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See detailThermodynamics and structural analysis of positive allosteric modulation of the ionotropic glutamate receptor GluA2
Krintel, Christian; Frydenvang, Karla; Olsen, Lars et al

in Biochemical Journal (2012), 441

Positive allosteric modulators of the ionotropic glutamate receptor-2 (GluA2) are promising compounds for the treatment of cognitive disorders, e.g. Alzheimer’s disease. These modulators bind within the ... [more ▼]

Positive allosteric modulators of the ionotropic glutamate receptor-2 (GluA2) are promising compounds for the treatment of cognitive disorders, e.g. Alzheimer’s disease. These modulators bind within the dimer interface of the LBD (ligand-binding domain) and stabilize the agonist-bound conformation slowing receptor desensitization and/or deactivation. In the present study, we employ isothermal titration calorimetry to determine binding affinities and thermodynamic details of binding of modulators of GluA2. A mutant of the LBD of GluA2 (LBD-L483Y-N754S) that forms a stable dimer in solution was used. The potent GluA2 modulator BPAM-97 was used as a reference compound. Evidence that BPAM-97 binds in the same pocket as the well-known GluA2 modulator cyclothiazide was obtained from X-ray structures. The LBD-L483Y-N754S:BPAM-97 complex has aKd of 5.6 μM (Δ H = − 4.9 kcal/mol, − T Δ S = − 2.3 kcal/mol; where 1 kcal ≈4.187 kJ). BPAM-97 was used in a displacement assay to determine a Kd of 0.46 mM (Δ H = − 1.2 kcal/mol, − T Δ S = − 3.3 kcal/mol) for the LBD-L483Y-N754S:IDRA-21 complex. The major structural factors increasing the potency of BPAM-97 over IDRA-21 are the increased van der Waals contacts to, primarily, Met496 in GluA2 imposed by the ethyl substituent of BPAM-97. These results add important information on binding affinities and thermodynamic details, and provide a new tool in the development of drugs against cognitive disorders. Key words: binding affinity, crystal structure, ionotropic glutamate receptor, isothermal titration calorimetry, positive allosteric modulator [less ▲]

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