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Kuske, Martyna

Report (2004)

In the frame of a FIRST-Europe project, the research team worked with a partner from university of Barcelona (Spain) and a company fabricating products to reduce moisture problems in dwellings. An ... [more ▼]

In the frame of a FIRST-Europe project, the research team worked with a partner from university of Barcelona (Spain) and a company fabricating products to reduce moisture problems in dwellings. An original instrument was designed. It was based on the "electronic nose" principle. With suitable data processing tools and an adequate calibration, the instrument was able to distinguish, from the analysis of the gas phase, the emission of the clean material from the one of the same material contaminated by moulds and from the one of the product against humidity. Discriminating between different mould species was more difficult. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of moulds growing on building materials by gas sensor arrays and pattern recognition
Kuske, Martyna; Padilla, M.; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

in Technical digest of eurosensors : proceedings (2004)

This work explores the detection of moulds growing in different building materials by using a metal oxide sensor array Four mould species have been considered. Pattern Classification provides ... [more ▼]

This work explores the detection of moulds growing in different building materials by using a metal oxide sensor array Four mould species have been considered. Pattern Classification provides classification rates on the order of 80-90% for different species. Drift degrades slightyl these values subsequent test four months later. [less ▲]

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See detailFuzzy K-NN applied to moulds detection
Kuske, Martyna; Rubio, R.; Nicolas, Jacques ULg et al

in Proceedings of ISOEN'03 (2003, June)

The possibility to detect Aspergillus versicolor growing on different building materials by a metal oxide sensor array is studied. Results show that an accurate classification rate of 89 +/- 3% can be ... [more ▼]

The possibility to detect Aspergillus versicolor growing on different building materials by a metal oxide sensor array is studied. Results show that an accurate classification rate of 89 +/- 3% can be obtained combining an extended linear discriminant analysis plus a fuzzy k-NN classifier. The classification ability of the classifier is assessed within the dataset by crossvalidation and also in a second dataset collected 5 months later. There is a slight decrease in the classification performance for all the algorithms, being the most sensitive the most accurate one. [less ▲]

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See detailDétection des moisissures de l'habitat par un nez électronique
kuske, martyna; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Nicolas, Jacques ULg

in actes des conférences Eurodeur-airodeur (2002, June 25)

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See detailTen years of data gathering of radon exhalation in the Belgian "Province of Luxembourg"
Kuske, Martyna; Debbaut, Vincent ULg; Bomboire, A. et al

in Proceedings of the Third eurosymposium on protection against radon (2001, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)
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See detailLes pollutions dans l'air intérieur des bâtiments - Diagnostic - Incidences sur la santé.
Kuske, Martyna; Nicolas, Jacques ULg

Book published by FUL et Observatoire de la santé (2000)

Ce n’est qu’au cours des années 70 que certains problèmes de santé ont pu être directement associés à l’environnement intérieur des maisons. Les crises pétrolières ont stimulé une réduction de la ... [more ▼]

Ce n’est qu’au cours des années 70 que certains problèmes de santé ont pu être directement associés à l’environnement intérieur des maisons. Les crises pétrolières ont stimulé une réduction de la consommation d’énergie, entraînant le renforcement de l'isolation thermique des maisons et une réduction de leur ventilation. Si l'objectif énergétique est atteint, il faut constater à présent que la plupart de ces actions ont provoqué l'augmentation des concentrations de certains polluants à l’intérieur des maisons. Cette problématique, généralement connue sous l'appellation "Indoor Pollution", a fait l'objet de nombreuses études et publications. Mais pour améliorer la situation, il ne suffit pas d'inventorier, voire d'étudier les effets possibles des polluants sur la santé, encore faut-il prendre les mesures nécessaires pour remédier au problème. Le présent ouvrage tente de couvrir l'ensemble de la question. Il constitue le résultat d'une recherche bibliographique de publications européennes et mondiales traitant du sujet, de travaux de chercheurs et d’étudiants de la F.U.L., de contacts avec les institutions et organisations s'occupant de la pollution intérieure ainsi que d’expériences personnelles dans ce domaine. Il est le fruit d'une réflexion commune entre la Province de Luxembourg et la F.U.L., dans l'esprit de la mise en place de services d'intervention en matière de pollution intérieure. Il s'adresse donc essentiellement à tous les professionnels qui, de près ou de loin, sont concernés par la question. En une bonne centaine de pages, le livre reprend synthétiquement chacun des principaux polluants communément rencontrés dans les maisons, et plus particulièrement en Belgique. Il en identifie les sources et les effets sur la santé, ainsi que la réglementation les concernant et un certain nombre de conseils pratiques. Par rapport à l'information généralement disponible dans d'autres ouvrages, celui-ci ajoute les méthodes d’analyses de référence ainsi que les techniques alternatives de détection de chaque polluant. Un accent tout particulier à été mis sur les méthodes optimales de terrain à mettre en place par un service de conseil d’analyse de l’air dans les bâtiments. Cette publication, originale par son caractère pratique et complet, doit intéresser un grand nombre de personnes concernées par la problématique de la pollution intérieure : les scientifiques, les médecins, les laboratoires, les pouvoirs publics, et en particulier les responsables et les travailleurs des services d’intervention en matière de pollutions intérieures, les services de sécurité et d’hygiène, etc. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (7 ULg)